NSL Government AP Exam Review

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Can you name the NSL Government AP Exam Review Topics?

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Definition/QuestionAnswer
Powers given to both national and state governments
What party a voter says they are a part of
7 member Board of Governors that oversees Federal Reserve Banks, establishes monetary policy (interest rates, credit, etc.), and monitors the economic health of the country
Powers once given to the Federal government pass to the states under ____.
Prohibits discrimination against disabled people in emplyment, public accommodations, and housing. (Took effect in 1992)
Evidence, no matter how incriminating, cannot be included in a trial if obtained illegally
Those who already hold office.
A policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment for members of some previously disadvantaged group
What data is used in the redistricting process?
(Title IX) prohibits gender discrimination in educational activities that receive federal funds
Certain ethnic groups tend to vote more, certain groups vote for a particular party more (Jews mostly vote democratic)
The ability of individuals to influence the political process
Amendment that revises presidential election procedures
People are free to practice any religion
Committees that exist in only a few policy areas and draw membership from the Senate and House
certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens.
Elections used to select which candidate actually gets the office
President refuses to spend funds as appropriated by Congress
Expenditures that are determined not by a fixed amount of money appropriated by Congress but by how many eligible beneficiaries there are for a program or by previous obligations o
Presidential nominee who must be confirmed by Senate majority. Serve for lifetime 'during good behavior' unless convicted of impeachment by Congress
Founding fathers who contributed to the Constitution
Amendment that prohibits the denial of the right to vote (suffrage) based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
Institutions that spread information among many people
Set regulations for discharge of waste in water
Set limits of 2 years at a time and 5 years for a lifetime for federal aid/Tried to move people off welfare & into jobs.
A type of democracy where there are a few leaders representing the will of many.
Benefit of all
Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.
Several government officials who discuss the economy and different plans to ensure its stability with the President; usually includes chairman of federal reserve, sec of treasury,
Amendment that limits the president to 2 terms in office
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same area and people
interests for a smaller constituency; eg. casework and credit claiming of a congressperson for their constituents
Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and adverti
A description of the budget process where the best predictor of this year's budget is last year's budget, plus a little bit more
Amendment that allows the federal government to collect income tax
Choosing among alternatives requires that the majority's desire be respected
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not the government, own the principal means of production and seek profits
Attempting to gain votes to win an election for an office
Amendment that changes the dates when Congressional and Presidential terms start
The pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system is known as...
Amendment that establishes the Prohibition of alcohol
Laws that allow public access to public policy-making meetings/transparency
The powers of approving treaties and trying impeached officials belong to...
Phrase used to determine outcome of the Schenck v. US decision
Which amendment gave all powers prohibited to the federal government to the states?
Casework is the most common form of...
Set new standards for ambient air quality and new limits on emissions
A policy designed to ensure competition and prevent monopoly, which is the control of a market by one company
Amendment that defines citizenship, contains the due process and equal protection clauses, deals with post Civil War issues
A diplomatic policy intended to isolate enemies of the US (used in Cold War)
Committees that handle bills in different policy areas
Amendment that protects the right to a fair and speedy trial by jury, rights to be told the charges, confront the accuser, obtain witnesses and retain counsel
Individuals who are highly active in promoting a party and its candidates.
This term describes the pattern that women are more likely to support Democratic candidates
The financial resources of the government
Parties other than the democratic and republican parties
Equality in voting, Effective Participation, Enlightened understanding, and citizen control of agenda.
Government spending of revenues
Committees that are either temporary or permanent and have a focused responsibility
Used to select the candidate for the party's nomination.
Separation of church and state
Displacement of a majority party by a minority party
A 1935 law passed during the Great Depression that was intended to provide a minimal level of sustenance to older Americans and thus save them from poverty
Provided for automatic across-the-board spending cuts to take effect if the president and Congress failed to reach established targets. This law was declared unconstitutional.
An excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues
Oversees preparation of the federal budget in the legislative branch
Congress has the power to regulate interstate commerce
Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states with a history of discrimination (black registration rates increased drastically afterwards)
The range of public belief on policy and politics
An important task for new members of Congress is to find a committee to be on. Committees are divided proportionally to the number of seats each party holds in the chamber (if dems
Choice government makes in response to political issue
When a politician releases a bit of information to see how the public reacts
A government in which the central government delegates only the powers it wants to to the local or state governments, as opposed to a federal government in which the government can
Amendment that establishes the direct election of US Senators
Allows Congress to do things that are 'necessary and proper'
Revenue losses that result from special exemptions, exclusions, or deductions on federal tax law.
Changing the boundaries of congressional districts or adding new ones
Amendment that protects rights not enumerated in the constitution
Amendment that repeals prohibition
When someone talks and talks and talks to delay debate on a bill
An organization of people with shared policy goals
The authority of administrative actors to select among various responses to a given problem
Declassifies federal documents to the public
Amendment that protects the right to bear arms
How the Federal Reserve Boad impacts the economy throught the manipulation of the money supply
What the president does if he does not want a bill to become law
Elections used to select which candidate actually gets the office
Acts of Congress funding programs within limits of authorization bills
An organization of people trying to elect politicians into office
rights guaranteed in Miranda v. Arizona
Decides whether bills that require federal spending will be funded
Amendment that abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime
