Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What does Botox cause?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
The four steps of inflammation are?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Define sanitation.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
PID is caused by?
Name the energy carriers.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
The PMF drives the...?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
How many energy carriers are there?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Define disinfection.
What causes UTI?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Define antisepsis.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
________ modulate specific immune response.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Which immune response is present at birth?
What are the three parts of LPS?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is used to kill spores?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What does active transport require?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Define sterilization.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What does eutrophication cause?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
TERM - A reducing agent.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.

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