Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What causes UTI?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
What does eutrophication cause?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
How many energy carriers are there?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Define antisepsis.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
QuestionAnswer
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What is used to kill spores?
TERM - A reducing agent.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Define sanitation.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Which immune response is present at birth?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Define disinfection.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
________ modulate specific immune response.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What is DNA polymerized by?
PID is caused by?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What are the three parts of LPS?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
QuestionAnswer
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
The PMF drives the...?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Name the energy carriers.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Define sterilization.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What does Botox cause?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What does active transport require?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
TERM - The ability to do work.

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