Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
ADH is produced in the _________.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
________ shock --> heart failure
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
HintTerm
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
HintTerm
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.

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