Anatomy Final Prep 13

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Can you name the Anatomy Final Prep 13?

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QuestionTerm
The relaxation phase of the heartbeat is called _____.
The contraction phase of the heartbeat is called ________.
The blood in the left side of the heart is O2-______ (rich/poor).
The blood in the right side of the heart is O2-_____ (rich/poor).
The _____ of the heart lies at T5-T8.
The _____ of the heart lies in the 5th intercostal space.
The ___________ is a double-walled sac that surrounds the heart.
The portion of the pericardium that is superficial and made of dense irregular connective tissue: ________ _______
The _______ _______ is the deeper membrane composed of areolar connective tissue.
The ______ layer of the serous pericardium lines the internal surface of the fibrous pericardium.
The ______ layer of the serous pericardium adheres to the surface of the heart and is also called the epicardium.
The ______ ______ is the space between the parietal and visceral layer.
This layer of the heart has cells that secrete serous fluid: __________
This layer of the heart is the middle layer and contracts: ________
This layer maintains a smooth surface within the heart for easy blood-flow: _______
The heart has ___ chambers (number).
The superior heart chamber that receives deoxygenated blood from systemic circulation is the _______ ______.
The superior heart chamber that receives oxygenated blood from the lungs is the ______ _______.
The atria are separated by a wall called the ______ ______.
The inferior heart chamber that distributes deoxygenated blood to the lungs is the _______ _______.
The inferior heart chamber that distributes oxygenated blood to systemic circulation is the ______ _______.
The ventricles are separated by a wall called the _________ ________.
The ________ are structures that increase the atrial volume.
The _________ muscles are ridges in the atria.
The ________ _______ is a c-shaped area in the atria that separates the anterior and posterior walls.
The ________ _______ is a shallow, depressed area that is remnant of the foramen ovale.
The crista terminalis is the location of which important heart component? _______ ______
The _______ ______ ______ brings blood into the right atrium from body areas above the diaphragm.
The _______ ______ ______ brings blood into the right atrium from body areas below the diaphragm.
The _______ _______ brings blood into the right atrium from the heart muscles.
The _______ _______ bring blood into the left atrium from the lungs.
The _______ ________ are ridges in the ventricles.
The _________ muscles are cone-shaped muscles to which the 'white strings' are attached.
QuestionTerm
The ____ (left/right) ventricular wall is thicker.
The apex lies in the floor of the ______ (left/right) ventricle.
The major vessel attached to the right ventricle that carries deoxygenated blood towards the lungs is the ________ _________.
The major vessel attached to the left ventricle that carries oxygenated blood out to the body is the _________.
The heart ______ prevent blood from moving backwards.
The _______ valve is the atrioventricular valve that lies between the right atrium and right ventricle.
The _______ valve is the atrioventricular valve that lies between the left atrium and left ventricle.
The bicuspid valve is also referred to as the ______ valve.
The AV valves close during ________ (systole/diastole).
The pulmonary and aortic valves are ________ valves that lie at the bottoms of the pulmonary trunk and the aorta, respectively.
The _____ is the area of the heart where most major arteries come out.
The _____ is the bottom 'tip' of the heart.
The ______ _______ is the shallow groove on the heart that holds coronary arteries.
True or False? The heart utilizes nutrients from the blood in the atria and ventricles.
The right coronary artery (RCA) and left coronary artery (LCA) originate from the sinuses of _________.
Name the artery (include the word 'artery' in the answer): Serves the right lateral wall of the heart.
Name the artery (include the word 'artery' in the answer): Serves the posterior wall of both ventricles.
Name the artery (include the word 'artery' in the answer): Serves the anterior walls of both ventricles and interventricular septum.
Name the artery (include the word 'artery' in the answer): serves the lateral left atrium and posterior wall of the left ventricle.
