Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Define disinfection.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
The PMF drives the...?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What causes UTI?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What did Joseph Lister develop?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Define sterilization.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What is DNA polymerized by?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
TERM - The ability to do work.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What does eutrophication cause?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What does active transport require?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Define sanitation.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Define antisepsis.
How many energy carriers are there?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is used to kill spores?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
TERM - A reducing agent.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What does Botox cause?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What are the three parts of LPS?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
PID is caused by?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Name the energy carriers.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?

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