Neutrophilia, no pus, defective fucose metabolism (affects selectins), decreased rolling
Live in subcutaneous tissue and lymphatic tissue. Adults discharge tiny babies which can be ingested by insects. Can cause Elephantiasis and River Blindness.
Ribavirin used, can be caused by alcohol
Susceptible to Linezolid but not vancomycin
Itching in Pubic Area
S. mansoni, S. haematobium, S. japonicus. Use water snail as intermediate host (can also have secondary host)
Short stage in blood then muscle (esp. heart).
Egg dropped in faeces and mature in soil. they are ingested and hatch in intestine. they penetrate the gut wall and migrate to liver then heart then lung. they grow and are then coughed up and swallowed.10-30cm adult can escape from any orifice though larval migration causes most morbidity.
Th2 (IL-4,5 & 13) and Eosinophil driven. Hyperresponsiveness
More common where earth is being moved. In lungs.
Caused by Yeast
Death after Chloramphenicol
ABCA1 doesn't work so ApoA1 can't pick up cholesterol
Can be oral or vaginal. Often treated with oral miconazole.
Multiplies in blood and CSF disturbing circadian rythms. avoids immune system by using cyclical antigen coats.
If humans are primary host, no morbidity. Worm just stays in gut. Intermediate host causes morbidity as organism in tissues
Susceptible to few drugs, often causes septicaemia. Susceptible to Ceftazidime, Cefoperazone, Cefepime, Cefpirome, Imipenem, Polymixins, Ciprofloxacin
Often cause gut infection after oral broad spectrum antibiotic