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A Clickable History of Film (pre-1950)
Can you pick the missing words in this year-by-year history of film up to 1950?
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50 Years of Film History
1885: In France, brothers Auguste and Louis ___ patent the Cinématographe and hold a public screening that is often considered the 'birth of film'
1890: William K.L. Dickson, commissioned by Thomas Alva ___, builds the first modern motion-picture camera and names it the Kinetograph
1892: The Limelight Department, one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, ___
1894: 'Fred Ott's ___' becomes the first film officially registered for copyright
1895: A filmed boxing match is the first motion picture in the world to be projected onto a screen before a paying ___
1896: William 'Pop' Rock and Walter Wainwright transform a vacant store in New Orleans, Louisiana into Vitascope Hall — the first movie ___
1897: ___ Méliès constructs the first movie studio that uses artificial illumination
1898: The William ___ Agency, which will become one of the world's most prominent talent agencies, is founded in New York
1899: UK film 'King John' is the first known film adaptation of a William ___ play
1900: James Stuart Blackton releases 'The Enchanting Drawing' — the earliest surviving example of stop-motion ___
1901: William ___ becomes the first U.S. president to be captured on film
1903: 'The Great Train ___' is the first film to use modern film techniques, such as multiple cameras and filming out of sequence and later editing the scenes into order
1904: ___, California is incorporated as a municipality
1905: Harry Davis and John Harris open their first movie theater, dubbing it a ___ because of the cost of admission (a nickel)
1905: The American entertainment trade journal ___ begins publication
1906; 'The Story of the Kelly Gang,' the world's first true ___-length film at 70 minutes, premieres in Melbourne
1906: Vitagraph Studios open the first modern American film studio in ___, New York, and for a short time, it is considered 'the movie capital' of the world
1907: The first film-makers arrive in Los ___, attracted by the warm climate and natural scenery
1908: The Bell and ___ Company develops a film projection system, revolutionizing motion picture photography and projection equipment
1908: D.W. ___ begins directing films at Biograph
1908: The first real horror film, William Selig's 16-minute Dr Jekyll & Mr ___, premieres in Chicago
1909: The first feature-length film produced in the U.S. is released: Victagraph's 'Les ___'
1909: The New York Times coins the term '___' for leading movie players
1909: Comedian ___ Turpin is mentioned in a trade journal, becoming the first American film actor to have his name published
1910: The first screen ___ is given to now-forgotten Florence Lawrence ('The Biograph Girl'), one of Biograph's anonymous stars
1910: For the first time, Hollywood purchases the ___ to adapt a novel (Helen Hunt Jackson's 'Ramona')
1910: The first western silent film super-star ___ Mix makes his first major screen appearance as Bronco Buster
1910: What can be considered the first movie ___man jumps from a burning balloon into the Hudson River
1910: ___ Factor creates the first makeup formulated especially for film
1910: Film's first female director, ___ Guy Blache, becomes the first — and so far the only — woman to own her own studio plant
1912: Famed stage actress ___ Bernhardt appears in 'Queen Elizabeth,' bringing respectability to the new film medium
1912: Mack Sennett forms ___ Film Company, famous for its ___ Kops movies
1912: Thomas Ince pioneers the job of film ___ by introducing standard production budgeting formulas and a detailed shooting script
1913: Cinema's first custard-___-in-the-face (an old vaudeville gag) is in director Mack Sennett's 'A Noise from the Deep'
1914: ___ B. De Mille releases his first motion picture, 'The Squaw Man'
1914: Charles ___ makes his film debut in the Keystone short 'Making a Living'
1914: Paramount ___ is founded in Los Angeles; it is the first successful nationwide film distributor
1915: D. W. Griffith's technically brilliant, three-hour Civil War epic, 'The Birth of a ___' premieres at the Loring Opera House
1915: Charles Chaplin's 'The ___' marks the beginning of the character for which Chaplin became famous
1915: Vaudeville star W.C. ___ makes his film debut in 'Pool Sharks,' in which he shows off his pool-playing ability
1916: Mary Pickford signs the first ___-dollar contract in Hollywood
1916: ___ Williams is the first African-American to write, direct and star in a film
1917: Hal Roach's comedy short 'Over the Fence' marks the first time silent film comedian ___ Lloyd wears his trademark horn-rimmed glasses
1919: Charlie Chaplin, D. W. Griffith, Douglas Fairbanks Sr. and Mary Pickford establish United ___ in an attempt to control their work
1919: Felix the ___ first appears in cartoons created by Otto Messmer
1920: Germany's silent classic, director Robert Wiene's 'The Cabinet of Dr. ___,' is released in the U.S.
