Renal Pathology

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the Renal/Urinary Diseases?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
HintDiseaseDisease Type
Sessile infiltrating tumor with necrosis and ulceration of the lining; metastasis is usually late and not extensiveLower Urinary Tract Disease
Fairly common congenital defect; may cause renal failure in infancy or adulthood resulting from pressure atrophyOther
Acute inflammation involving all glomeruli; due to immune complex deposits in the glomeruliGlomerular Disease
Abnormality in IgA production and clearance; variant of Henoch-Schoenlein purpura; most commonly biopsy diagnosed glomerular diseaseGlomerular Disease
Combination of acute pyelonephritis and ischemia causing necrosis of renal papillae; almost always in diabeticsInterstitial Disease
Major cause of nephritic syndrome in children; electron microscopy reveals flattening and fusion of the foot processes of epithelial cellsGlomerular Disease
Arteriosclerotic involvement of large and medium intrarenal arteries; results in V-shaped depressed areas on kidney surfaceRenal Vascular Disease
Autoimmune disease of medium and small arteriesRenal Vascular Disease
Children after strep throat; immune complexes; hypercellular glomeruli; subepithelial humpsGlomerular Disease
Grossly visible hematuria, hypertension, azotemia, oliguria, mild edema, red blood cell casts, and variable proteinureaRenal Failure
Usually from embolism from the heart in RF or SBE, atrial fib, or mural thrombosis after MIRenal Vascular Disease
Proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia, lipiduria, and severe edema; due to derangement in glomerular capillary wallsRenal Failure
Caused by immune complex disease; 5-10% of all nephritic symptoms, most common in 2nd decadeGlomerular Disease
Due to prostatic hypertrophy or carcinoma, strictures, tumor, calculus, neurogenic bladder, or posterior urethral valvesLower Urinary Tract Disease
Variable end-stage clinical complex due to abnormal retention or excretion of electrolytes and toxic waste productsRenal Failure
Cancer of embryonic renal cells; abdominal mass, fever and hypertension in 50% of casesRenal Tumor
Dilation of renal pelvis and associated atrophy of renal tissue due to obstruction; amount of damage depends on degree and duration of the obstructionOther
Results in finely granular surface due to arteriolonephrosclerosis; can lead to accelerated arteriosclerosis, LVH, retinal damage, and kidney failureRenal Vascular Disease
Very high systolic and diastolic pressures, papilledema, encephalopathy, and rapid renal failure; fibrinoid necrosis, ‘onion skinning’ and ‘fleabitten’ kidneysRenal Vascular Disease
HintDiseaseDisease Type
Caused by Goodpasture’s syndrome, unresolved acute GN, or is idiopathic; death from renal failure in 3-12 monthsGlomerular Disease
Broad-based irregular scarring with or without chronic inflammation; may lead to death from uremia, end-stage kidneyInterstitial Disease
Can be caused by antibiotics and NSAIDs; IgE and T-cell-mediated immune reaction; fever, eosinophilia, hematuriaInterstitial Disease
Inflammation due to ascending or descending infection, instrumentation, antiseptics, calculi, foreign bodies, obstruction, bubble bath, pregnancy, or ‘honeymoon’ cystitisLower Urinary Tract Disease
Includes agenesis and hypoplasia, fusion, duplication of the ureters, anomalies of the renal vessels, and horseshoe kidneysOther
Tumors, vesicoureteral reflux, or ureteritis cause this ureter problemLower Urinary Tract Disease
Painless hematuria, but may also see flank pain, fever, abdominal mass, and metastasis to lung or boneRenal Tumor
Caused by immune complex disease; major cause of nephrotic symptoms in adults; onset is insidious, with a prolonged courseGlomerular Disease
Causes include bacterial endocarditis, systemic bacterial infections, immune glomerular diseases, DIC, or it can be idiopathicGlomerular Disease
End-stage of many renal diseases; small contracted kidneys, diffuse, global hyaline sclerosis of glomeruli accompanied by marked tubular atrophy, patchy interstitial fibrosis, and Glomerular Disease
Includes acute nonbacterial, chronic nonbacterial, and acute bacterial varietiesInterstitial Disease
5-10% of all pregnancies; proteinuria, edema, hyperreflexia, hypertension; return to normal with delivery of the placentaGlomerular Disease
Causes are idiopathic, recurrent or smoldering acute GN; may be asymptomatic for yearsGlomerular Disease
Primary or secondary, may follow other GNs, HIV, heroin addiction; some glomeruli show partial hyalinizationGlomerular Disease
Arteriolar nephrosclerosis with hypertension; Kimmelstiel-Wilson Disease; acute or chronic pyelonephritisRenal Vascular Disease
Bacterial infection of both renal parenchyma and renal pelvisInterstitial Disease
Abscesses; usually benign and self-limited lasting less than a week; may lead to death due to sepsis with or without renal failureInterstitial Disease
Two types: anoxic/ischemic (‘shock’ kidney) or toxic (mercury, carbon tetrachloride, or ethylene glycol)Other
Urinary stone; caused by chemical salt precipitation in the urine; most associated with idiopathic hypercalciuriaOther

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments