Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
________ shock --> heart failure
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
HintTerm
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
HintTerm
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
ADH is produced in the _________.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:anatomy, prep, term