CP Part 1

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Can you name the CP vocabulary terms?

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Normal, regular heart beating is called ____ rhythm.
____ gallop is a sign of early heart failure, but may occur normally in children.
The apex beat of the heart is in the _th intercostal space, left of the midline.
Contraction of ____________ muscles during systole prevents the atrioventricular valves from prolapsing.
Name a clinical sign of breast cancer.
Ventricular myocardial cells will _________ during an action potential to around +30 mV.
Connections between the dorsal and ventral aortae are generally termed _______ _______.
__________ ___________, or AV shunt for short, circuits blood away from capillary beds.
Clumps of cells that form first in the yolk sac that are key in the process of vasculogenesis are called:
These are the connective tissue connections that provide structural support to the breast tissue.
Neurotransmitter for parasympathetic nervous system:
The only veins in the body that do not drain into the vena cava OR the coronary sinus are the ___________.
All mechanical events are preceded by an ______ event
The __________ projects posteriorly to T4 and T5.
As cycle length decreases, the action potential duration will:
Abnormal deflections with no pattern or discernable P waves between QRS complexes is a sign of:
Heart muscle contractions are due to this ion.
The orifice in the septum secondum that allows blood to flow into the left atrium is known as the:
Vitelline veins, cardinal veins, and umbilical veins converge into the _______ venosus in the developing heart tube.
Large vessels occasionally have a _______ _________ in their tunica adventitia to serve tissue within the vessel.
A heart rate of 100 bpm would have ___ large boxes between each QRS on the EKG recording.
Functionally, the interventricular septum is part of the __________.
This is the centermost space in thorax, between the lung pleura.
This is the most anterior chamber of the adult heart in its native orientation.
hintanswer
The pressure differential between the R and L sides of the heart is represented by the Central Venous Pressure and _____ respectively.
Diastolic depolarization corresponds to a slow, inward _____ current
Neural crest cells migrate to help form the __________ septum, which divides the outflow tract.
____________ ____________ can constrict to cut off blod flow to a capillary bed.
Kidneys have a specialized subtype of ___________ capillary.
Area of the heart with the greatest pressure fluctuation is the?
Pathological murmurs tend to occur during ________ of the cardiac cycle.
In the embryo, the devleoping kidneys are drained by the ___________ veins.
Hydrostatic pressure in the legs will be _________ than at the level of the heart, when standing.
The _______ lymph nodes drain 75% of the fluid from the breast.
Standing up suddenly causes blood to pool in the legs; what system is activated to counteract this pooling effect?
Calcification of valves leads to valve _________.
This is the ability of the heart to generate force (contractility) and is independent of preload and afterload
Ribs 11 and 12 are also known as the _______ ribs.
If a patient becomes dehydrated, his blood may become more viscous and therefore, flow would be ________ turbulent.
This staircase mechanism involves a change in inotropism associated with more frequent stimulation of cardiac myocytes.
Blood flow is driven by a _____ gradient created by the heart
Putting your stethoscope over the apex of the heart is a good way to listen to the sounds of the _____valve.
The cardiogenic mesoderm is formed from _____________ mesoderm.
Another way to measure heart rate on an EKG strip is divide the number of small boxes between two QRS complexes into ______.
Conduction from the atria to the ventricles occurs across the __ ______
Mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation would be heard as a _______ murmur.
Progressively lengthening PR intervals leading to a dropped QRS complex is a sign of _________.
During isometric contraction, there is a steep increase in pressure, but ________ does not change.
hintanswer
True or false: during a pleural tap, the physician inserts a needle above the superior border of the rib to avoid damaging intercostal vessels.
The lead with a positive electrode on the left foot and negative electrodes on the right and left arm is lead:
Lymphatic fluid from the superior right thorax ultimately drains into the ______________.
The process whereby tissue from the right side of the sinus venosus folds in to become incorporated in the wall of the right atrium:
Aneurysms are caused by a weakening in the tunica ________.
Current between cardiac cells travels through:
Various congenital heart defects are associated with the _______ _________, which initially connects the pulmonary artery and aorta in utero.
We increase the radius of a vessel by a factor of 2. By what factor will Q increase?
Vagal innervation belongs to the _____ nervous system.
Circulations in series have a _________ resistance compared to circulations in parallel.
A QRS complex that is not preceded by a P wave but is otherwise normal is likely a ________.
Is central venous pressure high/low when the heart works its hardest?
A PR interval longer than ____ ms indicates first degree heart block.
Factors affecting contractility have ______ effects.
This branch of the coronary arteries can develop from either the LCA or RCA, and determines the 'dominance' of the heart.
The orifice in the septum primum formed by blood spurting from the inferior vena cava is known as the:
T/F: Transposition of the great vessels is fatal unless the patient also has an interventricular septal defect.
If the length of a vessel is increased, resistance will _________.
The Frank-Starling mechanism states that if you increase preload, you'll get an increase in
The four chambered heart creates two separate circulations: the pulmonary circulation and the _______ circulation.
Phase 3 on a voltage diagram of a ventricular cardiomyocyte correlates to _______.
T/F - The parasympathetic nervous system has an effect on contractility
If you give a blood transfusion rapidly, you increase stretch and thus must increase heart rate to maintain cardiac output via this mechanism

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Created Dec 14, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:vocabulary, term