Science / CP Part 1

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Can you name the CP vocabulary terms?

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Ventricular myocardial cells will _________ during an action potential to around +30 mV.
Another way to measure heart rate on an EKG strip is divide the number of small boxes between two QRS complexes into ______.
A heart rate of 100 bpm would have ___ large boxes between each QRS on the EKG recording.
____ gallop is a sign of early heart failure, but may occur normally in children.
The four chambered heart creates two separate circulations: the pulmonary circulation and the _______ circulation.
T/F: Transposition of the great vessels is fatal unless the patient also has an interventricular septal defect.
Heart muscle contractions are due to this ion.
Progressively lengthening PR intervals leading to a dropped QRS complex is a sign of _________.
Normal, regular heart beating is called ____ rhythm.
Neurotransmitter for parasympathetic nervous system:
Ribs 11 and 12 are also known as the _______ ribs.
A QRS complex that is not preceded by a P wave but is otherwise normal is likely a ________.
This is the ability of the heart to generate force (contractility) and is independent of preload and afterload
This is the most anterior chamber of the adult heart in its native orientation.
If a patient becomes dehydrated, his blood may become more viscous and therefore, flow would be ________ turbulent.
Contraction of ____________ muscles during systole prevents the atrioventricular valves from prolapsing.
A PR interval longer than ____ ms indicates first degree heart block.
Lymphatic fluid from the superior right thorax ultimately drains into the ______________.
During isometric contraction, there is a steep increase in pressure, but ________ does not change.
These are the connective tissue connections that provide structural support to the breast tissue.
The orifice in the septum primum formed by blood spurting from the inferior vena cava is known as the:
If you give a blood transfusion rapidly, you increase stretch and thus must increase heart rate to maintain cardiac output via this mechanism
Aneurysms are caused by a weakening in the tunica ________.
If the length of a vessel is increased, resistance will _________.
Abnormal deflections with no pattern or discernable P waves between QRS complexes is a sign of:
All mechanical events are preceded by an ______ event
Pathological murmurs tend to occur during ________ of the cardiac cycle.
The pressure differential between the R and L sides of the heart is represented by the Central Venous Pressure and _____ respectively.
Large vessels occasionally have a _______ _________ in their tunica adventitia to serve tissue within the vessel.
T/F - The parasympathetic nervous system has an effect on contractility
Neural crest cells migrate to help form the __________ septum, which divides the outflow tract.
Name a clinical sign of breast cancer.
This staircase mechanism involves a change in inotropism associated with more frequent stimulation of cardiac myocytes.
This branch of the coronary arteries can develop from either the LCA or RCA, and determines the 'dominance' of the heart.
The __________ projects posteriorly to T4 and T5.
The lead with a positive electrode on the left foot and negative electrodes on the right and left arm is lead:
Current between cardiac cells travels through:
The Frank-Starling mechanism states that if you increase preload, you'll get an increase in
The orifice in the septum secondum that allows blood to flow into the left atrium is known as the:
Various congenital heart defects are associated with the _______ _________, which initially connects the pulmonary artery and aorta in utero.
The process whereby tissue from the right side of the sinus venosus folds in to become incorporated in the wall of the right atrium:
Calcification of valves leads to valve _________.
Blood flow is driven by a _____ gradient created by the heart
____________ ____________ can constrict to cut off blod flow to a capillary bed.
Circulations in series have a _________ resistance compared to circulations in parallel.
The only veins in the body that do not drain into the vena cava OR the coronary sinus are the ___________.
Kidneys have a specialized subtype of ___________ capillary.
Phase 3 on a voltage diagram of a ventricular cardiomyocyte correlates to _______.
Clumps of cells that form first in the yolk sac that are key in the process of vasculogenesis are called:
Is central venous pressure high/low when the heart works its hardest?
Factors affecting contractility have ______ effects.
Vagal innervation belongs to the _____ nervous system.
Area of the heart with the greatest pressure fluctuation is the?
The _______ lymph nodes drain 75% of the fluid from the breast.
Putting your stethoscope over the apex of the heart is a good way to listen to the sounds of the _____valve.
As cycle length decreases, the action potential duration will:
__________ ___________, or AV shunt for short, circuits blood away from capillary beds.
Hydrostatic pressure in the legs will be _________ than at the level of the heart, when standing.
The cardiogenic mesoderm is formed from _____________ mesoderm.
True or false: during a pleural tap, the physician inserts a needle above the superior border of the rib to avoid damaging intercostal vessels.
Standing up suddenly causes blood to pool in the legs; what system is activated to counteract this pooling effect?
Functionally, the interventricular septum is part of the __________.
Conduction from the atria to the ventricles occurs across the __ ______
In the embryo, the devleoping kidneys are drained by the ___________ veins.
Vitelline veins, cardinal veins, and umbilical veins converge into the _______ venosus in the developing heart tube.
The apex beat of the heart is in the _th intercostal space, left of the midline.
Mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation would be heard as a _______ murmur.
We increase the radius of a vessel by a factor of 2. By what factor will Q increase?
Diastolic depolarization corresponds to a slow, inward _____ current
Connections between the dorsal and ventral aortae are generally termed _______ _______.
This is the centermost space in thorax, between the lung pleura.

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