Defn | Term |

A tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation | |

a concise verbal or mathematical statement of a relation that expresses a fundamental principle of science that is viewed to hold tru universally | |

The rise-over-run of an invisible line that is the 'best fit' line through the previous n data points | |

is a relationship between two variables in which change in one variable is associated with a change in the other variable in the same direction | |

Established mathematical quantity used to shift from one system to another. | |

to estimate (the value of a variable) outside the tabulated or observed range | |

The observed result of a variable being manipulated | |

The system devised around the convenience of the number ten. It is the world's most widely used system of measurement | |

numerical short-hand which uses powers of ten as a simplified way of expressing numerical values | |

the process of obtaining the magnitude of a quantity. It answers the general question,'how many' | |

The science of matter and energy and of interactions between the two, grouped in traditional fields such as acoustics, optics, mechanics, thermodynamics, and electromagnetism. | |

The system of measurement most commonly used in the United States | |

an expression or a proposition, often algebraic, asserting the equality of two quantities | |

representation of something (sometimes on a smaller scale) or a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process | |