Judges make bold policy decisions
Life-long process of acquiring political beliefs
Document that says someone be punished without trial (prohibited in original Constitution)
There must be a secular interest for a religious institution to receive public monies according to the ___
Regular members of the party who don't hold any special office and aren't too active except for voting.
All the money borrowed by the federal government over the years and still outstanding
Government agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect public interest
Older people are more likely to vote than younger people. This is an example of what?
Laws that punish people for doing things before they were against the law
Congress monitoring the bureaucracy and administration of policy
Powers that neither the federal nor state governments have
How people generally vote in an election.
State must respect all legal rights owed to a person
No one person is above the law. Nuff said.
Laws that expire after a period of time unless renewed
A government organization that provides a service that could be provided by the private sector and typically charges for its services
The powers of declaring war, regulating interstate commerce, and taxing belong to...
A person who is running for office
Amendment that limits the powers of the federal government to those delegated by the Constitution
A group of delegates from the states that decides the result of the presidential elections. Each state gets one elector for every representative and senator they have (# of reps +
The process including both primary and general elections
Powers given to states
Domestic penalties applied to one country i.e. tariffs, trade barriers, import duties, import/export quotas, and embargos
This body of the government is able to impeach the president
Powers that the Federal Government has by default
Oversees preparation of the federal budget in the executive branch
Amendment that prohibits the forced quartering of soldiers
By what margin must Congress approve amendments?
A program added to the Social Security system in 1965 that provides hospitalization insurance for the elderly and permits older Americans to purchase inexpensive coverage for docto
Four out of nine judges can grant a writ of certiorari
A person who acts on the behalf of others to try to influence the decision of a government decision maker.
People from this branch propose a budget to congress, sign the budget, and spend the money.
Amendment that allows Washington, DC to be represented in the electoral college
Amendment that prohibits congressional pay changes from taking effect until the beginning of the next congressional session
How an individual thinks about political issues
How Congress and the President impact the Economy through the budget
Legitimacy of the state is created by the will of people, who are the source of political power
When candidates from a president's party are swept into office upon the president's election
Established national supremacy
Amendment that protects the freedoms of speech, religion, press, rights to assemble, petition the government
A type of lawsuit that allows a small number of people to sue on behalf of a larger group of similarly situated people
What fraction of states must ratify an amendment for it to pass?
Applying the Bill of Rights onto the state legislatures on a case-by-case basis
Bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional (sub)committees dominate policymaking
De facto tradition where the senator in the President's party from the state where the nominee will serve holds great power in the nomination process
Powers that each branch of government have over the other branches
Legal briefs that can be submitted by anyone other than a litigant
Policies for which Congress has obligated itself to pay X level of benefits to Y number of recipients.
No branch of government can control everything, power is equally divided between branches
Amendment that protects the right to due process, prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy
Judges play minimal policymaking roles, leaving it up to legislators
When a bill must be revised because the houses passed it in different versions, it goes to one of these
This occurs when Congress adjorns before the 10 day span the president has to review a bill
The degree to which bureaucrats are held accountable for the power they excercise
A question on a ballot asking if a given law or policy should continue
'A government...derives its power from the...'
What part of the electoral process only applies to Presidential elections?
A funding vehicle created by the 1974 campaign reforms. Their expenditures are monitored by the FEC
Amendment that prohibits poll taxes
Tried to guarantee the same rights in men and women, failed to get ratified by all the states
Shares of individual wages and corporate revenues collected by the government
Amendment that prohibits excessive fines, bail, and cruel and unusual punishment
Changing of district boundaries or creation of a new district after a census
Amendment that protects the right to trial by jury in civil cases
A hierarchial authority structure that uses task specialization, operates on the merit principle, and behaves with impersonality
Elections to select party nominees in which voters are presented with a list of candidates from all parties
Powers specifically stated in the Constitution
Amendment that prohibits unreasonable search and seizure and says that search warrants may only be issued if there is probable cause
A resolution binding Congress to a total expenditure level, supposedly the bottom line of all federal spending for all programs.
The tendency of states to try to get an early primary election date is called...
The Supreme Court has what type of jurisdiction?
The ratio of what is paid for imports to what is earned from exports
Amendment that says that states are immune from suits from out of state citizens and out of state foreigners
Acts of Congress establishing, continuing, or changing government programs
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes for state and local spending (strings attached)
Amendment that defines the order of Presidential succession
If you're held captive, the ___ forces the government to tell you why
The powers of initiating revenue bills and passing articles of impeachment belong to...
States must respect official documents and judgments made by other states
Amendment that establishes women's suffrage
Amendment that establishes the minimum voting age at 18
No discrimination on the basis of gender (usually in sports) for a school that receives government funding.
Author of Democracy in America
Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations.
A liberal interpretation of the Constitution
A slow change from conflict thinking to cooperative thinking in foreign policy
A _____ is needed for the supreme court to hear a case
A policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (expenditures)
Crossing out parts of a bill before signing it
Massachusetts Revolutionary War veterans were upset that they weren't going to receive their pensions
First ten amendments of the Constitution
Groups that inform the public about the activities of the government
Someone who doesn't join a group because they can benefit without actually being a member is a...
The committee that reviews all bills in the house.
When 60 members vote to stop a filibuster in the senate
A proposal that voters get on the ballot by amassing a certain number of signatures.

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