Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
The PMF drives the...?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What does active transport require?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Define sterilization.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Define antisepsis.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Define disinfection.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Three purposes of fermentation.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What is used to kill spores?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
The four steps of inflammation are?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What is DNA polymerized by?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
How many energy carriers are there?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
TERM - A reducing agent.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What causes UTI?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Define sanitation.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
________ modulate specific immune response.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Name the energy carriers.
Which immune response is present at birth?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
PID is caused by?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What does Botox cause?
What are the three parts of LPS?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What does eutrophication cause?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.

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