Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Define sterilization.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What does eutrophication cause?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Define antisepsis.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What does Botox cause?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
How many energy carriers are there?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
TERM - The ability to do work.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
PID is caused by?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What causes UTI?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Define sanitation.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What does active transport require?
TERM - A reducing agent.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Define disinfection.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What is DNA polymerized by?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What are the three parts of LPS?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What is used to kill spores?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Three purposes of fermentation.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Name the energy carriers.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
The four steps of inflammation are?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
The PMF drives the...?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.

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