Anatomy Prep Exam2

Random Science or anatomy Quiz

Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Score 0/143 Timer 20:00
HintTerm
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
ADH is stored in the _____________.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
________ shock --> heart failure
HintTerm
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
HintTerm
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
ADH is produced in the _________.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.

Friend Scores


  Player Best Score Plays Last Played
You You haven't played this game yet.

You Might Also Like...

Extras

Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:anatomy, prep, term