Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Name the energy carriers.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What does Botox cause?
Define sanitation.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
TERM - A reducing agent.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What does eutrophication cause?
Define sterilization.
The four steps of inflammation are?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
QuestionAnswer
What did Joseph Lister develop?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Which immune response is present at birth?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
PID is caused by?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
QuestionAnswer
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
________ modulate specific immune response.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What is used to kill spores?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
How many energy carriers are there?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What causes UTI?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
TERM - The ability to do work.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Define disinfection.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What does active transport require?
The PMF drives the...?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Define antisepsis.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella

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