Anatomy Final Prep 11

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Can you name the terms?

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Starting with the pump of the cardiovascular system, the heart, the blood moves next into the _______ arteries. (type)
After elastic arteries, the blood moves into ________ arteries.
After muscular arteries, the blood moves into _______ . (type of artery)
After arterioles, the blood moves into this smaller vessel.
After capillaries, the blood circulates into _______ .
After venules, the blood circulates into _______, then back to the heart.
Name one overall/general function of blood.
Name another overall/general function of blood.
Name another overall/general function of blood.
Blood is a _______ tissue.
Blood is broken down into two components. The component containing water is called ________ .
Blood is broken down into two components. The component containing the cells is called the ________ ________ .
The percentage of blood that is composed of packed red blood cells is referred to as the ________ .
The average male has an approxiamte hematocrit of _____ percent.
The average female has an approxiamte hematocrit of _____ percent.
The pH of venous blood is ________ (lower/higher) than the pH of arterial blood.
The pH of venous blood is lower than the pH of arterial blood because it contains ________ products.
Pick the INCORRECT term. Plasma is the (intercellular/intracellular/extracellular) material of the blood.
The most abundant of the plasma proteins is _______ .
Albumin is produced by the _________ .
Albumin maintains ________ pressure between interstitial fluid and blood...
... and also controls _______ balance.
Albumin also serves as a ________ protein for hormones and drugs.
Albumin also serves as a _______, which aids in preventing rapid pH changes.
Another plasma protein, ________, has alpha and beta forms, is produced by the liver, and functions as a transport protein for metal ions.
LDL's and HDL's are different types of ________.
Gamma globulins act as _________, aiding in immunity.
________ ________ are plasma proteins consisting of fibrinogen, and prothrombin, and are used for coagulation.
The nonprotein nitrogen substance produced by the liver from protein deamination is _______ .
The nonprotein nitrogen substance produced in the muscle by phosphocreatine breakdown is _________ .
The nonprotein nitrogen substance produced in various tissues from purine metabolism is _________ .
The nonprotein nitrogen substance produced in various tissues by protein metabolism is _________ .
The general term for ions that function to maintain acid/base balance and osmotic pressure is _________.
Men have a higher concentration of RBC's because they have the hormone _________ .
An RBC has the shape of a __________ disc.
RBC's (have/do not have) organelles. Pick one.
This RBC protein carries CO2 and O2.
This RBC protein maintains the biconcave shape.
An RBC that has taken on a more rounded shape due to the absence of spectrin and/or ankyrin are called______.
The biconcave shape of the RBC is preferred because it increases the _________ ________ for carrying molecules.
An RBC can carry up to ____ molecules of O2 (spell out number)
Hemoglobin without O2 or CO2 on it is referred to as ___________.
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Hemoglobin carrying oxygen is called ________.
Hemoglobin carrying CO2 is called ________.
Globin binds to _________.
Each heme binds to one _______.
The number of globin chains per molecule is _______ . (spell out number)
The number of alpha chains per molecule is _______ . (spell out number)
The number of non-alpha chains per molecule is _______ . (spell out number)
The number of hemes per globin chain is _______ . (spell out number)
The number of iron molecules per heme is _____. (spell out number)
The number of O2 molecules carried by one Fe2+ is ___. (spell out number)
The number of hemes per molecule is ____. (spell out number)
The maximum number of O2 molecules carried per RBC is ____. (spell out number)
Elevated HbA1c levels are associated with uncontrolled _________.
Fetal hemoglobin has more O2 affinity than adult hemoglobin, allowing the fetus to _______ ________ from the mother's blood.
________ is formed when Fe2+ is oxidized into Fe3+
Red blood cell formation is called ________.
A _______ is a pluripotent stem cell that can differentiate into any of the formed elements.
A hemocytoblast committed to becoming an RBC is called a ________.
An _________ __________ is the phase 1 form of the RBC development and is focused on ribosome synthesis.
A _____ ______ is the phase two form of RBC formation and focuses on hemoglobin accumulation.
The ________ is the developmental erythrocyte that ejects the nucleus.
A ________ is the final developmental form of the erythrocyte.
This is the term used to describe the mixed color stain of the late erythroblast, that means 'many color-loving.'
The cell size becomes _____ during erythropoiesis.
The cell color becomes more _____ during erythropoiesis.
The ________ is extruded during erythropoiesis.
