Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What does active transport require?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
How many energy carriers are there?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
The four steps of inflammation are?
What are the three parts of LPS?
What is used to kill spores?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
PID is caused by?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Name the energy carriers.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
The PMF drives the...?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Define sanitation.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What did Joseph Lister develop?
TERM - A reducing agent.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Define disinfection.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What is DNA polymerized by?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What does eutrophication cause?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Define sterilization.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Define antisepsis.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What causes UTI?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What does Botox cause?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
TERM - The ability to do work.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.

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