Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
A signal which will fire a neuron
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Network of neurons in brain stem
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Toxin that mimics ACh
DefinitionTerm
Largest part of occipital lobe
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
Group of single strand amino acids
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Signals that go from body to brain
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
Signals that go from brain to body
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
When a neuron fires
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Produces myelin
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Lobe almost exclusive for vision

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Created Oct 4, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:definition, brain, Brain Terms, term