Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Define disinfection.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
What is used to kill spores?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What is DNA polymerized by?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
TERM - The ability to do work.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Three purposes of fermentation.
QuestionAnswer
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What does eutrophication cause?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
The PMF drives the...?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Name the energy carriers.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What are the three parts of LPS?
What does active transport require?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
How many energy carriers are there?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Define antisepsis.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What does Botox cause?
What causes UTI?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
QuestionAnswer
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Which immune response is present at birth?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
PID is caused by?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - A reducing agent.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Define sterilization.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Define sanitation.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.

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