Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Collects information from thousands of neurons
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Signals that go from brain to body
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Toxin that mimics ACh
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
Group of single strand amino acids
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
When a neuron fires
DefinitionTerm
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Signals that go from body to brain
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
A signal which will fire a neuron
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Largest part of occipital lobe
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Network of neurons in brain stem
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Fatty substance which protects the axon
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Produces myelin
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information

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