Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What causes UTI?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Which species causes Chlamydia?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
What are the three parts of LPS?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
The PMF drives the...?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
TERM - A reducing agent.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
PID is caused by?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What does eutrophication cause?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Define antisepsis.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What is DNA polymerized by?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Three purposes of fermentation.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
________ modulate specific immune response.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Define sterilization.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Define sanitation.
Name the energy carriers.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What does active transport require?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Define disinfection.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
How many energy carriers are there?
What does Botox cause?
Which immune response is present at birth?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
TERM - The ability to do work.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What is used to kill spores?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.

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