Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Which immune response is present at birth?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What is DNA polymerized by?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Define antisepsis.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
TERM - The ability to do work.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What does Botox cause?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
The PMF drives the...?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
The four steps of inflammation are?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Three purposes of fermentation.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Name the energy carriers.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
QuestionAnswer
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What causes UTI?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What is used to kill spores?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
QuestionAnswer
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What does eutrophication cause?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Define sterilization.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
TERM - A reducing agent.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What does active transport require?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Define sanitation.
Define disinfection.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
How many energy carriers are there?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
PID is caused by?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.

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