Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
HintTerm
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
ADH is produced in the _________.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
HintTerm
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
________ shock --> heart failure
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:anatomy, prep, term