Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 1

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the terms for Test 1?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Barrier to the transport of larger molecules especially ones that are polar or charged.
Leave the tissue to become mast cells. Release substances that increase vascular permeability and recruit other immune cells – inflammation.Highly granular
Taking functions & packing them into one defined region Function of membrane, raises concentrations (need for reactions)
Proteins that pass all the way through the plasma membrane.
Neuron that prevents motor neuron activity
Condition in which you fail to make or respond to insulin
A state of 'suspended animation' that some bacteria can adopt when conditions are not ideal for growth. They are analogous to plant seeds and can germinate into growing bacteria wh
The ejection of mucus, sputum, or fluids from the trachea and lungs by coughing or spitting.
Lack of blood flow
Proteins that are bound to the outside of the plasma membrane but not a part of it. (like to sit on bilayer)
Blocking of exocrine pancreatic ducts
Imply separate proteins that are stuck to one another and work together; one such protein is a _______ of the assembly.
Muscles completely lose contractability
Inhibitor that binds to the active site.
Energy from ATP hydrolysis is used directly by the transporter to move a substance
White Blood cells responsible for the immune response of the body.
The process of pushing through the blood vessel wall into the tissue
Causing diarrhea
Molecule used for communcationExample: NO
Membrane proteins that bind to one another and help pull vesicle and cell membranes together.
Activated by cGMP in order to phosphorylate proteins
Reduced or deficient ventilation of the lungs, resulting in reduced aeration of blood in the lungs and an increased level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Noncompetitive inhibitor binds to somewhere besides the active site altering the shape of the enzyme.
Adding/removing groups or cleaving bonds
One substrate aids or impedes catalysis by another, implying multiple catalytic subunits
Difficulty breathing
Lethal dose for 50% of the population
Specific leukotriene responsible for the problems of asthma
Energy from an electrochemical gradient is used to drive the transport of another
Proteins embedded in the plasma membrane.
Lining of the gut that absorbs nutrients from digested food.
Cause of disease.
Any of the minute branches into which a bronchus divides, lead to alveoli.
Rate at saturation for 1 enzyme molecule (reactions catalyzed per second per molecule)
Small proteins released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells.
The total number of cases of a disease in a given population for a given year.
Enzyme found in basophils that converts Arachidonic acid into Leukotriene A4
Cells with a true distinct nucleus; i.e. multicellular organisms
Process by which vesicles full of crystalline structures, granules, go through exocytosis, dumping their contents to the outside.These granules are toxic to eukaryotic, multicellular organisms, and recruit additional white blood cells (cytokines)
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (cGMP) is what?
Enzyme that transfers groups
How many Ca2+ can you transport with one ATP under typical conditions?Intracellular Calcium = .1 uM; Extracellular calcium = 1 mM
Enzyme that cleaves synaptobrevin in the middle
Build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood produces a shift in the body's pH balance and causes the body's system to become more acidic.Caused by hypoventilation
The extent or rate of occurrence, especially the number of new cases of a disease in a population over a period of time.
Proteins that are covalently bound to a phospholipid on the exterior of the plasma membrane. (can flow along surface, but never leave)
Add phosphates to proteins
Passive or facilitated. Dispersion due to random thermal motion.
Inhibits G Proteins
Less Hydrogens bound to carbons in fatty acids. Causing double or triple bonds which lead to kinks in the chain.
One protein binds to another, thereby activating the enzymatic activity of one of them.
Pertaining to cilia on mucus covered surfaces
Most deadly toxins in the world. Cleave synaptobrevin.
The addition of ADP-Ribose to the alpha subunit of the G protein, which turns the phosphorylation of GTP off
Suffix; too many
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from vesicle membrane
The use of light measurements to measure how dark something is.
Process of transferring a ribosyl group
Part of an enzyme that is used for lowering the activation energy for a particular reaction
A G protein inhibitor that increased secretion of water in the intestine, which can produce massive diarrhea.
Low blood pressure
Form of transport, Primary or Secondary, requires energy.
Cells way of taking in material by forming vesicles with outside fluid inside of them.
ΔG for ATP Hydrolysis
Having one dominant and one recessive form of a gene
Inside of the bronchioles
What is Cysteine?
Reduction of oxygen supply to a tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood.
Producing, i.e. they will regenerate their secretory granulesin reference to Eosinophils
Substances released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells; generic term.
Outer layer, can refer to skin or the inside of the intestines…etc.
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from the cell membrane
The vSNARE found in synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitters.
Generally involved in attacks on parasites and multicellular organisms. Distinct Golgi, distinctive granules, normally few in the circulation.
Enzyme that stores or passes electrons
A condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.
Protein that allows chlorine to flow into/out of the cell membrane
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Suffix; too few
Enzyme that breaks water bonds
The attraction of leukocytes by chemical means.
Enzyme that removes Phosphate groups
Modifications that occur after the proteins are translated from RNA
Mucus and “bad stuff”
Main costs associated with a given disease. (hospitalization, eppipins) Not including lost income from not being able to work…etc.
Neurons responsible for movement.
What is Arginine?
The likely course of a disease or ailment
Cells that wait for a trigger to release their contents through the process of degranulation.
Rigid contraction paralysis.
Cells without a true distinct nucleus; i.e. bacteria
The addition of a phosphate group
Inside of the lumen (hollow organ)
Promote white cell homing - eosinophils in particular, increased vascular permeability, giving rise to edema, bronchiole constriction due to smooth muscle contraction,and mucus secretion by respiratory epithelial cells.
Keep membranes fluid at low temperatures and reduces fluidity at high temperatures.
Control of function in some way
Chloride Channel that is faulty in Cystic Fibrosis
Typically -70mV, measured inside relative to outside
Lack of blood flow from low blood volume
Structurally and functionally distinct regions of a single protein.
Smaller portion of the toxin. Important part.
Biological catalysts
Acid that is converted into leukotriene A4 by lipoxygenaseCritical in development (pathogenesis) of asthma (attacks)
Enzyme that converts cGMP and cAMP back into their respective counterparts
Substrate concentration that gives ½ maximal velocity, units of Concentration
Guanylyl Cyclase is what type of enzyme?
Inhibitor that binds to an alternate site to change the conformation of the enzyme.
Property of blood capillary walls that allows for the selective exchange of substances.
The progression of the disease
Inflamation of the joints
Physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.Caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Associated with cold temperatures, heart failure, lung diseases, and smothering
Part of an enzyme that serves to bind to an inhibitor in order to regulate the catalytic domain
Rate at saturation for a given enzyme concentration in moles per unit time.
A layer of cells that lines the inside of certain body cavities, for example, blood vessels.
Any of various phosphorous-containing lipids that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments