Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
ADH is stored in the _____________.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
ADH is produced in the _________.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
________ shock --> heart failure
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).

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