NSL Government AP Exam Review

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Can you name the NSL Government AP Exam Review Topics?

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Benefit of all
Elections to select party nominees in which voters are presented with a list of candidates from all parties
rights guaranteed in Miranda v. Arizona
A type of democracy where there are a few leaders representing the will of many.
Committees that exist in only a few policy areas and draw membership from the Senate and House
Committees that are either temporary or permanent and have a focused responsibility
Individuals who are highly active in promoting a party and its candidates.
An economic system in which individuals and corporations, not the government, own the principal means of production and seek profits
Powers specifically stated in the Constitution
A diplomatic policy intended to isolate enemies of the US (used in Cold War)
The process including both primary and general elections
Groups that inform the public about the activities of the government
A proposal that voters get on the ballot by amassing a certain number of signatures.
Applying the Bill of Rights onto the state legislatures on a case-by-case basis
Amendment that prohibits excessive fines, bail, and cruel and unusual punishment
Amendment that revises presidential election procedures
The financial resources of the government
Document that says someone be punished without trial (prohibited in original Constitution)
When a bill must be revised because the houses passed it in different versions, it goes to one of these
Amendment that establishes the Prohibition of alcohol
Allows Congress to do things that are 'necessary and proper'
This body of the government is able to impeach the president
Massachusetts Revolutionary War veterans were upset that they weren't going to receive their pensions
Elections used to select which candidate actually gets the office
Casework is the most common form of...
A policy designed to ensure competition and prevent monopoly, which is the control of a market by one company
Amendment that limits the president to 2 terms in office
No one person is above the law. Nuff said.
Separation of church and state
The pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system is known as...
The powers of declaring war, regulating interstate commerce, and taxing belong to...
Older people are more likely to vote than younger people. This is an example of what?
Amendment that establishes the direct election of US Senators
The range of public belief on policy and politics
If you're held captive, the ___ forces the government to tell you why
Powers that neither the federal nor state governments have
The degree to which bureaucrats are held accountable for the power they excercise
Established national supremacy
What data is used in the redistricting process?
Elections used to select which candidate actually gets the office
This occurs when Congress adjorns before the 10 day span the president has to review a bill
Amendment that defines citizenship, contains the due process and equal protection clauses, deals with post Civil War issues
interests for a smaller constituency; eg. casework and credit claiming of a congressperson for their constituents
certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens.
The Supreme Court has what type of jurisdiction?
Which amendment gave all powers prohibited to the federal government to the states?
Set limits of 2 years at a time and 5 years for a lifetime for federal aid/Tried to move people off welfare & into jobs.
Choice government makes in response to political issue
Equality in voting, Effective Participation, Enlightened understanding, and citizen control of agenda.
How the Federal Reserve Boad impacts the economy throught the manipulation of the money supply
A liberal interpretation of the Constitution
Four out of nine judges can grant a writ of certiorari
A group of delegates from the states that decides the result of the presidential elections. Each state gets one elector for every representative and senator they have (# of reps +
Judges play minimal policymaking roles, leaving it up to legislators
Amendment that protects the right to trial by jury in civil cases
(Title IX) prohibits gender discrimination in educational activities that receive federal funds
Amendment that protects the right to bear arms
Amendment that prohibits unreasonable search and seizure and says that search warrants may only be issued if there is probable cause
How people generally vote in an election.
A 1935 law passed during the Great Depression that was intended to provide a minimal level of sustenance to older Americans and thus save them from poverty
Changing the boundaries of congressional districts or adding new ones
A funding vehicle created by the 1974 campaign reforms. Their expenditures are monitored by the FEC
When 60 members vote to stop a filibuster in the senate
Amendment that repeals prohibition
Laws that expire after a period of time unless renewed
Declassifies federal documents to the public
Amendment that prohibits poll taxes
Provided for automatic across-the-board spending cuts to take effect if the president and Congress failed to reach established targets. This law was declared unconstitutional.
How Congress and the President impact the Economy through the budget
The powers of approving treaties and trying impeached officials belong to...
There must be a secular interest for a religious institution to receive public monies according to the ___
A _____ is needed for the supreme court to hear a case
Certain ethnic groups tend to vote more, certain groups vote for a particular party more (Jews mostly vote democratic)
The authority of administrative actors to select among various responses to a given problem
Amendment that establishes the minimum voting age at 18
Oversees preparation of the federal budget in the legislative branch
Allowed federal government to enforce voting rights in states with a history of discrimination (black registration rates increased drastically afterwards)
Choosing among alternatives requires that the majority's desire be respected
A person who acts on the behalf of others to try to influence the decision of a government decision maker.
Amendment that prohibits the denial of the right to vote (suffrage) based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
An organization of people trying to elect politicians into office
Someone who doesn't join a group because they can benefit without actually being a member is a...
Crossing out parts of a bill before signing it
Prohibits discrimination against disabled people in emplyment, public accommodations, and housing. (Took effect in 1992)
Congress monitoring the bureaucracy and administration of policy
Parties other than the democratic and republican parties
Life-long process of acquiring political beliefs
When someone talks and talks and talks to delay debate on a bill
Used to select the candidate for the party's nomination.
Acts of Congress funding programs within limits of authorization bills
Amendment that establishes women's suffrage
7 member Board of Governors that oversees Federal Reserve Banks, establishes monetary policy (interest rates, credit, etc.), and monitors the economic health of the country
What fraction of states must ratify an amendment for it to pass?
Powers that each branch of government have over the other branches
Laws that allow public access to public policy-making meetings/transparency
Set new standards for ambient air quality and new limits on emissions
Domestic penalties applied to one country i.e. tariffs, trade barriers, import duties, import/export quotas, and embargos
