Often susceptible to vancomycin and linezolid but resistant to Methicillin
More common where earth is being moved. In lungs.
Often cause gut infection after oral broad spectrum antibiotic
Penicillin can cause this in about 5% of people
Hemaglutinnin, Neuraminidase, ...
They multiply in Liver then RBCs. Can cause severe anaemia, haemolysis, pulmonary oedema, metabolic acidosis and hypoglycaemia. Most serious in P. falciparum
RF present but not Rheumatoid Arthritis. Often features in 'House'
Multiplies in blood and CSF disturbing circadian rythms. avoids immune system by using cyclical antigen coats.
S. mansoni, S. haematobium, S. japonicus. Use water snail as intermediate host (can also have secondary host)
Increases risk of ATS
Can be oral or vaginal. Often treated with oral miconazole.
Live in subcutaneous tissue and lymphatic tissue. Adults discharge tiny babies which can be ingested by insects. Can cause Elephantiasis and River Blindness.
Caused by Yeast
Death after Chloramphenicol
Neutrophilia, no pus, defective fucose metabolism (affects selectins), decreased rolling
ABCA1 doesn't work so ApoA1 can't pick up cholesterol
Recurrent bacterial infections, no pus, Leukocytes don't adhere to endothelium
If humans are primary host, no morbidity. Worm just stays in gut. Intermediate host causes morbidity as organism in tissues
Egg dropped in faeces and mature in soil. they are ingested and hatch in intestine. they penetrate the gut wall and migrate to liver then heart then lung. they grow and are then coughed up and swallowed.10-30cm adult can escape from any orifice though larval migration causes most morbidity.