Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What causes UTI?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
The four steps of inflammation are?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What is DNA polymerized by?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
How many energy carriers are there?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
PID is caused by?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Define disinfection.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What does active transport require?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
The PMF drives the...?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
QuestionAnswer
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - A reducing agent.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What does Botox cause?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What does eutrophication cause?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What is used to kill spores?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Name the energy carriers.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Which immune response is present at birth?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
QuestionAnswer
Three purposes of fermentation.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
________ modulate specific immune response.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Define sterilization.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Define antisepsis.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Define sanitation.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?

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