Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2?

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Binds the relative cargo
Amount of time spent generating force
Relates time to the mean squared distance traveled
Growth by the addition of monomers
What is Ca2+?
Binds and hydrolyzes GTP
What is cAMP?
Microtubule based motors that are mostly plus-end directed
Lend lateral strength to tissues, stable, they are not polar
Type of drugs that treat cancer
Shut down mitosis
One event makes tons of second messengers
Cause unknown in terms of ALS
Molecular motor that takes cargo to center of cell
Incorrect tracking of the eye
Protein constituents know how to orient themselves to create the cytoskeleton via long filaments
Speed of movement
The beginning of chemical or physical changes at discrete points in a system. Helps the actin filaments start growing.
Altered vision and confusion
Force x distance
Due to multiple copies of a gene the effect of a gene can be enhanced
Exchanges three sodium ions OUT and two potassium ions IN utilizing one ATP (ATP releases a P, becomes ADP, causes pump to open)
Actin filament stabilizer; leads to liver failure if ingested.
Feeling of motion (spinning)
What enzymes act upon
Monomer buffer
Faces inside world of body
Any device that changes some measurable quantity into another measurable quantity
Stacking by alternating between alpha and beta tubulins
What is IP3?
Where a specific kind of RNA (ribosomal) is being made
Notable example of MTOC
Stabilize nerve axons by maintaining girth
Energy bearing compound
New growth off of the main actin filament
A temporary protrusion of the surface of an ameboid cell for movement and feeding
Determines G protein specificity
Basic subunit for filaments
Monomer concentration [m] at which the rate of monomer addition equals the rate of monomer loss.
What is DAG?
Causes disassembly of microtubules
Oxidizes proteins in a more harmful and irreversible way
Breaking apart water (hydrolysis) in the process of breaking protein chains
Microtubule based motors that are minus-end directed
Form the tonofilaments of epithelia, found in skin and hair
What SOD converts superoxide into
Faces outside world
Elimination of toxins
Protein changes its shape in a way to where it no longer functions
There is a limit as to how fast an enzyme can go; one substrate move in and products move out before the next substrate moves in
Double membrane around the nucleus
Proteins that exchange solutes
Shuttle that promotes nucleotide exchange
Proteins that transport solutes together
Dynein that is used for cilliary and flagellar motion
Any of various pathologic changes seen in living organisms in response to excessive levels of cytotoxic oxidants and free radicals in the environment.
Maximum amount of force a motor can generate
Load bearing filaments
Small molecules that convey the message from the receptor to the cell interior.
What does cAMP activate?
A large chunk of the microtubule disassembles rapidly
Makes branch points on actin filaments and nucleates new filament growth.
Too many copies of genes
Protein that forms filaments for muscle contraction
The filling in the mitochondria
Stabilizes microtubules, blocking cell division
Using RNA as a template for making protein
Plus-end directed, toward the periphery
Normal though harmful byproduct of oxidative metabolism
An assay with actin over myosin
A motor is called this if it can walk continuously along a filament without falling off
An assay with kinesin or dynein and microtubules
Dynein that is used for cargo transport
Connecting a hormone to a very specific effector
Break protein chains through hydrolysis (breaking apart water)
Copying DNA into RNA
Allow specific solutes to cross membrane
Molecular motor that takes cargo to periphery of cell
Something that binds to a receptor
Other proteins or molecules that are necessary to keep the enzyme activated
Allow very specific ions to cross membranes by creating a channel/tunnel through the cell membrane
Portion that is connected to filament
Turn things off
Length one step of a motor makes
Top of “hump” in energy diagram of reaction
A substance can be called this if you can put one wavelength in and get a different wavelength out
“Hump” to get over on its way to lower energy
The folded bits in the mitochondria
Turn things on
Key activator of Arp2/3 that is itself activated by G protein coupled receptors.
Allows a reaction to go faster
Same enzyme doing basically the same reaction but in a different way
Away from the middle
Handles Oxidative stress in the body.
A flattened extension of a cell, by which it moves over or adheres to a surface
Made of actin and actin-binding proteins, responsible for cell shape, contraction, motility, and cellular transport
Rate of using ATP
Molecular sized apparatus that converts energy to work
A system that’s based in cytoskeleton of neurons that is responsible for transporting materials such as organelles, vesicles… etc.
Two different proteins stuck together
Control where microtubules form and they bypass the time for nucleation.
Accelerates the movement of a solute down it’s electrochemical gradient
Soda straw tubes, made out of tubulins, used for intracellular transport. Very stiff, grow from the + end
Acts on ATP to strip off two phosphates turning it into cAMP
Interacts with hormone; determines ligand specificity

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Created Feb 13, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test