Science / Cell and Molecular Bio Test 1 Part 1

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the terms for Test 1?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Inhibits G Proteins
Chloride Channel that is faulty in Cystic Fibrosis
Small proteins released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells.
Reduced or deficient ventilation of the lungs, resulting in reduced aeration of blood in the lungs and an increased level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Neurons responsible for movement.
Smaller portion of the toxin. Important part.
Inside of the lumen (hollow organ)
Promote white cell homing - eosinophils in particular, increased vascular permeability, giving rise to edema, bronchiole constriction due to smooth muscle contraction,and mucus secretion by respiratory epithelial cells.
Process of transferring a ribosyl group
Property of blood capillary walls that allows for the selective exchange of substances.
Substances released from cells that affect the behavior of neighboring cells; generic term.
Energy from ATP hydrolysis is used directly by the transporter to move a substance
Specific leukotriene responsible for the problems of asthma
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from vesicle membrane
What is Arginine?
Inhibitor that binds to an alternate site to change the conformation of the enzyme.
The addition of a phosphate group
Physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.Caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. Associated with cold temperatures, heart failure, lung diseases, and smothering
The process of pushing through the blood vessel wall into the tissue
Blocking of exocrine pancreatic ducts
Inhibitor that binds to the active site.
Cells with a true distinct nucleus; i.e. multicellular organisms
Form of transport, Primary or Secondary, requires energy.
Control of function in some way
Enzyme that converts cGMP and cAMP back into their respective counterparts
Low blood pressure
A condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.
Most deadly toxins in the world. Cleave synaptobrevin.
A G protein inhibitor that increased secretion of water in the intestine, which can produce massive diarrhea.
One protein binds to another, thereby activating the enzymatic activity of one of them.
Imply separate proteins that are stuck to one another and work together; one such protein is a _______ of the assembly.
Specific membrane protein that binds to each other and helps pull a vesicle and cell membrane together. Extends from the cell membrane
Cause of disease.
Generally involved in attacks on parasites and multicellular organisms. Distinct Golgi, distinctive granules, normally few in the circulation.
Rate at saturation for 1 enzyme molecule (reactions catalyzed per second per molecule)
Muscles completely lose contractability
Proteins that are bound to the outside of the plasma membrane but not a part of it. (like to sit on bilayer)
Membrane proteins that bind to one another and help pull vesicle and cell membranes together.
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
How many Ca2+ can you transport with one ATP under typical conditions?Intracellular Calcium = .1 uM; Extracellular calcium = 1 mM
Enzyme that stores or passes electrons
Causing diarrhea
Process by which vesicles full of crystalline structures, granules, go through exocytosis, dumping their contents to the outside.These granules are toxic to eukaryotic, multicellular organisms, and recruit additional white blood cells (cytokines)
Cells without a true distinct nucleus; i.e. bacteria
Pertaining to cilia on mucus covered surfaces
Mucus and “bad stuff”
Proteins that pass all the way through the plasma membrane.
Leave the tissue to become mast cells. Release substances that increase vascular permeability and recruit other immune cells – inflammation.Highly granular
Outer layer, can refer to skin or the inside of the intestines…etc.
ΔG for ATP Hydrolysis
Keep membranes fluid at low temperatures and reduces fluidity at high temperatures.
Rate at saturation for a given enzyme concentration in moles per unit time.
What is Cysteine?
The ejection of mucus, sputum, or fluids from the trachea and lungs by coughing or spitting.
Cells that wait for a trigger to release their contents through the process of degranulation.
Main costs associated with a given disease. (hospitalization, eppipins) Not including lost income from not being able to work…etc.
The use of light measurements to measure how dark something is.
Suffix; too few
Enzyme that transfers groups
The total number of cases of a disease in a given population for a given year.
The progression of the disease
Less Hydrogens bound to carbons in fatty acids. Causing double or triple bonds which lead to kinks in the chain.
Having one dominant and one recessive form of a gene
Acid that is converted into leukotriene A4 by lipoxygenaseCritical in development (pathogenesis) of asthma (attacks)
Substrate concentration that gives ½ maximal velocity, units of Concentration
White Blood cells responsible for the immune response of the body.
Cells way of taking in material by forming vesicles with outside fluid inside of them.
Structurally and functionally distinct regions of a single protein.
Part of an enzyme that serves to bind to an inhibitor in order to regulate the catalytic domain
Lack of blood flow from low blood volume
Energy from an electrochemical gradient is used to drive the transport of another
Activated by cGMP in order to phosphorylate proteins
The attraction of leukocytes by chemical means.
Proteins embedded in the plasma membrane.
Inflamation of the joints
The likely course of a disease or ailment
Noncompetitive inhibitor binds to somewhere besides the active site altering the shape of the enzyme.
Part of an enzyme that is used for lowering the activation energy for a particular reaction
Question/DefinitionAnswer/TermExtra Info
Taking functions & packing them into one defined region Function of membrane, raises concentrations (need for reactions)
Add phosphates to proteins
Enzyme that cleaves synaptobrevin in the middle
Proteins that are covalently bound to a phospholipid on the exterior of the plasma membrane. (can flow along surface, but never leave)
Difficulty breathing
A state of 'suspended animation' that some bacteria can adopt when conditions are not ideal for growth. They are analogous to plant seeds and can germinate into growing bacteria wh
Any of various phosphorous-containing lipids that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.
The vSNARE found in synaptic vesicles containing neurotransmitters.
Modifications that occur after the proteins are translated from RNA
Neuron that prevents motor neuron activity
Adding/removing groups or cleaving bonds
Protein that allows chlorine to flow into/out of the cell membrane
Passive or facilitated. Dispersion due to random thermal motion.
Lining of the gut that absorbs nutrients from digested food.
Rigid contraction paralysis.
Any of the minute branches into which a bronchus divides, lead to alveoli.
A layer of cells that lines the inside of certain body cavities, for example, blood vessels.
Enzyme that removes Phosphate groups
Lethal dose for 50% of the population
Reduction of oxygen supply to a tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood.
Lack of blood flow
Barrier to the transport of larger molecules especially ones that are polar or charged.
Suffix; too many
Guanylyl Cyclase is what type of enzyme?
Typically -70mV, measured inside relative to outside
Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (cGMP) is what?
Biological catalysts
Inside of the bronchioles
Producing, i.e. they will regenerate their secretory granulesin reference to Eosinophils
Condition in which you fail to make or respond to insulin
Enzyme that breaks water bonds
Build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood produces a shift in the body's pH balance and causes the body's system to become more acidic.Caused by hypoventilation
Enzyme found in basophils that converts Arachidonic acid into Leukotriene A4
Molecule used for communcationExample: NO
The extent or rate of occurrence, especially the number of new cases of a disease in a population over a period of time.
The addition of ADP-Ribose to the alpha subunit of the G protein, which turns the phosphorylation of GTP off
One substrate aids or impedes catalysis by another, implying multiple catalytic subunits

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.