# Science / NJ ASK - Physical Science

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When light hits a yellow taxi, yellow is being scattered while the other colors are being __________
A__________ change is when the new substance has the same properties as the orginal one. (Chemical, Physical)
Mechanical waves like water waves and earthquake waves are different from an Electromagnetic wave(EM) because a mechanical wave needs a __________ to travel through
If you see an element is malleable and has luster it is probably a __________ (Metal, Non-metal, Noble gas)
The part of the EM spectrum with the highest energy is ________ waves
How many protons does magnesium(Mg) have? *Periodic Table needed
When vapor becomes water its molcules move ___________ (closer, farther apart)
How many neutrons does Flourine(F) have? *Periodic Table needed
_________ is the amount of matter in an object
The amount of mass per unit volume, or how closely packed toegther matter is, is called _________
What is the smallest quanity of an element? (Mixture, atom, molecule, compound)
How many neutrons does potassium(K) normally have? *Periodic Table needed
Molecules are usually organized neatly in what state of matter? (Solid, Liquid, Gas)
An example of ___________ friction as a pushing an object on wheels
When something is speeding up, slowing down, or changing directions it is called ___________
An exampe of _________ friction is a parachute slowed down by the air
What is the bottom of a wave called?
A crumpled piece of paper will fall faster than a flat sheet of paper because the the crumpled paper has less ___________ area so it has less air resistance
If some light passes though an object or you can barely see through it , it means the object is __________
If a wave has a long wavelength it has a __________ frequency
Any push or pull is a __________
What phase change is a liquid becoming a solid?
The subatomic particles that do not contribute to an element's mass are called__________ (Protons, Electrons, Neutrons)
If you are holding a pen and you raise your hand, you have raised the amount of __________ energy that pen has
What is the distance from crest to crest or from trough to trough called?
If you are in a tug of war and there is one side accelerating, then this is a __________force
When a skateboard is at the bottom of a ramp moving fast it has high __________ energy
What type of heating involves hot air rising and cold air sinking?
Matter can transmit, absorb or scatter light rays. When light goes into the matter it is being _________
In H20, how many oxygen atoms are there?
When light passes through an object that is more dense it will bend/refract ________
Friction is a force that is always in the ________ direction of the moving object
Molecules are the farthest apart in what state of matter? (Solid, Liquid, Gas)
If you see an element is a good conducter of electricity and has a high melting point it is probably a __________ (Metal, Non-metal, Noble gas)
A nail rusting is a _________ change. (Physical, Chemical)
To find the number of neutrons in an elements you take the mass number and subtract the __________ number
According to Newton's third law, every action has an ___________ and equal reaction
If a wave has a high frequency it will have a __________ wavelength
Molecules are moving the slowest in what state of matter? (Solid, Liquid, Gas)
Matter can transmit, absorb or scatter light rays. When light passes through an object it means the matter allows the light to _________
How many protons does Boron(B) have? *Periodic Table needed
If no light passes though an object or you can not see through it , it means the object is __________
Ripping a paper into different pieces is a _________ change. (Physical, Chemical)
Velocity is speed in a given ____________
If you see an element is on the far right side of the periodic table or it will not react with other elements it is probably a __________ (Metal, Non-metal, Noble gas)
The two factors that impact the momentum of an object are it's velocity and it's ________
What type of heating is transferring from one object to another?
If you are in a tug of war and there is no side accelerating, then this is a __________force
When a windwill's blades moves it is ___________ energy converted to electromagnetic energy. (Chemical, Heat, Nuclear, Mechanical.Electromagnetic)
What type of heating is direct heat from the sun?
One person may say something is moving while someone does not and they can both be correct. It depends on what they are comparing the object to or the ________ point
If there is no friction an object with a higher mass will fall __________ a smaller object. (Faster than, slower than, the same speed as)
If you went to the moon, your ________ would change because it changes if gravity is different
Jupiter has a higher mass than earth, so Jupiter would have ________ gravity than earth. (Same, more, less)
A ____________ is a type of mixture where something is disolved in another. Example: Salt in water
The part of the EM spectrum with the lowest energy is ________ waves
When you rub your hands together you are converting mechanical energy to __________ energy.(Chemical, Heat, Nuclear, Mechanical.Electromagnetic)
What phase change is a liquid becoming a gas?
If you went to the moon, your _______ would not change because it is just the amount of matter you are made of
A__________ change is when the new substance has different properties from the orginal one. (Chemical, Physical)
If almost all light passes though an object or you can see through it , it means the object is __________
What phase change is a gas becoming a liquid?
The subatomic particles that are not in the nucleus are called__________ (Protons, Electrons, Neutrons)
Negative subatomic particles are called__________ (Protons, Electrons, Neutrons)
Water changing to ice is a _________ change. (Physical, Chemical)
A temperature at which a liquid turns to vapor is called the ________ point
If you see an element is a solid and a bad conducter of electricity and is not ductile it is probably a __________ (Metal, Non-metal, Noble gas)
When a skateboard is at the top of a ramp not moving it has high __________ energy
How many electrons does Fluorine(F) usually have? *Periodic Table needed
When two atoms have their nucleus join and releases a lot of energy this is called __________. Ex: On the sun Hydrogen molecules combine to make helium
To find the density of an object you need to divide the _________ by the __________
Carbon dioxide is two different elements, carbon and oxygen chemically combined so it is a ________? (Mixture, atom, molecule, compound)
A temperature at which a solid turns to liquid is called the ________ point
To find the momentum of an object you multiply it's mass time it's __________
When an atom's nucleus splits and releases a lot of energy this is called __________
Molecules are moving the fastest in what state of matter? (Solid, Liquid, Gas)
What are the colors from lowest frequency to highest?
Matter can transmit, absorb or scatter light rays. When light is reflected this is an example of light being _________
When light bends this is called _________
Cooking an egg is a _________ change. (Physical, Chemical)
According to Newton's second law, if you apply the same force to two different objects with different masses, the object with a smaller mass will have a higher ___________
What is the distance from rest to a crest or trough called (aka height of wave)?
As you get farther away from an object the pull of gravity on that object gets __________(Same, more, less)
_________ is the measure of the pull of gravity on an object
When light hits grass all colors are absorbed into the grass except______
Positive subatomic particles are called__________ (Protons, Electrons, Neutrons)
O2 is two of the same atoms chemically combined so it is a ________? (Mixture, atom, molecule, compound)
An example of ___________ friction is pushing a couch across the rug
Something slowing down is called negative acceleration or __________
What phase change is a solid becoming a liquid?
The part of the EM spectrum that we can see with our own eyes is _________
A pendulum has the highest amount of kinetic energy when it is at the _________ of it's swing. (Top or bottom)
The atomic number of an element is always the same as the number of __________ (Protons, Electrons, Neutrons)
What is the top of the a wave called?
When you use a battery to light something it is ____________ energy changing to light and heat energy. (Chemical, Heat, Nuclear, Mechanical.Electromagnetic)
Molecules are close together and moving over one another in what state of matter? (Solid, Liquid, Gas)
When water becomes vapor its molcules move ___________ (closer, farther apart)
A ____________ is a combination of two or more substance not chemically combined. It can also be seperated into it's original parts
Neutral subatomic particles are called__________ (Protons, Electrons, Neutrons)

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