Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2?

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Causes disassembly of microtubules
Break protein chains through hydrolysis (breaking apart water)
Two different proteins stuck together
What does cAMP activate?
Microtubule based motors that are mostly plus-end directed
Elimination of toxins
One event makes tons of second messengers
Proteins that exchange solutes
Small molecules that convey the message from the receptor to the cell interior.
Using RNA as a template for making protein
Energy bearing compound
Molecular motor that takes cargo to center of cell
Altered vision and confusion
A motor is called this if it can walk continuously along a filament without falling off
An assay with kinesin or dynein and microtubules
Molecular motor that takes cargo to periphery of cell
Something that binds to a receptor
Faces outside world
Handles Oxidative stress in the body.
Stacking by alternating between alpha and beta tubulins
Same enzyme doing basically the same reaction but in a different way
What enzymes act upon
New growth off of the main actin filament
Control where microtubules form and they bypass the time for nucleation.
Growth by the addition of monomers
What SOD converts superoxide into
Any of various pathologic changes seen in living organisms in response to excessive levels of cytotoxic oxidants and free radicals in the environment.
Molecular sized apparatus that converts energy to work
Rate of using ATP
What is Ca2+?
Soda straw tubes, made out of tubulins, used for intracellular transport. Very stiff, grow from the + end
Type of drugs that treat cancer
Protein that forms filaments for muscle contraction
An assay with actin over myosin
Form the tonofilaments of epithelia, found in skin and hair
Feeling of motion (spinning)
Basic subunit for filaments
Monomer concentration [m] at which the rate of monomer addition equals the rate of monomer loss.
What is DAG?
Allow specific solutes to cross membrane
A large chunk of the microtubule disassembles rapidly
Notable example of MTOC
What is IP3?
Protein constituents know how to orient themselves to create the cytoskeleton via long filaments
Portion that is connected to filament
Makes branch points on actin filaments and nucleates new filament growth.
Turn things on
Double membrane around the nucleus
Stabilize nerve axons by maintaining girth
“Hump” to get over on its way to lower energy
Speed of movement
Allow very specific ions to cross membranes by creating a channel/tunnel through the cell membrane
Microtubule based motors that are minus-end directed
Where a specific kind of RNA (ribosomal) is being made
Amount of time spent generating force
Load bearing filaments
Acts on ATP to strip off two phosphates turning it into cAMP
Copying DNA into RNA
Too many copies of genes
There is a limit as to how fast an enzyme can go; one substrate move in and products move out before the next substrate moves in
Allows a reaction to go faster
Made of actin and actin-binding proteins, responsible for cell shape, contraction, motility, and cellular transport
Determines G protein specificity
Length one step of a motor makes
Connecting a hormone to a very specific effector
Dynein that is used for cargo transport
Interacts with hormone; determines ligand specificity
Shut down mitosis
Cause unknown in terms of ALS
The folded bits in the mitochondria
Stabilizes microtubules, blocking cell division
A flattened extension of a cell, by which it moves over or adheres to a surface
A temporary protrusion of the surface of an ameboid cell for movement and feeding
Other proteins or molecules that are necessary to keep the enzyme activated
Exchanges three sodium ions OUT and two potassium ions IN utilizing one ATP (ATP releases a P, becomes ADP, causes pump to open)
Relates time to the mean squared distance traveled
Protein changes its shape in a way to where it no longer functions
Dynein that is used for cilliary and flagellar motion
The beginning of chemical or physical changes at discrete points in a system. Helps the actin filaments start growing.
Away from the middle
Actin filament stabilizer; leads to liver failure if ingested.
Lend lateral strength to tissues, stable, they are not polar
Incorrect tracking of the eye
The filling in the mitochondria
Top of “hump” in energy diagram of reaction
Normal though harmful byproduct of oxidative metabolism
Turn things off
Accelerates the movement of a solute down it’s electrochemical gradient
Shuttle that promotes nucleotide exchange
Due to multiple copies of a gene the effect of a gene can be enhanced
Faces inside world of body
Breaking apart water (hydrolysis) in the process of breaking protein chains
What is cAMP?
Key activator of Arp2/3 that is itself activated by G protein coupled receptors.
Binds and hydrolyzes GTP
Oxidizes proteins in a more harmful and irreversible way
Force x distance
Any device that changes some measurable quantity into another measurable quantity
A substance can be called this if you can put one wavelength in and get a different wavelength out
Monomer buffer
Binds the relative cargo
A system that’s based in cytoskeleton of neurons that is responsible for transporting materials such as organelles, vesicles… etc.
Plus-end directed, toward the periphery
Maximum amount of force a motor can generate
Proteins that transport solutes together

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