1789-95

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Can you name the 1789?

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The National Assembly begins to dismantle feudalism, with many nobles voluntarily surrendering their own feudal dues. These reforms are enacted by the August Decrees.
The reforms of August 4th are ratified by the Assembly, albeit with several less-radical amendments.
The National Assembly passes the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen.
The National Assembly grants the king a suspensive veto; he responds by immediately vetoing the August Decrees.
Jean-Paul Marat’s radical newspaper The Friend of the People is published on the streets of Paris for the first time.
Parisian citizens, including large numbers of women, march on Versailles and menace the royal family.
The king moves to paris and agrees to ratify the August Decrees abolishing feudalism.
The National Assembly declares Louis XVI to be “king of the French”, rather than “king of France”.
The National Assembly passes its Decree on Church Lands, declaring that all ecclesiastical lands are “at the disposal of the nation”.
The National Assembly reforms provincial government, creating 83 new departements.
The National Assembly approves a first release of 400 million assignats, a paper bond backed by the value of church lands. It becomes a de facto currency.
Legal and commercial restrictions on Jews are officially lifted.
The National Assembly decrees the abolition of all noble ranks and titles.
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed by the National Assembly.
The parlements are formally abolished
A number of counter-revolutionary riots break out in the city of Lyons.
A National Assembly decree requires all clergymen to swear an oath to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy.
Pope Pius condemns both the Civil Constitution of the Clergy and the Declaration of the Rights of Man.
The royal family attempts to flee Paris to a loyalist stronghold in Montmedy but are intercepted and arrested at Varennes.
Louis XVI and the royal family are returned to Paris under guard.
The National Assembly restores the status and privileges of the king, despite his flight to Varennes. This causes outrage in the Jacobin and Cordelier clubs.
The Champ de Mars massacre. The National Guard kills between 20-50 rowdy Parisians, who had gathered to sign a Cordeliers petition for the abolition of the monarchy.
The rulers of Prussia and Austria issues the Declaration of Pillnitz, affirming their support for Louis XVI.
Louis XVI formally ratifies the Constitution of 1791.
Soon after the National Assembly issues a decree abolishing slavery in France, though not in its colonies.
The National Assembly is dissolved, after passing a self-denying ordinance that prevents its members from sitting in the new Legislative Assembly.
The Legislative Assembly orders all emigres to return to France “under pain of death”.
The Legislative Assembly introduces procedures for civil marriage and divorce.
The king vetos the Legislative Assembly’s November 9th decree on emigres.
The Legislative Assembly orders the arrest of all non-juring priests.
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The king vetos the Legislative Assembly’s order for the arrest of non-juring priests.
The Legislative Assembly decrees that the property of emigres now belongs to the nation.
Guillotine introduced
The Girondin majority in the Legislative Assembly declares war on Austria.
Lafayette closes political clubs
first Invasion of the Tuileries
Early military defeats lead the Legislative Assembly to declare “La Patrie en danger”, an attempt to rally public support.
The Duke of Brunswick, commander of a joint Austrian-Prussian military force, issues the Brunswick Manifesto, threatening Paris with destruction if the king is harmed.
Insurectory commune established
The Tuileries Palace is invaded by Parisians and republican soldiers. The king takes refuge in the Legislative Assembly, then is arrested and imprisoned. Soldiers of the Swiss Guar
Marquis de Layette is dismissed as commander of the National Guard. Soon after, he defects to Austrian forces.
The September Massacres in Paris result in around 1200 deaths, the vast majority imprisoned royalists and clergymen.
Success over Prussian troops in the Valmy
The Legislative Assembly is dissolved, to be replaced by the National Convention.
The first session of the National Convention votes unanimously to abolish the monarchy.
The National Convention votes to introduce a decimalised revolutionary calendar, beginning with Year I of the First Republic.
The trial of Louis XVI before the National Convention begins.
The execution of King Louis XVI.
Levee en Masse
The National Convention declares war on Britain and Holland.
The formation of the First Coalition, a European military alliance of Britain, Austria, Prussia, Holland, Spain and Sardinia.
The first Revolutionary Tribunal is created.
The beginning of uprisings in the Vendee in western France.
The Committee of Public Safety, a 12-man emergency committee with wide-ranging powers, is established by the National Convention.
The National Convention passes the Maximum Price Law, under pressure from the sans culottes and Paris sections.
Girondinist deputies are expelled from the National Convention, under pressure from Paris’ sans culottes.
The National Convention passes the Constitution of Year I, also known as the Constitution of 1793 or the ‘Jacobin Constitution’.
While bathing, Jean-Paul Marat is stabbed to death by Charlotte Corday, a Girondinist supporter.
The eventual nickname of Louis Saint Just
The National Convention, under pressure from the sans culottes and Paris sections, declares that terror is the “order of the day”.
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The National Convention passes the Law of Suspects
The National Convention suspends the Constitution of 1791 in favour of an emergency war government.
The execution of Marie-Antoinette, two days after her trial before the Paris Revolutionary Tribunal.
The National Convention adopts the French revolutionary calendar, containing 10 months per year and 10 days per week.
The execution of Girondinist leaders, including Brissot, Vergniaud and Fauchet.
Republican forces gain the upper hand over rebellious peasants in the Vendee.
The National Convention abolishes slavery in all French colonies.
The red, white and blue tri-colour is adopted as the national flag of France.
The execution of Jacques Hebert and several of his followers.
The execution of Danton, Desmoulins and their supporters
The Festival of the Supreme Being is celebrated on the Champ de Mars.
The National Convention passes the Law of the 22 Prairial, increasing the power of tribunals, removing the rights of defendants and limiting all penalties to death
The deposition and arrest of Robespierre and other Jacobins executed without trial the following day.
The Law of 22 Priairial is repealed by the National Convention.
The government orders a mass release of political prisoners.
Executive powers are removed from the Committee of Public Safety.
The White Terror, a campaign of persecution against Jacobins, commences.
The National Convention renounces the ‘constitutional church’ and the Cult of the Supreme Being.
All Jacobin Clubs are ordered to close down.
The surviving Girondinist deputies expelled from the National Convention in June 1793 are reinstated.
A series of peace treaties are signed, seeking to wind down the revolutionary war in Europe.
Bread riots erupt in Paris.
Popular movement storms convention 1
Popular movement storms convention 2
Revolutionary Tribunals are formally abolished.
The death of the Dauphin, the uncrowned Louis XVII.
Constitution of 1795 is passed, outlining a new system of government that includes a five-man executive (the Directory) and a bicameral assembly (the Council of Elders and the Coun
Royalists challenge convention
The Thermidorian Convention ends with the dissolution of the National Convention.

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Created Aug 22, 2013ReportNominate
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