Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What does eutrophication cause?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
The PMF drives the...?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
The four steps of inflammation are?
TERM - The ability to do work.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Name the energy carriers.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
PID is caused by?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
What are the three parts of LPS?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
Which immune response is present at birth?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
What does Botox cause?
What is used to kill spores?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - A reducing agent.
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Define sterilization.
Define disinfection.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Define antisepsis.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
________ modulate specific immune response.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
How many energy carriers are there?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Define sanitation.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What does active transport require?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
What causes UTI?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?

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