Yr12 Memory Key Terms

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Can you name the Yr12 Memory Key Terms?

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DescriptionKey Term
A model of memory comprised of separate sensory, short and long term memory stores. Devised by Atkinson and Schiffrin
Sensory memory store for things we touch/feel
Sensory memory store for things we hear
a non word that nonetheless appears real, e.g. entrafild. Used in memory tests to test semantic encoding
The term for evidence given in court or police investigations
A model that takes the place of Short Term Memory, according to Baddeley and Hitch
Where participants are asked to recall items in order of presentation
General term for any memory improvement strategy, e.g. Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain
Method to test STM capacity: participants have to repeat back strings of digits in order, which gradually get longer
AKA false information: given to a witness after the event in such a way that they believe it really happened
How information is represented in memory
How much information can be held in memory
Where participants are asked to recall items in any order
Limited capacity slave system in the Working Memory Model responsible for holding verbal information
A very limited capacity store that filters out non-important information: a sort of filter for the Short Term Memory
DescriptionKey Term
Phrasing a question in such a way to prompt a particular answer
Improving memory by restructuring and grouping items into smaller groups, thus reducing the amount to be remembered. Devised by Miller
Associating a word to be remembered with another word by linking them together, or 'hanging' it on the key word
A method of memory improvement, where items to remember are assigned 'places' on a familiar route
Prior knowledge and information we have that can often affect EWT
Where a participant is asked to carry out two tasks at the same time
Permanent memory store, said to be unlimited and everlasting
Sensory memory store for things we see
Devised by Geiselman; a method that improves EWT by changing the way witnesses are asked questions
A phenomenon proposed by Loftus: says that people focus on a weapon, and the resulting anxiety makes it harder for them to focus on the holder
Limited capacity slave system in the Working Memory Model responsible for holding visual and spatial information
How long information remains in memory
Limited capacity 'task-master' in control of two slave systems in the Working Memory Model
Three consonants that do not form a pronounceable unit, e.g. CFD
Temporary memory store, where information can be kept briefly

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