Spanish: 'Por' vs. 'Para'

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Can you name the correct use of 'por' and 'para'?

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There are two basic concepts behind "por". One involves the subject's feelings and explains the motivation or reasons for an action; the other deals with the physical aspects of an action and introduces details such as approximate time, approximate location, as well as means or manner of performing the action, agent of an action, etc.
Sentence'Por' or 'Para'English Translation
Gonzalo hace muchos sacrificios ___ sus hijos.Gonzalo makes many sacrifices for his children. (for their sake)
Estuvimos sin vernos ___ un mes.We didn't see each other in a month.
María siempre vota ___ los candidatos republicanos.María always votes for the Republican candidates.
No pudimos ir ___ el mal tiempo.We couldn't go out because of the bad weather.
Este reporte es ___ el primero de diciembre.This paper is due on December the first.
El carpintero tendrá la mesa lista ___ la semana que viene.The carpenter will have the table ready by next week.
Estaba muy nerviosa y le faltaba poco ___ echarse a llorar.She was very nervous and she was about to start crying.
Estuvo discutiendo con el vendedor ___ dos horas.He was arguing with the salesman for two hours.
Mi esposa se siente muy mal. Voy ___ el médico. My wife feels very sick. I am going for the doctor. (I'm going to get the doctor.)
Hoy hace mucho calor ___ noviembre.Today it is very warm for November.
Pasó ___ mi lado sin verme.He passed by my side without seeing me.
El Papa recibió el Premio Nobel ___ su labor por la paz.The Pope received the Nobel Prize on account of his work for peace.
Sustituya los nombres ___ pronombres.Substitute pronouns for the nouns.
Las mujeres iban ___ el mercado con grandes cestas.The women were on their way to the market with large baskets.
Hay una venta especial de llantas ___ nieve.There is a special sale of snow tires.
Nos quedaremos en la ciudad ___ una semana.We will stay in the city for a week.
Los plátanos vienen congelados y listos ___ freír.The plantains come frozen and ready to be fried.
El explorador dijo que había piedras preciosas ___ ahí.The explorer said that there were precious stones around here.
Esta casa es demasiado grande ___ una familia tan pequeña.This house it too large for such a small family (considering that the family is so small).
Su odio ___ aquel hombre no podía describirse con palabras.His hatred for that man could not be described with words.
—¿Qué hora es?—Faltan diez minutos ___ las tres.'What time is it?' 'It is ten minutes to three.'
Sentence'Por' or 'Para'English Translation
Hay muchas nubes negras en el cielo. Está ___ llover.There are many black clouds in the sky. It is about to rain.
El día está precioso. Demos un paseo ___ la avenida.The day is very beautiful. let's stroll along the avenue.
Éste es el mejor remedio ___ el dolor de cabeza.This is the best remedy for headaches.
Temo que ___ el siglo XXII ya no existirá la Tierra.I am afraid that by the 22nd century the Earth will no longer exist.
Vine ___ el libro que dejé aquí ayer.I came for the book that I left here yesterday.
Te olvidaste de poner en la mesa copas ___ vino.You forgot to put wineglasses on the table.
Parto ___ Brasil esta tarde.I am departing for Brazil this afternoon.
Siento gran admiración ___ ese autor.I feel great admiration for that author.
El abogado rogó al juez ___ su cliente.The lawyer pleaded with the judge on behalf of his client.
Estoy cien por ciento ___ esa ley.I am one hundred percent for that law.
El puente está ___ terminar.The bridge is yet to be finished.
Ella tiene ya sesenta años pero se ve joven ___ su edad.She is already sixty but she looks young for her age (considering her age).
Estábamos ___ salir cuando oímos la explosión.We were about to go out when we heard the explosion.
Nos gustaría viajar ___ España.We would like to travel around Spain.
—¿Por dónde se sale de este edificio?—___ aquí.'How does one get out of this building?' 'This way.'
Tres ___ cuatro son doce.Three times four is twelve.
No creo lo que dices. ¿Me tomas ___ tonta?I don't believe what you are saying. Do you take me for a fool?
Las piedras del río habían sido redondeadas ___ el agua.The rocks in the river had been rounded by the water.
No hay que ser rico ___ ser feliz.It is not necessary to be rich in order to be happy.
Mi hermano estudia ___ ingeniero.My brother is studying to be an engineer.
Me dieron todas las instrucciones ___ teléfono.They gave me all the instructions by telephone.

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