Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Signals that go from brain to body
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Group of single strand amino acids
Largest part of occipital lobe
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
When a neuron fires
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
DefinitionTerm
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
A signal which will fire a neuron
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Signals that go from body to brain
A signal which will not fire a neuron
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Toxin that mimics ACh
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
Monoamine known as adrenaline
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Network of neurons in brain stem
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Produces myelin
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
In charge of metabolism and genetic material

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Created Oct 4, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:definition, brain, Brain Terms, term