Respiratory Pathology

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Can you name the Respiratory Diseases?

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HintDiseasePrimary Organ(s)
Sudden episodes of bronchospasm and dyspnea; Curschmann’s spirals and Charcot-Leyden crystals in sputumLungs
Benign but aggressive neoplasm of the sinuses; inward growth of squamous epitheliumNose and Sinuses
Ideopathic multisystem granulomatous process; Langhans’ or foreign body giant cells, Schaumann bodies, Asteroid bodiesLungs
Deep necrotic ulcerations; may progress to palatal perforationNose and Sinuses
Arteriosclerosis or increased pulmonary vascular blood flow associated with pulmonary hypertensionLungs
Pneumonia with patchy distribution within the lobesLungs
Resistance to expiration; progressive dyspnea, reduced recoil, cyanosis, weight loss, hypoxic brain damage, bronchopneumonia, cor pulmonaleLungs
Persistent cough with copious sputum for at least 3 months for 2 consecutive years; inflammation, fibrosis, and resultant narrowing of bronchiolesLungs
Enlarged cervical nodes, unilateral serous otitis media and hearing lossNose and Sinuses
Shortly after birth, respiration becomes increasingly labored; deficiency of pulmonary surfactantLungs
Enlargement and destruction of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiolesLungs
Overgrowths of edematous inflammatory tissue; “Singer’s nodes”Larynx
Benign, papillary overgrowth of epitheliumNose and Sinuses
95% occur from deep leg vein thrombosis; dyspnea with or without shock or sudden death, pain, hemoptysis, cor pulmonaleLungs
Diffuse increase in permeability leading to fluid in the septa and alveolar spacesLungs
HintDiseasePrimary Organ(s)
Cough with foul-smelling mucus, fever, painLungs
Later signs include ulcerations and destrunction of adjacent tissue or structures; elevated c-ANCA; “strawberry gums”Nose and Sinuses
Secondary to left-sided heart disease, allergies, CNS disorders; lungs become heavy and wetLungs
Common cold, catarrhal discharge, mucopurulent discharge secondary to bacterial infectionNose and Sinuses
Pneumonia that infects an entire lobeLungs
Weight loss (‘consumption’), chronic bloody cough; necrotizing granulomatous inflammation, multinucleated giant cellsLungs
Airless lung, appearing shrunken, red-blue, rubbery and non-crepitateLungs
Anterior bowing of the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus; dense fibrous connective tissue with myofribroblastsNose and Sinuses
Associated with smoking and asbestos; pain, hemoptysis, increasing hoarsenessLarynx
Often no clinical features; spread to hilar and scalene nodes, then to the adrenals, liver, brain, bone, and kidney; paraneoplastic syndromesLungs
Headache, fever, facial pain, malaise, nasal dischargeNose and Sinuses
Croup in children under the age of 3; loud breathing and cough with difficulty in breathingLarynx
Abnormal, permanent, and irregular dilation of bronchi associated with superimposed, necrotizing infectionLungs
Spores in soil contaminated with bird or bat droppings; most involve asymptomatic-calcified hilar nodesLungs

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