Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Produces myelin
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
When a neuron fires
Toxin that mimics ACh
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Signals that go from brain to body
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Network of neurons in brain stem
Signals that go from body to brain
A signal which will fire a neuron
Largest part of occipital lobe
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
DefinitionTerm
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Group of single strand amino acids
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles

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Created Oct 4, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:definition, brain, Brain Terms, term