Chemistry Chapter One

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Can you name the Chemistry Chapter One?

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Definition/ConceptKey Term/Main IdeaChapter and Section #
the study of carbon-containing compoundsChap. 1 Sec. 1
the smallest unit of an element/compound that retains the properties of the element/compoundChap. 1 Sec. 2
an element that conducts heat and electricity wellChap. 1 Sec. 3
a verticle column of elements on the Periodic TableChap. 1 Sec. 3
the use of mathematics and computers to understand the principals behind observed chemical behavior and to design and predict the properties of new compoundsChap. 1 Sec. 1
has a fixed composition: is not a mixture because: 1. every sample has exactly the same characteristics. 2. each sample has the exact same compositionChap. 1 Sec. 2
a high-temperature physical state of matter in which atoms lose most of their electronsChap. 1 Sec. 2
the substance that is formed by the chemical changeChap. 1 Sec. 2
a characteristic that can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the substance, i.e. melting/boiling pointChap. 1 Sec. 2
the identification of the componets and composition of materialsChap. 1 Sec. 1
the ability to resist breaking when pulled on Chap. 1 Sec. 3
an element that has some characteristics of both metals and nonmetalsChap. 1 Sec. 3
can define a group of substances; several can define a specific substanceChap. 1 Sec. 2
an element that conducts heat and electricity poorlyChap. 1 Sec. 3
the substance that reacts in a chemical changeChap. 1 Sec. 2
the amount of 3 Dimensional space an object occupiesChap. 1 Sec. 2
has a definite volume but not a definite shape; the particles are close together but move faster, which can allow them to temporarily overcome the binding attractive forceChap. 1 Sec. 2
the study of substances and processes occuring in living thingsChap. 1 Sec. 1
has neither definite shape nor volume; the particles move very fast and are far apartChap. 1 Sec. 2
a property that depends on the quantity of matter present, i.e. volume, mass, total energyChap. 1 Sec. 2
a homogeneous mixtureChap. 1 Sec. 2
a blend of two or more kinds of matter, each of which retains its own identity and propertiesChap. 1 Sec. 2
research performed solely for the purpose of sating one's curiosityChap. 1 Sec. 1
Definition/ConceptKey Term/Main IdeaChapter and Section #
the study of non-organic substances, many of which have organic fragments (organometalics)Chap. 1 Sec. 1
has definite volume and shape and is bound together by strong attractive forcesChap. 1 Sec. 2
when a substance changes state but not identity, i.e. cutting, melting, or boilingChap. 1 Sec. 2
the study of the composition structure, and properties of matter, the processes that matter undergoes, and the energy changes that accompany these processesChap. 1 Sec. 1
the inventing/production of products that improve daily lifeChap. 1 Sec. 1
the study of the properties and changes of matter and their relation to energyChap. 1 Sec. 1
the measure of the amount of matter Chap. 1 Sec. 2
research performed to solve a problemChap. 1 Sec. 1
a change in which one or more of the substances are converted into different substancesChap. 1 Sec. 2
the ability to be stretched into thin wireChap. 1 Sec. 3
relates to a substances ability to undergo changes that transform it into different substancesChap. 1 Sec. 2
a property that that does not depend on the quantity of matter present, i.e. melting/boiling point, density, is it a conductor, is it a insulator, is it a heat conductorChap. 1 Sec. 2
anything that has mass and takes up spaceChap. 1 Sec. 2
the ability to be hammered or flattened out
a mixture that is uniform in compositionChap. 1 Sec. 2
a mixture that is not uniform in compositionChap. 1 Sec. 2
a horizontal row of elements on the Periodic TableChap. 1 Sec. 3
substance that can be broken down into simple and stable substances; made up of multiple elements that are chemically bondedChap. 1 Sec. 2
a physical change from one state of matter to another, i.e. gas to liquidChap. 1 Sec. 2
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical identity of that elementChap. 1 Sec. 2
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler, more stable substances and is comprised of one atom typeChap. 1 Sec. 2
a substance that has a definite compositionChap. 1 Sec. 1

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