Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
ADH is produced in the _________.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
________ shock --> heart failure
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
HintTerm
ADH is stored in the _____________.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
HintTerm
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.

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