Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Produces myelin
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Signals that go from body to brain
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Monoamine known as adrenaline
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Network of neurons in brain stem
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Signals that go from brain to body
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Group of single strand amino acids
Toxin that mimics ACh
DefinitionTerm
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Largest part of occipital lobe
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
A signal which will fire a neuron
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
When a neuron fires
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron

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