LTM Systems

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Car-crash study: memory reconstruction1974
Distributed semantic model2001
Investigated Role of Depth of Processing on Explicit Memory1972
First author to distinguish between semantic and episodic memory1972
Defined difference between explicit and implicit memory as presence/absence of conscious recollection1987
Gross MTL lesions impair remember and know responses; hippocampus specific reduces remember responses2002
Context-Dependent Recall in Scuba Divers1975
Argues that episodic and semantic systems are not disocciable1998
MTL amnesics unimpaired on implicit tasks1984
Encoding Specificity Principle1973
Impairments on living vs non-living things and vice-versa1983,1984
Reported Semantic Dementia1975
Familiarity and Recognition Model of Recollection1980
Frontal lobe damage correlates with impairment of source memory better than does hippocampal damage2002
Generalised increasing semantic deficit as semantic dementia progresses1995
Unitary Semantic Store1990
Conceptualisation of VVS as a 'what' pathway1982
Selective hippocampal damage => reduced remember responses, normal know responses2002
Increased activity of hippocampus following remember, but not know responses2000
Source memory can be dissociated from recognition by forcing a rapid choice1994
Dissociations found within non-living/living categories2003
Impairments in recollection AND familiarity occur with hippocampal lesions2003
Remember/Know Procedure1985
Occipital damage => implicit deficit1995
Distinct, but overlapping traces for episodic and semantic memory retrieval2005
HM is unimpaired at mirror drawing1984
Sensory/functional distinction1984
VVS = 'vision for perception'1995
Pyramid and palm trees task: double dissoc. between semantic/episodic in AD and semantic dementia pts.2002
DVS = 'vision for action'1995
Typicality effect1973
HM was impaired on acquisition of semantic, as well as episodic memories1988
Increased activity near perirhinal cortex following know responses2003
Semantic knowledge represented as a 'tree' with info on various semantic levels1969
Dividing attention during learning reduces remember, but not know responses1990
SPI Model 1998
left aFC activity during source recollection2000
Demonstration of 'episodic-like' memory in scrub jays2001
Fusiform cortex activation during priming2003
Multiple Input Hypothesis2000
MTL activated during LTM encoding/retrieval1995
pts. PS/SS showing distinction between episodic and semantic within MTL lesions1998
Discovered a Ribot gradient in episodic amnesia, using a professor's autobiography1986
Masked repetition of the target or an unrelated word affects know responses but not remember1993
Frontal function correlates with source memory performance, hippocampal fn does not1995
Generate-Recognise Model of Memory1972
Spreading activation model of semantic memory1975
Double dissociation between semantic impairments in picture and word defining1994
First author to argue that memory was reconstructive1899
Kids with intact(ish) semantic memory but grossly impaired episodic after perinatal hypoxia1997
Dysfunctional areas in schizophrenic pts show activation in health controls during decision making about whether stimuli are externally/internally generated2006
Conceptualisation of DVS as a 'where' pathway1982
Aetiology of Semantic Dementia1992
Semantic hub model2007
Frontal lobe pts show impaired source memory1988

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