Solvation Chemistry (Hard)

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Can you name the key terms and laws of solvation chemistry?

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The solubility of a gas in a liquid at a particular temperature is proportional to the partial pressure of that gas above the liquid
A substance dissolved into a solution
The rate at which one substance is solvated by another
The condition of a plant cell in an isotonic solution
How much of a given substance there is mixed with another substance, often referring to a solvent in a solute
The process by which molecules in a liquid state or solid state spontaneously become gaseous
The pressure at which a gas will be dissolving back into solution at the same rate it is evaporating
The condition of an animal cell in a hypotonic solution
The amount of light absorbed by a substance at a given wavelength is directly proportional to its concentration in a solution.
Used to measure the boiling point of solutions
A solution with a much LOWER concentration than that of solution within a semi-permeable membrane (such as a cell)
A solution that contains more of the dissolved material than could be dissolved by the solvent under normal circumstances
The formation of a solid in a solution
Used to measure the osmotic pressure of a solution
Describes the effect on freezing point of a solution with increasing concentration
The condition of an animal cell in a hypertonic solution
To add more solvent or reduce the amount of solute
The medium of a solution into which other substances are dissolved
Used to measure the light absorbance of solutions
mol solute/kg solvent
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of molecules in a given volume of solvent and not on the properties (e.g. size or mass) of the molecules
A homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances
Particles of a dispersed substance are only suspended in a mixture, NOT completely dissolved
The movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane from an area of high water potential (low concentration of dissolved substances) to an area of low water potential (high conc
The pressure that must be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of water across a semipermeable membrane
Describes the change in enthalpy when a compound is dissolved in water
The condition of a plant cell in a hypertonic solution
Delta T = molality x ebullioscopic constant x van't hoff factor
Describes the equilibrium point at which rate of dissolution is equal to rate of precipitation (usually in mol/kg)
mol solute/L solution
A solution with a much HIGHER concentration than that of solution within a semi-permeable membrane (such as a cell)
A solution with the SAME concentration on both sides of a semi-permeable membrane
Describes the effect on vapor pressure when increasing the concentration of a solution
mol solute/sum of all mol in solution
Two substances that form a solution when mixed in any proportion
Mass per volume
The condition of a plant cell in a hypotonic solution
The scattering of light particles caused by colloids that tends to reflect blue better than other colors
A concentration at which no further solute will dissolve in a solution
In colligative properties calculations this variable corrects for ionic dissociation
Reaction equivalents/L solution

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