Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
What did Joseph Lister develop?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Name the energy carriers.
What does Botox cause?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
TERM - The ability to do work.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
________ modulate specific immune response.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
PID is caused by?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
QuestionAnswer
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What is used to kill spores?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Define sanitation.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Define sterilization.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What does active transport require?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
TERM - A reducing agent.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Define disinfection.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What is DNA polymerized by?
QuestionAnswer
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
The PMF drives the...?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What does eutrophication cause?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
How many energy carriers are there?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
The four steps of inflammation are?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What are the three parts of LPS?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Which immune response is present at birth?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What causes UTI?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Define antisepsis.

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