Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 1

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Can you name the terms for Test 1?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Lethal dose for 50% of the population
Inhibitor that binds to an alternate site to change the conformation of the enzyme.
A state of 'suspended animation' that some bacteria can adopt when conditions are not ideal for growth. They are analogous to plant seeds and can germinate into growing bacteria wh
Noncompetitive inhibitor binds to somewhere besides the active site altering the shape of the enzyme.
A layer of cells that lines the inside of certain body cavities, for example, blood vessels.
Cells with a true distinct nucleus; i.e. multicellular organisms
What is Arginine?
Control of function in some way
The attraction of leukocytes by chemical means.
Barrier to the transport of larger molecules especially ones that are polar or charged.
Cause of disease.
The addition of ADP-Ribose to the alpha subunit of the G protein, which turns the phosphorylation of GTP off
Part of an enzyme that is used for lowering the activation energy for a particular reaction
Enzyme that transfers groups
The ejection of mucus, sputum, or fluids from the trachea and lungs by coughing or spitting.
Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (cGMP) is what?
Energy from ATP hydrolysis is used directly by the transporter to move a substance
Substances released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells; generic term.
Promote white cell homing - eosinophils in particular, increased vascular permeability, giving rise to edema, bronchiole constriction due to smooth muscle contraction,and mucus secretion by respiratory epithelial cells.
Enzyme found in basophils that converts Arachidonic acid into Leukotriene A4
The process of pushing through the blood vessel wall into the tissue
Enzyme that converts cGMP and cAMP back into their respective counterparts
Imply separate proteins that are stuck to one another and work together; one such protein is a _______ of the assembly.
Inhibits G Proteins
Small proteins released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells.
Proteins embedded in the plasma membrane.
Inside of the lumen (hollow organ)
Causing diarrhea
One protein binds to another, thereby activating the enzymatic activity of one of them.
Taking functions & packing them into one defined region Function of membrane, raises concentrations (need for reactions)
Lack of blood flow
Inflamation of the joints
Enzyme that breaks water bonds
Cells way of taking in material by forming vesicles with outside fluid inside of them.
Leave the tissue to become mast cells. Release substances that increase vascular permeability and recruit other immune cells – inflammation.Highly granular
Blocking of exocrine pancreatic ducts
Difficulty breathing
The total number of cases of a disease in a given population for a given year.
Activated by cGMP in order to phosphorylate proteins
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Having one dominant and one recessive form of a gene
Process of transferring a ribosyl group
Property of blood capillary walls that allows for the selective exchange of substances.
The vSNARE found in synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitters.
Reduced or deficient ventilation of the lungs, resulting in reduced aeration of blood in the lungs and an increased level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Outer layer, can refer to skin or the inside of the intestines…etc.
The use of light measurements to measure how dark something is.
Inside of the bronchioles
Suffix; too few
Substrate concentration that gives ½ maximal velocity, units of Concentration
Biological catalysts
Mucus and “bad stuff”
Rate at saturation for a given enzyme concentration in moles per unit time.
One substrate aids or impedes catalysis by another, implying multiple catalytic subunits
Form of transport, Primary or Secondary, requires energy.
Generally involved in attacks on parasites and multicellular organisms. Distinct Golgi, distinctive granules, normally few in the circulation.
The progression of the disease
Build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood produces a shift in the body's pH balance and causes the body's system to become more acidic.Caused by hypoventilation
Add phosphates to proteins
Structurally and functionally distinct regions of a single protein.
Neuron that prevents motor neuron activity
A G protein inhibitor that increased secretion of water in the intestine, which can produce massive diarrhea.
Keep membranes fluid at low temperatures and reduces fluidity at high temperatures.
Enzyme that removes Phosphate groups
The extent or rate of occurrence, especially the number of new cases of a disease in a population over a period of time.
Acid that is converted into leukotriene A4 by lipoxygenaseCritical in development (pathogenesis) of asthma (attacks)
What is Cysteine?
Inhibitor that binds to the active site.
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from the cell membrane
Membrane proteins that bind to one another and help pull vesicle and cell membranes together.
Energy from an electrochemical gradient is used to drive the transport of another
Suffix; too many
Main costs associated with a given disease. (hospitalization, eppipins) Not including lost income from not being able to work…etc.
Enzyme that stores or passes electrons
White Blood cells responsible for the immune response of the body.
Any of the minute branches into which a bronchus divides, lead to alveoli.
Enzyme that cleaves synaptobrevin in the middle
Condition in which you fail to make or respond to insulin
The likely course of a disease or ailment
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Passive or facilitated. Dispersion due to random thermal motion.
Rate at saturation for 1 enzyme molecule (reactions catalyzed per second per molecule)
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from vesicle membrane
Muscles completely lose contractability
Guanylyl Cyclase is what type of enzyme?
Proteins that pass all the way through the plasma membrane.
Less Hydrogens bound to carbons in fatty acids. Causing double or triple bonds which lead to kinks in the chain.
Pertaining to cilia on mucus covered surfaces
The addition of a phosphate group
Cells without a true distinct nucleus; i.e. bacteria
Physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.Caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Associated with cold temperatures, heart failure, lung diseases, and smothering
How many Ca2+ can you transport with one ATP under typical conditions?Intracellular Calcium = .1 uM; Extracellular calcium = 1 mM
Rigid contraction paralysis.
Chloride Channel that is faulty in Cystic Fibrosis
Modifications that occur after the proteins are translated from RNA
Adding/removing groups or cleaving bonds
A condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.
Specific leukotriene responsible for the problems of asthma
Part of an enzyme that serves to bind to an inhibitor in order to regulate the catalytic domain
Any of various phosphorous-containing lipids that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.
ΔG for ATP Hydrolysis
Lack of blood flow from low blood volume
Lining of the gut that absorbs nutrients from digested food.
Process by which vesicles full of crystalline structures, granules, go through exocytosis, dumping their contents to the outside.These granules are toxic to eukaryotic, multicellular organisms, and recruit additional white blood cells (cytokines)
Neurons responsible for movement.
Reduction of oxygen supply to a tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood.
Cells that wait for a trigger to release their contents through the process of degranulation.
Low blood pressure
Typically -70mV, measured inside relative to outside
Proteins that are bound to the outside of the plasma membrane but not a part of it. (like to sit on bilayer)
Protein that allows chlorine to flow into/out of the cell membrane
Molecule used for communcationExample: NO
Smaller portion of the toxin. Important part.
Producing, i.e. they will regenerate their secretory granulesin reference to Eosinophils
Most deadly toxins in the world. Cleave synaptobrevin.
Proteins that are covalently bound to a phospholipid on the exterior of the plasma membrane. (can flow along surface, but never leave)

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Created Feb 13, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:definition, cell, extra, molecular, term, test