NSL Government AP Exam Review

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Can you name the NSL Government AP Exam Review Topics?

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Phrase used to determine outcome of the Schenck v. US decision
Amendment that prohibits congressional pay changes from taking effect until the beginning of the next congressional session
A description of the budget process where the best predictor of this year's budget is last year's budget, plus a little bit more
Elections to select party nominees in which voters are presented with a list of candidates from all parties
Laws that expire after a period of time unless renewed
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not the government, own the principal means of production and seek profits
What fraction of states must ratify an amendment for it to pass?
Provided for automatic across-the-board spending cuts to take effect if the president and Congress failed to reach established targets. This law was declared unconstitutional.
The ratio of what is paid for imports to what is earned from exports
A funding vehicle created by the 1974 campaign reforms. Their expenditures are monitored by the FEC
A person who is running for office
Amendment that prohibits the forced quartering of soldiers
Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations.
Amendment that defines the order of Presidential succession
Declassifies federal documents to the public
The powers of declaring war, regulating interstate commerce, and taxing belong to...
An organization of people trying to elect politicians into office
Amendment that prohibits poll taxes
This body of the government is able to impeach the president
Allows Congress to do things that are 'necessary and proper'
(Title IX) prohibits gender discrimination in educational activities that receive federal funds
A type of lawsuit that allows a small number of people to sue on behalf of a larger group of similarly situated people
The tendency of states to try to get an early primary election date is called...
Amendment that repeals prohibition
certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens.
A government organization that provides a service that could be provided by the private sector and typically charges for its services
Changing of district boundaries or creation of a new district after a census
How an individual thinks about political issues
Amendment that protects the right to a fair and speedy trial by jury, rights to be told the charges, confront the accuser, obtain witnesses and retain counsel
Amendment that establishes the Prohibition of alcohol
interests for a smaller constituency; eg. casework and credit claiming of a congressperson for their constituents
This occurs when Congress adjorns before the 10 day span the president has to review a bill
Life-long process of acquiring political beliefs
Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and adverti
Powers that each branch of government have over the other branches
Institutions that spread information among many people
7 member Board of Governors that oversees Federal Reserve Banks, establishes monetary policy (interest rates, credit, etc.), and monitors the economic health of the country
State must respect all legal rights owed to a person
Founding fathers who contributed to the Constitution
Congress has the power to regulate interstate commerce
The degree to which bureaucrats are held accountable for the power they excercise
If you're held captive, the ___ forces the government to tell you why
Amendment that protects the right to due process, prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy
What part of the electoral process only applies to Presidential elections?
Older people are more likely to vote than younger people. This is an example of what?
Powers that neither the federal nor state governments have
The range of public belief on policy and politics
A policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment for members of some previously disadvantaged group
Amendment that allows Washington, DC to be represented in the electoral college
Changing the boundaries of congressional districts or adding new ones
A government in which the central government delegates only the powers it wants to to the local or state governments, as opposed to a federal government in which the government can
Congress monitoring the bureaucracy and administration of policy
Amendment that establishes women's suffrage
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes for state and local spending (strings attached)
Acts of Congress funding programs within limits of authorization bills
Laws that allow public access to public policy-making meetings/transparency
Equality in voting, Effective Participation, Enlightened understanding, and citizen control of agenda.
States must respect official documents and judgments made by other states
The ability of individuals to influence the political process
The authority of administrative actors to select among various responses to a given problem
A person who acts on the behalf of others to try to influence the decision of a government decision maker.
Decides whether bills that require federal spending will be funded
'A government...derives its power from the...'
Amendment that prohibits excessive fines, bail, and cruel and unusual punishment
Parties other than the democratic and republican parties
Set regulations for discharge of waste in water
What party a voter says they are a part of
Elections used to select which candidate actually gets the office
First ten amendments of the Constitution
Legitimacy of the state is created by the will of people, who are the source of political power
Powers once given to the Federal government pass to the states under ____.
A type of democracy where there are a few leaders representing the will of many.
A 1935 law passed during the Great Depression that was intended to provide a minimal level of sustenance to older Americans and thus save them from poverty
What the president does if he does not want a bill to become law
Amendment that establishes the direct election of US Senators
When a bill must be revised because the houses passed it in different versions, it goes to one of these
Shares of individual wages and corporate revenues collected by the government
Established national supremacy
Benefit of all
Oversees preparation of the federal budget in the legislative branch
The process including both primary and general elections
Powers given to both national and state governments
De facto tradition where the senator in the President's party from the state where the nominee will serve holds great power in the nomination process
The pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system is known as...
Powers that the Federal Government has by default
Several government officials who discuss the economy and different plans to ensure its stability with the President; usually includes chairman of federal reserve, sec of treasury,
Casework is the most common form of...
All the money borrowed by the federal government over the years and still outstanding
A policy designed to ensure competition and prevent monopoly, which is the control of a market by one company
Massachusetts Revolutionary War veterans were upset that they weren't going to receive their pensions
Amendment that abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime
Amendment that protects rights not enumerated in the constitution
Attempting to gain votes to win an election for an office
Judges make bold policy decisions
Powers given to states
The powers of initiating revenue bills and passing articles of impeachment belong to...
