Genetics Study Guide

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QuestionsAnswer
What is another common name for heterozygous? _______________
tRNA's major job is to _________ the genetic code
If someone with the Genotype BbGg and someone with blue eyes have 16 kids, how many are likely to have blue eyes?___________
If you mix a red and a pink flower, how many out of 8 will be white?____________
________ mutations occur when there is a mismatched base pairing in the DNA
The three major types of Mutations are: Point, Insertion and __________
If someone’s genotype is bbGg, what color are their eyes?
The two purines are __________ and __________
Cancer cells divide ________ frequently than normal cells
A male’s sex chromosomes have the genotype ____
In meiosis if the final daughter cells have 20 chromosomes, then the parent cells had ___ chromosomes
________ mutations occur when there one base added to the the DNA
Two red feathered hawks had a yellowed feathered baby bird. Which color is the dominant trait?______________.
The three major types of Mutations are: ________, Insertion and Deletion
When you get cut and your body needs to create new cells, it goes through _________
A gamete is another name for a ________ cell
Blob shaped ears are dominant and pointy ears are recessive. If one creature is heterozygous and the other is homozygous for pointy ears. What percent will have pointy ears
When a plant releases pollen and it fertilizes another plant
During __________, the spindle fibers begin to move across the cell
DNA has a _________ shape
Stem cells may be used to help people recover from diseases by ___________ damaged tissue
A red and white flower makes a flower that is both red and white, this is an example of _________ dominance
Blob shaped ears are dominant and pointy ears are recessive. If two creatures with pointy ears had kids, what percent of their kids will have Blob ears?___________
One female cell turns into ___ egg cell(s) during meiosis
The four stages of mitosis (not including the one extra one from the song) in order are________________
During ________, the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell.
QuestionsAnswer
The single letters used in punnet squares are called
A capital letter represents the ________ trait
During __________, when the cell splits for the first time, one from each homologous pair go into a separate cell.
A ________ is one of the two identical copies of DNA making up a duplicated chromosome
If mom is Blood type B, and dad is AB, and their child is blood type A, what are all possible genotypes for the child?_______________
If someone is blood type O, what are all their possible genotypes?
Adenine always pairs with_______
What is another common name for phenotype? _______________
Two red feathered hawks had a yellowed feathered baby bird. Which color is the dominant trait?______________.
In a human cell there are _____ pairs of autosomes
If someone is blood type A, what are all their possible genotypes?
The three major types of Mutations are: Point, Deletion and __________
Mom is type A and dad is type B, their child is type O, what are the genotypes of the parents?____________________
In a human cell there are _____ pair(s) of sex chromosomes
If someone’s genotype is BbGg, what color are their eyes?
A ________ is tightly wound up DNA
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long If a guinea pig has the genotype Bbll, what is the phenotype
A common ancestor is an animal from which two or more different species have _______ from
In mitosis if the final daughter cells have 12 chromosomes, then the parent cells had ___ chromosomes
Chromosomes are __________at the beginning of meiosis.
DNA stands for _____
DNA never ______ the nucleus, while RNA does
A haploid cell has ______ the number of chromosomes
When plants reproduce with themselves it is called
A lowercase letter represents the ________ trait
A duplicated chromosome is joined at the ______
QuestionsAnswer
The process of making sex cells is ________
a total of ____ of chromosomes in each sex cell.
A human has a total of ____ chromosomes in each skin cell.
One male cell turns into _____ sperm cells during meiosis
The bases of DNA are held together by ________ bonds
The two pyrimidines are __________ and __________
A female rabbit with the genotype gg has grey hair. The rabbit wants to make sure all it's babies have the same color hair as each other. What genotype should the father be?
What is the term for the gene makeup of an organism? _______________
mRNA's major job is to bring the genetic code out of the ___________
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long A guinea pig with the genotype Bbll and one that is BbLl have 32 babies, how many are likely to have short black hair?
Blob shaped ears are dominant and pointy ears are recessive. If one creature is heterozygous and the other is homozygous for Blob ears. What percent of kids will have blob ears?
If someone with the Genotype bbGg and someone with blue eyes have 16 kids, how many are likely to have blue eyes?___________
When a beneficial mutation spreads through an entire popluation, that population has _________
A red and white flower makes a pink flower, this is an example of _________ dominance
If you mix a red and a pink flower, how many out of 8 will be red?____________
If someone is blood type AB, what are all their possible genotypes?
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long A guinea pig with the genotype BbLl and one that is BbLl have 32 babies, how many are likely to have short black hair
If someone’s genotype is bbgg, what color are their eyes?
________ mutations occur when there one base removed from the DNA
Dolly the sheep was the first _________ to be cloned
What is another common name for homozygous? _______________
A female’s sex chromosomes have the genotype ___
Guanine always pairs with _________
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long If a guinea pig has the genotype bbLl, what is the phenotype
In mitosis the final result from the parent cell is ____ identical cell(s).

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