Yr12 Memory Key Terms

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Can you name the Yr12 Memory Key Terms?

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DescriptionKey Term
Where participants are asked to recall items in any order
Prior knowledge and information we have that can often affect EWT
Sensory memory store for things we hear
Sensory memory store for things we touch/feel
A very limited capacity store that filters out non-important information: a sort of filter for the Short Term Memory
Sensory memory store for things we see
Associating a word to be remembered with another word by linking them together, or 'hanging' it on the key word
Limited capacity slave system in the Working Memory Model responsible for holding visual and spatial information
A model of memory comprised of separate sensory, short and long term memory stores. Devised by Atkinson and Schiffrin
Where participants are asked to recall items in order of presentation
Improving memory by restructuring and grouping items into smaller groups, thus reducing the amount to be remembered. Devised by Miller
Permanent memory store, said to be unlimited and everlasting
How long information remains in memory
A phenomenon proposed by Loftus: says that people focus on a weapon, and the resulting anxiety makes it harder for them to focus on the holder
Method to test STM capacity: participants have to repeat back strings of digits in order, which gradually get longer
DescriptionKey Term
a non word that nonetheless appears real, e.g. entrafild. Used in memory tests to test semantic encoding
Devised by Geiselman; a method that improves EWT by changing the way witnesses are asked questions
A model that takes the place of Short Term Memory, according to Baddeley and Hitch
How much information can be held in memory
Where a participant is asked to carry out two tasks at the same time
Phrasing a question in such a way to prompt a particular answer
General term for any memory improvement strategy, e.g. Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain
Three consonants that do not form a pronounceable unit, e.g. CFD
Limited capacity slave system in the Working Memory Model responsible for holding verbal information
The term for evidence given in court or police investigations
Limited capacity 'task-master' in control of two slave systems in the Working Memory Model
A method of memory improvement, where items to remember are assigned 'places' on a familiar route
Temporary memory store, where information can be kept briefly
How information is represented in memory
AKA false information: given to a witness after the event in such a way that they believe it really happened

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