Science / CP Part 1

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Can you name the CP vocabulary terms?

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Pathological murmurs tend to occur during ________ of the cardiac cycle.
The orifice in the septum primum formed by blood spurting from the inferior vena cava is known as the:
Contraction of ____________ muscles during systole prevents the atrioventricular valves from prolapsing.
Phase 3 on a voltage diagram of a ventricular cardiomyocyte correlates to _______.
Abnormal deflections with no pattern or discernable P waves between QRS complexes is a sign of:
Ventricular myocardial cells will _________ during an action potential to around +30 mV.
This is the ability of the heart to generate force (contractility) and is independent of preload and afterload
Calcification of valves leads to valve _________.
Vagal innervation belongs to the _____ nervous system.
The only veins in the body that do not drain into the vena cava OR the coronary sinus are the ___________.
We increase the radius of a vessel by a factor of 2. By what factor will Q increase?
Diastolic depolarization corresponds to a slow, inward _____ current
Vitelline veins, cardinal veins, and umbilical veins converge into the _______ venosus in the developing heart tube.
Factors affecting contractility have ______ effects.
Neurotransmitter for parasympathetic nervous system:
Putting your stethoscope over the apex of the heart is a good way to listen to the sounds of the _____valve.
Kidneys have a specialized subtype of ___________ capillary.
____ gallop is a sign of early heart failure, but may occur normally in children.
The lead with a positive electrode on the left foot and negative electrodes on the right and left arm is lead:
Progressively lengthening PR intervals leading to a dropped QRS complex is a sign of _________.
Heart muscle contractions are due to this ion.
This staircase mechanism involves a change in inotropism associated with more frequent stimulation of cardiac myocytes.
Aneurysms are caused by a weakening in the tunica ________.
A PR interval longer than ____ ms indicates first degree heart block.
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True or false: during a pleural tap, the physician inserts a needle above the superior border of the rib to avoid damaging intercostal vessels.
All mechanical events are preceded by an ______ event
Ribs 11 and 12 are also known as the _______ ribs.
During isometric contraction, there is a steep increase in pressure, but ________ does not change.
Connections between the dorsal and ventral aortae are generally termed _______ _______.
Normal, regular heart beating is called ____ rhythm.
Lymphatic fluid from the superior right thorax ultimately drains into the ______________.
____________ ____________ can constrict to cut off blod flow to a capillary bed.
Various congenital heart defects are associated with the _______ _________, which initially connects the pulmonary artery and aorta in utero.
__________ ___________, or AV shunt for short, circuits blood away from capillary beds.
The apex beat of the heart is in the _th intercostal space, left of the midline.
In the embryo, the devleoping kidneys are drained by the ___________ veins.
If the length of a vessel is increased, resistance will _________.
Another way to measure heart rate on an EKG strip is divide the number of small boxes between two QRS complexes into ______.
A heart rate of 100 bpm would have ___ large boxes between each QRS on the EKG recording.
T/F - The parasympathetic nervous system has an effect on contractility
Large vessels occasionally have a _______ _________ in their tunica adventitia to serve tissue within the vessel.
This is the most anterior chamber of the adult heart in its native orientation.
Clumps of cells that form first in the yolk sac that are key in the process of vasculogenesis are called:
Is central venous pressure high/low when the heart works its hardest?
Functionally, the interventricular septum is part of the __________.
Standing up suddenly causes blood to pool in the legs; what system is activated to counteract this pooling effect?
This is the centermost space in thorax, between the lung pleura.
Blood flow is driven by a _____ gradient created by the heart
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This branch of the coronary arteries can develop from either the LCA or RCA, and determines the 'dominance' of the heart.
Name a clinical sign of breast cancer.
The Frank-Starling mechanism states that if you increase preload, you'll get an increase in
Neural crest cells migrate to help form the __________ septum, which divides the outflow tract.
Mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation would be heard as a _______ murmur.
The _______ lymph nodes drain 75% of the fluid from the breast.
The four chambered heart creates two separate circulations: the pulmonary circulation and the _______ circulation.
Conduction from the atria to the ventricles occurs across the __ ______
Current between cardiac cells travels through:
The orifice in the septum secondum that allows blood to flow into the left atrium is known as the:
The cardiogenic mesoderm is formed from _____________ mesoderm.
These are the connective tissue connections that provide structural support to the breast tissue.
T/F: Transposition of the great vessels is fatal unless the patient also has an interventricular septal defect.
The __________ projects posteriorly to T4 and T5.
Circulations in series have a _________ resistance compared to circulations in parallel.
The process whereby tissue from the right side of the sinus venosus folds in to become incorporated in the wall of the right atrium:
The pressure differential between the R and L sides of the heart is represented by the Central Venous Pressure and _____ respectively.
If you give a blood transfusion rapidly, you increase stretch and thus must increase heart rate to maintain cardiac output via this mechanism
As cycle length decreases, the action potential duration will:
A QRS complex that is not preceded by a P wave but is otherwise normal is likely a ________.
If a patient becomes dehydrated, his blood may become more viscous and therefore, flow would be ________ turbulent.
Hydrostatic pressure in the legs will be _________ than at the level of the heart, when standing.
Area of the heart with the greatest pressure fluctuation is the?

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