Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Define sanitation.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What is used to kill spores?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
TERM - A reducing agent.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What does Botox cause?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What is DNA polymerized by?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
QuestionAnswer
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Define antisepsis.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Name the energy carriers.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What does eutrophication cause?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Define disinfection.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
PID is caused by?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
QuestionAnswer
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What does active transport require?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The PMF drives the...?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
How many energy carriers are there?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Define sterilization.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What causes UTI?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Three purposes of fermentation.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.

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