Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 1

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Can you name the terms for Test 1?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
What is Arginine?
Proteins that are covalently bound to a phospholipid on the exterior of the plasma membrane. (can flow along surface, but never leave)
What is Cysteine?
Form of transport, Primary or Secondary, requires energy.
Neurons responsible for movement.
Difficulty breathing
Cells way of taking in material by forming vesicles with outside fluid inside of them.
Taking functions & packing them into one defined region Function of membrane, raises concentrations (need for reactions)
Less Hydrogens bound to carbons in fatty acids. Causing double or triple bonds which lead to kinks in the chain.
Condition in which you fail to make or respond to insulin
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from the cell membrane
Proteins embedded in the plasma membrane.
Outer layer, can refer to skin or the inside of the intestines…etc.
Part of an enzyme that is used for lowering the activation energy for a particular reaction
The vSNARE found in synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitters.
The progression of the disease
Inside of the bronchioles
Neuron that prevents motor neuron activity
Enzyme that transfers groups
Any of various phosphorous-containing lipids that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.
Substrate concentration that gives ½ maximal velocity, units of Concentration
Inhibitor that binds to an alternate site to change the conformation of the enzyme.
Rate at saturation for a given enzyme concentration in moles per unit time.
Guanylyl Cyclase is what type of enzyme?
Low blood pressure
Noncompetitive inhibitor binds to somewhere besides the active site altering the shape of the enzyme.
The likely course of a disease or ailment
Enzyme that breaks water bonds
The process of pushing through the blood vessel wall into the tissue
Inflamation of the joints
The extent or rate of occurrence, especially the number of new cases of a disease in a population over a period of time.
Acid that is converted into leukotriene A4 by lipoxygenaseCritical in development (pathogenesis) of asthma (attacks)
Imply separate proteins that are stuck to one another and work together; one such protein is a _______ of the assembly.
Chloride Channel that is faulty in Cystic Fibrosis
Rigid contraction paralysis.
One protein binds to another, thereby activating the enzymatic activity of one of them.
Producing, i.e. they will regenerate their secretory granulesin reference to Eosinophils
Cells that wait for a trigger to release their contents through the process of degranulation.
Passive or facilitated. Dispersion due to random thermal motion.
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Energy from an electrochemical gradient is used to drive the transport of another
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from vesicle membrane
How many Ca2+ can you transport with one ATP under typical conditions?Intracellular Calcium = .1 uM; Extracellular calcium = 1 mM
Suffix; too few
Part of an enzyme that serves to bind to an inhibitor in order to regulate the catalytic domain
The total number of cases of a disease in a given population for a given year.
Main costs associated with a given disease. (hospitalization, eppipins) Not including lost income from not being able to work…etc.
Control of function in some way
Property of blood capillary walls that allows for the selective exchange of substances.
ΔG for ATP Hydrolysis
Enzyme found in basophils that converts Arachidonic acid into Leukotriene A4
Promote white cell homing - eosinophils in particular, increased vascular permeability, giving rise to edema, bronchiole constriction due to smooth muscle contraction,and mucus secretion by respiratory epithelial cells.
Generally involved in attacks on parasites and multicellular organisms. Distinct Golgi, distinctive granules, normally few in the circulation.
Modifications that occur after the proteins are translated from RNA
The addition of a phosphate group
Biological catalysts
Lack of blood flow
Barrier to the transport of larger molecules especially ones that are polar or charged.
A condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.
Proteins that are bound to the outside of the plasma membrane but not a part of it. (like to sit on bilayer)
Causing diarrhea
Reduction of oxygen supply to a tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood.
Energy from ATP hydrolysis is used directly by the transporter to move a substance
Typically -70mV, measured inside relative to outside
Pertaining to cilia on mucus covered surfaces
Most deadly toxins in the world. Cleave synaptobrevin.
The attraction of leukocytes by chemical means.
Cause of disease.
White Blood cells responsible for the immune response of the body.
Suffix; too many
Process of transferring a ribosyl group
Lining of the gut that absorbs nutrients from digested food.
Smaller portion of the toxin. Important part.
The use of light measurements to measure how dark something is.
Small proteins released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells.
Mucus and “bad stuff”
Keep membranes fluid at low temperatures and reduces fluidity at high temperatures.
Having one dominant and one recessive form of a gene
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood produces a shift in the body's pH balance and causes the body's system to become more acidic.Caused by hypoventilation
The addition of ADP-Ribose to the alpha subunit of the G protein, which turns the phosphorylation of GTP off
Inhibits G Proteins
One substrate aids or impedes catalysis by another, implying multiple catalytic subunits
Lethal dose for 50% of the population
Activated by cGMP in order to phosphorylate proteins
Molecule used for communcationExample: NO
Substances released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells; generic term.
Enzyme that cleaves synaptobrevin in the middle
Proteins that pass all the way through the plasma membrane.
Muscles completely lose contractability
Lack of blood flow from low blood volume
Enzyme that converts cGMP and cAMP back into their respective counterparts
Leave the tissue to become mast cells. Release substances that increase vascular permeability and recruit other immune cells – inflammation.Highly granular
Add phosphates to proteins
Enzyme that stores or passes electrons
Membrane proteins that bind to one another and help pull vesicle and cell membranes together.
Cells with a true distinct nucleus; i.e. multicellular organisms
The ejection of mucus, sputum, or fluids from the trachea and lungs by coughing or spitting.
Rate at saturation for 1 enzyme molecule (reactions catalyzed per second per molecule)
A layer of cells that lines the inside of certain body cavities, for example, blood vessels.
Enzyme that removes Phosphate groups
Cells without a true distinct nucleus; i.e. bacteria
Process by which vesicles full of crystalline structures, granules, go through exocytosis, dumping their contents to the outside.These granules are toxic to eukaryotic, multicellular organisms, and recruit additional white blood cells (cytokines)
Inside of the lumen (hollow organ)
Inhibitor that binds to the active site.
Structurally and functionally distinct regions of a single protein.
Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (cGMP) is what?
A state of 'suspended animation' that some bacteria can adopt when conditions are not ideal for growth. They are analogous to plant seeds and can germinate into growing bacteria wh
Adding/removing groups or cleaving bonds
A G protein inhibitor that increased secretion of water in the intestine, which can produce massive diarrhea.
Any of the minute branches into which a bronchus divides, lead to alveoli.
Physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.Caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Associated with cold temperatures, heart failure, lung diseases, and smothering
Reduced or deficient ventilation of the lungs, resulting in reduced aeration of blood in the lungs and an increased level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Protein that allows chlorine to flow into/out of the cell membrane
Specific leukotriene responsible for the problems of asthma
Blocking of exocrine pancreatic ducts

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Created Feb 13, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, extra, molecular, term, test