The cell number ______ during erythropoiesis.
Excessive iron absorption and storage is called ________.
________ _______ is produced by parietal cells of the stomach lining and is needed for vitamin B12 absorption.
Vitamin B12 is needed for synthesis of ____.
_________ __ is an antioxidant; keeps iron in its reduced state, which helps with iron absorption.
Nicotinic acid and pantothenic acid aid in intermediary steps in _________.
Amino acids function in _______ synthesis.
The rate of erythropoiesis is controlled by __________.
EPO is produced by the ________ and the _______. (separate words with a 'space')
EPO is released into the plasma when blood O2 decreases. The term to describe the condition of low blood O2 is ________.
RBC levels _______ (increase/decrease) in dialysis patients with kidney disease.
RBC levels _______ (increase/decrease) in ovarectomized subjects
RBC levels _______ (increase/decrease) in castrated subjects.
RBC levels _______ (increase/decrease) in laboratory subjects breathing pure O2.
During hypoxia, activated compensatory behaviors include (increased/decreased) _________ heart rate, ______ ventilation rate, and _________ arterial pressure. (separate answers wit
An excess number of RBCs is termed ________.
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Any condition in which the blood has abnormally low O2 carrying capacity is called ________.
Excessive hemolysis, excessive bleeding, and/or reduced rate of erythropoiesis can cause a _________ RBC count.
An anemia containing small RBC's is called ____.
An anemia containing normal sized RBC's is called ____.
An anemia containing large RBC's is called ____.
An anemia containing pale RBC's is called ____.
An anemia containing normal colored RBC's is called ____.
An anemia containing dark RBC's is called ____.
Name the anemia caused by acute blood loss.
Name the anemia caused by premature RBC destruction
Name the anemia that stems from the decrease or cessation of RBC production by the bone marrow.
Name the anemia caused by an absence of intrinsic factor, leading to an inability to absorb vitamin B12.
This anemia is an autosomal dominant type that results in abnormally shaped erythrocytes that take on a crescent shape. It is common among people of West African descent.
This anemia is caused by abnormal hemoglobin forms.
This is a common anemia that can be diet-related and results from low levels of iron.
The scientific name for a white blood cell is ______.
Two classes of WBC's that describe the presence or absence of granules are __________ and __________. (use a single 'space' between answers)
Name the most abundant WBC with multi-lobed nuclei, and whose granules contain defensins.
Name the WBC with a bi-liobed nucleus that is antiparasitic.
Name the WBC with a 'U' or 'S' shaped nucleus that contains histamine.
A cell that is similar to a basophil, but resides outside of the bloodstream is called a _____ ______.
Name the anticoagulant that is contained in the granules of basophils.
This agranulocyte has two forms which develop their elite level of immunocompetency in either the bone or the thymus.
This agranulocyte develops into a macrophage when it migrates into connective tissue.
The production of leukocytes is termed ______.
A cell that originated from a myeloid stem cell that is committed to forming a WBC is called a ______.
If a myeloblast wants to become a granulocyte, it turns into a ________ (next step).
If a promyelocyte wants to become an eosinophil, it then turns into a(n) _________ _______ .
The last developmental step of granulocyte leukopoiesis is to form eosinophilic, basophilic, or neutrophilic _______ _______.
If a myeloblast wants to become a monocyte, it first converts to a __________.
A lymphoblast is formed from a _________ stem cell, and then becomes a ________ before becoming a lymphocyte. (use a single 'space' between answers)
_________ refers to a disorder where WBC count is too low.
_________ refers to a disorder where WBC count is too high.
In relation to WBC count, bone marrow depression, drugs, and radiation can lead to _________, while allergic reactions and extreme stress can lead to _________. (use a single 'spac
Cancer marked by the presence of an excessive number of white blood cells is called ________.
_________ _________ occurs when B lymphocytes are infected and proliferate in an uncontrolled manner.
Infectious mononucleosis is caused by the _________ ________ virus.
__________ are cell fragments that contain ________ and ________ for contraction. (use a single 'space' to separate answers)
__________ granules in platelets contain serotonin, while ________ granules contain fibrinogen. (use a single 'space' to separate answers)
Platelet production is regulated by _________ and __________. (use a single 'space' to separate answers)
An additional 1/3 of platelets is stored in the ________.
True/False? My score does not indicate how I'll perform in class. If I still find any material to be difficult, I should read the text, talk to my professor, and consult my peers.

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