Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Signals that go from body to brain
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Signals that go from brain to body
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
Produces myelin
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
When a neuron fires
Group of single strand amino acids
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
DefinitionTerm
Largest part of occipital lobe
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Network of neurons in brain stem
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Toxin that mimics ACh
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
A signal which will not fire a neuron
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
A signal which will fire a neuron
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory

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