Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Three purposes of fermentation.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
TERM - A reducing agent.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Define sterilization.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
The PMF drives the...?
What does eutrophication cause?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What does active transport require?
QuestionAnswer
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
The four steps of inflammation are?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
PID is caused by?
Name the energy carriers.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What is used to kill spores?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which immune response is present at birth?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
QuestionAnswer
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What causes UTI?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What does Botox cause?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Define sanitation.
________ modulate specific immune response.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - The ability to do work.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Define antisepsis.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
How many energy carriers are there?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Define disinfection.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________

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