Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Name the energy carriers.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Three purposes of fermentation.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What are the three parts of LPS?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What does Botox cause?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What causes UTI?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Define sanitation.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
What does eutrophication cause?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What does active transport require?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
PID is caused by?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Define disinfection.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Which immune response is present at birth?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
How many energy carriers are there?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What is used to kill spores?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
The PMF drives the...?
The four steps of inflammation are?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Define sterilization.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Define antisepsis.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Which species causes Chlamydia?

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