Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Where a specific kind of RNA (ribosomal) is being made
Basic subunit for filaments
Turn things on
Proteins that transport solutes together
Dynein that is used for cargo transport
What enzymes act upon
Something that binds to a receptor
Acts on ATP to strip off two phosphates turning it into cAMP
Force x distance
Elimination of toxins
A substance can be called this if you can put one wavelength in and get a different wavelength out
What is Ca2+?
Load bearing filaments
Control where microtubules form and they bypass the time for nucleation.
A large chunk of the microtubule disassembles rapidly
Small molecules that convey the message from the receptor to the cell interior.
Soda straw tubes, made out of tubulins, used for intracellular transport. Very stiff, grow from the + end
Length one step of a motor makes
Portion that is connected to filament
Causes disassembly of microtubules
Determines G protein specificity
Any device that changes some measurable quantity into another measurable quantity
Molecular motor that takes cargo to periphery of cell
Breaking apart water (hydrolysis) in the process of breaking protein chains
What is cAMP?
Incorrect tracking of the eye
Monomer buffer
Protein changes its shape in a way to where it no longer functions
Molecular motor that takes cargo to center of cell
Accelerates the movement of a solute down it’s electrochemical gradient
Break protein chains through hydrolysis (breaking apart water)
Stacking by alternating between alpha and beta tubulins
Protein that forms filaments for muscle contraction
Relates time to the mean squared distance traveled
Proteins that exchange solutes
Normal though harmful byproduct of oxidative metabolism
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Feeling of motion (spinning)
Allow very specific ions to cross membranes by creating a channel/tunnel through the cell membrane
Speed of movement
Inherited
Allow specific solutes to cross membrane
Rate of using ATP
New growth off of the main actin filament
Oxidizes proteins in a more harmful and irreversible way
A motor is called this if it can walk continuously along a filament without falling off
A flattened extension of a cell, by which it moves over or adheres to a surface
Any of various pathologic changes seen in living organisms in response to excessive levels of cytotoxic oxidants and free radicals in the environment.
There is a limit as to how fast an enzyme can go; one substrate move in and products move out before the next substrate moves in
Faces outside world
An assay with kinesin or dynein and microtubules
Molecular sized apparatus that converts energy to work
Microtubule based motors that are mostly plus-end directed
Faces inside world of body
The filling in the mitochondria
Makes branch points on actin filaments and nucleates new filament growth.
“Hump” to get over on its way to lower energy
What is IP3?
Protein constituents know how to orient themselves to create the cytoskeleton via long filaments
Stabilizes microtubules, blocking cell division
Key activator of Arp2/3 that is itself activated by G protein coupled receptors.
Amount of time spent generating force
One event makes tons of second messengers
An assay with actin over myosin
Away from the middle
Handles Oxidative stress in the body.
What is DAG?
Plus-end directed, toward the periphery
Energy bearing compound
Actin filament stabilizer; leads to liver failure if ingested.
Shuttle that promotes nucleotide exchange
Notable example of MTOC
Turn things off
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Top of “hump” in energy diagram of reaction
Exchanges three sodium ions OUT and two potassium ions IN utilizing one ATP (ATP releases a P, becomes ADP, causes pump to open)
Altered vision and confusion
The beginning of chemical or physical changes at discrete points in a system. Helps the actin filaments start growing.
Lend lateral strength to tissues, stable, they are not polar
Too many copies of genes
Same enzyme doing basically the same reaction but in a different way
Using RNA as a template for making protein
Monomer concentration [m] at which the rate of monomer addition equals the rate of monomer loss.
Allows a reaction to go faster
Two different proteins stuck together
Copying DNA into RNA
Maximum amount of force a motor can generate
Dynein that is used for cilliary and flagellar motion
Cause unknown in terms of ALS
Stabilize nerve axons by maintaining girth
Growth by the addition of monomers
Made of actin and actin-binding proteins, responsible for cell shape, contraction, motility, and cellular transport
Double membrane around the nucleus
Interacts with hormone; determines ligand specificity
Due to multiple copies of a gene the effect of a gene can be enhanced
What does cAMP activate?
A system that’s based in cytoskeleton of neurons that is responsible for transporting materials such as organelles, vesicles… etc.
Form the tonofilaments of epithelia, found in skin and hair
Binds the relative cargo
Microtubule based motors that are minus-end directed
The folded bits in the mitochondria
A temporary protrusion of the surface of an ameboid cell for movement and feeding
Shut down mitosis
Binds and hydrolyzes GTP
Type of drugs that treat cancer
Other proteins or molecules that are necessary to keep the enzyme activated
Twitching
What SOD converts superoxide into
Connecting a hormone to a very specific effector

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