German History and Culture

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Can you name the answers to the following questions regarding German History and Culture?

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QuestionAnswer
Arminius defeated Varus and his Roman legions in this battle
This happened in the year
This is the German national epos
He is the hero of this epos
He is the Apostle of the Germans
He converted the pagan Germanic peoples to Christianity by felling this tree in 723
Charles the Great (Karl der Große) was crowned emperor in this year
He resided in this town
This man became “the first of the Germans to be called the emperor of Italy”
This happened in the year
In 955 he had won this first national German battle against a foreign enemy, holding off the incursions of the Hungarians
At the peak of the Investiture Controversy this emperor had to do the Walk of Canossa in 1077
This Concordat ended the Investiture Controversy in 1122
In 1155 Frederick I (Friedrich I.) was crowned Roman Emperor. What was his nickname?
According to legend he is asleep in a cave in this mountain and waits for return
This Emperor from 1220 to 1250 was called “stupor mundi”, the astonishment of the world
One of the most influential philosopher of the Middle Ages, he achieved fame for his advocacy for the peaceful coexistence of science and religion
This philosopher and mystic was one of the most influential Christian Neoplatonists of the 14th century
In 1356 this decree set the rules for the election and coronation of the emperors by the Prince-electors until the end of the Holy Roman Empire
This cardinal, philosopher and theologian is widely considered one of the great geniuses and polymaths of the 15th century
His invention of mechanical movable type printing in 1450 started the Printing Revolution
This uomo universale, who was born in 1471, is widely considered the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance
In 1517 this man initiated the Protestant Reformation
This theologian turned against Luther and became a rebel leader during the Peasants’ War
Religious conflict was one main reason that led to the Thirty Years’ War. When did it start?
And with which peace treaty did it end 30 years later?
He was the supreme commander of the armies of the Habsburg Monarchy and one of the major figures of the Thirty Years’ War
Working as an adviser for him, this key figure of the 17th century scientific revolution is best known for his eponymous laws of planetary motion
This philosopher and mathematician who was born in 1646 coined the term “the best of all possible worlds”
In 1724 this philosopher, known for his “Critique of Pure Reason” was born in Königsberg
Works of this composer and organist (1685-1750) include the Brandenburg Concertos and the St Matthew Passion
Another composer born in the same year and died in 1759 composed among others Messiah and Water Music
Frederick the Great (Friedrich der Große), from 1772 to 1786 King of Prussia, was nicknamed
He built this most important work of Northern German rococo in which Voltaire had an own room
This Romantic painter is best known for allegorical landscapes which feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, barren trees or Gothic ruin
QuestionAnswer
In 1791 this composer died at the age of 35
This man is considered the supreme genius of modern German literature
This work by him is considered the masterpiece of German literature
He was a good friend of the writer and the other great writer of the Weimar Classicism
In this year the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation was formally dissolved after 844 years
In this battle in 1813 Napoleon was defeated
The colours of this voluntary force of the Prussian army during the Napoleonic Wars was later used for the flag of Germany
This philosophers historicist and idealist account of reality as a whole revolutionized European philosophy and was an important precursor to Continental philosophy and Marxism
In 1818 this philosopher published his main work “The World as Will and Representation”
In 1824 this composer completed the Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125 which has been adapted for use as the European Anthem
In 1841, this German linguist and poet wrote the lyrics of “Das Lied der Deutschen”, later the German national anthem
He used a melody by this composer
His expeditions have laid the foundation of the sciences of physical geography and meteorology
Those two brothers collected fairy-tales
He published the Communist Manifesto in 1848
The German Revolution of 1848 failed, but one achievement was the first constitution of a German Empire, it was named after the place the parliament came together
From 1848 to 1874 this composer worked on “The Ring of the Nibelung”, a cycle of four epic operas
He was admired by this philosopher and classical philologist who radically destroyed values and replaced them with new ones
In this year the German Empire was founded
The proclamation took place on January 18th at that place
He became Emperor
And he became Chancellor
To achieve the unification he had led three wars: first 1864 against
Second 1866 against
And third 1870 against
In 1879 this physicist who developed the theory of general relativity was born in Ulm
In 1882 this physician isolated the Tuberculosis bacillus
This scientist cured syphilis, coined the term chemotherapy and popularized the concept of a magic bullet
In 1885 this car engineer invented the gasoline-powered car
In 1886 this King, who had built castles like Neuschwanstein, Herrenchiemsee and Linderhof, was found dead in the Starnberger Lake
In 1895 this physicist produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays
In 1901 this writer published “Buddenbrooks”
Five years later this author publishes “Beneath the Wheel” (“Unterm Rad”)
In 1912 this rocket scientist, aerospace engineer, space architect, and one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology was born
This physicist is regarded as the founder of the quantum theory
QuestionAnswer
After the lost World War I, Germany was forced to sign this treaty
This politician proclaimed the Republic on November 9th 1918
The Republic was called
This politician became the first Reichspräsident (President)
In 1921 the Expressionist horror film „Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens“ was shot. The director was
In 1928 the musical “The Threepenny Opera” was shown for the first time. It was written by this dramatist
Her performance as Lola-Lola in “The Blue Angel”, directed by Josef von Sternberg, brought her international fame
In 1933 this man became Chancellor
In the years 1935, 1937 and 1938 he won the European Drivers' Championship, the pre-1950 equivalent of the modern Formula One World Championship, an unsurpassed three times
In 1936 this boxer defeated Joe Louis in New York
When this country was invaded in 1939, World War II began
In 1941 this computer pioneer developed the world's first functional program-controlled Turing-complete computer, the Z3
On 20 July 1944 this man tried to assassinate Hitler
On that day the German armed forces surrendered
This author and playwright (Trümmerliteratur) was heavily affected by his experience of dictatorship and his service in the Wehrmacht during the Second World War
Germany was separated: on this day the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) was founded
And on this day the German Democratic Republic (Deutsche Demokratische Republik, or DDR)
The first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany was
And the first President was
On July 4th 1954 Germany won its first Football World Cup by sensationally defeating Hungary. How is the final called?
In 1960 he became the first non-American since 1928 to win the Olympic 100 metres
In this year the Berlin Wall was built
In 1970 this terror group that was responsible for many murders in the following decade was founded
This footballer called “Der Kaiser” (“The Emperor”) won the World Cup in 1974 as player and in 1990 as manager, he also won the European Cup for three times as player
The same successes as football player achieved this striker who scored 14 goals in World Cups and has the best average goal rate in the history of the European Cup
Director of the New German Cinema who often worked together with actor Klaus Kinski
Another Director of the New German Cinema who frequently worked together with actress Hanna Schygulla
In 1988 she became the only tennis player to have won all four Grand Slams and the Olympic Games in one year
Also in 1988 this figure skater won her second Olympic gold and her fourth World Championship title
The Wall fell on that day
And Germany was reunified on that day which became its national day
In 2004 he won his 7th Formula 1 Championship
In April 2005 this German became Pope Benedict XVI.
In 2011 this basketballer from Würzburg won the NBA title

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