Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
String of amino acids
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
What is another name for liver cells?
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
Cells divide and become more numerous
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
Why use secondary antibodies?
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
What is required for leukocyte activation?
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
Are MHCs specific?
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
What base is a part of ATP?
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
Stands for Immunoglobulin
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
What is imflammation of the intestine?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
What sugar is a part of ATP?
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
Using energy to form glucose
Where do B-cells go after production?
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
Weight/Height^2
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
Loss of electrons
Immunity that you are born with
Glycerols can be converted into what?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
What is the role of Plasma cells?
Triglycerides can be split into what?
Bind to sugars on bacteria
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
Most common coenzyme
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
To respond to a wide array of antigens
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
Another name for constant domain
Programmed cell death
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
What is another name for electron transport?
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
What is another name for a MHC?
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
Another name for variable domain
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
High levels of lipids in the blood
Where do T-cells mature?
Affecting many nerves sytemically
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
Amino acid with a Thiol group
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
What is the breakdown of fat?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
Self becomes recognized as foreign
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?

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Created Mar 15, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test