Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Define disinfection.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What is used to kill spores?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What does eutrophication cause?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
TERM - A reducing agent.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What causes UTI?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
How many energy carriers are there?
Define antisepsis.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Name the energy carriers.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
QuestionAnswer
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Three purposes of fermentation.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
________ modulate specific immune response.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What does Botox cause?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - The ability to do work.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
QuestionAnswer
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Define sanitation.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
The PMF drives the...?
Define sterilization.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What does active transport require?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
PID is caused by?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What is DNA polymerized by?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile

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