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U.S. Legislative History
Can you name the landmark laws and executive orders?
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A review of U.S. History via major legislation and executive orders. Any omissions are unintentional. Most bills/orders can be answered using abbreviations or other commonly-used shortened names.
Enter bill or executive order:
Established federal courts, judicial districts, and set number of Supreme Court justices at six
Stifled citizens' criticism of government and permitted deportation of foreigners
Executive land acquisition that doubled the size of U.S. territory
Restricted American ships from engaging in foreign trade; led to War of 1812
Allowed admission of slave state with concurrent admission of free state; prohibited slavery in territories north of 36th parallel
Led to forced mass emigration of Native Americans to the West
Agreement that ended the Mexican War; Mexico recognized the annexation of Texas and ceded California to the U.S.
Strengthened Fugitive Slave Law; admitted California as free state; organized Utah & New Mexico under popular sovereignty
Repealed 1820 law barring slavery north of 36th parallel; allowed western territories to determine slavery laws by popular sovereignty
Gave each applicant a title to 160 acres of undeveloped land west of Mississippi River
Gave funds to states to establish agricultural, scientific, and engineering universities
Executive order freeing slaves in 'territories under rebellion'
Laws that abolished slavery, guaranteed equal protection to all citizens, and granted suffrage regardless of race
Ended 'spoils system' by mandating that federal jobs must be awarded on basis of merit
Limited monopolies and cartels; used to break up railroad, tobacco, and oil monopolies
Provided government inspection of meat products and other food in response to book 'The Jungle'; paved way for creation of FDA
Created a central banking system and granted it authority to issue legal tender
Allowed Congress to levy a national tax on wages
Barred the production, sale, and transportation of alcohol
Prohibited denying any citizen the right to vote based on gender
Dramatically raised tariffs on imported goods to protect American jobs; likely contributed to severity of Great Depression
Laws aimed at alleviating unemployment, including Tennessee Valley Authority
Supplied other Allied powers with aircraft, ships, and war materials during World War II
Provided college education for returning World War II soldiers
Regulated activities of labor unions, including prohibiting unfair labor practices
Reorganized the military into the Defense Department; established both the National Security Council and CIA
Gave economic assistance to rebuilding European nations; sought to prevent spread of Communism
Authorized construction of a national highway system to modernize U.S. transportation
Formed a national space agency in response to Soviet launch of 'Sputnik'
Outlawed major forms of discrimination; legally ended racial segregation
Outlawed discriminatory voting practices
Required private and public sectors to provide employees with safe work environments
Prohibited discrimination in any educational program on account of gender; had major impact on college athletics
Required disclosure of financial contributions to political campaigns; established FEC
Landmark restructuring and simplification of income tax code
Prohibited discrimination based on disabilities
Required federal background checks for gun buyers; spurred by assassination attempt on Ronald Reagan
Barred openly gay individuals from serving in the military
Reduced restrictions on domestic intelligence gathering against terrorism suspects
Reformed education system to increase school performance and accountability
Authorized use of military force to remove Saddam Hussein from power
Appropriated federal funds to boost infrastructure development and economic recovery
Landmark reform of U.S. medical and health insurance laws
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