Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Which immune response is present at birth?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
PID is caused by?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What causes UTI?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
TERM - The ability to do work.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Define antisepsis.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The PMF drives the...?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
The four steps of inflammation are?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Name the energy carriers.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Define sanitation.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
How many energy carriers are there?
What is used to kill spores?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What does Botox cause?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Define sterilization.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What is DNA polymerized by?
What does active transport require?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What does eutrophication cause?
Define disinfection.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
________ modulate specific immune response.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?

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