Organic Chemistry Reagents

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Can you name the reagents?

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ProcessReagentExtra Info
Alkene Dihydroxylationanti-addition
Converts OH into a Good Leaving Group
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeReduces carboxylic acid and esters. Only one Oxygen atom involved. Leaves other pi bonds alone.
Radical Halogenation
Replace a OH with a ClPrimary Only
Alkene Dihydroxylationsyn addition
Alkyne Ozonolysis
Replace a OH with a BrPrimary and Secondary
Alkyne into Ketone
Alkene Ozonolysis
Primary Alcohol into a Aldehyde
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeReduces carboxylic acid and esters. Multiple Oxygen atoms involved. Leaves other pi bonds alone.
Primary Alcohol into Carboxylic Acid
Alkene addition of OH groupMarkovnikov, no carbocation rearrangement
Protected Alcohol back to Alcohol
Alkene addition of OH groupMarkovnikov, allows carbocation rearrangement
EliminationZaitsev
HydrohalogenationMarkovnikov, use one equivalent per pi bond that you want broken
EliminationHofmann
ProcessReagentExtra Info
Halogenationanti-addition, use one equivalent per pi bond that you want broken
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeDoes not reduce carboxylic acid or esters. Leaves other pi bonds alone.
Attaching an R group to a Ketone/Aldehyde
Hydrogenation
Name of a protected Alcohol
Alkyne into Aldehyde
AlkylationAttachment of an R group to a terminal alkyne
Alkyne into cis-Alkene
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeReduces carboxylic acid and esters. Does not leave other pi bonds alone.
Attaching an R group to an Ester
Alcohol into Grignard
Hydrohalogenationanti-Markovnikov
Alkene Halohydrin Formationanti-addition
Elimination into AlkyneExample: X-C-C-X
Alkyne into trans-Alkene
Replace a OH with a ClPrimary and Secondary
Secondary Alcohol into a Ketone
Alkene addition of OH groupanti-Markovnikov, syn-addition

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Created Feb 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:chemistry, extra, organic, process, reagent