Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Which immune response is present at birth?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Define sanitation.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
What does active transport require?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
The PMF drives the...?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
TERM - The ability to do work.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
QuestionAnswer
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
________ modulate specific immune response.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
How many energy carriers are there?
Define disinfection.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What is DNA polymerized by?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Name the energy carriers.
What does Botox cause?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What does eutrophication cause?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
QuestionAnswer
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
PID is caused by?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
TERM - A reducing agent.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Define antisepsis.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Define sterilization.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What is used to kill spores?
The four steps of inflammation are?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What causes UTI?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?

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