Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
________ shock --> heart failure
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
ADH is produced in the _________.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:anatomy, prep, term