Amendment that says that states are immune from suits from out of state citizens and out of state foreigners
An important task for new members of Congress is to find a committee to be on. Committees are divided proportionally to the number of seats each party holds in the chamber (if dems
First ten amendments of the Constitution
Author of Democracy in America
By what margin must Congress approve amendments?
Acts of Congress establishing, continuing, or changing government programs
Attempting to gain votes to win an election for an office
A person who is running for office
Founding fathers who contributed to the Constitution
Tried to guarantee the same rights in men and women, failed to get ratified by all the states
Expenditures that are determined not by a fixed amount of money appropriated by Congress but by how many eligible beneficiaries there are for a program or by previous obligations o
A policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment for members of some previously disadvantaged group
Decides whether bills that require federal spending will be funded
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same area and people
De facto tradition where the senator in the President's party from the state where the nominee will serve holds great power in the nomination process
When candidates from a president's party are swept into office upon the president's election
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes for state and local spending (strings attached)
The ability of individuals to influence the political process
How an individual thinks about political issues
Powers that the Federal Government has by default
This term describes the pattern that women are more likely to support Democratic candidates
An organization of people with shared policy goals
Amendment that prohibits congressional pay changes from taking effect until the beginning of the next congressional session
Amendment that protects the right to due process, prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy
Powers given to both national and state governments
No branch of government can control everything, power is equally divided between branches
A question on a ballot asking if a given law or policy should continue
Government spending of revenues
A description of the budget process where the best predictor of this year's budget is last year's budget, plus a little bit more
Powers once given to the Federal government pass to the states under ____.
Powers given to states
The powers of initiating revenue bills and passing articles of impeachment belong to...
A policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (expenditures)
Outlawed discrimination in public accommodations.
Phrase used to determine outcome of the Schenck v. US decision
When a politician releases a bit of information to see how the public reacts
Evidence, no matter how incriminating, cannot be included in a trial if obtained illegally
Those who already hold office.
Judges make bold policy decisions
Presidential nominee who must be confirmed by Senate majority. Serve for lifetime 'during good behavior' unless convicted of impeachment by Congress
An excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues
State must respect all legal rights owed to a person
A hierarchial authority structure that uses task specialization, operates on the merit principle, and behaves with impersonality
Committees that handle bills in different policy areas
'A government...derives its power from the...'
People are free to practice any religion
A government in which the central government delegates only the powers it wants to to the local or state governments, as opposed to a federal government in which the government can
A slow change from conflict thinking to cooperative thinking in foreign policy
Government agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect public interest
A type of lawsuit that allows a small number of people to sue on behalf of a larger group of similarly situated people
Institutions that spread information among many people
Policies for which Congress has obligated itself to pay X level of benefits to Y number of recipients.
A government organization that provides a service that could be provided by the private sector and typically charges for its services
A program added to the Social Security system in 1965 that provides hospitalization insurance for the elderly and permits older Americans to purchase inexpensive coverage for docto
What part of the electoral process only applies to Presidential elections?
Prohibits unequal pay for men and women for the same job.
Amendment that protects rights not enumerated in the constitution
Legitimacy of the state is created by the will of people, who are the source of political power
What the president does if he does not want a bill to become law
Laws that punish people for doing things before they were against the law
The tendency of states to try to get an early primary election date is called...
Amendment that protects the freedoms of speech, religion, press, rights to assemble, petition the government
Amendment that limits the powers of the federal government to those delegated by the Constitution
No discrimination on the basis of gender (usually in sports) for a school that receives government funding.
States must respect official documents and judgments made by other states
Amendment that allows Washington, DC to be represented in the electoral college
Legal briefs that can be submitted by anyone other than a litigant
Set regulations for discharge of waste in water
Revenue losses that result from special exemptions, exclusions, or deductions on federal tax law.
Changing of district boundaries or creation of a new district after a census
Oversees preparation of the federal budget in the executive branch
A resolution binding Congress to a total expenditure level, supposedly the bottom line of all federal spending for all programs.
Amendment that protects the right to a fair and speedy trial by jury, rights to be told the charges, confront the accuser, obtain witnesses and retain counsel
The committee that reviews all bills in the house.
Displacement of a majority party by a minority party
People from this branch propose a budget to congress, sign the budget, and spend the money.
All the money borrowed by the federal government over the years and still outstanding
Amendment that allows the federal government to collect income tax
Several government officials who discuss the economy and different plans to ensure its stability with the President; usually includes chairman of federal reserve, sec of treasury,
Prohibits discrimination against any person because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin in the sale, rental, leasing, financing and adverti
The ratio of what is paid for imports to what is earned from exports
Amendment that abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime
Shares of individual wages and corporate revenues collected by the government
Bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional (sub)committees dominate policymaking
What party a voter says they are a part of
Regular members of the party who don't hold any special office and aren't too active except for voting.
Congress has the power to regulate interstate commerce
Amendment that defines the order of Presidential succession
Amendment that changes the dates when Congressional and Presidential terms start
President refuses to spend funds as appropriated by Congress
Amendment that prohibits the forced quartering of soldiers

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