Science / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
________ shock --> heart failure
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
HintTerm
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
HintTerm
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
ADH is produced in the _________.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.

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