Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
Immunity that you are born with
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
Self becomes recognized as foreign
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
Loss of electrons
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
What is another name for electron transport?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
Another name for constant domain
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
Using energy to form glucose
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
Weight/Height^2
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
Are MHCs specific?
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Affecting many nerves sytemically
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
Where do T-cells mature?
To respond to a wide array of antigens
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
What is another name for liver cells?
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
What is required for leukocyte activation?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
What is imflammation of the intestine?
Triglycerides can be split into what?
String of amino acids
Where do B-cells go after production?
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
Another name for variable domain
What is the breakdown of fat?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
Cells divide and become more numerous
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
Most common coenzyme
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
Amino acid with a Thiol group
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
High levels of lipids in the blood
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
Stands for Immunoglobulin
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
What base is a part of ATP?
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
What sugar is a part of ATP?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
Why use secondary antibodies?
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
Glycerols can be converted into what?
Programmed cell death
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
What is another name for a MHC?
What is the role of Plasma cells?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
Bind to sugars on bacteria

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Created Mar 15, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test