Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Define sanitation.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Name the energy carriers.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What does active transport require?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
________ modulate specific immune response.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What causes UTI?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is used to kill spores?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Three purposes of fermentation.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Define antisepsis.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
PID is caused by?
TERM - The ability to do work.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Define disinfection.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
The four steps of inflammation are?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Define sterilization.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What are the three parts of LPS?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
TERM - A reducing agent.
The PMF drives the...?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What does eutrophication cause?
What does Botox cause?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
How many energy carriers are there?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________

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