Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Name the energy carriers.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - A reducing agent.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which immune response is present at birth?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
How many energy carriers are there?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Define antisepsis.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Define sterilization.
Define disinfection.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
QuestionAnswer
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
________ modulate specific immune response.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Three purposes of fermentation.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What does active transport require?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What does eutrophication cause?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What is used to kill spores?
What causes UTI?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
QuestionAnswer
What does Botox cause?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Define sanitation.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
PID is caused by?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
The PMF drives the...?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
What are the three parts of LPS?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?

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