Organic Chemistry Reagents

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Can you name the reagents?

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ProcessReagentExtra Info
Primary Alcohol into Carboxylic Acid
Replace a OH with a ClPrimary and Secondary
EliminationHofmann
Attaching an R group to an Ester
HydrohalogenationMarkovnikov, use one equivalent per pi bond that you want broken
Alkyne into Ketone
Halogenationanti-addition, use one equivalent per pi bond that you want broken
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeReduces carboxylic acid and esters. Does not leave other pi bonds alone.
Alkene Dihydroxylationanti-addition
Alkyne into Aldehyde
Alcohol into Grignard
EliminationZaitsev
Primary Alcohol into a Aldehyde
Replace a OH with a ClPrimary Only
Alkene addition of OH groupanti-Markovnikov, syn-addition
Alkene addition of OH groupMarkovnikov, allows carbocation rearrangement
Alkene addition of OH groupMarkovnikov, no carbocation rearrangement
Name of a protected Alcohol
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeDoes not reduce carboxylic acid or esters. Leaves other pi bonds alone.
ProcessReagentExtra Info
Attaching an R group to a Ketone/Aldehyde
Alkyne into trans-Alkene
AlkylationAttachment of an R group to a terminal alkyne
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeReduces carboxylic acid and esters. Multiple Oxygen atoms involved. Leaves other pi bonds alone.
Alkyne Ozonolysis
Converts OH into a Good Leaving Group
Replace a OH with a BrPrimary and Secondary
Radical Halogenation
Alkene Halohydrin Formationanti-addition
Reduction of a Ketone/AldehydeReduces carboxylic acid and esters. Only one Oxygen atom involved. Leaves other pi bonds alone.
Alkene Dihydroxylationsyn addition
Alkene Ozonolysis
Hydrohalogenationanti-Markovnikov
Elimination into AlkyneExample: X-C-C-X
Protected Alcohol back to Alcohol
Hydrogenation
Alkyne into cis-Alkene
Secondary Alcohol into a Ketone

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Created Feb 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:chemistry, extra, organic, process, reagent