Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
ADH is produced in the _________.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
________ shock --> heart failure
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.

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