Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
What causes UTI?
What is used to kill spores?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Name the energy carriers.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Three purposes of fermentation.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
QuestionAnswer
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Define sterilization.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What does active transport require?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
The PMF drives the...?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Define sanitation.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Define antisepsis.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What does Botox cause?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
________ modulate specific immune response.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Define disinfection.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
QuestionAnswer
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
TERM - A reducing agent.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What does eutrophication cause?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - The ability to do work.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What are the three parts of LPS?
How many energy carriers are there?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
PID is caused by?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...

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