Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
Bind to sugars on bacteria
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
To respond to a wide array of antigens
What is another name for electron transport?
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
Stands for Immunoglobulin
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
Cells divide and become more numerous
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
Where do T-cells mature?
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What is the breakdown of fat?
Amino acid with a Thiol group
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
What is another name for liver cells?
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
High levels of lipids in the blood
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
Weight/Height^2
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
What sugar is a part of ATP?
Most common coenzyme
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
Loss of electrons
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
Using energy to form glucose
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
What base is a part of ATP?
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
Where do B-cells go after production?
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
What is required for leukocyte activation?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
What is the role of Plasma cells?
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
Self becomes recognized as foreign
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
What is imflammation of the intestine?
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
Immunity that you are born with
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
Why use secondary antibodies?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
Glycerols can be converted into what?
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
What is another name for a MHC?
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
Programmed cell death
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
Triglycerides can be split into what?
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
Another name for variable domain
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
Another name for constant domain
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
String of amino acids
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
Affecting many nerves sytemically
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
Are MHCs specific?

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Created Mar 15, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test