Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Which immune response is present at birth?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What is used to kill spores?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
PID is caused by?
Define sterilization.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What does active transport require?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
The PMF drives the...?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What does eutrophication cause?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What causes UTI?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Name the energy carriers.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What does Botox cause?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Define antisepsis.
TERM - The ability to do work.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Define sanitation.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Define disinfection.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
How many energy carriers are there?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The four steps of inflammation are?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
________ modulate specific immune response.
What is DNA polymerized by?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Three purposes of fermentation.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?

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