Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What does active transport require?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Define disinfection.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Three purposes of fermentation.
What does Botox cause?
Define sterilization.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
QuestionAnswer
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
The PMF drives the...?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Define sanitation.
Which immune response is present at birth?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
TERM - The ability to do work.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is used to kill spores?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Define antisepsis.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
The four steps of inflammation are?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
QuestionAnswer
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What are the three parts of LPS?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What does eutrophication cause?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
PID is caused by?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
How many energy carriers are there?
What causes UTI?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Name the energy carriers.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
TERM - A reducing agent.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.

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