Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - The ability to do work.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
The four steps of inflammation are?
What causes UTI?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What does Botox cause?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
PID is caused by?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Which immune response is present at birth?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Define sanitation.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Name the energy carriers.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Define antisepsis.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What is used to kill spores?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Three purposes of fermentation.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Define sterilization.
What does eutrophication cause?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What does active transport require?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
The PMF drives the...?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Define disinfection.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
How many energy carriers are there?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.

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