Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Which immune response is present at birth?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Name the energy carriers.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - A reducing agent.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What did Joseph Lister develop?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What is used to kill spores?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What are the three parts of LPS?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
QuestionAnswer
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What does eutrophication cause?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
What does active transport require?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
________ modulate specific immune response.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
PID is caused by?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Define disinfection.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Define sanitation.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
QuestionAnswer
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
How many energy carriers are there?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Define antisepsis.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
TERM - The ability to do work.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What does Botox cause?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The four steps of inflammation are?
The PMF drives the...?
What causes UTI?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Define sterilization.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?

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