Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

 plays        
How to Play
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Relates time to the mean squared distance traveled
Monomer buffer
Key activator of Arp2/3 that is itself activated by G protein coupled receptors.
Maximum amount of force a motor can generate
Notable example of MTOC
Twitching
Rate of using ATP
Lend lateral strength to tissues, stable, they are not polar
Made of actin and actin-binding proteins, responsible for cell shape, contraction, motility, and cellular transport
What does cAMP activate?
Stabilizes microtubules, blocking cell division
Binds the relative cargo
Growth by the addition of monomers
Inherited
Shuttle that promotes nucleotide exchange
The beginning of chemical or physical changes at discrete points in a system. Helps the actin filaments start growing.
Exchanges three sodium ions OUT and two potassium ions IN utilizing one ATP (ATP releases a P, becomes ADP, causes pump to open)
Molecular motor that takes cargo to periphery of cell
Due to multiple copies of a gene the effect of a gene can be enhanced
Handles Oxidative stress in the body.
A substance can be called this if you can put one wavelength in and get a different wavelength out
Faces inside world of body
Two different proteins stuck together
Elimination of toxins
Form the tonofilaments of epithelia, found in skin and hair
Portion that is connected to filament
Speed of movement
Copying DNA into RNA
A system that’s based in cytoskeleton of neurons that is responsible for transporting materials such as organelles, vesicles… etc.
Basic subunit for filaments
There is a limit as to how fast an enzyme can go; one substrate move in and products move out before the next substrate moves in
Microtubule based motors that are minus-end directed
What is DAG?
What SOD converts superoxide into
Dynein that is used for cilliary and flagellar motion
Dynein that is used for cargo transport
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Energy bearing compound
Proteins that transport solutes together
“Hump” to get over on its way to lower energy
Load bearing filaments
Microtubule based motors that are mostly plus-end directed
Control where microtubules form and they bypass the time for nucleation.
A temporary protrusion of the surface of an ameboid cell for movement and feeding
A motor is called this if it can walk continuously along a filament without falling off
Turn things off
Top of “hump” in energy diagram of reaction
Incorrect tracking of the eye
Monomer concentration [m] at which the rate of monomer addition equals the rate of monomer loss.
Allow very specific ions to cross membranes by creating a channel/tunnel through the cell membrane
Small molecules that convey the message from the receptor to the cell interior.
A flattened extension of a cell, by which it moves over or adheres to a surface
Interacts with hormone; determines ligand specificity
Proteins that exchange solutes
Molecular sized apparatus that converts energy to work
Molecular motor that takes cargo to center of cell
Stabilize nerve axons by maintaining girth
Allows a reaction to go faster
Length one step of a motor makes
Break protein chains through hydrolysis (breaking apart water)
One event makes tons of second messengers
Away from the middle
Breaking apart water (hydrolysis) in the process of breaking protein chains
What is Ca2+?
Determines G protein specificity
Too many copies of genes
Binds and hydrolyzes GTP
Acts on ATP to strip off two phosphates turning it into cAMP
Protein constituents know how to orient themselves to create the cytoskeleton via long filaments
The filling in the mitochondria
Double membrane around the nucleus
What enzymes act upon
Connecting a hormone to a very specific effector
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Any of various pathologic changes seen in living organisms in response to excessive levels of cytotoxic oxidants and free radicals in the environment.
Other proteins or molecules that are necessary to keep the enzyme activated
Shut down mitosis
Soda straw tubes, made out of tubulins, used for intracellular transport. Very stiff, grow from the + end
Faces outside world
Protein changes its shape in a way to where it no longer functions
Using RNA as a template for making protein
Normal though harmful byproduct of oxidative metabolism
Same enzyme doing basically the same reaction but in a different way
A large chunk of the microtubule disassembles rapidly
An assay with actin over myosin
Force x distance
Altered vision and confusion
Feeling of motion (spinning)
Protein that forms filaments for muscle contraction
New growth off of the main actin filament
What is IP3?
An assay with kinesin or dynein and microtubules
Turn things on
Accelerates the movement of a solute down it’s electrochemical gradient
Allow specific solutes to cross membrane
Any device that changes some measurable quantity into another measurable quantity
Oxidizes proteins in a more harmful and irreversible way
Makes branch points on actin filaments and nucleates new filament growth.
The folded bits in the mitochondria
Actin filament stabilizer; leads to liver failure if ingested.
Plus-end directed, toward the periphery
Where a specific kind of RNA (ribosomal) is being made
Stacking by alternating between alpha and beta tubulins
Type of drugs that treat cancer
Amount of time spent generating force
What is cAMP?
Cause unknown in terms of ALS
Something that binds to a receptor
Causes disassembly of microtubules

Friend Scores


  Player Best Score Plays Last Played
You You haven't played this game yet.

You Might Also Like...

Extras

Created Feb 13, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test