Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 1

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the terms for Test 1?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Also try: Magic Hexagon
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Low blood pressure
Cells that wait for a trigger to release their contents through the process of degranulation.
A state of 'suspended animation' that some bacteria can adopt when conditions are not ideal for growth. They are analogous to plant seeds and can germinate into growing bacteria wh
A G protein inhibitor that increased secretion of water in the intestine, which can produce massive diarrhea.
Inhibits G Proteins
Substances released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells; generic term.
Small proteins released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells.
Proteins that are covalently bound to a phospholipid on the exterior of the plasma membrane. (can flow along surface, but never leave)
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from the cell membrane
Cells with a true distinct nucleus; i.e. multicellular organisms
Imply separate proteins that are stuck to one another and work together; one such protein is a _______ of the assembly.
Barrier to the transport of larger molecules especially ones that are polar or charged.
Modifications that occur after the proteins are translated from RNA
Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (cGMP) is what?
Main costs associated with a given disease. (hospitalization, eppipins) Not including lost income from not being able to work…etc.
ΔG for ATP Hydrolysis
Inhibitor that binds to an alternate site to change the conformation of the enzyme.
Substrate concentration that gives ½ maximal velocity, units of Concentration
The total number of cases of a disease in a given population for a given year.
Most deadly toxins in the world. Cleave synaptobrevin.
Protein that allows chlorine to flow into/out of the cell membrane
Part of an enzyme that serves to bind to an inhibitor in order to regulate the catalytic domain
Lack of blood flow
The process of pushing through the blood vessel wall into the tissue
Enzyme found in basophils that converts Arachidonic acid into Leukotriene A4
Enzyme that removes Phosphate groups
Molecule used for communcationExample: NO
Enzyme that transfers groups
Activated by cGMP in order to phosphorylate proteins
The attraction of leukocytes by chemical means.
A condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.
Chloride Channel that is faulty in Cystic Fibrosis
Process of transferring a ribosyl group
Producing, i.e. they will regenerate their secretory granulesin reference to Eosinophils
Neuron that prevents motor neuron activity
Adding/removing groups or cleaving bonds
Part of an enzyme that is used for lowering the activation energy for a particular reaction
Condition in which you fail to make or respond to insulin
The addition of a phosphate group
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
One substrate aids or impedes catalysis by another, implying multiple catalytic subunits
Rigid contraction paralysis.
Enzyme that breaks water bonds
Outer layer, can refer to skin or the inside of the intestines…etc.
Lethal dose for 50% of the population
How many Ca2+ can you transport with one ATP under typical conditions?Intracellular Calcium = .1 uM; Extracellular calcium = 1 mM
Suffix; too few
Difficulty breathing
Biological catalysts
Cells without a true distinct nucleus; i.e. bacteria
Neurons responsible for movement.
A layer of cells that lines the inside of certain body cavities, for example, blood vessels.
The use of light measurements to measure how dark something is.
Enzyme that cleaves synaptobrevin in the middle
The progression of the disease
Muscles completely lose contractability
Process by which vesicles full of crystalline structures, granules, go through exocytosis, dumping their contents to the outside.These granules are toxic to eukaryotic, multicellular organisms, and recruit additional white blood cells (cytokines)
Proteins that are bound to the outside of the plasma membrane but not a part of it. (like to sit on bilayer)
The addition of ADP-Ribose to the alpha subunit of the G protein, which turns the phosphorylation of GTP off
Any of various phosphorous-containing lipids that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.
Add phosphates to proteins
Proteins embedded in the plasma membrane.
Any of the minute branches into which a bronchus divides, lead to alveoli.
Cause of disease.
The likely course of a disease or ailment
Cells way of taking in material by forming vesicles with outside fluid inside of them.
Inflamation of the joints
Typically -70mV, measured inside relative to outside
Mucus and “bad stuff”
One protein binds to another, thereby activating the enzymatic activity of one of them.
Inside of the bronchioles
Property of blood capillary walls that allows for the selective exchange of substances.
Rate at saturation for 1 enzyme molecule (reactions catalyzed per second per molecule)
Form of transport, Primary or Secondary, requires energy.
Smaller portion of the toxin. Important part.
Less Hydrogens bound to carbons in fatty acids. Causing double or triple bonds which lead to kinks in the chain.
Enzyme that stores or passes electrons
Having one dominant and one recessive form of a gene
What is Cysteine?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Keep membranes fluid at low temperatures and reduces fluidity at high temperatures.
The vSNARE found in synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitters.
Leave the tissue to become mast cells. Release substances that increase vascular permeability and recruit other immune cells – inflammation.Highly granular
Noncompetitive inhibitor binds to somewhere besides the active site altering the shape of the enzyme.
Proteins that pass all the way through the plasma membrane.
Inside of the lumen (hollow organ)
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from vesicle membrane
Energy from an electrochemical gradient is used to drive the transport of another
Generally involved in attacks on parasites and multicellular organisms. Distinct Golgi, distinctive granules, normally few in the circulation.
Build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood produces a shift in the body's pH balance and causes the body's system to become more acidic.Caused by hypoventilation
Physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.Caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Associated with cold temperatures, heart failure, lung diseases, and smothering
Structurally and functionally distinct regions of a single protein.
Enzyme that converts cGMP and cAMP back into their respective counterparts
Energy from ATP hydrolysis is used directly by the transporter to move a substance
The extent or rate of occurrence, especially the number of new cases of a disease in a population over a period of time.
Reduced or deficient ventilation of the lungs, resulting in reduced aeration of blood in the lungs and an increased level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Reduction of oxygen supply to a tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood.
The ejection of mucus, sputum, or fluids from the trachea and lungs by coughing or spitting.
Taking functions & packing them into one defined region Function of membrane, raises concentrations (need for reactions)
Specific leukotriene responsible for the problems of asthma
Pertaining to cilia on mucus covered surfaces
Passive or facilitated. Dispersion due to random thermal motion.
Lining of the gut that absorbs nutrients from digested food.
Rate at saturation for a given enzyme concentration in moles per unit time.
Lack of blood flow from low blood volume
Promote white cell homing - eosinophils in particular, increased vascular permeability, giving rise to edema, bronchiole constriction due to smooth muscle contraction,and mucus secretion by respiratory epithelial cells.
Acid that is converted into leukotriene A4 by lipoxygenaseCritical in development (pathogenesis) of asthma (attacks)
Guanylyl Cyclase is what type of enzyme?
White Blood cells responsible for the immune response of the body.
Control of function in some way
Inhibitor that binds to the active site.
What is Arginine?
Suffix; too many
Blocking of exocrine pancreatic ducts
Membrane proteins that bind to one another and help pull vesicle and cell membranes together.
Causing diarrhea

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.