Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
________ shock --> heart failure
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
HintTerm
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
HintTerm
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
ADH is produced in the _________.

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