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Genetics 1: DNA, Chromosomes, and Genome
Can you name the terms that seemed most important to me in my hypercaffeinated frenzy?
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Many questions have multiple parts. Put answers in order unless otherwise indicated. If two contrasting terms are presented in pairs, you are expected to pick the correct one. Good luck!
Are You Smarter Than a College Student? XX
These are the basic components of any nucleotide
The ends of chromosomes are:
These are the basic components of any nucleoside
Nucleic acid is synthesized in the _'-to-_' direction
Changes in DNA linking number are catalyzed by enzymes called ____________ in an ATP-dependent/independent process
The class of two-ringed nitrogenous bases are the:
If one strand of DNA in a particular region has high guanine content, its complementary strand has high ______ content, a higher/lower denaturing temperature
Part X: look for Part Y for second part of this question
Choose one from each set: A-DNA is left/right-handed, is more/less relaxed than B DNA, and does/does not interconvert readily with B-DNA
Nucleic acid is read in the _'-to-_' direction
Out of the three DNA forms discussed in class, the 'special' one is _____; it is left/right-handed
The SPECIFIC nitrogenous bases which are double-ringed are:
Rank the following terms regarding DNA compactification in order of INCREASING size: 30 nm fiber, beads-on-a-string, chromatid, coil, loop, rosette.
Genes are sections of a ______ that code for a specific ______
Two things that can be used to denature DNA are ____ and ____
Continuation of Part X: The aforementioned DNA would have tighter/looser base-pair covalent/hydrogen interactions.
Part Y: look for Part X for first part of this question
The middles of chromosomes are:
If the left and right sections of a DNA sequence are reflections of one another, the sequence is a:
Inherited changes in gene expression that are NOT due to changes in the underlying DNA sequence are collectively referred to as _______, and do/do not include base-pair deletions
Part A: look for Part B for second part of this question
The SPECIFIC nitrogenous bases which are single-ringed are:
This topological feature of DNA is due to steric strain, and contributes the energy used to do compact packing
The sections of DNA that are removed during mRNA processing are exons/introns, and are of constant/variable length
If a DNA sequence can fold in at its midpoint and bind to itself, it is a:
The linkages between consecutive monomers in the nucleic acid's backbone are:
These are the two sugars found in nucleic acids:
Continuation of Part A: these changes do/do not include DNA methylation, and do/do not include transposon jumping
Part B: look for Part A for first part of this question
In 'beads-on-a-string', each individual bead is called a ________, and consists of DNA wrapped around proteins called ______, which have been highly/poorly conserved in evolution
The sections of DNA that are spliced together during mRNA processing are exons/introns, are of constant/variable length, and are more/less abundant than the excised sections
The class of single-ringed nitrogenous bases are the:
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