Anatomy Final Prep 12

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Blood clotting is a ________ feedback mechanism.
The mechanism of hemostasis that refers to constriction of the damaged blood vessel is _________ ________.
The hemostatic mechanism tha referes to platelets adhering to each other an the wall of the injured vessel is called the ______ ______.
___________ is a hemostatic mechanism that refers to when blood is transformed into a semisolid.
Vascular spasm is initiated by the _________ nervous system, _________ contraction, and the release of __________. (separate answers with a single 'space')
Vascular spasm and platelet plug are referred to as __________ ( hemostasis.
Coagulation is considered as __________ (primary/secondary) hemostasis.
___________ enhances vascular spasm.
___________ enhances platelet plug.
___________ enhances both vascular spasm and platelet plug.
Blood clotting happens only when the ________ is intact.
Platelet adhesion depends on _______ ______ ________ made by platelets and endothelial cells.
The slower pathway of coagulation is the __________ pathway.
The faster pathway of coagulation is the ________ pathway.
The release of _______ _______ in the extrinsic pathway allows certain clotting steps to be skipped.
The first of three phases in coagulation is the formation of ________ ________.
The second of three phases in coagulation is the conversion of _________ to _________. (use a single space to separate answers)
The third of three phases in coagulation is the polymerization of soluble _________ to insoluble ________. (use a single space to separate answers)
The slowest step of clotting is the development of ___________ _________.
What ion is needed in both coagulation pathways?
When blood coagulates in a test tube, is the extrinsic or intrinsic pathway activated?
Antithrombin III inhibits activated Factor X - which pathway is inhibited - intrinsic, extrinsic, or both?
The majority of the clotting factors are made by the ________.
The synthesis of factors, II, VII, IX, and X require vitamin __.
Platelets contain actin and myosin. What other cells contain actin and myosin? What are these proteins used for? (separate answers with a single 'space')
The difference between plasma and serum is that serum doesn't contain ________ _______.
Vessel repair through mitosis is stimulated by these two factors: ________ and _______. (separate answers with a single 'space')
VEGF corresponds with the tunica ________.
The enzymatic degradation of fibrin that removes the clot when healing has occurred is referred to as _______.
The suffix, '-gen' indicates that the the word has the function of ________.
Plasminogen generates _______.
_________ is a prostaglandin that aids in the prevention of clot formation.
Free-flowing ________ prevents clotting.
Liver products that limit clotting are __________, _________, and _________.
A(n) _________ is a clot that is attached to a blood vessel wall.
A(n) _________ is a clot that is floating freely.
The most commonly used OTC medication to clinically prevent clotting is _______.
The medicinal leech produces ________, which encircles and inactivates thrombin.
A systemic thrombohemorrhagic disorder involving unregulated fibrin formation and accelerated fibrinolysis is __________ ________ ________.
Name the disorder: A platelet count of
Name the disorder: Deficient coagulation factor VIII, IX, factor (XI) or others.
Name the disorder: pin point hemorrhages in the small capillaries of the skin or mucous membranes.
_________ ________ measures the clotting time of plasma in the presence of an optimal concentration of tissue factor
_________ ________ ________ measures the overall efficiency of the intrinsic pathway and the common pathway.
A glycoprotein found on the surfaces of RBC's.
________ are produced by agglutinogens and are found in the plasma.
________ is a clumping reaction that occurs when agglutinogens are linked to agglutinins.
Type ____ is the universal donor.
Type ____ is the universal recipient
If an RBC is type A, it will have ______ (anti-A/anti-B/anti-A and anti-B/no) antibodies.
If an RBC is type B, it will have ______ (anti-A/anti-B/anti-A and anti-B/no) antibodies.
If an RBC is type AB, it will have ______ (anti-A/anti-B/anti-A and anti-B/no) antibodies.
If an RBC is type O, it will have ______ (anti-A/anti-B/anti-A and anti-B/no) antibodies.
The most immunogenic Rh factor is __.
Rh _________ individuals have no C, D, or E factor.
________ ________ is the latin name for the disorder that arises when a mother lacks agglutinogens that are present on the RBC's of her fetus, leading to Rh incompatibility.
HDN's usual cause is the mother being Rh _______, the father being Rh ________, and the fetus being Rh _________. (positive/negative) ( separate answers using a single space)

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