Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What are the three parts of LPS?
The PMF drives the...?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
PID is caused by?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What does eutrophication cause?
What does Botox cause?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
The four steps of inflammation are?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
TERM - The ability to do work.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What is DNA polymerized by?
What is used to kill spores?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Define antisepsis.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What does active transport require?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Name the energy carriers.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Define sanitation.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Which immune response is present at birth?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Three purposes of fermentation.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
How many energy carriers are there?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Define sterilization.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Define disinfection.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What causes UTI?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.

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