Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 1

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Can you name the terms for Test 1?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Suffix; too many
Biological catalysts
Lining of the gut that absorbs nutrients from digested food.
Control of function in some way
Keep membranes fluid at low temperatures and reduces fluidity at high temperatures.
Barrier to the transport of larger molecules especially ones that are polar or charged.
How many Ca2+ can you transport with one ATP under typical conditions?Intracellular Calcium = .1 uM; Extracellular calcium = 1 mM
Process of transferring a ribosyl group
The addition of ADP-Ribose to the alpha subunit of the G protein, which turns the phosphorylation of GTP off
Proteins that pass all the way through the plasma membrane.
Energy from an electrochemical gradient is used to drive the transport of another
Any of various phosphorous-containing lipids that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.
Condition in which you fail to make or respond to insulin
Suffix; too few
Molecule used for communcationExample: NO
Structurally and functionally distinct regions of a single protein.
Physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.Caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Associated with cold temperatures, heart failure, lung diseases, and smothering
Protein that allows chlorine to flow into/out of the cell membrane
Inhibitor that binds to the active site.
Promote white cell homing - eosinophils in particular, increased vascular permeability, giving rise to edema, bronchiole constriction due to smooth muscle contraction,and mucus secretion by respiratory epithelial cells.
The extent or rate of occurrence, especially the number of new cases of a disease in a population over a period of time.
Enzyme that cleaves synaptobrevin in the middle
The use of light measurements to measure how dark something is.
What is Arginine?
The progression of the disease
Mucus and “bad stuff”
Small proteins released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells.
Neuron that prevents motor neuron activity
The addition of a phosphate group
ΔG for ATP Hydrolysis
Cells with a true distinct nucleus; i.e. multicellular organisms
Difficulty breathing
Enzyme found in basophils that converts Arachidonic acid into Leukotriene A4
Any of the minute branches into which a bronchus divides, lead to alveoli.
The process of pushing through the blood vessel wall into the tissue
Lethal dose for 50% of the population
A layer of cells that lines the inside of certain body cavities, for example, blood vessels.
Energy from ATP hydrolysis is used directly by the transporter to move a substance
Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (cGMP) is what?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Process by which vesicles full of crystalline structures, granules, go through exocytosis, dumping their contents to the outside.These granules are toxic to eukaryotic, multicellular organisms, and recruit additional white blood cells (cytokines)
A condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.
Typically -70mV, measured inside relative to outside
Cause of disease.
Build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood produces a shift in the body's pH balance and causes the body's system to become more acidic.Caused by hypoventilation
Modifications that occur after the proteins are translated from RNA
Blocking of exocrine pancreatic ducts
What is Cysteine?
Part of an enzyme that is used for lowering the activation energy for a particular reaction
One protein binds to another, thereby activating the enzymatic activity of one of them.
Outer layer, can refer to skin or the inside of the intestines…etc.
Acid that is converted into leukotriene A4 by lipoxygenaseCritical in development (pathogenesis) of asthma (attacks)
Enzyme that stores or passes electrons
The attraction of leukocytes by chemical means.
Add phosphates to proteins
Causing diarrhea
White Blood cells responsible for the immune response of the body.
One substrate aids or impedes catalysis by another, implying multiple catalytic subunits
Reduced or deficient ventilation of the lungs, resulting in reduced aeration of blood in the lungs and an increased level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Having one dominant and one recessive form of a gene
Reduction of oxygen supply to a tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood.
Rigid contraction paralysis.
Passive or facilitated. Dispersion due to random thermal motion.
Part of an enzyme that serves to bind to an inhibitor in order to regulate the catalytic domain
Activated by cGMP in order to phosphorylate proteins
Inside of the lumen (hollow organ)
Membrane proteins that bind to one another and help pull vesicle and cell membranes together.
Smaller portion of the toxin. Important part.
Leave the tissue to become mast cells. Release substances that increase vascular permeability and recruit other immune cells – inflammation.Highly granular
Imply separate proteins that are stuck to one another and work together; one such protein is a _______ of the assembly.
Muscles completely lose contractability
Specific leukotriene responsible for the problems of asthma
Rate at saturation for a given enzyme concentration in moles per unit time.
Proteins that are covalently bound to a phospholipid on the exterior of the plasma membrane. (can flow along surface, but never leave)
Low blood pressure
The likely course of a disease or ailment
Producing, i.e. they will regenerate their secretory granulesin reference to Eosinophils
Enzyme that transfers groups
Taking functions & packing them into one defined region Function of membrane, raises concentrations (need for reactions)
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Form of transport, Primary or Secondary, requires energy.
Enzyme that converts cGMP and cAMP back into their respective counterparts
Chloride Channel that is faulty in Cystic Fibrosis
Inside of the bronchioles
Lack of blood flow from low blood volume
Substances released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells; generic term.
Cells way of taking in material by forming vesicles with outside fluid inside of them.
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from vesicle membrane
Most deadly toxins in the world. Cleave synaptobrevin.
Inhibits G Proteins
Property of blood capillary walls that allows for the selective exchange of substances.
The ejection of mucus, sputum, or fluids from the trachea and lungs by coughing or spitting.
Cells without a true distinct nucleus; i.e. bacteria
Rate at saturation for 1 enzyme molecule (reactions catalyzed per second per molecule)
Enzyme that breaks water bonds
Inhibitor that binds to an alternate site to change the conformation of the enzyme.
The vSNARE found in synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitters.
Proteins embedded in the plasma membrane.
Main costs associated with a given disease. (hospitalization, eppipins) Not including lost income from not being able to work…etc.
Guanylyl Cyclase is what type of enzyme?
Proteins that are bound to the outside of the plasma membrane but not a part of it. (like to sit on bilayer)
A state of 'suspended animation' that some bacteria can adopt when conditions are not ideal for growth. They are analogous to plant seeds and can germinate into growing bacteria wh
Less Hydrogens bound to carbons in fatty acids. Causing double or triple bonds which lead to kinks in the chain.
Noncompetitive inhibitor binds to somewhere besides the active site altering the shape of the enzyme.
Inflamation of the joints
Neurons responsible for movement.
Pertaining to cilia on mucus covered surfaces
Substrate concentration that gives ½ maximal velocity, units of Concentration
The total number of cases of a disease in a given population for a given year.
Cells that wait for a trigger to release their contents through the process of degranulation.
Adding/removing groups or cleaving bonds
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from the cell membrane
Lack of blood flow
A G protein inhibitor that increased secretion of water in the intestine, which can produce massive diarrhea.
Generally involved in attacks on parasites and multicellular organisms. Distinct Golgi, distinctive granules, normally few in the circulation.
Enzyme that removes Phosphate groups

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Created Feb 13, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, extra, molecular, term, test