Origins & Insertions

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Can you name the muscle by its origin and insertion?

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Origin & Insertion (O & I)Muscle
O= calcaneus(superior surface of distal); I= hallux (proximal phalanx's base, dorsally)
O= pecten pubis (between iliopectineal eminence & pubic tubercle) & anterior fascia; I= (femur (shaft: on a line from lesser trochanter to linea aspera)
O= radius (anterior surface of middle of shaft), ulna (coronoid process), humerus (medial epicondyle) & interosseous membrane; I= thumb (base of distal phalanx, palmar surface)
O= pubis (inferior ramus) & ischium (inferior ramus,tuberosity, inferior/lateral aspect); I= femur (length of linea aspera/medial supracondylar line & adductor tubercle)
O= pelvis (obturator foramen, around most of its margin), ischium (ramus), pubis (inferior ramus) & obturator membrane/fascia; I= femur (greater trochanter, medial surface)
O= femur (supracondylar line, lateral) & oblique popliteal ligament; I= cancaneus (tendo calcaneus' medial border to calcaneus) & plantar aponeurosis
O= femur (medial condyle, popliteal surface, lateral condyle & posterior surface of shaft above, & lower supracondylar line), & knee capsule; I= calcaneus (tuberosity)
O=humerus (lateral epicondyle, posterior surface); I= ulna (olecranon lateral aspect, & posterior surface of upper 1/4 of shaft)
O= scapula (supraspinous fossa); I= humerus (greater tubercle, highest facet) & capsule of glenohumeral joint
O= humerus (lateral epicondyle by common extensor tendon); I= digits 2-5 by 4 tendons, each of which contributes to extensor hood/dorsal aponeurosis of a finger
O= calcaneus (tuberosity, medial process), flexor retinaculum & plantar aponeurosis; I= hallux (proximal phalanx base, medially; & medial seseamoid)
O= ilium (iliac crest, anterior part of outer llip, & ASIS) & fascia lata; I= iliotibial tract (both layers)
O= L1-L5 vertebrae (transverse processes, inferiorly), T12-L5 (vertebral bodies & intervertebral disks) & lumbar body tendinous arches; I= femur (lesser trochanter)
O=C7 and T1-T3 vertebrae spinous processes, ligamentum nuchae, and supraspinous ligaments; I= ribs 2-5 (upper borders, lateral to angles)
O= calcaneus (lateral border & medial concave surface) & long plantar ligament; I= tendon of flexor digitorum longus (lateral margin)
O= radius (middle 1/3 of posterior surface of shaft), ulna (posterior surface of shaft) & interosseous membrane; I= 1st metacarpal (base's radial side) & trapezium
O= ischium (tuberosity, upper external border); I= femur (quadrate tubercle on posterior aspect)
O= humerus (lateral epicondyle by common extensor tendon); I= 3rd metacarpal (dorsum of base on radial side)
O= tubercle of trapezium & transverse carpal ligament attaching thereto; I= along radial edge of shaft of pollical metacarpal
O= scapula (proximal 2/3 of flat surface on dorsal aspect of axillary border); I= humerus (greater tubercle, most inferior facet)
O= hamate (hook) & flexor retinaculum; I= 5th MET (entire length of ulnar margin)
O= digitations from the lateral surfaces of ribs 1-9; I= ventral surface of vertebral border of scapula (digitations 1&2) & ventral surface of inferior angle of scapula
O= ischium (tuberosity), femur (linea aspera, lateral supracondylar line), & sacrotuberous lig; I= fibula (head) & tibia (lateral condyle)
O= tendons of flexor digitorum longus; I= toes 2-5 (proximal phalanges & dorsal expansions of tendons of extensor digitorum longus)
O= clavicle (sternal 1/2, anterior), sternum (1/2 of anterior surface to rib 6), ribs (cartilage), & aponeurosis of obliquus externus abdominis; I= humerus (intertubercular sulcus)
O= aponeurotically from sacrum & adjacent iliac crest & from ribs(near angles); I= ribs (near angles) & posterior tubercles of cervical vertebrae
O= humerus (shaft proximal to medial epicondyle) & ulna (medial side of coronoid process); I= radius (shaft, lateral surface of middle)
O= trapezium (tubercle), trapezoid, capitate & flexor retinaculum; I= thumb (proximal phalanx, base on radial side)
O= 12th rib (lower edge) & tips of lumbar transverse processes; I= ilium (iliac crest lateral to sacral articulation)
O= ilium (outer surface between anterior/inferior gluteal lines, & margin of greater sciatic notch); I= femur (greater trochanter, anterior) & expansion to hip capsule
O= trapezium (tubercle) & flexor retinaculum; I= 1st metacarpal (along entire length of radial side of shaft)
O= flexor digitorum profundus tendons in palm; I= radial side of lateral and middle bands of dorsal aponeurosis
O=scapula (coracoid process); I= humerus (midway along medial border of shaft)
