Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Signals that go from brain to body
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Largest part of occipital lobe
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Group of single strand amino acids
Produces myelin
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Toxin that mimics ACh
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
Fatty substance which protects the axon
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Signals that go from body to brain
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
DefinitionTerm
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
Network of neurons in brain stem
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
A signal which will fire a neuron
When a neuron fires
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
A signal which will not fire a neuron

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Created Oct 4, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:definition, brain, Brain Terms, term