Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
How many energy carriers are there?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What does Botox cause?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Define antisepsis.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Name the energy carriers.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Define disinfection.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The four steps of inflammation are?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
TERM - The ability to do work.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What is used to kill spores?
What are the three parts of LPS?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
The PMF drives the...?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Define sterilization.
TERM - A reducing agent.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What does eutrophication cause?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Define sanitation.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What causes UTI?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
PID is caused by?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
What does active transport require?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
________ modulate specific immune response.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?

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