Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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The PMF drives the...?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is used to kill spores?
TERM - A reducing agent.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
PID is caused by?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Define sterilization.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The four steps of inflammation are?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
How many energy carriers are there?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What causes UTI?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Define sanitation.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What does active transport require?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Define antisepsis.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Name the energy carriers.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
________ modulate specific immune response.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What are the three parts of LPS?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Define disinfection.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Which immune response is present at birth?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What does Botox cause?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What does eutrophication cause?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Name the causative agent for cholera.

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