Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - The ability to do work.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
The PMF drives the...?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Name the energy carriers.
What does Botox cause?
TERM - A reducing agent.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Which immune response is present at birth?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What are the three parts of LPS?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
PID is caused by?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Define sanitation.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
QuestionAnswer
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What does eutrophication cause?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
________ modulate specific immune response.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Define sterilization.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What does active transport require?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
QuestionAnswer
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Define disinfection.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What causes UTI?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What is used to kill spores?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
How many energy carriers are there?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Define antisepsis.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.

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