MCAT in a quiz (Microbio version)

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Can you name the microbio concepts tested by the MCATs?

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What type of molecule has a 4 ringed, nonpolar structure which is used as a hormone and as an integral part of cell membranes
Which amino acid has a hydrogen for the R group
What type of bonds does water make with other water molecules
What type of inhibitor binds away from the active site and changes the conformation of the enzyme
What is the 3 carbon result of glycolysis
What is the net gain of ATP by glycolysis
How does the lagging strand replicates?
What is the central dogma of gene expression
How is ATP formed in glycolysis and in the Kreb's cycle
There is a sodium ion, glucose, testosterone, water and insulin on one side of the membrane. Which one of these are able to diffuse through the membrane?
Active transport requires what molecule?
What is the process of forming mRNA from DNA
Genetic recombination in bacteria is called
A molecule that is both hydrophobic and hydrophilic is called?
What type of gap junction attach two cells at a single point?
What is the final electron acceptor for the electron transport chain
Where are membrane proteins translated?
The microtuble arrangement inside an eukaryotic flagellum is known as
An inactive precursor to an active protein is called
The process of making male gamete is called
Macromolecules of most living cells are broken apart what process?
Which two nitrogenous bases are purines
What type of RNA strand (plus or minus) can be directly translated by ribosomes?
Where must the substrate bind to in order for the enzyme to do its job
A neuron which never replicates is stuck in what part of interphase?
What type of viral cycle does the viral DNA incorporate itself into cell DNA and replicate with the cell?
The lac operon is active when glucose concentration is high/low
Diffusion goes with/against the concentration gradient
What type of linkages exist between glucose polymers in celluose
What are the two types of secondary structures in proteins
What is the technique where proteins can be identified by the distance they travel during gel electrophresis
What type of mutation results in the amino acid coding sequence of a gene
The enzyme Glucose 6-phosphatase Hexokinase requires Magnesium to work properly. What is magnesium classified as?
What are microfilaments made out of
What is added to the 3' end of mRNA
What is the last major checkpoint before mitosis?
Hemoglobin requires 4 globular protein subunits working together in order to function correctly. What type of protein structure does hemoglobin exhibit?
Where does the Kreb's cycle take place
DNA replicates in what direction
Which amino acid has the capability to make disulfide bonds
What type of linkages exist between glucose polymers in glycogen
What type of inhibitor binds in the active site
What type of molecule has a polar phosphate head and a non polar, lipid body?
What are microtubules made out of
Which amino acid is the start of all protein chains
Which type of bacteria will appear pink when gram-stained?
What is the best way to clone DNA
Name the 4 phases of mitosis in order
What protein binds two strands of DNA together?
Macromolecules of most living cells are formed by what process?
What are bacterial cell walls made out of?
How many Hydrogen bonds does Adenine and Thymine make with each other
What type of proteins act as catalyst for biological reactions?
When in mieosis would non-disjunction occur (Give the name of the phases)
What part of the mRNA is spliced out
What is the process of protein synthesis directed by mRNA
Where in the cell does glycolysis occur
What phase in mieosis does crossing over occur
What type of gap junction form a watertight seal around the cell?

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