Tetrapod Quiz

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Can you name the Tetrapod Unit Key Words?

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Lecture 1
Lobe Finned Fish and Tetrapods 
Ray Finned Fish 
Example of a famous lobe finned fish, once thought extinct 
Limb support structure in tetrapods 
Thought to be first lineage to diverge from lobe fins to tetrapods 
Fish ancestor to all tetrapods, retaining a dorsal fin 
Fish like ancestor, showing first digit development 
Aquatic-terrestrial transitional fossil 
First animals recognised as early tetrapods 
Limbs with multiple digits 
Lecture 2
Elongate, limbless amphibians 
Body Segments of the above 
Feeding on the Mother 
Newts and Salamanders belong to this group 
Gelatinous sperm cap used for external fertilisation 
Retention of larval features 
Salamander with large external gills 
Name one of the 3 UK native newts 
Frogs and Toads belong to this group 
Calls often amplified by this feature 
Yolk feeding 
Name one of the 2 UK native Frogs 
Name one of the 2 UK native Toads 
Decline of a species despite good habitat and food supply 
Lecture 3
Having a body temperature similar to surroundings 
Warming up by laying in the sun 
Process of breathing through the skin 
Glands that create mucus to keep the skin moist (don't think too hard about this...) 
Nitrogenous waste excreted by amphibians 
(x) action by which the sticky tongue is ejected 
Common example of disruptive colouration in frogs 
Colours warning of toxicity 
When the females are different in appearance to the males 
Example of a spine used for defence in frogs 
Lecture 4
Ancient amphibians that laid eggs on dry land, named for dental structure 
Egg type laid by reptiles and birds 
Development with no larval stage 
Membranous sac surrounding the embryo 
Membrane allowing for gas diffusion 
Outpocket of gut used for waste storage 
Where the yolk is stored 
Holes behind the orbit in the skull 
(x) have no holes behind the orbit 
(x) have one hole behind the orbit 
(x) have two holes behind the orbit 
Stocky quadraped group now extinct, included Scutosurus 
Group including turtles and tortoises 
Top of a turtle shell 
Bottom of a turtle shell 
S retracting necks (most living tortoises) 
Sideways folding necks 
Lizards, snakes and Tuataras 
Crocodiles, Dinosaurs and Birds 
Marine reptiles of the Mesozoic 
Like lizards but with heavier skulls, now only found on New Zealand 
Lizards and snakes 
Scientific name for snakes 
Swallowed by crocodiles for ballast 
Lecture 5
Forced against the lungs to expel air in turtles 
Allow gas exchange in water in turtles 
Metabolic rate of reptiles as percentage of mammals 
Left-Right movement used by most snakes 
Different parts of the snake body touching substrate at different times (stepping) 
Snake movement in tunnels, gripping the wall and extending 
Lifting of belly scales and pulling forward, used by boas 
Hair Structures on Gecko Feet 
Structure in crocodile jaws allowing them to hold prey without taking in water 
Bundles of nerve fibres on crocodile skin for detecting water disturbances 
Used by snakes to detect prey with their tongue 
Infra-Red detectors in Pit Viper snouts 
Shedding the tail when grabbed by prey 
Lecture 6
Dinosaurs and Pterosaurs 
Crocodiles and other archosaurs 
Bird Hipped Dinosaurs 
Lizard Hipped Dinosaurs 
Bipedal Carnivorous Dinosaurs (like Tyrannosaurus) 
Long Necked Giant Dinosaurs (like Diplodicus) 
Ability to retain body temperature, dependent on mass 
Era of Dinosaur reign 
Time of Dinosaur extinction 
Meteor Impact site that may have caused the extinction 
Large flood lavas that may have contributed to the extinction 

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