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Cold War: 1979-1991, the Rebirth and the End
Can you name the facts about the Cold War: 1979-1991?
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Major Events in 'One' Years
This Neo-Conservative came to power in the US in 1981
Violently anti-Communist, Reagan called the Soviet Union an 'Evil Empire'
In Britain, this ultra-Conservative Prime Minister came to power in 1979
Called the 'Iron Lady' by Soviet media, she supported Reagan in his anti-Communist stance, letting him place missiles in Britain
Brezhnev died in 1982, having been plagued by heart problems throughout the late '70s; he was replaced by this man
It was difficult for Carter in the '70s to negotiate with the sickly Brezhnev; Reagan had similar problems with Brezhnev's successors
Following the death of the old and sickly successor to Brezhnev, yet another old man was made leader of the USSR
Chernenko died in '85; Reagan quipped: 'how am I supposed to get anyplace with the Russians if they keep dying on me?'
Reagan kicked off the 'Second Cold War' and brought a return to this costly 'race', claiming that 'the only way to end the Cold War was to win it'
As it was so difficult to negotiate with the feeble and unhealthy Soviet leaders, Reagan had few diplomatic options open to him; applying force seemed the way to go
This relative youngster of 54 years old succeeded Chernenko, ending the so-called Gerontocracy - 'rule of the old'
Gorbachev ushered in huge reforms, removing the Brezhnev Doctrine
Russian for 'restructuring', this policy of Gorbachev's attempted to better meet the needs of Soviet consumers
Often cited as a contributor to the fall of the USSR, this restructured the economy to allow for some private businesses
Russian for 'openness', this promised a transparent government with freedom of information for all
The population was encouraged to put forward new ideas; there was an attempt at democratising the nation
Proposed by Reagan in 1983, this idea involved using ground and space-based defence systems to protect the US from nuclear attack
Criticised as unrealistic and even unscientific, it was mocked and named 'Star Wars' by the public after the 1977 movie
This US strategy promised to provide aid to anti-Communist movements
This was a geniune effort to 'Roll Back' Communism, rather than simply contain it
The above strategy led to US support for the Contras of this Central American nation
The US sold arms to Iran in order to fund the Contras; both actions were illegal and caused the Iran-Contra scandal
The Reagan Administration persuaded Arabian companies to increase production of this vital commodity
Worldwide prices of oil plummeted; and exporting oil was a main source of income for the USSR
Reagan and Gorbachev met in 1985 in this city to discuss the arms race
Nothing was accomplished, but the leaders got along well and arranged to meet 3 more times
The pair next met here, in the capital of a Northern-European country
Complete nuclear disarmament was proposed by both leaders; however, Reagan's unwillingness to give up SDI led to the talks breakdown;nothing was accomplished
In 1986 this nuclear power plant in Ukraine exploded
The Soviets ended up spending 18 billion rubles containing the disaster, another factor that crippled their economy
In 1987, Reagan visited West Berlin and gave a speech ordering Gorbachev to _______
Often regarded as 'the 4 most famous words of the Reagan administration', many Communists called it 'provocative and war-mongering'
In 1989, the USSR pulled out of the war in this nation
It took Gorbachev 4 years to pull out of the war; his critics use this against him
The 'Autumn of Nations' began with this country in 1989, as reforms swept over the Eastern Bloc
Communist leaders were unseated and elections were organised throughout the Eastern Bloc; Gorbachev made no move to stop it
This trade union was instrumental in the Polish Revolution of 1989
Solidarity won Poland's first election by a landslide, sparking a domino effect of anti-Communist revolutions
This Polish-born Pope played a large role in inspiring the Polish Revolution
Poland has a large Catholic population; Lech Walesa, leader of Solidarity, said that the Pope gave him the strength to continue
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