Science / Organic Chemistry Reagents

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Can you name the reagents?

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ProcessReagentExtra Info
Attaching an R group to a Ketone/Aldehyde
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeReduces carboxylic acid and esters. Multiple Oxygen atoms involved. Leaves other pi bonds alone.
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeReduces carboxylic acid and esters. Does not leave other pi bonds alone.
Alkyne into cis-Alkene
Replace a OH with a ClPrimary Only
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeDoes not reduce carboxylic acid or esters. Leaves other pi bonds alone.
Alkene Halohydrin Formationanti-addition
Replace a OH with a BrPrimary and Secondary
Hydrohalogenationanti-Markovnikov
EliminationHofmann
Hydrogenation
Alkene addition of OH groupMarkovnikov, no carbocation rearrangement
Alkene Ozonolysis
Alkyne into Ketone
Protected Alcohol back to Alcohol
HydrohalogenationMarkovnikov, use one equivalent per pi bond that you want broken
Radical Halogenation
Alkene Dihydroxylationanti-addition
Alcohol into Grignard
ProcessReagentExtra Info
Alkene addition of OH groupMarkovnikov, allows carbocation rearrangement
Alkene Dihydroxylationsyn addition
Replace a OH with a ClPrimary and Secondary
Primary Alcohol into Carboxylic Acid
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeReduces carboxylic acid and esters. Only one Oxygen atom involved. Leaves other pi bonds alone.
Converts OH into a Good Leaving Group
Secondary Alcohol into a Ketone
AlkylationAttachment of an R group to a terminal alkyne
Primary Alcohol into a Aldehyde
Halogenationanti-addition, use one equivalent per pi bond that you want broken
Alkene addition of OH groupanti-Markovnikov, syn-addition
Alkyne into trans-Alkene
Alkyne Ozonolysis
Attaching an R group to an Ester
Name of a protected Alcohol
EliminationZaitsev
Elimination into AlkyneExample: X-C-C-X
Alkyne into Aldehyde

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