Brain Terms

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Can you name the Brain Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Network of neurons in brain stem
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Group of single strand amino acids
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Largest part of occipital lobe
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Signals that go from body to brain
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Produces myelin
DefinitionTerm
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
Signals that go from brain to body
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
When a neuron fires
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Collects information from thousands of neurons
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
A signal which will fire a neuron
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Toxin that mimics ACh
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active

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Created Oct 4, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:definition, brain, Brain Terms, term