Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Which immune response is present at birth?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
TERM - A reducing agent.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What causes UTI?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
The PMF drives the...?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
PID is caused by?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What does Botox cause?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
________ modulate specific immune response.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Define antisepsis.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Define disinfection.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
How many energy carriers are there?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What does active transport require?
Define sterilization.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
The four steps of inflammation are?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Three purposes of fermentation.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What are the three parts of LPS?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What does eutrophication cause?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Define sanitation.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - The ability to do work.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What is used to kill spores?
Name the energy carriers.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)

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