Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Monoamine known as adrenaline
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Fatty substance which protects the axon
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Network of neurons in brain stem
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Group of single strand amino acids
A signal which will fire a neuron
Signals that go from body to brain
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
DefinitionTerm
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Toxin that mimics ACh
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
When a neuron fires
Largest part of occipital lobe
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
Signals that go from brain to body
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Produces myelin
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron

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Created Oct 4, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:definition, brain, Brain Terms, term