A relationship between two variables such that one is proportional to a power of the other

numerical short-hand which uses powers of ten as a simplified way of expressing numerical values

The rise-over-run of an invisible line that is the 'best fit' line through the previous n data points

the horizontal axis in a plane coordinate system

The observed result of a variable being manipulated

those digits that carry meaning reflecting the accuracy of their measurement

a relationship that gives a hyperbolic graph

Established mathematical quantity used to shift from one system to another.

A tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation

the process of obtaining the magnitude of a quantity. It answers the general question,'how many'

The system devised around the convenience of the number ten. It is the world's most widely used system of measurement

The variable being manipulated or changed

The science of matter and energy and of interactions between the two, grouped in traditional fields such as acoustics, optics, mechanics, thermodynamics, and electromagnetism.

Defn

Term

A method of converting units within a measurement system

Metric standard of measurement

to estimate (the value of a variable) within the tabulated or observed range

to estimate (the value of a variable) outside the tabulated or observed range

The system of measurement most commonly used in the United States

is a relationship between two variables in which change in one variable is associated with a change in the other variable in the same direction

an expression or a proposition, often algebraic, asserting the equality of two quantities

approximating the solution based on significant figures

a concise verbal or mathematical statement of a relation that expresses a fundamental principle of science that is viewed to hold tru universally

A set of statements or principles devised to explain a group of facts or phenomena, especially one that has been repeatedly tested

representation of something (sometimes on a smaller scale) or a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process

An inverse or negative relationship is a mathematical relationship in which one variable decreases as another increases

An orderly technique of investigation that is supposed to account for scientific progress

Standard of measurement

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