Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Name the energy carriers.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What causes UTI?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
The four steps of inflammation are?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
How many energy carriers are there?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Define sterilization.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Define disinfection.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Define antisepsis.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
TERM - A reducing agent.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What are the three parts of LPS?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Which immune response is present at birth?
What does eutrophication cause?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What is used to kill spores?
What does active transport require?
Define sanitation.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
PID is caused by?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What does Botox cause?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
The PMF drives the...?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)

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