Genetics Study Guide

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QuestionsAnswer
If someone is blood type A, what are all their possible genotypes?
If you mix a red and a pink flower, how many out of 8 will be red?____________
A male’s sex chromosomes have the genotype ____
Blob shaped ears are dominant and pointy ears are recessive. If one creature is heterozygous and the other is homozygous for pointy ears. What percent will have pointy ears
The two purines are __________ and __________
When a beneficial mutation spreads through an entire popluation, that population has _________
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long If a guinea pig has the genotype Bbll, what is the phenotype
The three major types of Mutations are: Point, Deletion and __________
The process of making sex cells is ________
A common ancestor is an animal from which two or more different species have _______ from
In meiosis if the final daughter cells have 20 chromosomes, then the parent cells had ___ chromosomes
Blob shaped ears are dominant and pointy ears are recessive. If one creature is heterozygous and the other is homozygous for Blob ears. What percent of kids will have blob ears?
If someone with the Genotype BbGg and someone with blue eyes have 16 kids, how many are likely to have blue eyes?___________
A ________ is tightly wound up DNA
During ________, the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell.
What is another common name for homozygous? _______________
Stem cells may be used to help people recover from diseases by ___________ damaged tissue
Guanine always pairs with _________
In a human cell there are _____ pair(s) of sex chromosomes
If someone is blood type O, what are all their possible genotypes?
The bases of DNA are held together by ________ bonds
What is another common name for phenotype? _______________
A duplicated chromosome is joined at the ______
The four stages of mitosis (not including the one extra one from the song) in order are________________
One female cell turns into ___ egg cell(s) during meiosis
When you get cut and your body needs to create new cells, it goes through _________
QuestionsAnswer
A gamete is another name for a ________ cell
________ mutations occur when there one base added to the the DNA
During __________, when the cell splits for the first time, one from each homologous pair go into a separate cell.
What is the term for the gene makeup of an organism? _______________
If mom is Blood type B, and dad is AB, and their child is blood type A, what are all possible genotypes for the child?_______________
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long If a guinea pig has the genotype bbLl, what is the phenotype
A human has a total of ____ chromosomes in each skin cell.
Two red feathered hawks had a yellowed feathered baby bird. Which color is the dominant trait?______________.
The three major types of Mutations are: Point, Insertion and __________
A haploid cell has ______ the number of chromosomes
If someone’s genotype is bbGg, what color are their eyes?
tRNA's major job is to _________ the genetic code
In mitosis if the final daughter cells have 12 chromosomes, then the parent cells had ___ chromosomes
mRNA's major job is to bring the genetic code out of the ___________
Adenine always pairs with_______
Cancer cells divide ________ frequently than normal cells
In mitosis the final result from the parent cell is ____ identical cell(s).
DNA never ______ the nucleus, while RNA does
One male cell turns into _____ sperm cells during meiosis
In a human cell there are _____ pairs of autosomes
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long A guinea pig with the genotype Bbll and one that is BbLl have 32 babies, how many are likely to have short black hair?
If someone’s genotype is BbGg, what color are their eyes?
a total of ____ of chromosomes in each sex cell.
DNA stands for _____
A female rabbit with the genotype gg has grey hair. The rabbit wants to make sure all it's babies have the same color hair as each other. What genotype should the father be?
What is another common name for heterozygous? _______________
QuestionsAnswer
During __________, the spindle fibers begin to move across the cell
A lowercase letter represents the ________ trait
A red and white flower makes a pink flower, this is an example of _________ dominance
________ mutations occur when there one base removed from the DNA
Mom is type A and dad is type B, their child is type O, what are the genotypes of the parents?____________________
When plants reproduce with themselves it is called
A ________ is one of the two identical copies of DNA making up a duplicated chromosome
________ mutations occur when there is a mismatched base pairing in the DNA
Two red feathered hawks had a yellowed feathered baby bird. Which color is the dominant trait?______________.
A female’s sex chromosomes have the genotype ___
A capital letter represents the ________ trait
DNA has a _________ shape
When a plant releases pollen and it fertilizes another plant
Blob shaped ears are dominant and pointy ears are recessive. If two creatures with pointy ears had kids, what percent of their kids will have Blob ears?___________
Chromosomes are __________at the beginning of meiosis.
The single letters used in punnet squares are called
If someone is blood type AB, what are all their possible genotypes?
A red and white flower makes a flower that is both red and white, this is an example of _________ dominance
The three major types of Mutations are: ________, Insertion and Deletion
B =black, b = white, L =short, l = long A guinea pig with the genotype BbLl and one that is BbLl have 32 babies, how many are likely to have short black hair
If someone’s genotype is bbgg, what color are their eyes?
If someone with the Genotype bbGg and someone with blue eyes have 16 kids, how many are likely to have blue eyes?___________
The two pyrimidines are __________ and __________
Dolly the sheep was the first _________ to be cloned
If you mix a red and a pink flower, how many out of 8 will be white?____________

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