U.S. Department of Homeland Security is responsible for immigration.
USCIS (legacy INS) used to be part of the Department of Justice but became part of DHS when that agency was created in 2003.
Canadians do not need immigration documents to move to the U.S.
Canadian citizens who are visiting the U.S. do not need a visa (except in certain circumstances) but to live here permanently they must go through the immigration process like everyone else.
Anyone who applies for asylum automatically gets a work permit.
Currently one can only get a work permit after the asylum application has been pending for 150+ days.
Children cannot be deported (removed) from the United States.
Anyone who is not in legal status, or who has rendered themselves removable, may be removed regardless of age.
One can become a U.S. citizen just by getting married.
One must usually apply for LPR status before one can become a US citizen. Marriage in and of itself does not confer status.
One can become a U.S. citizen just by having a baby in the U.S.
Having a baby does not confer immigration status, and U.S. children cannot sponsor their parents until they are 21.
All immigrants enter the U.S. through Ellis Island.
Not anymore, although it served as the main immigration portal from 1892 to 1954.
Immigrants do not learn English.
Within ten years of arrival, more than 75% of immigrants speak English well; moreover, demand for English classes at the adult level far exceeds supply. 91% of second generation immigrants are fluent or near fluent English speakers. By the third generation, 97% speak English fluently or near fluently.
Permanent residents can vote in U.S. national elections.
Only U.S. citizens can vote in U.S. national elections.
Immigrants do not have to register for Selective Service.
All males who are between the ages of 18-26, and who are U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents, must register.
Most immigrants come into the U.S. illegally.
Of the approximately 1.4 million immigrants who entered the U.S. in 2002, only about 25 percent came illegally.
Immigrants don't pay taxes.
All immigrants pay taxes, whether income, property, sales, or other.
Anyone married to a U.S. citizen cannot be deported.
Marriage to a U.S. citizen will not prevent removal (deportation), although it may provide a defense against removal.
U.S. Citizens can sponsor grandparents and cousins.
US Citizens can sponsor parents, siblings, children and spouses.
Anybody can 'sponsor' an immigrant to come to the U.S. and work.
To successfully sponsor someone an employer must have a legitimate job to offer and be able to show it can pay the USDOL prevailing wage to the immigrant.
Dan Aykroyd, Liz Claiborne, and Alexander Graham Bell are/were immigrants.
Aykroyd, from Canada; Claiborne, from Belgium; Bell, from Scotland.
Legal Permanent Residents can sponsor their parents.
LPRs can only sponsor spouses and unmarried children.
Anyone can adopt anyone and make them a U.S. citizen.
In order to sponsor a child for legal permanent residence, an adoption must be finalized before the child's 16th birthday.
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