Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What does eutrophication cause?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Name the energy carriers.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
The PMF drives the...?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
How many energy carriers are there?
________ modulate specific immune response.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
QuestionAnswer
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What does active transport require?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Define disinfection.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Define sanitation.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Define antisepsis.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
The four steps of inflammation are?
QuestionAnswer
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
What does Botox cause?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
PID is caused by?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Define sterilization.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What is used to kill spores?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What causes UTI?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What are the three parts of LPS?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.

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