CP Part 1

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Can you name the CP vocabulary terms?

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This staircase mechanism involves a change in inotropism associated with more frequent stimulation of cardiac myocytes.
Mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation would be heard as a _______ murmur.
A heart rate of 100 bpm would have ___ large boxes between each QRS on the EKG recording.
__________ ___________, or AV shunt for short, circuits blood away from capillary beds.
This is the centermost space in thorax, between the lung pleura.
Ventricular myocardial cells will _________ during an action potential to around +30 mV.
Vagal innervation belongs to the _____ nervous system.
During isometric contraction, there is a steep increase in pressure, but ________ does not change.
Pathological murmurs tend to occur during ________ of the cardiac cycle.
The pressure differential between the R and L sides of the heart is represented by the Central Venous Pressure and _____ respectively.
Factors affecting contractility have ______ effects.
Hydrostatic pressure in the legs will be _________ than at the level of the heart, when standing.
Area of the heart with the greatest pressure fluctuation is the?
The four chambered heart creates two separate circulations: the pulmonary circulation and the _______ circulation.
____ gallop is a sign of early heart failure, but may occur normally in children.
The __________ projects posteriorly to T4 and T5.
The _______ lymph nodes drain 75% of the fluid from the breast.
Blood flow is driven by a _____ gradient created by the heart
A PR interval longer than ____ ms indicates first degree heart block.
Vitelline veins, cardinal veins, and umbilical veins converge into the _______ venosus in the developing heart tube.
If a patient becomes dehydrated, his blood may become more viscous and therefore, flow would be ________ turbulent.
We increase the radius of a vessel by a factor of 2. By what factor will Q increase?
Phase 3 on a voltage diagram of a ventricular cardiomyocyte correlates to _______.
Clumps of cells that form first in the yolk sac that are key in the process of vasculogenesis are called:
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Large vessels occasionally have a _______ _________ in their tunica adventitia to serve tissue within the vessel.
____________ ____________ can constrict to cut off blod flow to a capillary bed.
T/F: Transposition of the great vessels is fatal unless the patient also has an interventricular septal defect.
Current between cardiac cells travels through:
Contraction of ____________ muscles during systole prevents the atrioventricular valves from prolapsing.
The process whereby tissue from the right side of the sinus venosus folds in to become incorporated in the wall of the right atrium:
If the length of a vessel is increased, resistance will _________.
Functionally, the interventricular septum is part of the __________.
Normal, regular heart beating is called ____ rhythm.
Ribs 11 and 12 are also known as the _______ ribs.
Standing up suddenly causes blood to pool in the legs; what system is activated to counteract this pooling effect?
Diastolic depolarization corresponds to a slow, inward _____ current
Is central venous pressure high/low when the heart works its hardest?
Neural crest cells migrate to help form the __________ septum, which divides the outflow tract.
Circulations in series have a _________ resistance compared to circulations in parallel.
A QRS complex that is not preceded by a P wave but is otherwise normal is likely a ________.
Putting your stethoscope over the apex of the heart is a good way to listen to the sounds of the _____valve.
Another way to measure heart rate on an EKG strip is divide the number of small boxes between two QRS complexes into ______.
This is the most anterior chamber of the adult heart in its native orientation.
The apex beat of the heart is in the _th intercostal space, left of the midline.
Heart muscle contractions are due to this ion.
True or false: during a pleural tap, the physician inserts a needle above the superior border of the rib to avoid damaging intercostal vessels.
The orifice in the septum primum formed by blood spurting from the inferior vena cava is known as the:
Calcification of valves leads to valve _________.
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These are the connective tissue connections that provide structural support to the breast tissue.
In the embryo, the devleoping kidneys are drained by the ___________ veins.
The Frank-Starling mechanism states that if you increase preload, you'll get an increase in
This is the ability of the heart to generate force (contractility) and is independent of preload and afterload
Name a clinical sign of breast cancer.
The only veins in the body that do not drain into the vena cava OR the coronary sinus are the ___________.
If you give a blood transfusion rapidly, you increase stretch and thus must increase heart rate to maintain cardiac output via this mechanism
All mechanical events are preceded by an ______ event
Kidneys have a specialized subtype of ___________ capillary.
Aneurysms are caused by a weakening in the tunica ________.
The cardiogenic mesoderm is formed from _____________ mesoderm.
Conduction from the atria to the ventricles occurs across the __ ______
As cycle length decreases, the action potential duration will:
Neurotransmitter for parasympathetic nervous system:
Abnormal deflections with no pattern or discernable P waves between QRS complexes is a sign of:
This branch of the coronary arteries can develop from either the LCA or RCA, and determines the 'dominance' of the heart.
T/F - The parasympathetic nervous system has an effect on contractility
The orifice in the septum secondum that allows blood to flow into the left atrium is known as the:
Lymphatic fluid from the superior right thorax ultimately drains into the ______________.
The lead with a positive electrode on the left foot and negative electrodes on the right and left arm is lead:
Progressively lengthening PR intervals leading to a dropped QRS complex is a sign of _________.
Connections between the dorsal and ventral aortae are generally termed _______ _______.
Various congenital heart defects are associated with the _______ _________, which initially connects the pulmonary artery and aorta in utero.

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