Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Name the energy carriers.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
The PMF drives the...?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Define sterilization.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
________ modulate specific immune response.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
How many energy carriers are there?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What does active transport require?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - The ability to do work.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What does eutrophication cause?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Define antisepsis.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What causes UTI?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Define sanitation.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Define disinfection.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
PID is caused by?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What does Botox cause?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What is used to kill spores?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?

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