Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 1

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Can you name the terms for Test 1?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Structurally and functionally distinct regions of a single protein.
Cells way of taking in material by forming vesicles with outside fluid inside of them.
How many Ca2+ can you transport with one ATP under typical conditions?Intracellular Calcium = .1 uM; Extracellular calcium = 1 mM
The likely course of a disease or ailment
Process by which vesicles full of crystalline structures, granules, go through exocytosis, dumping their contents to the outside.These granules are toxic to eukaryotic, multicellular organisms, and recruit additional white blood cells (cytokines)
Enzyme that transfers groups
Muscles completely lose contractability
Energy from an electrochemical gradient is used to drive the transport of another
Cells that wait for a trigger to release their contents through the process of degranulation.
Promote white cell homing - eosinophils in particular, increased vascular permeability, giving rise to edema, bronchiole constriction due to smooth muscle contraction,and mucus secretion by respiratory epithelial cells.
Inhibits G Proteins
Specific leukotriene responsible for the problems of asthma
Substrate concentration that gives ½ maximal velocity, units of Concentration
Keep membranes fluid at low temperatures and reduces fluidity at high temperatures.
Proteins that pass all the way through the plasma membrane.
The ejection of mucus, sputum, or fluids from the trachea and lungs by coughing or spitting.
Rigid contraction paralysis.
Chloride Channel that is faulty in Cystic Fibrosis
Biological catalysts
The addition of a phosphate group
A layer of cells that lines the inside of certain body cavities, for example, blood vessels.
Lack of blood flow
The use of light measurements to measure how dark something is.
Enzyme that removes Phosphate groups
Generally involved in attacks on parasites and multicellular organisms. Distinct Golgi, distinctive granules, normally few in the circulation.
The addition of ADP-Ribose to the alpha subunit of the G protein, which turns the phosphorylation of GTP off
Add phosphates to proteins
Form of transport, Primary or Secondary, requires energy.
Reduction of oxygen supply to a tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood.
Less Hydrogens bound to carbons in fatty acids. Causing double or triple bonds which lead to kinks in the chain.
Inside of the bronchioles
Barrier to the transport of larger molecules especially ones that are polar or charged.
White Blood cells responsible for the immune response of the body.
A condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.
The progression of the disease
Taking functions & packing them into one defined region Function of membrane, raises concentrations (need for reactions)
Lack of blood flow from low blood volume
Inside of the lumen (hollow organ)
Outer layer, can refer to skin or the inside of the intestines…etc.
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Inflamation of the joints
Enzyme that breaks water bonds
Cause of disease.
Molecule used for communcationExample: NO
Leave the tissue to become mast cells. Release substances that increase vascular permeability and recruit other immune cells – inflammation.Highly granular
Any of various phosphorous-containing lipids that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.
What is Cysteine?
Build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood produces a shift in the body's pH balance and causes the body's system to become more acidic.Caused by hypoventilation
Activated by cGMP in order to phosphorylate proteins
Any of the minute branches into which a bronchus divides, lead to alveoli.
Blocking of exocrine pancreatic ducts
Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (cGMP) is what?
Energy from ATP hydrolysis is used directly by the transporter to move a substance
Passive or facilitated. Dispersion due to random thermal motion.
Small proteins released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells.
Proteins that are bound to the outside of the plasma membrane but not a part of it. (like to sit on bilayer)
Smaller portion of the toxin. Important part.
Cells with a true distinct nucleus; i.e. multicellular organisms
A G protein inhibitor that increased secretion of water in the intestine, which can produce massive diarrhea.
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from vesicle membrane
What is Arginine?
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from the cell membrane
One substrate aids or impedes catalysis by another, implying multiple catalytic subunits
Suffix; too many
The extent or rate of occurrence, especially the number of new cases of a disease in a population over a period of time.
The vSNARE found in synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitters.
Part of an enzyme that serves to bind to an inhibitor in order to regulate the catalytic domain
Difficulty breathing
Low blood pressure
Noncompetitive inhibitor binds to somewhere besides the active site altering the shape of the enzyme.
Most deadly toxins in the world. Cleave synaptobrevin.
Reduced or deficient ventilation of the lungs, resulting in reduced aeration of blood in the lungs and an increased level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Process of transferring a ribosyl group
Enzyme that cleaves synaptobrevin in the middle
Causing diarrhea
Property of blood capillary walls that allows for the selective exchange of substances.
Neuron that prevents motor neuron activity
Rate at saturation for a given enzyme concentration in moles per unit time.
Mucus and “bad stuff”
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Substances released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells; generic term.
Proteins embedded in the plasma membrane.
Adding/removing groups or cleaving bonds
Suffix; too few
Typically -70mV, measured inside relative to outside
Cells without a true distinct nucleus; i.e. bacteria
Pertaining to cilia on mucus covered surfaces
One protein binds to another, thereby activating the enzymatic activity of one of them.
Control of function in some way
Proteins that are covalently bound to a phospholipid on the exterior of the plasma membrane. (can flow along surface, but never leave)
Part of an enzyme that is used for lowering the activation energy for a particular reaction
Main costs associated with a given disease. (hospitalization, eppipins) Not including lost income from not being able to work…etc.
Modifications that occur after the proteins are translated from RNA
Rate at saturation for 1 enzyme molecule (reactions catalyzed per second per molecule)
Guanylyl Cyclase is what type of enzyme?
Neurons responsible for movement.
Lethal dose for 50% of the population
The attraction of leukocytes by chemical means.
Condition in which you fail to make or respond to insulin
ΔG for ATP Hydrolysis
Acid that is converted into leukotriene A4 by lipoxygenaseCritical in development (pathogenesis) of asthma (attacks)
Enzyme that converts cGMP and cAMP back into their respective counterparts
Lining of the gut that absorbs nutrients from digested food.
Producing, i.e. they will regenerate their secretory granulesin reference to Eosinophils
A state of 'suspended animation' that some bacteria can adopt when conditions are not ideal for growth. They are analogous to plant seeds and can germinate into growing bacteria wh
The total number of cases of a disease in a given population for a given year.
Physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.Caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Associated with cold temperatures, heart failure, lung diseases, and smothering
The process of pushing through the blood vessel wall into the tissue
Protein that allows chlorine to flow into/out of the cell membrane
Inhibitor that binds to the active site.
Inhibitor that binds to an alternate site to change the conformation of the enzyme.
Having one dominant and one recessive form of a gene
Recurring
Enzyme found in basophils that converts Arachidonic acid into Leukotriene A4
Enzyme that stores or passes electrons
Membrane proteins that bind to one another and help pull vesicle and cell membranes together.
Imply separate proteins that are stuck to one another and work together; one such protein is a _______ of the assembly.

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Created Feb 13, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, extra, molecular, term, test