CP Part 1

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Can you name the CP vocabulary terms?

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True or false: during a pleural tap, the physician inserts a needle above the superior border of the rib to avoid damaging intercostal vessels.
Large vessels occasionally have a _______ _________ in their tunica adventitia to serve tissue within the vessel.
Calcification of valves leads to valve _________.
Various congenital heart defects are associated with the _______ _________, which initially connects the pulmonary artery and aorta in utero.
If the length of a vessel is increased, resistance will _________.
Is central venous pressure high/low when the heart works its hardest?
The lead with a positive electrode on the left foot and negative electrodes on the right and left arm is lead:
Putting your stethoscope over the apex of the heart is a good way to listen to the sounds of the _____valve.
Vagal innervation belongs to the _____ nervous system.
Clumps of cells that form first in the yolk sac that are key in the process of vasculogenesis are called:
Vitelline veins, cardinal veins, and umbilical veins converge into the _______ venosus in the developing heart tube.
Contraction of ____________ muscles during systole prevents the atrioventricular valves from prolapsing.
In the embryo, the devleoping kidneys are drained by the ___________ veins.
All mechanical events are preceded by an ______ event
Mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation would be heard as a _______ murmur.
Lymphatic fluid from the superior right thorax ultimately drains into the ______________.
Conduction from the atria to the ventricles occurs across the __ ______
Another way to measure heart rate on an EKG strip is divide the number of small boxes between two QRS complexes into ______.
The Frank-Starling mechanism states that if you increase preload, you'll get an increase in
Heart muscle contractions are due to this ion.
T/F - The parasympathetic nervous system has an effect on contractility
Standing up suddenly causes blood to pool in the legs; what system is activated to counteract this pooling effect?
Abnormal deflections with no pattern or discernable P waves between QRS complexes is a sign of:
Aneurysms are caused by a weakening in the tunica ________.
This is the centermost space in thorax, between the lung pleura.
Current between cardiac cells travels through:
This is the most anterior chamber of the adult heart in its native orientation.
This branch of the coronary arteries can develop from either the LCA or RCA, and determines the 'dominance' of the heart.
____________ ____________ can constrict to cut off blod flow to a capillary bed.
The pressure differential between the R and L sides of the heart is represented by the Central Venous Pressure and _____ respectively.
The orifice in the septum primum formed by blood spurting from the inferior vena cava is known as the:
Neural crest cells migrate to help form the __________ septum, which divides the outflow tract.
Connections between the dorsal and ventral aortae are generally termed _______ _______.
Diastolic depolarization corresponds to a slow, inward _____ current
Blood flow is driven by a _____ gradient created by the heart
These are the connective tissue connections that provide structural support to the breast tissue.
The process whereby tissue from the right side of the sinus venosus folds in to become incorporated in the wall of the right atrium:
Circulations in series have a _________ resistance compared to circulations in parallel.
A heart rate of 100 bpm would have ___ large boxes between each QRS on the EKG recording.
__________ ___________, or AV shunt for short, circuits blood away from capillary beds.
T/F: Transposition of the great vessels is fatal unless the patient also has an interventricular septal defect.
Ribs 11 and 12 are also known as the _______ ribs.
The cardiogenic mesoderm is formed from _____________ mesoderm.
Area of the heart with the greatest pressure fluctuation is the?
The __________ projects posteriorly to T4 and T5.
The four chambered heart creates two separate circulations: the pulmonary circulation and the _______ circulation.
Normal, regular heart beating is called ____ rhythm.
Hydrostatic pressure in the legs will be _________ than at the level of the heart, when standing.
If a patient becomes dehydrated, his blood may become more viscous and therefore, flow would be ________ turbulent.
This staircase mechanism involves a change in inotropism associated with more frequent stimulation of cardiac myocytes.
The apex beat of the heart is in the _th intercostal space, left of the midline.
During isometric contraction, there is a steep increase in pressure, but ________ does not change.
The _______ lymph nodes drain 75% of the fluid from the breast.
Pathological murmurs tend to occur during ________ of the cardiac cycle.
The orifice in the septum secondum that allows blood to flow into the left atrium is known as the:
Ventricular myocardial cells will _________ during an action potential to around +30 mV.
A QRS complex that is not preceded by a P wave but is otherwise normal is likely a ________.
Factors affecting contractility have ______ effects.
The only veins in the body that do not drain into the vena cava OR the coronary sinus are the ___________.
Kidneys have a specialized subtype of ___________ capillary.
Name a clinical sign of breast cancer.
Phase 3 on a voltage diagram of a ventricular cardiomyocyte correlates to _______.
If you give a blood transfusion rapidly, you increase stretch and thus must increase heart rate to maintain cardiac output via this mechanism
As cycle length decreases, the action potential duration will:
A PR interval longer than ____ ms indicates first degree heart block.
We increase the radius of a vessel by a factor of 2. By what factor will Q increase?
This is the ability of the heart to generate force (contractility) and is independent of preload and afterload
____ gallop is a sign of early heart failure, but may occur normally in children.
Progressively lengthening PR intervals leading to a dropped QRS complex is a sign of _________.
Functionally, the interventricular septum is part of the __________.
Neurotransmitter for parasympathetic nervous system:

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Created Dec 14, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:vocabulary, term