MCAT in a quiz (Microbio version)

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Can you name the microbio concepts tested by the MCATs?

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How is ATP formed in glycolysis and in the Kreb's cycle
Which amino acid has a hydrogen for the R group
What type of inhibitor binds away from the active site and changes the conformation of the enzyme
What type of gap junction form a watertight seal around the cell?
Which type of bacteria will appear pink when gram-stained?
What type of inhibitor binds in the active site
Which amino acid has the capability to make disulfide bonds
A molecule that is both hydrophobic and hydrophilic is called?
Macromolecules of most living cells are formed by what process?
What part of the mRNA is spliced out
What is the central dogma of gene expression
What type of proteins act as catalyst for biological reactions?
How does the lagging strand replicates?
What are microfilaments made out of
Macromolecules of most living cells are broken apart what process?
When in mieosis would non-disjunction occur (Give the name of the phases)
What are microtubules made out of
What type of viral cycle does the viral DNA incorporate itself into cell DNA and replicate with the cell?
Where in the cell does glycolysis occur
Hemoglobin requires 4 globular protein subunits working together in order to function correctly. What type of protein structure does hemoglobin exhibit?
What type of molecule has a 4 ringed, nonpolar structure which is used as a hormone and as an integral part of cell membranes
What are bacterial cell walls made out of?
There is a sodium ion, glucose, testosterone, water and insulin on one side of the membrane. Which one of these are able to diffuse through the membrane?
What type of linkages exist between glucose polymers in celluose
Diffusion goes with/against the concentration gradient
Name the 4 phases of mitosis in order
What type of molecule has a polar phosphate head and a non polar, lipid body?
Genetic recombination in bacteria is called
What type of bonds does water make with other water molecules
The enzyme Glucose 6-phosphatase Hexokinase requires Magnesium to work properly. What is magnesium classified as?
What protein binds two strands of DNA together?
What is the final electron acceptor for the electron transport chain
What type of gap junction attach two cells at a single point?
The lac operon is active when glucose concentration is high/low
What is the technique where proteins can be identified by the distance they travel during gel electrophresis
What is the net gain of ATP by glycolysis
What is the process of protein synthesis directed by mRNA
What is the last major checkpoint before mitosis?
An inactive precursor to an active protein is called
What are the two types of secondary structures in proteins
What is added to the 3' end of mRNA
What is the process of forming mRNA from DNA
A neuron which never replicates is stuck in what part of interphase?
The microtuble arrangement inside an eukaryotic flagellum is known as
Where are membrane proteins translated?
Where must the substrate bind to in order for the enzyme to do its job
Which amino acid is the start of all protein chains
How many Hydrogen bonds does Adenine and Thymine make with each other
Which two nitrogenous bases are purines
Where does the Kreb's cycle take place
What type of linkages exist between glucose polymers in glycogen
What type of RNA strand (plus or minus) can be directly translated by ribosomes?
What is the best way to clone DNA
What type of mutation results in the amino acid coding sequence of a gene
What is the 3 carbon result of glycolysis
DNA replicates in what direction
Active transport requires what molecule?
What phase in mieosis does crossing over occur
The process of making male gamete is called

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