Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

 plays        
How to Play
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
The beginning of chemical or physical changes at discrete points in a system. Helps the actin filaments start growing.
Basic subunit for filaments
Cause unknown in terms of ALS
A system that’s based in cytoskeleton of neurons that is responsible for transporting materials such as organelles, vesicles… etc.
What enzymes act upon
Inherited
Shut down mitosis
Exchanges three sodium ions OUT and two potassium ions IN utilizing one ATP (ATP releases a P, becomes ADP, causes pump to open)
Rate of using ATP
Accelerates the movement of a solute down it’s electrochemical gradient
What is IP3?
What is DAG?
Protein that forms filaments for muscle contraction
Protein changes its shape in a way to where it no longer functions
Something that binds to a receptor
New growth off of the main actin filament
Molecular motor that takes cargo to periphery of cell
An assay with actin over myosin
Speed of movement
Key activator of Arp2/3 that is itself activated by G protein coupled receptors.
Shuttle that promotes nucleotide exchange
Allow specific solutes to cross membrane
The filling in the mitochondria
Interacts with hormone; determines ligand specificity
Form the tonofilaments of epithelia, found in skin and hair
Any of various pathologic changes seen in living organisms in response to excessive levels of cytotoxic oxidants and free radicals in the environment.
Two different proteins stuck together
Allow very specific ions to cross membranes by creating a channel/tunnel through the cell membrane
Protein constituents know how to orient themselves to create the cytoskeleton via long filaments
A temporary protrusion of the surface of an ameboid cell for movement and feeding
Molecular sized apparatus that converts energy to work
Lend lateral strength to tissues, stable, they are not polar
Load bearing filaments
Oxidizes proteins in a more harmful and irreversible way
Twitching
“Hump” to get over on its way to lower energy
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Binds the relative cargo
Elimination of toxins
A substance can be called this if you can put one wavelength in and get a different wavelength out
Too many copies of genes
Stacking by alternating between alpha and beta tubulins
A large chunk of the microtubule disassembles rapidly
Notable example of MTOC
Type of drugs that treat cancer
Portion that is connected to filament
Monomer buffer
Amount of time spent generating force
Allows a reaction to go faster
Length one step of a motor makes
Away from the middle
What does cAMP activate?
What is cAMP?
Feeling of motion (spinning)
Soda straw tubes, made out of tubulins, used for intracellular transport. Very stiff, grow from the + end
Dynein that is used for cargo transport
Plus-end directed, toward the periphery
Actin filament stabilizer; leads to liver failure if ingested.
What is Ca2+?
Maximum amount of force a motor can generate
Incorrect tracking of the eye
Growth by the addition of monomers
Connecting a hormone to a very specific effector
Double membrane around the nucleus
Top of “hump” in energy diagram of reaction
Binds and hydrolyzes GTP
Other proteins or molecules that are necessary to keep the enzyme activated
Control where microtubules form and they bypass the time for nucleation.
Breaking apart water (hydrolysis) in the process of breaking protein chains
Turn things off
Faces inside world of body
Monomer concentration [m] at which the rate of monomer addition equals the rate of monomer loss.
Any device that changes some measurable quantity into another measurable quantity
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Dynein that is used for cilliary and flagellar motion
An assay with kinesin or dynein and microtubules
Due to multiple copies of a gene the effect of a gene can be enhanced
Small molecules that convey the message from the receptor to the cell interior.
Made of actin and actin-binding proteins, responsible for cell shape, contraction, motility, and cellular transport
Faces outside world
A flattened extension of a cell, by which it moves over or adheres to a surface
Acts on ATP to strip off two phosphates turning it into cAMP
Proteins that transport solutes together
Makes branch points on actin filaments and nucleates new filament growth.
Causes disassembly of microtubules
Turn things on
Force x distance
Determines G protein specificity
Handles Oxidative stress in the body.
Same enzyme doing basically the same reaction but in a different way
Microtubule based motors that are mostly plus-end directed
Stabilize nerve axons by maintaining girth
Break protein chains through hydrolysis (breaking apart water)
Microtubule based motors that are minus-end directed
Molecular motor that takes cargo to center of cell
Proteins that exchange solutes
Normal though harmful byproduct of oxidative metabolism
Stabilizes microtubules, blocking cell division
One event makes tons of second messengers
Using RNA as a template for making protein
Altered vision and confusion
Copying DNA into RNA
There is a limit as to how fast an enzyme can go; one substrate move in and products move out before the next substrate moves in
A motor is called this if it can walk continuously along a filament without falling off
Relates time to the mean squared distance traveled
Where a specific kind of RNA (ribosomal) is being made
The folded bits in the mitochondria
Energy bearing compound
What SOD converts superoxide into

Friend Scores


  Player Best Score Plays Last Played
You You haven't played this game yet.

You Might Also Like...

Extras

Created Feb 13, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, molecular, term, test