Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
The four steps of inflammation are?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Define disinfection.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
The PMF drives the...?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
QuestionAnswer
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What does active transport require?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Define antisepsis.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What are the three parts of LPS?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
________ modulate specific immune response.
What does Botox cause?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Which immune response is present at birth?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Define sterilization.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What is DNA polymerized by?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Three purposes of fermentation.
QuestionAnswer
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What causes UTI?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Define sanitation.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
PID is caused by?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
How many energy carriers are there?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What does eutrophication cause?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What is used to kill spores?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Name the energy carriers.

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