Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
HintTerm
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
ADH is produced in the _________.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
HintTerm
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
________ shock --> heart failure
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.

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