Egg dropped in faeces and mature in soil. they are ingested and hatch in intestine. they penetrate the gut wall and migrate to liver then heart then lung. they grow and are then coughed up and swallowed.10-30cm adult can escape from any orifice though larval migration causes most morbidity.
Tetracycline often applied topically to cure
Mite burrows into epidermis. Papular eruption.
Tetracyclin forms ROS causing damage
Caused by Yeast
Neutrophil driven, often causes cyanosis, hypoxia and right heart failure. Mucous is a problem!
If humans are primary host, no morbidity. Worm just stays in gut. Intermediate host causes morbidity as organism in tissues
Cefotaxime/Ceftriaxone often prescribed. Caused by N. meningitidis, H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae, L. monocytogenes, possible C. albicans...
Short stage in blood then muscle (esp. heart).
Susceptible to Linezolid but not vancomycin
Often cause gut infection after oral broad spectrum antibiotic
Susceptible to few drugs, often causes septicaemia. Susceptible to Ceftazidime, Cefoperazone, Cefepime, Cefpirome, Imipenem, Polymixins, Ciprofloxacin
RF present but not Rheumatoid Arthritis. Often features in 'House'
Th2 (IL-4,5 & 13) and Eosinophil driven. Hyperresponsiveness
Can be oral or vaginal. Often treated with oral miconazole.
Can be caused by Clindamycin. Killing all susceptible bacteria in gut using a broad spectrum antibiotic can cause...
Penicillin can cause this in about 5% of people
T cells increase but there are less T cells
Hemaglutinnin, Neuraminidase, ...
Recurrent bacterial infections, no pus, Leukocytes don't adhere to endothelium
Most common cold causer
LDLR doesn't recognise ApoA or ApoE
ABCA1 doesn't work so ApoA1 can't pick up cholesterol
Death after Chloramphenicol
Caused by trichophyton (mould) often
Risk Factor - Bacteria
Co-morbidity with ATS
Ribavirin used, can be caused by alcohol
More common where earth is being moved. In lungs.
Live in subcutaneous tissue and lymphatic tissue. Adults discharge tiny babies which can be ingested by insects. Can cause Elephantiasis and River Blindness.
Often susceptible to vancomycin and linezolid but resistant to Methicillin
They multiply in Liver then RBCs. Can cause severe anaemia, haemolysis, pulmonary oedema, metabolic acidosis and hypoglycaemia. Most serious in P. falciparum