Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
________ modulate specific immune response.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What causes UTI?
PID is caused by?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Define disinfection.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What does active transport require?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - A reducing agent.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Which immune response is present at birth?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Define sanitation.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
QuestionAnswer
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
TERM - The ability to do work.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What does Botox cause?
What is used to kill spores?
QuestionAnswer
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What does eutrophication cause?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Define sterilization.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
The PMF drives the...?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Define antisepsis.
How many energy carriers are there?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Name the energy carriers.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.

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