Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Define sterilization.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Name the energy carriers.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which immune response is present at birth?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What does active transport require?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Define disinfection.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
TERM - A reducing agent.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Define antisepsis.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Define sanitation.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What are the three parts of LPS?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What does eutrophication cause?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What does Botox cause?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The four steps of inflammation are?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The PMF drives the...?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
PID is caused by?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What is used to kill spores?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
How many energy carriers are there?
What causes UTI?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?

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