Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
________ modulate specific immune response.
Define sterilization.
The four steps of inflammation are?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
PID is caused by?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What causes UTI?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which immune response is present at birth?
What is DNA polymerized by?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What are the three parts of LPS?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What does active transport require?
Define sanitation.
TERM - The ability to do work.
How many energy carriers are there?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
QuestionAnswer
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What does Botox cause?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Name the energy carriers.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What does eutrophication cause?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
QuestionAnswer
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
The PMF drives the...?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
TERM - A reducing agent.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
What is used to kill spores?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Define antisepsis.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Define disinfection.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.

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