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/ Linguistic processes
Can you name the linguistic processes involved in the formation and history of these words?
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Interpolation of one or more words between the components of a compound word
absolutely + bloomin' → abso-bloomin'-lutely
Loss of an unstressed vowel at the beginning of a word
acute → cute
Transposition of letters or syllables within a word
Middle English 'drit' (same meaning) → modern 'dirt'
Development of a less favourable meaning or more negative meaning and connotations in a word, etc.
silly ('happy') → silly ('foolish')
Reinterpretation of the form of a word, especially the alteration of word boundaries
a napron → an apron
Change in form of a word influenced by popular associations and assumptions about its origin
shamefast ('restrained by shame') → shamefaced
Development of a more favourable meaning or more positive connotations in a word, etc.
nice ('foolish') → nice ('pleasant, agreeable')
Combination of parts of other words
breakfast + lunch → brunch
Derivation of a word from one which appears to be (but is not) a derivative of the one being derived
television (noun) → televise (verb)
Use of a part for the whole, or vice versa
plastic ('synthetic material') → plastic ('credit cards, etc.')
Coinage of a word to differentiate the original form of something
guitar → acoustic guitar (when electric guitars were invented)
Coinage of a word from the first letters, etc., of a phrase
Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus → scuba
Repetition of a word or part of a word, often with a corresponding change in sound
chat → chit-chat
Reversal of the spelling and pronunciation of a word
boy → yob (same meaning)
Omission of one instance of a letter, syllable, etc. which occurs twice in sequence
Old English 'Englaland' → modern 'England'
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