Anatomy Prep Exam2

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In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
________ shock --> heart failure
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
ADH is produced in the _________.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:anatomy, prep, term