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Uses of the Genitive, Dative and Ablative Cases
Can you name the uses of the genitive, dative and ablative cases?
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hoc nobis facimus
Indicates the person for whose advantage or disadvantage something is done.
Summa celerite venit
Adjective + Verb. Indicates the manner in which something is done. Cum must be used without adjective or if the noun is not abstract.
Patris simillimus est
Adjectives like cupidus and memor can govern genitives.
Expresses possession or occasionally character, duty, or nature.
odio sum Romanis
Indicates 'that which a thing serves for, or as'. Always singular, unqualifiable and often accompanied by a Dative of Advantage (here Romanis).
Saxis se defendunt
Indicates the instrument or means by hich something is done.
Used as the direct object of some intransitive verbs.
Caesar Cassio regnare cupit
Indicates the person who is interested or involved in the action.
erat feminis consilium
Indicates the person who possesses something.
Libera nos metu
Used with verbs of depriving, lacking, freeing, ceasing, and preventing.
Caesae a Bruto necatus est
Used after passive verbs (with a/ab) to indicate the person by whom something is done
Caesar locum proelio delegit
Indicates the intended purpose for which something is done.
nuntius mihi somnium ademit
Used as the indirect object of the action of a transitive verb.
te accuso criminis
Verbs of condemning, acquitting, remembering, forgetting, want, fullness, valuing, buying, selling, and pitying all take a genitive object.
tu multo altior es
Expresses the whole, of which a part is being considered.
Aeneas dea natus est
vir pietate gravis
Limits or specifies the meaning of an adjective or verb.
vir summa virtute
In oppido errant multi nautae
Describes the content or material of which something consists.
per vias clamoribus amulabat
Expresses the way or circumstances in which something was done.
milites, oppida capienda sunt vobis
Indicates the person or thing by whose agency something is done. Especially with gerundive constructions.
togam centum sestertiis emi
Expresses the price paid for that which is bought or sold. It may be definite or indefinite (unlike the genitive of price).
Ea nocte Pompeius oppidum cepit
hoc oppidum clarius est omnibus aliis
Indicates the point of comparison after comparitive adjectives and adverbs (as opposed to using quam).
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