Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Define sanitation.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Define disinfection.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What is DNA polymerized by?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What is used to kill spores?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
TERM - A reducing agent.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Which immune response is present at birth?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The PMF drives the...?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
How many energy carriers are there?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What are the three parts of LPS?
Three purposes of fermentation.
What does Botox cause?
Define sterilization.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What does active transport require?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What does eutrophication cause?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
PID is caused by?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Define antisepsis.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Name the energy carriers.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
The four steps of inflammation are?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What causes UTI?

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