Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Name the causative agent for cholera.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is used to kill spores?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Define sterilization.
Define disinfection.
What causes UTI?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
The PMF drives the...?
PID is caused by?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Define sanitation.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
How many energy carriers are there?
What does eutrophication cause?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - The ability to do work.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What does active transport require?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Three purposes of fermentation.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What does Botox cause?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What is DNA polymerized by?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
________ modulate specific immune response.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
TERM - A reducing agent.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Name the energy carriers.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Define antisepsis.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Which immune response is present at birth?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
The four steps of inflammation are?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?

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