Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What causes UTI?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
The PMF drives the...?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What is DNA polymerized by?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
TERM - The ability to do work.
How many energy carriers are there?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Name the energy carriers.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
PID is caused by?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
QuestionAnswer
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What does active transport require?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Which immune response is present at birth?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is used to kill spores?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Three purposes of fermentation.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
QuestionAnswer
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The four steps of inflammation are?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Define sterilization.
Define sanitation.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Define disinfection.
What does eutrophication cause?
What does Botox cause?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Define antisepsis.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?

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