Science / Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What does active transport require?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What causes UTI?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
The PMF drives the...?
What does eutrophication cause?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
PID is caused by?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What does Botox cause?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
How many energy carriers are there?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - The ability to do work.
Define disinfection.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is used to kill spores?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Three purposes of fermentation.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
The four steps of inflammation are?
What is DNA polymerized by?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Name the energy carriers.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Define antisepsis.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
TERM - A reducing agent.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
________ modulate specific immune response.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Define sterilization.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Define sanitation.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What did Joseph Lister develop?

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