Famous European Monarchs (1500-1800)

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Can you name the famous European monarchs from 1500-1800?

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HintMonarchReign
The brother of Maria Antoinette, this king of Austria attempted to pass many major reforms, almost all of which eventually failed.1764-1790
This Sultan of the Ottoman Empire personally led his armies to great victory in Eastern Europe before finally being stopped during the Siege of Vienna.1520-1566
The 'Great Elector,' this monarch of Brandenburg-Prussia destroyed the myth of Swedish invincibility, while also laying the foundation for his kingdom's proud military tradition.1640-1688
This king was the last British monarch to personally lead his troops into battle. He was domestically incompetent, however.1727-1760
Founder of the city of St. Petersburg, this Russian ruler vastly expanded his tsardom and formed it into a great world power.1682-1725
The namesake of the Philippines, this Spanish king nevertheless saw the declaration of independence by the Netherlands and the defeat of the Spanish Armada.1554-1598
This famed king of Poland-Lithuania was pivotal in the Holy League's victory over the Ottoman Turks at the Siege of Vienna.1674-1696
The quintessential 'enlightened despot,' this Prussian king was known both for his tactical brilliance and his policies that helped his kingdom become a Great Power.1740-1786
This Swedish king became a champion of Protestantism in the Thirty Years' War, leading Sweden to many victories before dying at the battlefield of L├╝tzen.1611-1632
HintMonarchReign
Ruling alongside her son as queen of Austria, this monarch saw the loss of the valuable Silesia region to her northern rival; she also passed many educational and economic reforms.1740-1780
Last monarch of the Tudor dynasty, the 'Virgin Queen' saw during her reign the rise of Shakespeare, the great exploits of Sir Francis Drake, and the defeat of the Spanish Armada.1558-1603
This German-born queen of Russia heralded in a Golden Age for her empire, oversaw the first colonization of Alaska, and was notable for her many affairs.1762-1796
The 'Sun King,' this king of France led his nation to become the leading power of Europe; he also commissioned the construction of the Palace of Versailles.1643-1715
Notable for his many marriages, this English king's marital issues became so rampant that he was excommunicated by Pope Paul III and founded the Church of England.1509-1547
Though almost all of his reign was plagued by the Great Northern War, this Swedish king experienced early military successes before being shot and killed in Norway.1697-1718
Though he would lose his nation's major colonial possessions in the Americas, this British king also presided over the eventual defeat of Napoleon many decades later.1760-1820
Much of this Spanish king (and Holy Roman Emperor's) reign was dedicated to defeating both Protestantism and France in the Italian Wars, as well as the colonization of the Americas1516-1556
His failures to successfully reform France in the early years of his reign led to the onset of the French Revolution, ultimately leading to his and his wife's execution.1774-1792

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Created Jun 11, 2013Editor's PickReportNominate
Tags:Europe, World Leaders, Editor Pick, king, kingdom, monarch, reign