Nobel Committee's Rationale | Laureate(s) |

'For the discovery of the neutron' | |

'For his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons' | |

'For the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the _____ Principle' | |

'For his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces' | |

'For his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction' | |

'For his researches concerning the resonance absorption of gamma radiation and his discovery in this connection of the effect which bears his name' | |

'For his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium' | |

'For their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles' | |

'For his decisive contributions to elementary particle physics made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis' | |

'For his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions' | |

'For fundamental work and discoveries in magneto-hydrodynamics with fruitful applications in different parts of plasma physics' | |

'For their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation' | |

'For their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including the prediction of the weak neutral current' | |

'For his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars' | |

'For their decisive contributions to the large project which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction' | |