Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What is used to kill spores?
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
What does active transport require?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
How many energy carriers are there?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The four steps of inflammation are?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What does Botox cause?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
QuestionAnswer
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What is DNA polymerized by?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
PID is caused by?
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
What does eutrophication cause?
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What causes UTI?
Define antisepsis.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which immune response is present at birth?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Define sterilization.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Define sanitation.
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
TERM - A reducing agent.
________ modulate specific immune response.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
QuestionAnswer
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
The PMF drives the...?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Name the energy carriers.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Three purposes of fermentation.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Define disinfection.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?

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