Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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A signal which will fire a neuron
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Largest part of occipital lobe
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Group of single strand amino acids
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Network of neurons in brain stem
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Produces myelin
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
Signals that go from body to brain
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Signals that go from brain to body
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Monoamine known as adrenaline
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Toxin that mimics ACh
When a neuron fires
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters

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