Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Define sterilization.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - A reducing agent.
What does Botox cause?
What does active transport require?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
PID is caused by?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What does eutrophication cause?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Define antisepsis.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What causes UTI?
What is DNA polymerized by?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
How many energy carriers are there?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Define disinfection.
What is used to kill spores?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Define sanitation.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
The PMF drives the...?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
The four steps of inflammation are?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
________ modulate specific immune response.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which immune response is present at birth?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Name the energy carriers.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.

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