Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What does eutrophication cause?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
The four steps of inflammation are?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
How many energy carriers are there?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Define disinfection.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
________ modulate specific immune response.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
QuestionAnswer
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What does active transport require?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - A reducing agent.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Define sterilization.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What are the three parts of LPS?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
PID is caused by?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What is DNA polymerized by?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Define antisepsis.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
QuestionAnswer
Which immune response is present at birth?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Define sanitation.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What is used to kill spores?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Name the energy carriers.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
The PMF drives the...?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What does Botox cause?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What causes UTI?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?

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