Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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QuestionAnswer
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
The four steps of inflammation are?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
________ modulate specific immune response.
PID is caused by?
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
What is used to kill spores?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
Which immune response is present at birth?
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
The PMF drives the...?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
Which species causes Chlamydia?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
What are the three parts of LPS?
What causes UTI?
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
QuestionAnswer
TERM - A reducing agent.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Define disinfection.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Define antisepsis.
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Three purposes of fermentation.
Define sterilization.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What is DNA polymerized by?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?
How many energy carriers are there?
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
TERM - The ability to do work.
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
QuestionAnswer
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
What does active transport require?
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Name the causative agent for cholera.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
What does eutrophication cause?
What does Botox cause?
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
Define sanitation.
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Name the energy carriers.
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.

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