Yr13 Biorhythms Key Terms

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Can you name the Yr13 Biorhythms Key Terms?

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DefinitionKey Term
Events occuring during sleep that DON'T lead to daytime sleepiness, e.g. nightmares, sleepwalking
EEG reading with no regular pattern, found when awake and when in REM sleep
A biorhythm with a cycle lasting 24 hours
Neurotransmitter important in sleep and arousal and feeding behaviour
Conditions that lead to loss of sleep and as a result cause daytime tiredness, e.g. Insomnia
Sleep type associated with dreaming
States that sleep is needed to help the body recuperate
Insomnia caused by pre-existing conditions
An environmental factor affecting biorhythms
Deep sleep where dreaming doesn't occur, characterised by large, slow EEG waves
Rare genetic condition where a person develops severe insomnia and eventually dies because of it
Frequent episodes in sleep where breathing stops for a few seconds
Records electrical activity in the brain, aka E.E.G.
Person awakes scared, disoriented and confused: NOT a type of nightmare
group of neurones in the RF that control NREM and secrete serotonin
Genetic condition most often typified by the sufferer experiencing cataplexy while awake
The phenomenon where people deprived of REM sleep recover missed REM time
A biorhythm with a cycle lasting less than a day
Scary dreams
According to Horne, a term to describe REM and deepest stages of sleep. So called because it is vital
Small brain structure controlled by SCN that secretes Melatonin
Shifting our body clock forwards, e.g. through shift work or jet lag
A biorhythm with a cycle lasting more than a day
DefinitionKey Term
Insomnia that has no obvious cause
An internal clock affecting biorhythms
Working patterns that involve working different sets of hours
Neurotransmitter vital for emotional states, sleep and depression
EEG reading with regular pattern, found in deep sleep
Sleep disorder where people have issues sleeping
Term for animals active at night
aka RF: network of millions of neurones deep in the brain in charge of sleep and wake regulation
Term for animals active during the day
Lifelong serious insomnia beginning in childhood: no obvious cause
Small group of neurons in the hypothalamus: linked to maintaining sleep patterns
An animal's living conditions
According to Horne, the lighter stages of NREM: non essential
In the RF, a set of neurones that control REM sleep and secrete noradrenaline
What biorhythms do in the absence of zeitgebers
Rate at which animals burn up resources
Explanation for functions of sleep, stating it has developed as an advantageous behaviour
Hormone vital for many biorhythms, levels of which increase at night and decrease when light
A regular pattern of physiological, behavioural or cognitive behaviour
Shifting our body clock backwards, e.g. through shift work or jet lag
Walking while asleep, obviously.
Feeling of tiredness after long plane journeys
Depression during the winter months, aka S.A.D.

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