Chronology: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

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Can you name the years in which these events took place?

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EventYear
Oslo negotiations and Declaration of Principles between Israel and the PLO
Sadat assassinated in Cairo
Formation of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
Iraq expelled from Kuwait in Gulf War
Military disengagement accords between Israel and Egypt and Syria
War between Israel and the Arab League
Climax of Iranian revolution; Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty signed in Washington; American embas
Israel reoccupies towns in West Bank and Gaza and begins construction on a security fence between the WB and Israel; UN Security Council passes a resolution demanding that Israel w
Death of Arafat; Abbas becomes president of PA
EventYear
Balfour Declaration
Palestinian Arab revolt against British authority; Peel Commission proposal rejected by Arabs and accepted by Jews
Israel cedes 80 percent of West Bank town of Hebron to Palestinians
Great Britain given the Palestine Mandate by the League of Nations
The US, EU, Russia, and the UN release the three-phase 'Road map' calling for an independent Palestinian state and full peace by 2005; Arafat appoints Mahmoud Abbas PM; Abbas, Shar
Arab-Israel peace talks in Madrid and Washington
Israel admitted to the United Nations
Arab oil imbargo
Egypt's Sadat becomes first Arab head of state to recognize Israel and to address Israeli Knesset in Jerusalem
EventYear
Britain refers Palestine dispute to UN; UN partition plan rejected by Arabs and accepted by Jews
Iraq invades Kuwait; UN Security Council votes sanctions
Camp David Summit with Carter, Begin, and Sadat
Multinational peacekeeping force arrives in Beirut; attacks against American embassy and Marine barracks
Rabin assassinated in Tel Aviv
MacMahon-Sharif Hussein agreements; Arab revolt against Turks
Sykes-Picot agreement
War of Attrition
EIsenhower Doctrine
EventYear
Jordan's King Hussein renounces Jordanian sovereignty over West Bank; PLO declares independent Palestinian states on West Bank and Gaza
Sharon is incapacitated as a result of a major stroke; Hamas wins Palestinian election; Ehud Olmert and new Kadima Party come first in Israeli elections
Israel completes unilateral withdrawal from Gaza and continues construction of security fence despite protests that it takes Palestinian land
Carter Doctrine; Iraqi invasion of Iran launches Iran-Iraq War
Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen create the Arab League
Free Officer revolt led by Gamal Abdel Nasser in Egypt
Antimonarchical revolt in Iraq; crisis in Jordan and Lebanon; American Marines land in Beirut
Camp David negotiations fail; Second Intifada begins
Ariel Sharon elected Israeli PM
EventYear
Likud leader Netanyahu elected PM after terrorist bombings in Israeli cities undermines support for Peres, Rabin's labor successor
Death of Jordan's King Hussein; Labor leader Barak elected Israeli PM
'Black September' in Jordan; death of Nasser
British White Paper calls for independent Palestine within 10 years
Publication of Herzl's 'The Jewish State'; First World Zionist Congress meets
Jordanian-Israeli peace treaty signed in Washington; Israeli-PLO agreement for Palestinian control over Gaza and Jericho
Suez Crisis
Sinai Agreement between Israel and Egypt permits reopening of Suez Canal
Yom Kippur War
EventYear
Formation of Arab High Committee
Soviet-Egyptian arms deal concluded; Baghdad Pact created with Great Britain, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Pakistan as members
Six Day War: Israel occupies the Sinai, Gaza, West Bank, and the Golan Heights; adoption of UN Resolution 242
Israeli forces invade Lebanon
US brokers Israeli-PLO Wye River Accords, which cede additional 13 percent of West Bank to Palestinians; US President Clinton addresses Palestinian Assembly in Gaza
Beginning of Palestinian uprising (intifada) in Gaza Strip and West Bank
Fighting between Arabs and Jews in Palestine; British mandate ends; David Ben-Gurion proclaims the state of Israel

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