Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Define disinfection.
The PMF drives the...?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What does eutrophication cause?
________ modulate specific immune response.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
QuestionAnswer
Define antisepsis.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What are the three parts of LPS?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Which immune response is present at birth?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What does Botox cause?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What causes UTI?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Define sterilization.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
The four steps of inflammation are?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
TERM - A reducing agent.
What is used to kill spores?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
QuestionAnswer
Name the energy carriers.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Define sanitation.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What does active transport require?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
How many energy carriers are there?
What is DNA polymerized by?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
PID is caused by?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?

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