Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Signals that go from brain to body
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Toxin that mimics ACh
Group of single strand amino acids
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Produces myelin
Largest part of occipital lobe
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
A signal which will fire a neuron
When a neuron fires
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Network of neurons in brain stem
Fatty substance which protects the axon
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
Signals that go from body to brain
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information

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Created Oct 4, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:definition, brain, Brain Terms, term