Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Actin filament stabilizer; leads to liver failure if ingested.
There is a limit as to how fast an enzyme can go; one substrate move in and products move out before the next substrate moves in
Microtubule based motors that are minus-end directed
An assay with kinesin or dynein and microtubules
What is Ca2+?
Accelerates the movement of a solute down it’s electrochemical gradient
Length one step of a motor makes
One event makes tons of second messengers
The folded bits in the mitochondria
Protein that forms filaments for muscle contraction
Exchanges three sodium ions OUT and two potassium ions IN utilizing one ATP (ATP releases a P, becomes ADP, causes pump to open)
Maximum amount of force a motor can generate
Turn things off
Top of “hump” in energy diagram of reaction
Makes branch points on actin filaments and nucleates new filament growth.
Altered vision and confusion
Basic subunit for filaments
Proteins that transport solutes together
Small molecules that convey the message from the receptor to the cell interior.
Monomer buffer
Connecting a hormone to a very specific effector
What enzymes act upon
Type of drugs that treat cancer
What SOD converts superoxide into
Due to multiple copies of a gene the effect of a gene can be enhanced
Force x distance
A temporary protrusion of the surface of an ameboid cell for movement and feeding
A motor is called this if it can walk continuously along a filament without falling off
Binds and hydrolyzes GTP
Oxidizes proteins in a more harmful and irreversible way
The beginning of chemical or physical changes at discrete points in a system. Helps the actin filaments start growing.
Allow specific solutes to cross membrane
Control where microtubules form and they bypass the time for nucleation.
Stacking by alternating between alpha and beta tubulins
Using RNA as a template for making protein
Molecular sized apparatus that converts energy to work
Acts on ATP to strip off two phosphates turning it into cAMP
Microtubule based motors that are mostly plus-end directed
What is DAG?
Speed of movement
New growth off of the main actin filament
Amount of time spent generating force
Load bearing filaments
Dynein that is used for cilliary and flagellar motion
Allows a reaction to go faster
Form the tonofilaments of epithelia, found in skin and hair
Elimination of toxins
Protein changes its shape in a way to where it no longer functions
Normal though harmful byproduct of oxidative metabolism
Dynein that is used for cargo transport
Key activator of Arp2/3 that is itself activated by G protein coupled receptors.
Interacts with hormone; determines ligand specificity
Copying DNA into RNA
Any device that changes some measurable quantity into another measurable quantity
Feeling of motion (spinning)
Portion that is connected to filament
Causes disassembly of microtubules
Double membrane around the nucleus
Incorrect tracking of the eye
Energy bearing compound
Made of actin and actin-binding proteins, responsible for cell shape, contraction, motility, and cellular transport
Stabilize nerve axons by maintaining girth
Any of various pathologic changes seen in living organisms in response to excessive levels of cytotoxic oxidants and free radicals in the environment.
Growth by the addition of monomers
Plus-end directed, toward the periphery
Other proteins or molecules that are necessary to keep the enzyme activated
Away from the middle
What does cAMP activate?
Break protein chains through hydrolysis (breaking apart water)
Where a specific kind of RNA (ribosomal) is being made
“Hump” to get over on its way to lower energy
Two different proteins stuck together
Handles Oxidative stress in the body.
Lend lateral strength to tissues, stable, they are not polar
Something that binds to a receptor
Notable example of MTOC
Monomer concentration [m] at which the rate of monomer addition equals the rate of monomer loss.
Soda straw tubes, made out of tubulins, used for intracellular transport. Very stiff, grow from the + end
Relates time to the mean squared distance traveled
What is cAMP?
Protein constituents know how to orient themselves to create the cytoskeleton via long filaments
Same enzyme doing basically the same reaction but in a different way
A system that’s based in cytoskeleton of neurons that is responsible for transporting materials such as organelles, vesicles… etc.
Molecular motor that takes cargo to periphery of cell
Molecular motor that takes cargo to center of cell
A large chunk of the microtubule disassembles rapidly
Determines G protein specificity
A flattened extension of a cell, by which it moves over or adheres to a surface
Stabilizes microtubules, blocking cell division
Rate of using ATP
Turn things on
Too many copies of genes
A substance can be called this if you can put one wavelength in and get a different wavelength out
Breaking apart water (hydrolysis) in the process of breaking protein chains
What is IP3?
Shuttle that promotes nucleotide exchange
Faces outside world
Binds the relative cargo
Allow very specific ions to cross membranes by creating a channel/tunnel through the cell membrane
Proteins that exchange solutes
An assay with actin over myosin
Shut down mitosis
Cause unknown in terms of ALS
Faces inside world of body
The filling in the mitochondria

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments