Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 1

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Can you name the terms for Test 1?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
The vSNARE found in synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitters.
Rate at saturation for a given enzyme concentration in moles per unit time.
Cells way of taking in material by forming vesicles with outside fluid inside of them.
Enzyme found in basophils that converts Arachidonic acid into Leukotriene A4
Imply separate proteins that are stuck to one another and work together; one such protein is a _______ of the assembly.
Rigid contraction paralysis.
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from vesicle membrane
Build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood produces a shift in the body's pH balance and causes the body's system to become more acidic.Caused by hypoventilation
Muscles completely lose contractability
Smaller portion of the toxin. Important part.
Energy from ATP hydrolysis is used directly by the transporter to move a substance
Inhibitor that binds to an alternate site to change the conformation of the enzyme.
The process of pushing through the blood vessel wall into the tissue
Cells that wait for a trigger to release their contents through the process of degranulation.
Producing, i.e. they will regenerate their secretory granulesin reference to Eosinophils
Enzyme that converts cGMP and cAMP back into their respective counterparts
Less Hydrogens bound to carbons in fatty acids. Causing double or triple bonds which lead to kinks in the chain.
Small proteins released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells.
Typically -70mV, measured inside relative to outside
Control of function in some way
How many Ca2+ can you transport with one ATP under typical conditions?Intracellular Calcium = .1 uM; Extracellular calcium = 1 mM
The addition of a phosphate group
Proteins embedded in the plasma membrane.
The addition of ADP-Ribose to the alpha subunit of the G protein, which turns the phosphorylation of GTP off
Rate at saturation for 1 enzyme molecule (reactions catalyzed per second per molecule)
Mucus and “bad stuff”
Recurring
Difficulty breathing
Substrate concentration that gives ½ maximal velocity, units of Concentration
Most deadly toxins in the world. Cleave synaptobrevin.
Lack of blood flow
Enzyme that breaks water bonds
The use of light measurements to measure how dark something is.
Enzyme that stores or passes electrons
Cells with a true distinct nucleus; i.e. multicellular organisms
Low blood pressure
Property of blood capillary walls that allows for the selective exchange of substances.
Inflamation of the joints
Structurally and functionally distinct regions of a single protein.
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Generally involved in attacks on parasites and multicellular organisms. Distinct Golgi, distinctive granules, normally few in the circulation.
Cause of disease.
Any of various phosphorous-containing lipids that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.
What is Cysteine?
The total number of cases of a disease in a given population for a given year.
Cells without a true distinct nucleus; i.e. bacteria
Proteins that are bound to the outside of the plasma membrane but not a part of it. (like to sit on bilayer)
Chloride Channel that is faulty in Cystic Fibrosis
Reduction of oxygen supply to a tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood.
Pertaining to cilia on mucus covered surfaces
Adding/removing groups or cleaving bonds
Lining of the gut that absorbs nutrients from digested food.
Suffix; too many
A layer of cells that lines the inside of certain body cavities, for example, blood vessels.
Molecule used for communcationExample: NO
Acid that is converted into leukotriene A4 by lipoxygenaseCritical in development (pathogenesis) of asthma (attacks)
Activated by cGMP in order to phosphorylate proteins
Having one dominant and one recessive form of a gene
Neurons responsible for movement.
One protein binds to another, thereby activating the enzymatic activity of one of them.
Enzyme that transfers groups
Protein that allows chlorine to flow into/out of the cell membrane
The ejection of mucus, sputum, or fluids from the trachea and lungs by coughing or spitting.
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from the cell membrane
Passive or facilitated. Dispersion due to random thermal motion.
Leave the tissue to become mast cells. Release substances that increase vascular permeability and recruit other immune cells – inflammation.Highly granular
A state of 'suspended animation' that some bacteria can adopt when conditions are not ideal for growth. They are analogous to plant seeds and can germinate into growing bacteria wh
Substances released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells; generic term.
Taking functions & packing them into one defined region Function of membrane, raises concentrations (need for reactions)
Lack of blood flow from low blood volume
Proteins that pass all the way through the plasma membrane.
The likely course of a disease or ailment
Reduced or deficient ventilation of the lungs, resulting in reduced aeration of blood in the lungs and an increased level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Form of transport, Primary or Secondary, requires energy.
The attraction of leukocytes by chemical means.
Outer layer, can refer to skin or the inside of the intestines…etc.
One substrate aids or impedes catalysis by another, implying multiple catalytic subunits
Neuron that prevents motor neuron activity
Specific leukotriene responsible for the problems of asthma
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Part of an enzyme that serves to bind to an inhibitor in order to regulate the catalytic domain
Noncompetitive inhibitor binds to somewhere besides the active site altering the shape of the enzyme.
Guanylyl Cyclase is what type of enzyme?
Lethal dose for 50% of the population
Inside of the bronchioles
Suffix; too few
Inside of the lumen (hollow organ)
Any of the minute branches into which a bronchus divides, lead to alveoli.
Energy from an electrochemical gradient is used to drive the transport of another
Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (cGMP) is what?
Inhibits G Proteins
Enzyme that removes Phosphate groups
Inhibitor that binds to the active site.
Causing diarrhea
Blocking of exocrine pancreatic ducts
Physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.Caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Associated with cold temperatures, heart failure, lung diseases, and smothering
What is Arginine?
The extent or rate of occurrence, especially the number of new cases of a disease in a population over a period of time.
Modifications that occur after the proteins are translated from RNA
Barrier to the transport of larger molecules especially ones that are polar or charged.
Biological catalysts
Enzyme that cleaves synaptobrevin in the middle
Process of transferring a ribosyl group
ΔG for ATP Hydrolysis
Membrane proteins that bind to one another and help pull vesicle and cell membranes together.
Part of an enzyme that is used for lowering the activation energy for a particular reaction
Add phosphates to proteins
Main costs associated with a given disease. (hospitalization, eppipins) Not including lost income from not being able to work…etc.
Keep membranes fluid at low temperatures and reduces fluidity at high temperatures.
Process by which vesicles full of crystalline structures, granules, go through exocytosis, dumping their contents to the outside.These granules are toxic to eukaryotic, multicellular organisms, and recruit additional white blood cells (cytokines)
A G protein inhibitor that increased secretion of water in the intestine, which can produce massive diarrhea.
Proteins that are covalently bound to a phospholipid on the exterior of the plasma membrane. (can flow along surface, but never leave)
Promote white cell homing - eosinophils in particular, increased vascular permeability, giving rise to edema, bronchiole constriction due to smooth muscle contraction,and mucus secretion by respiratory epithelial cells.
White Blood cells responsible for the immune response of the body.
Condition in which you fail to make or respond to insulin
The progression of the disease
A condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.

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