Science / Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2?

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The filling in the mitochondria
Any device that changes some measurable quantity into another measurable quantity
Allows a reaction to go faster
Breaking apart water (hydrolysis) in the process of breaking protein chains
An assay with kinesin or dynein and microtubules
Notable example of MTOC
Made of actin and actin-binding proteins, responsible for cell shape, contraction, motility, and cellular transport
Microtubule based motors that are mostly plus-end directed
What does cAMP activate?
A large chunk of the microtubule disassembles rapidly
Turn things off
What is IP3?
Load bearing filaments
What is DAG?
Small molecules that convey the message from the receptor to the cell interior.
Oxidizes proteins in a more harmful and irreversible way
Proteins that exchange solutes
Where a specific kind of RNA (ribosomal) is being made
Monomer buffer
Maximum amount of force a motor can generate
What is Ca2+?
Dynein that is used for cargo transport
A substance can be called this if you can put one wavelength in and get a different wavelength out
Protein changes its shape in a way to where it no longer functions
One event makes tons of second messengers
The beginning of chemical or physical changes at discrete points in a system. Helps the actin filaments start growing.
Stabilize nerve axons by maintaining girth
Energy bearing compound
Stabilizes microtubules, blocking cell division
Double membrane around the nucleus
Faces outside world
Speed of movement
Something that binds to a receptor
Portion that is connected to filament
A motor is called this if it can walk continuously along a filament without falling off
Protein that forms filaments for muscle contraction
Other proteins or molecules that are necessary to keep the enzyme activated
“Hump” to get over on its way to lower energy
Type of drugs that treat cancer
What is cAMP?
Proteins that transport solutes together
Binds and hydrolyzes GTP
Plus-end directed, toward the periphery
Microtubule based motors that are minus-end directed
Determines G protein specificity
Cause unknown in terms of ALS
Break protein chains through hydrolysis (breaking apart water)
Acts on ATP to strip off two phosphates turning it into cAMP
Stacking by alternating between alpha and beta tubulins
Altered vision and confusion
Molecular motor that takes cargo to periphery of cell
Binds the relative cargo
Key activator of Arp2/3 that is itself activated by G protein coupled receptors.
Control where microtubules form and they bypass the time for nucleation.
Exchanges three sodium ions OUT and two potassium ions IN utilizing one ATP (ATP releases a P, becomes ADP, causes pump to open)
Incorrect tracking of the eye
What SOD converts superoxide into
A system that’s based in cytoskeleton of neurons that is responsible for transporting materials such as organelles, vesicles… etc.
Elimination of toxins
Top of “hump” in energy diagram of reaction
Using RNA as a template for making protein
New growth off of the main actin filament
Interacts with hormone; determines ligand specificity
An assay with actin over myosin
Any of various pathologic changes seen in living organisms in response to excessive levels of cytotoxic oxidants and free radicals in the environment.
The folded bits in the mitochondria
Molecular motor that takes cargo to center of cell
Relates time to the mean squared distance traveled
Growth by the addition of monomers
Dynein that is used for cilliary and flagellar motion
Faces inside world of body
A temporary protrusion of the surface of an ameboid cell for movement and feeding
Accelerates the movement of a solute down it’s electrochemical gradient
Turn things on
Shut down mitosis
Too many copies of genes
What enzymes act upon
Form the tonofilaments of epithelia, found in skin and hair
Allow very specific ions to cross membranes by creating a channel/tunnel through the cell membrane
Force x distance
Copying DNA into RNA
Length one step of a motor makes
There is a limit as to how fast an enzyme can go; one substrate move in and products move out before the next substrate moves in
Soda straw tubes, made out of tubulins, used for intracellular transport. Very stiff, grow from the + end
Shuttle that promotes nucleotide exchange
Amount of time spent generating force
Connecting a hormone to a very specific effector
Actin filament stabilizer; leads to liver failure if ingested.
Molecular sized apparatus that converts energy to work
Basic subunit for filaments
Due to multiple copies of a gene the effect of a gene can be enhanced
Handles Oxidative stress in the body.
Normal though harmful byproduct of oxidative metabolism
Away from the middle
Feeling of motion (spinning)
A flattened extension of a cell, by which it moves over or adheres to a surface
Causes disassembly of microtubules
Protein constituents know how to orient themselves to create the cytoskeleton via long filaments
Rate of using ATP
Allow specific solutes to cross membrane
Same enzyme doing basically the same reaction but in a different way
Lend lateral strength to tissues, stable, they are not polar
Two different proteins stuck together
Makes branch points on actin filaments and nucleates new filament growth.
Monomer concentration [m] at which the rate of monomer addition equals the rate of monomer loss.

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