Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The four steps of inflammation are?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
What does eutrophication cause?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
TERM - A reducing agent.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Name the energy carriers.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Define sanitation.
How many energy carriers are there?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
QuestionAnswer
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
________ modulate specific immune response.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What is used to kill spores?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Define disinfection.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
PID is caused by?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
QuestionAnswer
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What does Botox cause?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Define antisepsis.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What causes UTI?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Which species causes Chlamydia?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The PMF drives the...?
Define sterilization.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What does active transport require?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Which immune response is present at birth?

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