Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Define antisepsis.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
The PMF drives the...?
The four steps of inflammation are?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Name the energy carriers.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What are the three parts of LPS?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
QuestionAnswer
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Define sterilization.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What does eutrophication cause?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
How many energy carriers are there?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
PID is caused by?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Three purposes of fermentation.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What does active transport require?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What is used to kill spores?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
QuestionAnswer
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Define sanitation.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What does Botox cause?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Define disinfection.
What is DNA polymerized by?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
What causes UTI?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.

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