Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz

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Can you name the Ultimate Microbiology Trivia Quiz?

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Small, high-affinity iron chelating compounds secreted by bacteria.
Term for behavior in which motile bacteria swim toward favorable environments.
What causes UTI?
Bacteria that grow at temperatures of less than about 15 °C.
____________ changes it's flagella from one type to another by _________ a _____ ____________, called the H control region, that contains the ___________ that controls one flagella
This antibiotic disrupts translation by causing abortive translocation.
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by nonselectively binding to DNA?
Cytotoxic T-cells possess what type of coreceptor?
________ modulate specific immune response.
What scientist performed a famous experiment using a swan neck flask?
Gram ____ bacteria has a thin cell wall.
What is used to kill spores?
Monocytes diffentiate into _________ and ____________
Tetanus toxin causes ________ _________.
What color will gram negative bacteria turn when stained?
Gonorrhea is caused by which bacteria species?
What is the third phase of the bacterial growth curve?
What pathogen is the leading cause of hospitalization/death from a foodborne pathogen?
PID is caused by?
Define disinfection.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the A site.
Term for the set of pathways that use energy to build molecules.
The autoinducer secreted in quorum sensing _________________, but it _________________ to ________________ that now changes the transcription of genes (used by Vibrio fischeri with
What are Rho-dependent and Rho-independent are classifications of?
Translation ends at the ______ codon.
TERM - The ability to do work.
TERM - The amount of oxygen removed from the water by aerobic respiration.
Define sterilization.
What kind of toxin is cholera toxin?
________ produce antibodies to bind to antigens.
The flagellar motor is like the __________ ____________.
Lungs and trachea are usually _________.
Translation begins at the _____ codon.
Which T-cell's role is to help B-cells?
What is the name of the bacteria species that causes acne?
Food receptors are like the ________ __________.
Ciliated mucous lining is in the _______, _________, and ___________?
What is DNA polymerized by?
The sigma factor is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase
An example of when infection doe not cause disease.
Which species causes Chlamydia?
DNA polymerase has an exonuclease activity and can ____________.
What is Chloramphenicol's course of action?
The leading strand is replicated ___________.
Define sanitation.
TERM - molecules that gain or release small amounts of energy in reversible reactions.
A dormant, tough, and temporarily non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria.
The four nucleotides of DNA are: ??? (alphabetical order)
These are extragenomic DNA molecules.
__________ and __________ destroy microbes by phagocytosis
Which MHC is found on all nucleated cells?
Which T-cell's role is to activate cytotoxic t-cells?
Term for the set of pathways that break down molecules into smaller units and release energy.
TERM - A bacterial, viral, or fungal agent of disease.
The innate immune response uses (specific, nonspecific) responses to destroy invading cells.
T1 and T2 cells possess what type of coreceptor?
Name the energy carriers.
What are the three parts of LPS?
The lagging strand is replicated ___________.
What is the growth phase of the bacterial growth curve called?
Core polymerase is required for the (initiation, elongation) phase.
What bacteria species destroys cillia in the mucociliary escalator?
What two bacteria species produce endospores?
TERM - Occurs when a lake receives large amounts of nutrients, such as runoff from agricultural fertilizer or septic systems.
What is the #1 bacterial pathogen in the world?
Live microorganisms that are thought to be beneficial to the host organisms are called...
What is Erythromycin's course of action?
TERM - The ribosomal synthesis of proteins based on triplet codons present in mRNA.
Give one reason why the skin is difficult to colonize.
The role of the ciliated mucous lining?
_______ and ________ transfer electrons to the electron transport system
Bacterial capsules prevent _______ by phagocytes.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inbiting the 70s ribosome formation.
This antibiotic disrupts translation by inhibiting peptidyltransferase
The overall process of electron transport and ATP generation is termed?
What are the complexes of the ETS called?
Organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, typically between 25 and 40 °C.
