Cefotaxime/Ceftriaxone often prescribed. Caused by N. meningitidis, H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae, L. monocytogenes, possible C. albicans...
Death after Chloramphenicol
Risk Factor - Bacteria
Co-morbidity with ATS
Multiplies in blood and CSF disturbing circadian rythms. avoids immune system by using cyclical antigen coats.
Ribavirin used, can be caused by alcohol
S. mansoni, S. haematobium, S. japonicus. Use water snail as intermediate host (can also have secondary host)
Increases risk of ATS
Recurrent bacterial infections, no pus, Leukocytes don't adhere to endothelium
Can be oral or vaginal. Often treated with oral miconazole.
LDLR doesn't recognise ApoA or ApoE
Susceptible to few drugs, often causes septicaemia. Susceptible to Ceftazidime, Cefoperazone, Cefepime, Cefpirome, Imipenem, Polymixins, Ciprofloxacin
Caused by trichophyton (mould) often
Hemaglutinnin, Neuraminidase, ...
Egg dropped in faeces and mature in soil. they are ingested and hatch in intestine. they penetrate the gut wall and migrate to liver then heart then lung. they grow and are then coughed up and swallowed.10-30cm adult can escape from any orifice though larval migration causes most morbidity.
They multiply in Liver then RBCs. Can cause severe anaemia, haemolysis, pulmonary oedema, metabolic acidosis and hypoglycaemia. Most serious in P. falciparum
Neutrophil driven, often causes cyanosis, hypoxia and right heart failure. Mucous is a problem!
Most common cold causer
Often cause gut infection after oral broad spectrum antibiotic
Short stage in blood then muscle (esp. heart).
Mite burrows into epidermis. Papular eruption.
Can be caused by Clindamycin. Killing all susceptible bacteria in gut using a broad spectrum antibiotic can cause...
If humans are primary host, no morbidity. Worm just stays in gut. Intermediate host causes morbidity as organism in tissues
Neutrophilia, no pus, defective fucose metabolism (affects selectins), decreased rolling
Itching in Pubic Area
Tetracyclin forms ROS causing damage
Tetracycline often applied topically to cure
Caused by Yeast
ABCA1 doesn't work so ApoA1 can't pick up cholesterol
Penicillin can cause this in about 5% of people
Often susceptible to vancomycin and linezolid but resistant to Methicillin
T cells increase but there are less T cells
Susceptible to Linezolid but not vancomycin
More common where earth is being moved. In lungs.
Live in subcutaneous tissue and lymphatic tissue. Adults discharge tiny babies which can be ingested by insects. Can cause Elephantiasis and River Blindness.
Th2 (IL-4,5 & 13) and Eosinophil driven. Hyperresponsiveness
RF present but not Rheumatoid Arthritis. Often features in 'House'