Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
ADH is produced in the _________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
________ shock --> heart failure
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)

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