TERM - A non-coding DNA regulatory region immediantly upstream of a structural gene that is needed for transcription initiation.
Which T-cells kill virus infected cells and cancer cells?
Process of heating food, usually liquid, for an extended period of time and then rapidlly cooling it.
How many energy carriers are there?
What does active transport require?
The adaptive immune response reacts to specific (antigens, antibodies)
Gene expression can be controlled through ___________ _____________.
What can phosphates in detergents can cause?
The genome of Influenza A facilitates __________ between two strains coinfecting the same cell.
What is the most frequently reported STD in the United States?
Techoic Acids are in which type of bacteria cell wall?
Which T-cell responds to antigens in the bloodstream?
TERM - an oxidizing agent.
Process that eliminates (removes) or kills all forms of life.
Which part of lipopolysaccharide toxic?
DNA strands come together in a __________ fashion.
What does Botox cause?
What is the DNA backbone is composed of?
TERM - Requires a GC-rich region of RNA, as well as 4-8 consectutive U residues.
__:___ women get PID and __:__ of those women become sterile
An organism that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and 80 °C.
Rifamycin B inhibits __________ ____________.
Name the causative agent for cholera.
An organism that thrives in physically or geochemically extreme conditions that are detrimental to most life on Earth.
Term for the destruction of inhibition of microorganisms that exist on living tissue.
What does eutrophication cause?
___% of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms but damage still occurs.
What is Tetracycline's course of action?
Term for rendering something free of pathogens.
The PMF drives the...?
TERM - The set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to maintain life.
Levels of __________ decrease in the water as a result of algal bloom.
A series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.
TERM - refers to microbial changes that render a product obviously unfit or unpalatable for consumption.
____________ media favors the growth of one organism over another.
Lymphocytes consist of ________ and __________
In the Electron Transport System, what drives the ATP synthase to produce ATP?
T1 and T2 cells have what type of MHC restriction?
Influenza A has a ____________ genome.
The genetic code is _________ because different codons can code for the same amino acid.
Rho-dependent relies on a protein called 'Rho' and a strong pause site at the ___ end of the gene
Three purposes of fermentation.
What did Joseph Lister develop?
Pathogens use portals of entry best suited to their methods of __________.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
TERM - refers to the presence of pathogens in a food product.
What are the products of the TCA cycle?
Which antibiotic inhibits transcription by selectively binding to RNA polymerase?
'To preserve food by limiting microbial growth' is one purpose of ___________.
TERM - A reducing agent.
What is Streptomycin's course of action?
The four steps of inflammation are?
____________ media exploits differences between two species that grow equally well.
Define antisepsis.
Name the first phase of the bacterial growth curve.
Which MHC is found only on antigen presenting cells?
Rifamycin B inhibits transcription initiation by...
This person showed that maggots in decaying meat were the offspring of flies and not the result of spontaneous generation.
What is the leading cause of diarrhea worldwide?
Gram ___ bacteria has a thick cell wall.
Process where bacterial cells work together at high density.
DNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Detection of food occurs through a process that is like a what?
This person is known for demonstrating that a sealed flask of meat broth sterilized by boiling failed to grow microbes.
TERM - The synthesis of RNA complementary to a DNA template
Which immune response is present at birth?
Name the two ways of replication plasmids use.
What bacteria species is resposible for causing whooping cough?
'Acetyl-COA enters TCA by condensing with the 4-C oxaloacetate to form citrate' Is the (first, second, third) step of TCA.
Actinomycin D inhibits __________ __________.
Cytotoxic T-cells have what type of MHC restriction?
RNA is polymerized in the _____ direction.
Norovirus and Rotovirus cause ________.
One purpose of fermentation is to add __________ and ____________ _____________
Which T-cell responds to antigens from infected cells?
Fermentation is used by bacteria in the absence of what?
What is the bacterial capsule made of?
Term for the killing or removal of pathogens from inanimate objects.
What are the four mechanisms of antibiotic resistance?

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