1920: ___ Keaton makes his first solo film appearance in the comedy short 'One Week' after co-starring with Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle for three years
1921: Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle is arrested for the ___ of actress Virginia Rappe, creating the first major Hollywood scandal
1922: Robert Flaherty's '___ of the North,' a record of Inuit Eskimo life, is the first feature film documentary or non-fictional narrative feature film
1922: 'The Power of Love' — now lost — is the first ___ feature film shown to a paying film audience
1922: F. W. Murnau's influential, expressionistic vampire film 'Nosferatu' stars Max Schreck as rat-faced vampire Count ___
1922: German Shepherd ___ Tin Tin becomes cinema's first canine star
1922: Hal Roach's two-reel short silent film 'One Terrible Day' is the first 'Our ___' (or Little Rascals) comedy
1924: Theaters begin showing ___ features
1924: American stage and silver-screen actress ___ Barrymore is the first film actress to appear on the cover of Time Magazine
1925: Russian filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein directs 'Battleship ___'
1925: 'The Lost World' is the first film shown on an ___
1925: Movie Weekly holds a contest to name starlet Lucille LeSueur; Joan Arden wins but it's changed to Joan ___ due to another actress named Arden
1926: Director Alfred ___ completes his first credited feature film, the melodrama 'The Pleasure Garden'
1926: Future star ___ Wayne (a former prop man) makes his debut feature film appearance as an uncredited football player
1927: The silent era ends as Warner Bros. debuts 'The Jazz Singer,' the first widely-screened feature-length '___' or movie with dialogue
1927: The first sound Movietone newsreel shows Charles ___ taking off on his transatlantic flight
1927: Director Abel Gance's celebrated epic silent film '___' premieres in Paris, over 100 years after the military leader's death
1927: 'The Second Hundred Years' marks the official debut of 'Stan' Laurel and 'Ollie' ___ as a comedy duo
1927: The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and ___ is founded
1928: Walt Disney releases '___ Willie,' his first cartoon with synchronized sound and the first featuring Mickey Mouse
1929: The first ____ Awards 'winners' are announced
1929: MGM releases 'The Broadway Melody,' Hollywood's first original ___
1929: Actress ___ Pickford is the first performer to conduct a marketing campaign for an Academy Award
1930: Warner Bros. launches the popular crime-gangster film with director Mervyn LeRoy's 'Little ___' starring Edward G. Robinson
1931: 'All Quiet on the Western Front' is the first major anti-___ film of the sound era
1931: Alfred Hitchcock's second all-talkie thriller 'Murder' is the first film in which a character's thoughts were heard in ___
1931: The first Universal horror film is released: Todd Browing's '___,' which stars Bela Lugosi
1932: The film career of 4-year-old child star Shirley ___ begins
1932: MGM's 'Tarzan the Ape Man' is the first Tarzan film starring swimming champion Johnny ___
1933: Movie theaters begin to open ___ stands
1933: The Screen ___ Guild (SAG) is established
1933: 'Automobile Movie Theater' opens in New Jersey; it's the first ___ movie theater
1934: Frank Capra's 'It ___ One Night' is the first film to sweep the five major categories at the Academy Awards
1934: Sidney Skolsky refers to the Academy Award as an '___' in his gossip column; this is first confirmed use of the term
1934: The Three ___ appear in the first of 190 slapstick comedy shorts
1935: Leni Riefenstahl directs the controversial, historically important Nazi documentary film 'The ___ of the Will'
1936: The Screen Directors Guild is organized by Hollywood filmmakers who choose director ___ Vidor as its first president
1937: Disney's 'Snow White and the Seven ___' is the first full-length animated feature and the first film to release a sountrack album
1938: MGM loans actor Clark ___ to David O. Selznick for his production of 'Gone with the Wind' in exchange for half the film's profits
1939: MGM’s classic musical 'The Wizard of Oz' premieres in Hollywood at ___ Chinese Theatre
1940: Vaudeville and radio stars Abbott and ___ make their big-screen film debut in 'One Night in the Tropics'
1941: 24-year-old Orson Welles directs and stars in '___ Kane'
1941: Reclusive Swedish actress Greta ___ retires at age 36 after the box-office flop 'Two-Faced Woman'
1941: ___ Davis becomes the first female president of the Motion Picture Academy of Arts and Sciences
1941: John Huston makes his directorial debut with the Humphrey Bogart-starrer 'The ___ Falcon'
1941: Jane Wyman and Regis Toomey set the record for the longest uninterrupted screen ___ (3 mins, 5 secs) in 'You're in the Army Now'
1942: 'Wake Island' is the first of many Hollywood films to promote the U.S. cause in ___ War II
1942: ___ Bird, originally colored pink, debuts in 'Tale of Two Kitties'
1942: During a War Bond promotional tour, 33-year-old popular actress Carole ___ is killed in a plane crash
1942: ___ Horne is the first African-American woman to sign a long-term contract with a major studio (MGM)
1943: 20th Century Fox distributes three million pinups of leggy actress Betty ___, mostly to GIs overseas
1943: Superhero ___ is the first Detective Comics (DC) character to have his own serial
1943: ____ de Havilland wins a groundbreaking lawsuit against Warner Bros that limits the oppressive power of studios over their performers
1944: The first ___ Globe awards ceremony takes place at 20th Century Fox Studios
1944: Preston Sturges' screwball comedy 'The Miracle of Morgan's Creek' is the first film to have an ___ on TV
1944: ___ Fitzgerald is the first and only actor to receive Academy Award nominations for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor for the same role in the same year
1944: Swimmer ___ Williams stars in her first Technicolor aqua-musical in the MGM production of 'Bathing Beauty'
1945: Roberto Rossellini's influential landmark film 'Open City' formally introduces Italian Neo-___
1946: Billy Wilder's 'The Lost ___' is the first Best Picture Oscar-winning film to also win Cannes' top prize
1946: Disney's first live-action feature film 'The Song of the ___' is released, with three major segments of animation
1946: Frank Capra's holiday classic 'It's a ___ Life' is a box office flop upon release
1948: Shakespeare's ___ is both the first British production and the first non-American film to win Best Picture
1949: 'My Friend Irma' marks the debut of comic duo Dean Martin and Jerry ___
1949: Hollywood makes one of its earliest attacks on racism with director ___ Kazan's melodrama 'Pinky'
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