Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What causes UTI?
Define disinfection.
What does active transport require?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What does eutrophication cause?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Define sterilization.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is used to kill spores?
How many energy carriers are there?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Define antisepsis.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The PMF drives the...?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Define sanitation.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Name the energy carriers.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
PID is caused by?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
TERM - The ability to do work.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
________ modulate specific immune response.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What does Botox cause?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What did Joseph Lister develop?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
The four steps of inflammation are?
TERM - A reducing agent.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Three purposes of fermentation.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?

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