Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What does active transport require?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
PID is caused by?
What does eutrophication cause?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What are the three parts of LPS?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
TERM - A reducing agent.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Define sanitation.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
The PMF drives the...?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Name the energy carriers.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Define sterilization.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
How many energy carriers are there?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What causes UTI?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
________ modulate specific immune response.
What does Botox cause?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What is used to kill spores?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What is DNA polymerized by?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Define disinfection.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Define antisepsis.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
The four steps of inflammation are?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________

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