Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
________ shock --> heart failure
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
ADH is produced in the _________.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:anatomy, prep, term