If humans are primary host, no morbidity. Worm just stays in gut. Intermediate host causes morbidity as organism in tissues
Hemaglutinnin, Neuraminidase, ...
Itching in Pubic Area
Tetracyclin forms ROS causing damage
They multiply in Liver then RBCs. Can cause severe anaemia, haemolysis, pulmonary oedema, metabolic acidosis and hypoglycaemia. Most serious in P. falciparum
Live in subcutaneous tissue and lymphatic tissue. Adults discharge tiny babies which can be ingested by insects. Can cause Elephantiasis and River Blindness.
Susceptible to Linezolid but not vancomycin
LDLR doesn't recognise ApoA or ApoE
Most common cold causer
Mite burrows into epidermis. Papular eruption.
Risk Factor - Bacteria
Co-morbidity with ATS
Recurrent bacterial infections, no pus, Leukocytes don't adhere to endothelium
Often cause gut infection after oral broad spectrum antibiotic
Tetracycline often applied topically to cure
Th2 (IL-4,5 & 13) and Eosinophil driven. Hyperresponsiveness
Increases risk of ATS
Often susceptible to vancomycin and linezolid but resistant to Methicillin
Neutrophil driven, often causes cyanosis, hypoxia and right heart failure. Mucous is a problem!
T cells increase but there are less T cells
Penicillin can cause this in about 5% of people
Can be oral or vaginal. Often treated with oral miconazole.
Neutrophilia, no pus, defective fucose metabolism (affects selectins), decreased rolling
More common where earth is being moved. In lungs.
Caused by Yeast
S. mansoni, S. haematobium, S. japonicus. Use water snail as intermediate host (can also have secondary host)
Ribavirin used, can be caused by alcohol
Egg dropped in faeces and mature in soil. they are ingested and hatch in intestine. they penetrate the gut wall and migrate to liver then heart then lung. they grow and are then coughed up and swallowed.10-30cm adult can escape from any orifice though larval migration causes most morbidity.
RF present but not Rheumatoid Arthritis. Often features in 'House'
Cefotaxime/Ceftriaxone often prescribed. Caused by N. meningitidis, H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae, L. monocytogenes, possible C. albicans...
ABCA1 doesn't work so ApoA1 can't pick up cholesterol