Anatomy Prep Exam2

Random Science or anatomy Quiz

Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

embed
 plays        
How to Play
HintTerm
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
HintTerm
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
________ shock --> heart failure
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
HintTerm
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
ADH is produced in the _________.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras