Biochem - Chapter 14 - Intro to Metabolism

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Sources of chemical energy are ____ and ____ ____
Carbon bonded to O is ____
Carbon bonded to H is ____
Carbon bodned to C is ____
Metabolism is the conversion of carbohydrates and fatty acids to ____
____ is the precursor to all biological molecules because the oxidation of carbon is ____
In dergadative pathways, metabolites are broken down and the energy released is harnesed in ____ or ____, which are the major ____ ____ sources for biosynthetic reactions.
TCA oxidizes ____ to ____, and produces the reduced enzymes ____ and ____
In Oxidative Phosphorylation, ____ and ____ pass their electrons to ____ to produce ____, also known as ____ ____
____ catalyze the reactions of metabolic pathways
There are ____ classes of enzymes and ____ types of reactions
4 Types of Reactions: ____ and ____; ____-____ reactions; ____, ____, and____; reactions that make or break ____ ____
Oxidations and reductions are catalyzed by ____
Group-Transfer Reactions are catalyzed by ____ and ____
Eliminations, isomerizations, and rearrangements are catalyzed by ____ and ____
Reactions that make or break C-C bonds are catalyzed by ____, ____, and ____
Electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation occur in the ____
Glycolysis and fatty acid biosynthesis occurs in the ____
The major functions that occur in the mitochondria are ____, ____ ____, ____ ____, ____ ____ ____, and ____ ____ ____
The major functions that occur in the cytosol are ____, ____ ____ ____, ____ ____ ____, and many reaction of ____
Regulatory hormones: ____
Free energy is either converted to ____ or to ____ ____ ____
QuestionAnswer
____ regulates the ____ and ____ ____ of metaoblic pathways
____ ____, also known as Gibbs Energy is the amount of heat released or absorbed in a reaction at constant ____ and ____, that can do ____
The standard free energy is the total amount of energy required to convert all the molecules in ____ mol of reactant from ____ state to ____ state.
When G = 0 , metabolic reactions are near ____
When G > 0, metabolic reactions are ____
When G = G', the ratio of products to reactants is ____
The rate of flow of ____ through a metabolic pathway is known as ____
Most metabolic pathways are ____ due to their ____ nature
The four mechanisms to control flux are: ____ control, ____ modification, ____ cycles, and ____ control
Free energy is conserved in high-energy intermediates such as ____ compounds (____), compounds with ____ bonds, and reduced ____ (____).
Other high energy compounds are ____, ____, ____, and ____. T
High energy compounds can often be stabilized by ____ different methods of resonance, but not ____.
In high energy compounds the phosphate attaches to another ____ in ATP, a ____ ____ in phosphocreatine, a ____ in 1,3-BGP, and to a ____ ____ in G6P and G3P.
____ bonds connect ____ to phosphate
____ bonds connect phosphate to phosphate
Adenosine is composed of ____ and ____
ATP is important due to the free energy released from the cleavage of its ____ bonds
 
Most biological transfer reactions do not involve ____ as an acceptor
High energy compounds give off energy due to ____, ____ ____, and ____ ____
The resonance of a ____ bond is less than that of its ____ products
Electrostatic repulsions between charged groups on ____ bonds causes a destabilizing effect which is greater than the repulsion experience by its ____ products.
QuestionAnswer
Phosphoanhydride bonds have a ____ solvation energy compared to its hydrolysis products
In aerobic organisms ____ is the final ____ ____ and can only accept ____ ____
____ oxidation is paired up with ____ reduction and the energy is used to produce ____
Humans cannot synthesize ____ and must obtain it from their diet
The reductant is the ____ ____
The oxidant is the ____ ____
____ and ____ must receive 2 electrons. ____ may receive 1 or 2
The redox active enzymes are ____ and ____
Faraday is the ____ ____ of 1 mol of electrons
The ____ ____ is the tendency for a substance to undergo ____
The ____ ____ is the electron pressure that the ____ cell exerts.
When the ____ ____ is positive, the ____ ____ is negative
Oxidation ____ refers to a compount whereas oxidation ____ refers to a specific molecule
A ____ group has 3 amines attached to an alpha carbon
STP implies pH ____, ____ mol concentration of ____ and ____, atm, and ____ Celsius
ATP can be broken into AMP and ____(PP)
K is the ____ ____
Reduction potential is an ____ property, thus it's independent of ____
Nernst equation converts the ____ reduction potential to the ____ reduction potential
NAD+/NADH contains ____
NADP+/NADPH contains
FAD/FADH/FADH2 contains

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Created Feb 7, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:chapter, intro