Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Toxin that mimics ACh
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Largest part of occipital lobe
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Signals that go from body to brain
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Network of neurons in brain stem
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
A signal which will fire a neuron
Signals that go from brain to body
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Produces myelin
Group of single strand amino acids
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
When a neuron fires
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
A signal which will not fire a neuron
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active

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