Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What causes UTI?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What does eutrophication cause?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
PID is caused by?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
QuestionAnswer
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
What does active transport require?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What does Botox cause?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
The four steps of inflammation are?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
The PMF drives the...?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Name the energy carriers.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
QuestionAnswer
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Define disinfection.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
TERM - The ability to do work.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Define antisepsis.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Define sanitation.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What is used to kill spores?
Define sterilization.
How many energy carriers are there?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
TERM - A reducing agent.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which immune response is present at birth?
What are the three parts of LPS?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)

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