Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
Glycerols can be converted into what?
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
What is the breakdown of fat?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
High levels of lipids in the blood
String of amino acids
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
Loss of electrons
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
Most common coenzyme
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
Programmed cell death
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
Where do B-cells go after production?
Affecting many nerves sytemically
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
What is another name for a MHC?
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
Bind to sugars on bacteria
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
Using energy to form glucose
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
Self becomes recognized as foreign
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
Where do T-cells mature?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
What is the role of Plasma cells?
What is required for leukocyte activation?
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Amino acid with a Thiol group
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
What is imflammation of the intestine?
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
Triglycerides can be split into what?
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
What base is a part of ATP?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Why use secondary antibodies?
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
Another name for constant domain
What is another name for liver cells?
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
Immunity that you are born with
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
Another name for variable domain
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
Cells divide and become more numerous
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
Are MHCs specific?
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
What sugar is a part of ATP?
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
Stands for Immunoglobulin
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
What is another name for electron transport?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
Weight/Height^2
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
To respond to a wide array of antigens
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?

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Created Mar 15, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test