Spanish: 'Por' vs. 'Para'

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Can you name the correct use of 'por' and 'para'?

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There are two basic concepts behind "por". One involves the subject's feelings and explains the motivation or reasons for an action; the other deals with the physical aspects of an action and introduces details such as approximate time, approximate location, as well as means or manner of performing the action, agent of an action, etc.
Sentence'Por' or 'Para'English Translation
Las mujeres iban ___ el mercado con grandes cestas.The women were on their way to the market with large baskets.
Nos gustaría viajar ___ España.We would like to travel around Spain.
Hoy hace mucho calor ___ noviembre.Today it is very warm for November.
Esta casa es demasiado grande ___ una familia tan pequeña.This house it too large for such a small family (considering that the family is so small).
Siento gran admiración ___ ese autor.I feel great admiration for that author.
Las piedras del río habían sido redondeadas ___ el agua.The rocks in the river had been rounded by the water.
Su odio ___ aquel hombre no podía describirse con palabras.His hatred for that man could not be described with words.
El carpintero tendrá la mesa lista ___ la semana que viene.The carpenter will have the table ready by next week.
Hay una venta especial de llantas ___ nieve.There is a special sale of snow tires.
María siempre vota ___ los candidatos republicanos.María always votes for the Republican candidates.
—¿Qué hora es?—Faltan diez minutos ___ las tres.'What time is it?' 'It is ten minutes to three.'
Pasó ___ mi lado sin verme.He passed by my side without seeing me.
Nos quedaremos en la ciudad ___ una semana.We will stay in the city for a week.
Estábamos ___ salir cuando oímos la explosión.We were about to go out when we heard the explosion.
Mi hermano estudia ___ ingeniero.My brother is studying to be an engineer.
Gonzalo hace muchos sacrificios ___ sus hijos.Gonzalo makes many sacrifices for his children. (for their sake)
Éste es el mejor remedio ___ el dolor de cabeza.This is the best remedy for headaches.
El Papa recibió el Premio Nobel ___ su labor por la paz.The Pope received the Nobel Prize on account of his work for peace.
Este reporte es ___ el primero de diciembre.This paper is due on December the first.
El día está precioso. Demos un paseo ___ la avenida.The day is very beautiful. let's stroll along the avenue.
Vine ___ el libro que dejé aquí ayer.I came for the book that I left here yesterday.
Sentence'Por' or 'Para'English Translation
Temo que ___ el siglo XXII ya no existirá la Tierra.I am afraid that by the 22nd century the Earth will no longer exist.
Estuvo discutiendo con el vendedor ___ dos horas.He was arguing with the salesman for two hours.
Estoy cien por ciento ___ esa ley.I am one hundred percent for that law.
Hay muchas nubes negras en el cielo. Está ___ llover.There are many black clouds in the sky. It is about to rain.
No hay que ser rico ___ ser feliz.It is not necessary to be rich in order to be happy.
Te olvidaste de poner en la mesa copas ___ vino.You forgot to put wineglasses on the table.
El abogado rogó al juez ___ su cliente.The lawyer pleaded with the judge on behalf of his client.
El explorador dijo que había piedras preciosas ___ ahí.The explorer said that there were precious stones around here.
El puente está ___ terminar.The bridge is yet to be finished.
Me dieron todas las instrucciones ___ teléfono.They gave me all the instructions by telephone.
Estuvimos sin vernos ___ un mes.We didn't see each other in a month.
Sustituya los nombres ___ pronombres.Substitute pronouns for the nouns.
No creo lo que dices. ¿Me tomas ___ tonta?I don't believe what you are saying. Do you take me for a fool?
Parto ___ Brasil esta tarde.I am departing for Brazil this afternoon.
Los plátanos vienen congelados y listos ___ freír.The plantains come frozen and ready to be fried.
No pudimos ir ___ el mal tiempo.We couldn't go out because of the bad weather.
Mi esposa se siente muy mal. Voy ___ el médico. My wife feels very sick. I am going for the doctor. (I'm going to get the doctor.)
Tres ___ cuatro son doce.Three times four is twelve.
Ella tiene ya sesenta años pero se ve joven ___ su edad.She is already sixty but she looks young for her age (considering her age).
—¿Por dónde se sale de este edificio?—___ aquí.'How does one get out of this building?' 'This way.'
Estaba muy nerviosa y le faltaba poco ___ echarse a llorar.She was very nervous and she was about to start crying.

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