Genetics Study Guide

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QuestionsAnswer
In meiosis if the final daughter cells have 20 chromosomes, then the parent cells had ___ chromosomes
What is the term for the gene makeup of an organism? _______________
A red and white flower makes a pink flower, this is an example of _________ dominance
A red and white flower makes a flower that is both red and white, this is an example of _________ dominance
In a human cell there are _____ pair(s) of sex chromosomes
One female cell turns into ___ egg cell(s) during meiosis
Mom is type A and dad is type B, their child is type O, what are the genotypes of the parents?____________________
The process of making sex cells is ________
DNA has a _________ shape
The four stages of mitosis (not including the one extra one from the song) in order are________________
a total of ____ of chromosomes in each sex cell.
If someone’s genotype is bbGg, what color are their eyes?
The three major types of Mutations are: ________, Insertion and Deletion
A ________ is tightly wound up DNA
If someone is blood type AB, what are all their possible genotypes?
Stem cells may be used to help people recover from diseases by ___________ damaged tissue
Guanine always pairs with _________
What is another common name for phenotype? _______________
If someone’s genotype is bbgg, what color are their eyes?
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long If a guinea pig has the genotype Bbll, what is the phenotype
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long If a guinea pig has the genotype bbLl, what is the phenotype
A capital letter represents the ________ trait
If someone’s genotype is BbGg, what color are their eyes?
The two pyrimidines are __________ and __________
A duplicated chromosome is joined at the ______
During ________, the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell.
QuestionsAnswer
________ mutations occur when there is a mismatched base pairing in the DNA
A haploid cell has ______ the number of chromosomes
Blob shaped ears are dominant and pointy ears are recessive. If one creature is heterozygous and the other is homozygous for pointy ears. What percent will have pointy ears
Adenine always pairs with_______
A human has a total of ____ chromosomes in each skin cell.
If you mix a red and a pink flower, how many out of 8 will be red?____________
The two purines are __________ and __________
In mitosis the final result from the parent cell is ____ identical cell(s).
A ________ is one of the two identical copies of DNA making up a duplicated chromosome
If mom is Blood type B, and dad is AB, and their child is blood type A, what are all possible genotypes for the child?_______________
In a human cell there are _____ pairs of autosomes
A common ancestor is an animal from which two or more different species have _______ from
Blob shaped ears are dominant and pointy ears are recessive. If one creature is heterozygous and the other is homozygous for Blob ears. What percent of kids will have blob ears?
When a beneficial mutation spreads through an entire popluation, that population has _________
A male’s sex chromosomes have the genotype ____
When plants reproduce with themselves it is called
DNA stands for _____
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long A guinea pig with the genotype Bbll and one that is BbLl have 32 babies, how many are likely to have short black hair?
What is another common name for homozygous? _______________
If someone is blood type A, what are all their possible genotypes?
Two red feathered hawks had a yellowed feathered baby bird. Which color is the dominant trait?______________.
A female rabbit with the genotype gg has grey hair. The rabbit wants to make sure all it's babies have the same color hair as each other. What genotype should the father be?
________ mutations occur when there one base added to the the DNA
________ mutations occur when there one base removed from the DNA
A gamete is another name for a ________ cell
During __________, the spindle fibers begin to move across the cell
QuestionsAnswer
During __________, when the cell splits for the first time, one from each homologous pair go into a separate cell.
What is another common name for heterozygous? _______________
In mitosis if the final daughter cells have 12 chromosomes, then the parent cells had ___ chromosomes
The three major types of Mutations are: Point, Insertion and __________
A lowercase letter represents the ________ trait
Blob shaped ears are dominant and pointy ears are recessive. If two creatures with pointy ears had kids, what percent of their kids will have Blob ears?___________
A female’s sex chromosomes have the genotype ___
DNA never ______ the nucleus, while RNA does
The bases of DNA are held together by ________ bonds
When you get cut and your body needs to create new cells, it goes through _________
Cancer cells divide ________ frequently than normal cells
If you mix a red and a pink flower, how many out of 8 will be white?____________
If someone with the Genotype bbGg and someone with blue eyes have 16 kids, how many are likely to have blue eyes?___________
If someone is blood type O, what are all their possible genotypes?
mRNA's major job is to bring the genetic code out of the ___________
Two red feathered hawks had a yellowed feathered baby bird. Which color is the dominant trait?______________.
Chromosomes are __________at the beginning of meiosis.
One male cell turns into _____ sperm cells during meiosis
The single letters used in punnet squares are called
When a plant releases pollen and it fertilizes another plant
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long A guinea pig with the genotype BbLl and one that is BbLl have 32 babies, how many are likely to have short black hair
Dolly the sheep was the first _________ to be cloned
The three major types of Mutations are: Point, Deletion and __________
If someone with the Genotype BbGg and someone with blue eyes have 16 kids, how many are likely to have blue eyes?___________
tRNA's major job is to _________ the genetic code

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