Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What causes UTI?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Name the energy carriers.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What does eutrophication cause?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Define antisepsis.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Define disinfection.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
TERM - The ability to do work.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
________ modulate specific immune response.
What does Botox cause?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
The PMF drives the...?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Define sanitation.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which immune response is present at birth?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
PID is caused by?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What are the three parts of LPS?
Define sterilization.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What does active transport require?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
TERM - A reducing agent.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is used to kill spores?
How many energy carriers are there?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The four steps of inflammation are?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis

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