Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Share
Tweet
Email
Embed
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
What is another name for electron transport?
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
What is imflammation of the intestine?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
What is another name for liver cells?
Cells divide and become more numerous
High levels of lipids in the blood
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
Most common coenzyme
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
What is the role of Plasma cells?
Amino acid with a Thiol group
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
Where do B-cells go after production?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
Why use secondary antibodies?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
Another name for variable domain
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
Bind to sugars on bacteria
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What is another name for a MHC?
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
Immunity that you are born with
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
Where do T-cells mature?
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
What base is a part of ATP?
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
Weight/Height^2
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
What is the breakdown of fat?
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
What sugar is a part of ATP?
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
String of amino acids
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
Self becomes recognized as foreign
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
Stands for Immunoglobulin
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
Another name for constant domain
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
Triglycerides can be split into what?
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
Programmed cell death
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
Loss of electrons
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
What is required for leukocyte activation?
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
Glycerols can be converted into what?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
Using energy to form glucose
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
Are MHCs specific?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
To respond to a wide array of antigens
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
Affecting many nerves sytemically

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras