Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Basic subunit for filaments
Notable example of MTOC
Turn things on
A substance can be called this if you can put one wavelength in and get a different wavelength out
One event makes tons of second messengers
Two different proteins stuck together
Molecular sized apparatus that converts energy to work
A motor is called this if it can walk continuously along a filament without falling off
What does cAMP activate?
The folded bits in the mitochondria
What is DAG?
“Hump” to get over on its way to lower energy
An assay with kinesin or dynein and microtubules
Growth by the addition of monomers
Due to multiple copies of a gene the effect of a gene can be enhanced
Where a specific kind of RNA (ribosomal) is being made
Makes branch points on actin filaments and nucleates new filament growth.
A flattened extension of a cell, by which it moves over or adheres to a surface
Elimination of toxins
Turn things off
Length one step of a motor makes
Other proteins or molecules that are necessary to keep the enzyme activated
Normal though harmful byproduct of oxidative metabolism
Proteins that transport solutes together
Type of drugs that treat cancer
Faces outside world
Monomer buffer
A temporary protrusion of the surface of an ameboid cell for movement and feeding
A system that’s based in cytoskeleton of neurons that is responsible for transporting materials such as organelles, vesicles… etc.
Top of “hump” in energy diagram of reaction
Too many copies of genes
What is Ca2+?
Monomer concentration [m] at which the rate of monomer addition equals the rate of monomer loss.
Small molecules that convey the message from the receptor to the cell interior.
There is a limit as to how fast an enzyme can go; one substrate move in and products move out before the next substrate moves in
Something that binds to a receptor
Stabilizes microtubules, blocking cell division
Soda straw tubes, made out of tubulins, used for intracellular transport. Very stiff, grow from the + end
Actin filament stabilizer; leads to liver failure if ingested.
Faces inside world of body
Allow specific solutes to cross membrane
Cause unknown in terms of ALS
Accelerates the movement of a solute down it’s electrochemical gradient
A large chunk of the microtubule disassembles rapidly
Altered vision and confusion
Protein changes its shape in a way to where it no longer functions
What enzymes act upon
Force x distance
Binds and hydrolyzes GTP
Plus-end directed, toward the periphery
Any device that changes some measurable quantity into another measurable quantity
Relates time to the mean squared distance traveled
What SOD converts superoxide into
Same enzyme doing basically the same reaction but in a different way
Load bearing filaments
Determines G protein specificity
Handles Oxidative stress in the body.
Rate of using ATP
What is IP3?
Made of actin and actin-binding proteins, responsible for cell shape, contraction, motility, and cellular transport
Shut down mitosis
Speed of movement
Microtubule based motors that are minus-end directed
Amount of time spent generating force
Double membrane around the nucleus
Protein constituents know how to orient themselves to create the cytoskeleton via long filaments
Molecular motor that takes cargo to center of cell
Using RNA as a template for making protein
Microtubule based motors that are mostly plus-end directed
Breaking apart water (hydrolysis) in the process of breaking protein chains
Energy bearing compound
Oxidizes proteins in a more harmful and irreversible way
Any of various pathologic changes seen in living organisms in response to excessive levels of cytotoxic oxidants and free radicals in the environment.
Control where microtubules form and they bypass the time for nucleation.
What is cAMP?
Key activator of Arp2/3 that is itself activated by G protein coupled receptors.
Lend lateral strength to tissues, stable, they are not polar
Feeling of motion (spinning)
Molecular motor that takes cargo to periphery of cell
Exchanges three sodium ions OUT and two potassium ions IN utilizing one ATP (ATP releases a P, becomes ADP, causes pump to open)
Allow very specific ions to cross membranes by creating a channel/tunnel through the cell membrane
Acts on ATP to strip off two phosphates turning it into cAMP
Dynein that is used for cilliary and flagellar motion
Allows a reaction to go faster
The beginning of chemical or physical changes at discrete points in a system. Helps the actin filaments start growing.
Causes disassembly of microtubules
Break protein chains through hydrolysis (breaking apart water)
Interacts with hormone; determines ligand specificity
Binds the relative cargo
Incorrect tracking of the eye
Dynein that is used for cargo transport
Away from the middle
Copying DNA into RNA
An assay with actin over myosin
Form the tonofilaments of epithelia, found in skin and hair
Stacking by alternating between alpha and beta tubulins
Maximum amount of force a motor can generate
The filling in the mitochondria
Shuttle that promotes nucleotide exchange
Connecting a hormone to a very specific effector
Protein that forms filaments for muscle contraction
Portion that is connected to filament
Proteins that exchange solutes
New growth off of the main actin filament
Stabilize nerve axons by maintaining girth

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments