Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Programmed cell death
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
What is the breakdown of fat?
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
What is another name for a MHC?
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
Why use secondary antibodies?
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
Glycerols can be converted into what?
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
High levels of lipids in the blood
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
Stands for Immunoglobulin
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
What is imflammation of the intestine?
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
Are MHCs specific?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
Amino acid with a Thiol group
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
What sugar is a part of ATP?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
String of amino acids
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
Bind to sugars on bacteria
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
Weight/Height^2
Self becomes recognized as foreign
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
What base is a part of ATP?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
Affecting many nerves sytemically
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
Another name for constant domain
Triglycerides can be split into what?
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
What is required for leukocyte activation?
Most common coenzyme
What is the role of Plasma cells?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
Where do T-cells mature?
Immunity that you are born with
Using energy to form glucose
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
What is another name for electron transport?
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
Cells divide and become more numerous
Another name for variable domain
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
Where do B-cells go after production?
Loss of electrons
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
To respond to a wide array of antigens
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
What is another name for liver cells?

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Created Mar 15, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test