Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What causes UTI?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Name the energy carriers.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Define antisepsis.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
QuestionAnswer
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Define sterilization.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Three purposes of fermentation.
The four steps of inflammation are?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
How many energy carriers are there?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What does eutrophication cause?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
PID is caused by?
What does active transport require?
________ modulate specific immune response.
QuestionAnswer
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What did Joseph Lister develop?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
The PMF drives the...?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Define sanitation.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
What is used to kill spores?
What does Botox cause?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What are the three parts of LPS?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Define disinfection.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
TERM - A reducing agent.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.

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