Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
What is imflammation of the intestine?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
What is the role of Plasma cells?
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
Where do T-cells mature?
Why use secondary antibodies?
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
Triglycerides can be split into what?
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
Another name for variable domain
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
Loss of electrons
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
Weight/Height^2
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
What is another name for a MHC?
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
What is another name for electron transport?
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
What sugar is a part of ATP?
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
Most common coenzyme
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Stands for Immunoglobulin
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
Glycerols can be converted into what?
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
String of amino acids
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
Are MHCs specific?
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Where do B-cells go after production?
High levels of lipids in the blood
Bind to sugars on bacteria
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
Programmed cell death
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
What base is a part of ATP?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
Another name for constant domain
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
What is the breakdown of fat?
Immunity that you are born with
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
Affecting many nerves sytemically
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
To respond to a wide array of antigens
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
Cells divide and become more numerous
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
What is another name for liver cells?
Using energy to form glucose
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
What is required for leukocyte activation?
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
Amino acid with a Thiol group
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
Self becomes recognized as foreign
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?

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Created Mar 15, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test