Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What are the three parts of LPS?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
PID is caused by?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What causes UTI?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
TERM - A reducing agent.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What is used to kill spores?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
QuestionAnswer
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
How many energy carriers are there?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Define sterilization.
What does active transport require?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
The four steps of inflammation are?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Define disinfection.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
QuestionAnswer
What does eutrophication cause?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Three purposes of fermentation.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Define sanitation.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Define antisepsis.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Name the energy carriers.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What does Botox cause?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
The PMF drives the...?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?

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