Anatomy Prep Exam2

Random Science or anatomy Quiz

Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Also try: Shark Anatomy
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
ADH is produced in the _________.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
________ shock --> heart failure
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.