Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
ADH is produced in the _________.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
________ shock --> heart failure
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:anatomy, prep, term