1,021 (est.) souls lost; worst disaster to happen in New York until 9/11. Nearly wiped out the entire community of Little Germany who had hired the ship. Life jackets crumbled and sank, and lifeboats were heavily painted over and unmoveable
1909; disappeared in mysterious circumstances off South Africa
211 people (the entire complement) lost; one of the most baffling nautical mysteries of all time
1912; supposed unsinkable ships sinks on maiden voyage following collision with iceberg in North Atlantic
1,517 people lost; perhaps the most famous shipwreck ever
1920; collision with another ship and subsequent boiler explosion on Lake Superior
29 lost; she was the largest freshwater ship when she was built. The Willis L. King collided into her from the side, allowing water in and causing the boiler to explode
1934; fire off New Jersey Coast
137 lost; the cause of the fire was never officially determined
1947; fire and explosion whilst loading, Texas City, Texas
581 people, minimum, lost. Ammonium nitrate and munitions on the Grandcamp ignited and exploded, causing a chain reaction in the nearby High Flyer, and subsequently the Wilson B. Keene. Considered the worse industrial disaster in US history
1956; collision with another ship off New England coast
46 casualites; collided with the MV Stockholm after failure to abide by standard rules of the sea and misreading radar information in thick fog.
1959; supposed unsinkable ships sinks on maiden voyage following collision with iceberg in North Atlantic
95 (everyone on board) lost; history repeats itself
1963; fire southwest of Portugal
128 people lost their lives. Electrical fire, which again consumed flammable wood pannelling. Fire alarm sounded, but was too weak too be heard, and the fire had cut the intercom system. Lifeboat davits were found to be rusted, and the lockers of life vests unopenable
1965; fire off the Berry Islands, the Bahamas
90 casualties; fire was electrical in nature, but occurred in a cabin used to store flammable paint and matresses. Fire spread quickly, lifeboats being cosumed by flame before they could be launched
Year and Circumstances
1966; broke up in storm and collided with itself, Lake Huron
28 died (out of a crew of 29). 70 mile an hour winds broke the ship in two, the for'ard section remaining afloat. The later sighted what they thought was another ship, but turned out the be the still floating aft section, which was still under power from the ships engines and collided with the for'ard section.
1972; collision with another ship and subsequent fire in the Rio de le Plato, Uruguay
82 died (74 on the Royston Grange). Liberian Tanker 'Tien Chee' collided with her, which burst into flames. The petroleum from the Tien Chee, plus the butter the Royston Grange was transporting, the crew of the latter being killed almost instantly in the subsequent flash fire. 8 of the 40 men on the Tien Chee died
1975; lost in storm in Lake Superior, Canada
29 men lost. Inefficient hatch coverings combined with foul weather allowed water to slowly leak into the hull, until two 'Rogue Waves' damaged the hatch covers devastatingly and allowed the hull to full quickly. The ship may have recieved bottom damage on a submerged shoal due to inaccurate charts and loss of radar. It is the of a song by Gordon Lightfoot
1980; lost in a typhoon south of Japan
44 lost. Failure of hatch covers in unexpected fierce winds and wave conditions.
1984; collision with another ship in the Tablas Strait, the Philippines
An estimate 4,000 lost, the worst peacetime maritime disaster of the 20th century. Collided with a ship, the Vector, transporting petrol which immeadiately ignited. Lifeboat lockers were allegedly locked, and most of the crew killed instantly, the fire was sudden, the the petrol floated on top of the water turning the sea itself into a blazing inferno, the water infested with sharks and full of charred corpses, and it reportedly took the Philippino government eight hours to learn of the accident and a further eight to respond. There were only 26 survivors.
1987; capsized after leaving Zeeburgge, Belgium
193 lost, loading doors of this Roll-on-roll-off car ferry were not shut, allowing water into car deck causing it to capsize
1996; overloaded ship lost on Lake Victoria
800 (est.) lost. problems with the ship's balance and mechanical defects combined with overloading and lack of emergency facilities.
1990; fire off Danish coast
158 lives lost. Crew were poorly trained and the majority spoke no languages understood by any of the passengers. The ships decorative fittings were highly flammable, and gave off noxious fumes, and burnt well following two initial seperate fires on different decks. The cause of the two initial fires that caused the blaze is believed to be, sickeningly, arson
1994; lost in poor sea conditions in Baltic Sea
852 lives lost. Her bow visor failed in a storm and was ripped off. Alternative theories include it was transporting explosives.
2008; capsized in Typhoon in Romblon, the Philippines
800 lost (est.). Typhoon caused huge waves which caused it to capsize.