Anatomy Prep Exam2

Random Science or anatomy Quiz

Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
ADH is produced in the _________.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
________ shock --> heart failure
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.

Friend Scores

  Player Best Score Plays Last Played
You You haven't played this game yet.

You Might Also Like...


Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:anatomy, prep, term