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Parasitology Year 2
Can you name the answers to these year 2 parasitology related questions/descriptions?
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What arthropods are considered laterally compressed?
The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, is the most common flea on both dogs and cats
A biting louse is also known as?
This type of louse infects both mammals and birds
When a fly has laid eggs on an animal, the animal is said to be?
When the larvae develop, along with the damage they cause, it is called strike.
This describes which fly? Small, forward pointing proboscis, slender body, legs and narrow wings
Only the female of this family, culicidae, suck blood
Do horse flies or tsetse flies have a wing venation with a characteristic discal cell?
Tsetse flies which are only found in Africa, have a butcher's cleaver cell wing venation
Which type of arthropod is classed as dorsoventrally flattened?
Lice belong to the order phthiraptera
Which type of louse has a broad head, often wider than the thorax?
They have rasping mouthparts to feed on epithelial scales, scabs and feathers.
Are sucking lice found on mammals or mammals and birds?
These lice have a narrow head, often narrower than the thorax with powerful legs. they feed on blood and tissue fluids
Fleas can be aided by the presence of rows of chitinous spines, what are these spines called?
The combs behind the head are called pronotal and the ones in the front of the head are called genal.
Which fly can be recognised by the following description: looks like a hosue fly, but has a forward pointing proboscis, with a grey thorax with long stripes on the thorax, and a gr
They belong to the family stomoxys
Where is 95% of the cat flea population found?
Eggs, larvae, pupae and newly emerged unfed adult are found in the environment.
What is the name given to a lice infestation/infection?
In farm animals, this is often seen in winter when the coat is thickest and the animals are in close contact
Which species of fly can be described as the standard fly?
They are a nuisance fly, a grey thorax with long stripes and a yellow abdomen with 1 black stripes
Name a pathogenic significance of the stable fly
Production losses from reduced weight gain/milk yield, they are mechanical vectors for some bacteria and viruses, protozoa and helminths
Where do warble flies spend the winter?
H. bovis spends the winter in the epidural fat in the spinal cord whil H. lineatum spends the winter in the wall of the oesophagus
What type of flies attack an already struck or damaged area, and extend the damage in fly strike?
Only primary flies are able to initiate a strike and tertiary flies tend to be found when the lesions on a struck carcass become dry
What can you use to identify larvae?
They are found on the plate
Which larvae am I describing: small, yellowish-white, maggot like, covered with bristles
Important chitinous structures include the mouth parts and anal struts which, along with the bristles, help with motility.
What is the name of the hypersensitivity reaction associated with fleas?
Occurs especially if the exposure is long term and intermittent, with the level of senstivity varying.
Do cattle have chewing lice, sucking lice or both?
There is one species of chewing lice and and several species of chewing lice
Which family of fly am I describing? Small black flies, arched thorax, short hairless antennae and clear wings.
The most important genus is Simulium. and they are found worldwide, attacking a large variety of animals and birds
Which family of fly am I describing? Resemble miniature mosquitoes, hairs on wing margins/veins
The important genera are Phlebotomus which are found in the old world and Lutzomyia, which are found in the new world, both found in the tropics
Which genus of fly am I describing? Medium sized, reddish borwn with yellow spots, reduced wings and proboscis retracted into the head except in feeding.
The family they belong to, hippboscidae, are only found in the old world associated with horses and cattle.
Which species of fly doesn't have wings?
Melophagus species are found worldwide associated with sheep and goats
Is popping out warbles a current or old methods of treating myiasis?
The current methods are systemic organophosphorous insecticides, avermectins and milbemycins
Name a presdiposing factor for blowfly myiasis.
Temperature, rainfall and the host can all determine whether fly strike occurs.
Do pigs have sucking lice, chewing lice or both?
They only have 1 louse, Haematopinus suis, a sucking louse
Are sucking lice or chewing lice more susceptible to systemic insecticides?
Sucking lice are more susceptible as they bite the house. Irrelevant of type few insecticides will kill lice eggs on the animal
Name a control method of decreasing numbers of musca species
Control must be at breeding sites by using good santiation practices, resting sites by spraying with insecticides and fly control on the host
Name a pathogenic significance of mosquitoes
Mosquitoes are responsible for: painful irritating bites, human viral diseases(dengue fever, encephalitis, yellow fever) and human parasites (malaria, elephantosis). Animal viral diseases (arboviruses equine encephalitis and rabbit myxomatosis) and parasite diseases (canine heartworm and avian malaria)
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