Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Signals that go from brain to body
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Signals that go from body to brain
Monoamine known as adrenaline
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
DefinitionTerm
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Largest part of occipital lobe
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Group of single strand amino acids
Network of neurons in brain stem
Produces myelin
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Collects information from thousands of neurons
When a neuron fires
A signal which will fire a neuron
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
A signal which will not fire a neuron
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Toxin that mimics ACh
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement

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