Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What is used to kill spores?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Name the causative agent for cholera.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Name the energy carriers.
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What does active transport require?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Define antisepsis.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
TERM - The ability to do work.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What does Botox cause?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
QuestionAnswer
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
The four steps of inflammation are?
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
What does eutrophication cause?
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
What causes UTI?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Which immune response is present at birth?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Three purposes of fermentation.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Define sanitation.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
PID is caused by?
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
How many energy carriers are there?
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
QuestionAnswer
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
What is DNA polymerized by?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Which species causes Chlamydia?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What are the three parts of LPS?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
TERM - A reducing agent.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
Define disinfection.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Define sterilization.
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
The PMF drives the...?
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
________ modulate specific immune response.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?

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