Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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TERM - The ability to do work.
Define sanitation.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What does eutrophication cause?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which species causes Chlamydia?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
How many energy carriers are there?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
The PMF drives the...?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What are the three parts of LPS?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
TERM - A reducing agent.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What does active transport require?
Three purposes of fermentation.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Define antisepsis.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What does Botox cause?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
The four steps of inflammation are?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Name the energy carriers.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Define disinfection.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What causes UTI?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
PID is caused by?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What is DNA polymerized by?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What is used to kill spores?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Define sterilization.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.

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