Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
When a neuron fires
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Signals that go from body to brain
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
Produces myelin
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Group of single strand amino acids
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Toxin that mimics ACh
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
DefinitionTerm
A signal which will fire a neuron
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Largest part of occipital lobe
Signals that go from brain to body
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Network of neurons in brain stem

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