Science / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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ADH is stored in the _____________.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
________ shock --> heart failure
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
ADH is produced in the _________.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.

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