Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What does eutrophication cause?
The PMF drives the...?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What is DNA polymerized by?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What does active transport require?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
QuestionAnswer
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
PID is caused by?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What are the three parts of LPS?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Define sanitation.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
TERM - The ability to do work.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What does Botox cause?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Define disinfection.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Define antisepsis.
Which immune response is present at birth?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What is used to kill spores?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
________ modulate specific immune response.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
QuestionAnswer
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Name the energy carriers.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Define sterilization.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
How many energy carriers are there?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What causes UTI?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
The four steps of inflammation are?

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