Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
HintTerm
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
HintTerm
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
ADH is produced in the _________.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
________ shock --> heart failure
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:anatomy, prep, term