Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Triglycerides can be split into what?
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
Another name for constant domain
Why use secondary antibodies?
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
Bind to sugars on bacteria
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
What is another name for electron transport?
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
High levels of lipids in the blood
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
Where do T-cells mature?
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
What sugar is a part of ATP?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
What base is a part of ATP?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
What is the role of Plasma cells?
What is another name for liver cells?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
Immunity that you are born with
What is the breakdown of fat?
Another name for variable domain
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
What is another name for a MHC?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
Amino acid with a Thiol group
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
Where do B-cells go after production?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
Using energy to form glucose
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
Are MHCs specific?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
What is required for leukocyte activation?
Glycerols can be converted into what?
Most common coenzyme
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
Affecting many nerves sytemically
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
Loss of electrons
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
Stands for Immunoglobulin
To respond to a wide array of antigens
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
Self becomes recognized as foreign
String of amino acids
Programmed cell death
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
Weight/Height^2
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
Cells divide and become more numerous
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
What is imflammation of the intestine?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?

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Created Mar 15, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test