No one person is above the law. Nuff said.
Used to select the candidate for the party's nomination.
Set limits of 2 years at a time and 5 years for a lifetime for federal aid/Tried to move people off welfare & into jobs.
A program added to the Social Security system in 1965 that provides hospitalization insurance for the elderly and permits older Americans to purchase inexpensive coverage for docto
Amendment that revises presidential election procedures
Those who already hold office.
The powers of approving treaties and trying impeached officials belong to...
Author of Democracy in America
Domestic penalties applied to one country i.e. tariffs, trade barriers, import duties, import/export quotas, and embargos
No discrimination on the basis of gender (usually in sports) for a school that receives government funding.
Four out of nine judges can grant a writ of certiorari
Amendment that defines citizenship, contains the due process and equal protection clauses, deals with post Civil War issues
Choice government makes in response to political issue
A diplomatic policy intended to isolate enemies of the US (used in Cold War)
Amendment that allows the federal government to collect income tax
When 60 members vote to stop a filibuster in the senate
Government agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect public interest
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same area and people
A liberal interpretation of the Constitution
Displacement of a majority party by a minority party
Choosing among alternatives requires that the majority's desire be respected
Someone who doesn't join a group because they can benefit without actually being a member is a...
Laws that punish people for doing things before they were against the law
Amendment that protects the freedoms of speech, religion, press, rights to assemble, petition the government
A slow change from conflict thinking to cooperative thinking in foreign policy
There must be a secular interest for a religious institution to receive public monies according to the ___
Amendment that protects the right to trial by jury in civil cases
Oversees preparation of the federal budget in the executive branch
Amendment that prohibits the denial of the right to vote (suffrage) based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
Bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional (sub)committees dominate policymaking
Groups that inform the public about the activities of the government
Revenue losses that result from special exemptions, exclusions, or deductions on federal tax law.
The committee that reviews all bills in the house.
This term describes the pattern that women are more likely to support Democratic candidates
A _____ is needed for the supreme court to hear a case
Applying the Bill of Rights onto the state legislatures on a case-by-case basis
When candidates from a president's party are swept into office upon the president's election
Elections used to select which candidate actually gets the office
Set new standards for ambient air quality and new limits on emissions
How Congress and the President impact the Economy through the budget
Amendment that changes the dates when Congressional and Presidential terms start
By what margin must Congress approve amendments?
Document that says someone be punished without trial (prohibited in original Constitution)
Policies for which Congress has obligated itself to pay X level of benefits to Y number of recipients.
People are free to practice any religion
A hierarchial authority structure that uses task specialization, operates on the merit principle, and behaves with impersonality
People from this branch propose a budget to congress, sign the budget, and spend the money.
Evidence, no matter how incriminating, cannot be included in a trial if obtained illegally
rights guaranteed in Miranda v. Arizona
Amendment that limits the president to 2 terms in office
Tried to guarantee the same rights in men and women, failed to get ratified by all the states
Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states with a history of discrimination (black registration rates increased drastically afterwards)
Acts of Congress establishing, continuing, or changing government programs
Crossing out parts of a bill before signing it
How the Federal Reserve Boad impacts the economy throught the manipulation of the money supply
Judges play minimal policymaking roles, leaving it up to legislators
How people generally vote in an election.
Committees that handle bills in different policy areas
What data is used in the redistricting process?
The Supreme Court has what type of jurisdiction?
When someone talks and talks and talks to delay debate on a bill
Powers specifically stated in the Constitution
Individuals who are highly active in promoting a party and its candidates.
Prohibits discrimination against disabled people in emplyment, public accommodations, and housing. (Took effect in 1992)
An excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues
An organization of people with shared policy goals
President refuses to spend funds as appropriated by Congress
Amendment that establishes the minimum voting age at 18
Committees that are either temporary or permanent and have a focused responsibility
A policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (expenditures)
A group of delegates from the states that decides the result of the presidential elections. Each state gets one elector for every representative and senator they have (# of reps +
Legal briefs that can be submitted by anyone other than a litigant
Regular members of the party who don't hold any special office and aren't too active except for voting.
A proposal that voters get on the ballot by amassing a certain number of signatures.
Presidential nominee who must be confirmed by Senate majority. Serve for lifetime 'during good behavior' unless convicted of impeachment by Congress
Certain ethnic groups tend to vote more, certain groups vote for a particular party more (Jews mostly vote democratic)
Separation of church and state
A resolution binding Congress to a total expenditure level, supposedly the bottom line of all federal spending for all programs.
A question on a ballot asking if a given law or policy should continue
The financial resources of the government
Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.
An important task for new members of Congress is to find a committee to be on. Committees are divided proportionally to the number of seats each party holds in the chamber (if dems
Amendment that says that states are immune from suits from out of state citizens and out of state foreigners
Committees that exist in only a few policy areas and draw membership from the Senate and House
Expenditures that are determined not by a fixed amount of money appropriated by Congress but by how many eligible beneficiaries there are for a program or by previous obligations o
Which amendment gave all powers prohibited to the federal government to the states?
Amendment that limits the powers of the federal government to those delegated by the Constitution
When a politician releases a bit of information to see how the public reacts
Government spending of revenues
No branch of government can control everything, power is equally divided between branches
Amendment that prohibits unreasonable search and seizure and says that search warrants may only be issued if there is probable cause
Amendment that protects the right to bear arms

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Created May 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:exam, government, nsl, review