Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
What does Botox cause?
________ modulate specific immune response.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
What is DNA polymerized by?
Define antisepsis.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Define disinfection.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What is used to kill spores?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
PID is caused by?
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Name the energy carriers.
QuestionAnswer
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What are the three parts of LPS?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Define sanitation.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What causes UTI?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
The four steps of inflammation are?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Which immune response is present at birth?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
QuestionAnswer
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
TERM - The ability to do work.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
What does eutrophication cause?
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
Three purposes of fermentation.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
The PMF drives the...?
How many energy carriers are there?
TERM - A reducing agent.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
What does active transport require?
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Define sterilization.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.

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