Science / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
ADH is produced in the _________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
________ shock --> heart failure
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
HintTerm
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
HintTerm
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.

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