Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Name the energy carriers.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What are the three parts of LPS?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What does active transport require?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
QuestionAnswer
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Define sterilization.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
________ modulate specific immune response.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Define disinfection.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
TERM - A reducing agent.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
QuestionAnswer
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What causes UTI?
What does Botox cause?
Define antisepsis.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
PID is caused by?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Which immune response is present at birth?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Three purposes of fermentation.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
The four steps of inflammation are?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Define sanitation.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
How many energy carriers are there?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is used to kill spores?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What does eutrophication cause?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
The PMF drives the...?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.

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