Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
What is imflammation of the intestine?
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
Stands for Immunoglobulin
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
What is the breakdown of fat?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
What is another name for electron transport?
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
Bind to sugars on bacteria
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
To respond to a wide array of antigens
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
Where do B-cells go after production?
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
What base is a part of ATP?
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
Programmed cell death
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
Affecting many nerves sytemically
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
Another name for variable domain
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
Are MHCs specific?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
Triglycerides can be split into what?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
Why use secondary antibodies?
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
Another name for constant domain
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
What is required for leukocyte activation?
Where do T-cells mature?
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
Loss of electrons
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Amino acid with a Thiol group
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
What is the role of Plasma cells?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
High levels of lipids in the blood
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
String of amino acids
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What is another name for liver cells?
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
Using energy to form glucose
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
What is another name for a MHC?
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
Most common coenzyme
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
What sugar is a part of ATP?
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
Cells divide and become more numerous
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
Self becomes recognized as foreign
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
Immunity that you are born with
Weight/Height^2
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
Glycerols can be converted into what?
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?

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Created Mar 15, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test