True or False? Due to the contractions of the of the heart, coronary arteries are constricted, meaning that bloodflow within them is intermittent.
A(n) __________ is a union or joining of two nerves, blood vessels or lymphatics.
Alternative route of circulation to an area provided by an anastomosis: ______ ________
Insufficient blood supply to an organ or a tissue, usually due to a blocked artery: __________
Localized necrosis resulting from an obstruction of the blood supply: _________
During myocardial infarction, degraded tissue is replaced with _______ _______.
During myocardial infarction, _______ _______ such as creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase are released within 2-3 days.
During myocardial infarction, ________ can occur, marked by inflammation and leukocytosis within 24 hours.
During myocardial infarction, cardiac tissue becomes ________ and cyanotic.
Thoracic pain resulting from insufficient blood flow to the heart muscle from the narrowing of the coronary artery: _________ _______
________ _________ are made of gap junctions and desmosomes.
In order for the heart to function maximally, _________ activity must always occur before _______ activity. (separate answers using a single 'space')
_________ in cardiac muscle prevent cell separation during contraction.
______ ______ allow small molecules and ions to pass between cardiac cells and electrically couple the myocytes.
QuestionTerm
Adaptations to maximize the cardiac myocytes capacity for aerobic respiration are 1.) large, abundant _____, 2.) myoglobin, 3.) high capillary _____, and 4.) use of ___ ___.
Cardiac muscle utilizes _________ respiration for ATP generation.
The two populations of myocytes in the heart are ________ cells and ________ cells. (separate answers using a single space)
Intrinsic conduction starts w/ the __ node, followed by the AV ____, followed by the AV ____, followed by the ___ ___, then the ___ ___
The threshold of an autorhythmic cell is ______ mV.
The depolarization of autorhythmic cells is caused by ______ ions. (element)
The gradual increase in membrane potential of autorhythmic cells is caused by ______ ions. (element)
Repolarization in autorhythmic cells when _____ ions leave the cell.
In contractile cardiac cells, depolarization is caused by _____ ions.
The phase in contractile cardiac cells where a prolonged depolarization occurs due to a simultaneous influx of Ca2+ and efflux of K+ is the ________ period.
The long refractory period of cardiac myocytes ensures _______ occurs.
The SA node is on the right atrial wall, just below the _______ ________ ______ entrance.
The SA node sets the heart rate at ____ bpm.
The normal heart rate setting is (slowed/increased) by extrinsic factors.
The _______ bundle delivers impulse to the left atrium
The ______ _______ carry impulses to individual ventricular myocardial cells.
The _________ bundle is the only normal pathway for impulses to travel into the ventricles.
The ___ wave in an ECG indicates atrial depolarization and lasts for 0.08 - 0.10.
The ___ wave in an ECG indicates ventricular repolarization and lasts for 0.16-0.24 seconds.
The ___ complex indicates ventricular depolarization and lasts for 0.06 - 0.10 seconds.
The ___ interval indicates the time when the electrical signal is traveling from the atria to the ventricles and lasts for 0.12 to 0.2 seconds.
The ___ segment indicates the time between the end of ventricular depolarization and the onset of ventricular repolarization, and lasts 0.08 to 0.12 seconds.
A _______ is a term used to describe the space from the end of a wave to the beginning of another.
A heart rate below 60 bpm is referred to as __________.
A heart rate above 100 bpm is referred to as ________.
Term used to describe when a single ectopic pacemaker produces an atrial rate of 200-300 bpm. ECG shows saw toothed waves: _______ ______
Term used to describe an atrial rate between 450-600 per minute, QRS complex occurs at irregular intervals. ________ ________
There is no effective contraction due to several ectopic foci, and therefore there is no pulse. This often leads to death. _______ _______
Impaired conduction from the atria into the ventricles through the AV node: __________ ________
True or False? All impulses are conducted from the in atria into the ventricles in a first degree AV block.
Conduction by one of the bundle branches is impaired; ECG shows a widening of the QRS: __________ _________ _________
 

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Created Jul 9, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:anatomy, final, prep, term