Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2?

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Stabilizes microtubules, blocking cell division
Acts on ATP to strip off two phosphates turning it into cAMP
A large chunk of the microtubule disassembles rapidly
Normal though harmful byproduct of oxidative metabolism
An assay with actin over myosin
Plus-end directed, toward the periphery
Allows a reaction to go faster
Causes disassembly of microtubules
Due to multiple copies of a gene the effect of a gene can be enhanced
What is DAG?
A temporary protrusion of the surface of an ameboid cell for movement and feeding
What SOD converts superoxide into
Dynein that is used for cilliary and flagellar motion
What is cAMP?
The beginning of chemical or physical changes at discrete points in a system. Helps the actin filaments start growing.
Form the tonofilaments of epithelia, found in skin and hair
Notable example of MTOC
Top of “hump” in energy diagram of reaction
Cause unknown in terms of ALS
Proteins that transport solutes together
A motor is called this if it can walk continuously along a filament without falling off
Key activator of Arp2/3 that is itself activated by G protein coupled receptors.
Microtubule based motors that are minus-end directed
Allow specific solutes to cross membrane
Accelerates the movement of a solute down it’s electrochemical gradient
Amount of time spent generating force
Shut down mitosis
Other proteins or molecules that are necessary to keep the enzyme activated
New growth off of the main actin filament
Altered vision and confusion
Made of actin and actin-binding proteins, responsible for cell shape, contraction, motility, and cellular transport
Monomer concentration [m] at which the rate of monomer addition equals the rate of monomer loss.
Monomer buffer
Binds and hydrolyzes GTP
Same enzyme doing basically the same reaction but in a different way
Faces inside world of body
What does cAMP activate?
Double membrane around the nucleus
Protein constituents know how to orient themselves to create the cytoskeleton via long filaments
Molecular sized apparatus that converts energy to work
Stabilize nerve axons by maintaining girth
Binds the relative cargo
Protein that forms filaments for muscle contraction
Faces outside world
Basic subunit for filaments
Interacts with hormone; determines ligand specificity
What is Ca2+?
Lend lateral strength to tissues, stable, they are not polar
Relates time to the mean squared distance traveled
Portion that is connected to filament
Too many copies of genes
There is a limit as to how fast an enzyme can go; one substrate move in and products move out before the next substrate moves in
Force x distance
Shuttle that promotes nucleotide exchange
Away from the middle
Any device that changes some measurable quantity into another measurable quantity
Break protein chains through hydrolysis (breaking apart water)
Breaking apart water (hydrolysis) in the process of breaking protein chains
Determines G protein specificity
Type of drugs that treat cancer
Dynein that is used for cargo transport
Where a specific kind of RNA (ribosomal) is being made
Small molecules that convey the message from the receptor to the cell interior.
Allow very specific ions to cross membranes by creating a channel/tunnel through the cell membrane
Control where microtubules form and they bypass the time for nucleation.
The filling in the mitochondria
Protein changes its shape in a way to where it no longer functions
Speed of movement
Maximum amount of force a motor can generate
Handles Oxidative stress in the body.
Proteins that exchange solutes
What is IP3?
Elimination of toxins
Microtubule based motors that are mostly plus-end directed
Incorrect tracking of the eye
An assay with kinesin or dynein and microtubules
Turn things on
Exchanges three sodium ions OUT and two potassium ions IN utilizing one ATP (ATP releases a P, becomes ADP, causes pump to open)
“Hump” to get over on its way to lower energy
Load bearing filaments
One event makes tons of second messengers
A system that’s based in cytoskeleton of neurons that is responsible for transporting materials such as organelles, vesicles… etc.
Any of various pathologic changes seen in living organisms in response to excessive levels of cytotoxic oxidants and free radicals in the environment.
Copying DNA into RNA
Makes branch points on actin filaments and nucleates new filament growth.
A flattened extension of a cell, by which it moves over or adheres to a surface
What enzymes act upon
Length one step of a motor makes
Feeling of motion (spinning)
Something that binds to a receptor
Stacking by alternating between alpha and beta tubulins
Rate of using ATP
Energy bearing compound
Actin filament stabilizer; leads to liver failure if ingested.
A substance can be called this if you can put one wavelength in and get a different wavelength out
The folded bits in the mitochondria
Molecular motor that takes cargo to center of cell
Using RNA as a template for making protein
Soda straw tubes, made out of tubulins, used for intracellular transport. Very stiff, grow from the + end
Connecting a hormone to a very specific effector
Two different proteins stuck together
Molecular motor that takes cargo to periphery of cell
Turn things off
Growth by the addition of monomers
Oxidizes proteins in a more harmful and irreversible way

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