Science / Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Define antisepsis.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
PID is caused by?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
TERM - The ability to do work.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What causes UTI?
What does active transport require?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Define sanitation.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What is DNA polymerized by?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The PMF drives the...?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Which immune response is present at birth?
________ modulate specific immune response.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What are the three parts of LPS?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Define sterilization.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
How many energy carriers are there?
TERM - A reducing agent.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What does Botox cause?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What does eutrophication cause?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Define disinfection.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What is used to kill spores?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Name the energy carriers.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?

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