Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What does active transport require?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What is used to kill spores?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What does eutrophication cause?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What causes UTI?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Define sanitation.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Define sterilization.
QuestionAnswer
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
How many energy carriers are there?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
________ modulate specific immune response.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Define disinfection.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
What does Botox cause?
QuestionAnswer
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Define antisepsis.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What are the three parts of LPS?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Name the energy carriers.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
PID is caused by?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
The PMF drives the...?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - The ability to do work.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.

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