Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Toxin that mimics ACh
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
A signal which will fire a neuron
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
When a neuron fires
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Produces myelin
Network of neurons in brain stem
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
DefinitionTerm
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Signals that go from brain to body
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
Signals that go from body to brain
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
Group of single strand amino acids
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Largest part of occipital lobe
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control

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