Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
What is another name for liver cells?
Most common coenzyme
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
Amino acid with a Thiol group
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
Another name for constant domain
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
Weight/Height^2
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
What base is a part of ATP?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
What is the role of Plasma cells?
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
Where do B-cells go after production?
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
Bind to sugars on bacteria
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
Another name for variable domain
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
Immunity that you are born with
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
Cells divide and become more numerous
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
What is the breakdown of fat?
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
Self becomes recognized as foreign
What sugar is a part of ATP?
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
Loss of electrons
What is another name for electron transport?
To respond to a wide array of antigens
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
Glycerols can be converted into what?
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
Using energy to form glucose
String of amino acids
What is imflammation of the intestine?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
Affecting many nerves sytemically
What is another name for a MHC?
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
High levels of lipids in the blood
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
Triglycerides can be split into what?
Where do T-cells mature?
Programmed cell death
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
Stands for Immunoglobulin
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
What is required for leukocyte activation?
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
Why use secondary antibodies?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
Are MHCs specific?
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens

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Created Mar 15, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test