O= ulna (shaft's upper 3/4 of anterior and medial surfaces & coronoid process' medial side); I= digits 2-5 via 4 tendons (distal phalanges, palmar surface & base)
O= T11-L2 vertebrae (spinous processes via thoracolumbar fascia) and supraspinous ligaments; I= ribs 9-12 (inferior borders, lateral to angles)
O= fibula (distal 1/3 of medial surface), & interosseous membrane; I= 5th metatarsal (dorsal surface of base; shaft's medial aspect)e of shaft of 5th (& usually 4th) metatarsal
O= pubis (inferior ramus near symphysis via aponeurosis) & ischium (ramus); I= tibia (medial surface of shaft below tibial condyle), pes anserinus, & deep fascia of leg
O= humerus (lateral epicondyle by common extensor tendon) & ulna (posterior border by aponeurosis); I= 5th MET (tubercle on ulnar side of base)
O= C3-C6 vertebrae (anterior tubercles of transverse processes) & C4-C6 vertebrae (posterior tubercles of transverse processes); I= 1st and 2nd ribs
O= metacarpals 2, 4, & 5 (palmar surface); I= dorsal expansion & proximal phalanges of digits 2,4, & 5
Origin & Insertion (O & I)Muscle
O= humerus (distal 1/3 of lateral supracondylar ridge); I = 2nd metacarpal (dorsum of base on radial side)
O= metatarsals 3, 4, & 5 (bases & medial sides); I= toes 3-5 (proximal phalanges' base & medial sides) & dorsal digital expansion
O= C7-T1 vertebrae (spinous processes) & ligamentum nuchae; I= scapula (root of spine on medial border)
O= ilium (ASIS; notch below ASIS); I= tibia (proximal medial surface of shaft distal to tibial condyle), capsule of knee joint & aponeurosis
O= femur (linea aspera, anterior greater trochanter, proximal intertrochanteric line; gluteal tuberosisty); I=patella & tibia (tuberosity)
O= radius (posterior surface of shaft) & interosseous membrane; I= thumb (proximal phalanx base on dorsal surface)
O= C1-4 vertebrae (posterior tubercles of transverse process); I= scapula (vertebral border between superior angle & root of spine)
O= ilium (posterior 1/3 of crest) spinous processes T6-L5, & ribs 9-12; I= humerus (intertubercular groove, floor, distal)
*Group of Muscles* O= transverse elements of vertebrae; I= vertebral spines
O= Ilium (superior 2/3 of fossa, iliac crest) & sacrum (lateral); I= femur (lesser trochanter via insertion on tendon of psoas major)
O= femur (anterior & lateral surfaces of upper 2/3 of shaft) & lateral inermuscular septum; I= patella (base, anterior aponeurosis) & tibia (tuberosity)
O= T12/L1 (intervertebral disc & adjacent vertebral bodies); I= pubis (pecten pubis/pectineal line) & ilium (ilopectineal eminence, inner surface of pelvis)
O= humerus (lateral epicondyle by common extensor tendon); I= digit 5 via extensor hood on radial side (dorsum of proximal phalanx)
O= tibia (shaft, posterior surface of middle 2/3) & fascia; I= toes 2-5 (distal phalanges, base/plantar surface)
O= humerus (medial epicondyle by common flexor tendon), ulna (coronoid process, medial) ulnar collateral lig, & radius (anterior shaft); I= digits 2-5 (middle phalanges sides)
O= humerus (lateral epicondyle), radial collateral ligament, & ulna (supinator crest, dorsal shaft); I= radius (tuberosity & oblique line, shaft's lateral surface proximal 1/3)
O= vertebral spines (primarily thoracis); I= vertebral spines (primarily thoracic)
O= ilium (AIIS), acetabulum (groove above posterior rim & superior margin of labrum) & capsule of hip); I= patella (base, central quad tendon) & tibia (tuberosity)
O= femur (shaft, lower anterior surface); I= knee joint (synovial membrane, upper part)
O= humerus (lateral supracondylar ridge, proximal 2/3); I= radius (lateral side of shaft proxiaml to styloid process)
O= hamate (hook) & flexor retinaculum; I= 5th digit (proximal phalanx, base on ulnar side along with abductor digiti minimi)
O= aponeurotically from sacrum & from transverse elements of presacral vertebrae; I= transverse/costal elements of vertebrae & mastoid process
O= fibula (head & upper 2/3 of lateral shaft) & tibia (lateral condyle); I= 1st MET (lateral plantar side of base), medial cuneiform (lateral plantar aspect) & 2nd MET
O=occiput, ligamentum nuchae & C7-T12 spinous processes; I= clavicle (post/lat distal 1/3)& scapula (medial acromion, spine, crest & root)
O= 5th metatarsal (base, ventrally) & nearby ligaments; I= little toe (base of proximal phalanx)
O= tibia (lateral condyle & proximal 2/3 of lateral surface) & interosseous membrane; I= medial cuneiform (medial/plantar surfaces) & 1st MET (base)
O= fibula (shaft, medial aspect of middle 1/2) & interosseous membrane; I= hallux (base of distal phalnax, dorsal surface; & expansion to base of proximal phalanx)
O= ribs 2-5 near the costochondral junction; I= scapula (coracoid process, medial border & superior surface)
O= scapula (dorsally near inferior scapular angle's lateral margin); I= humerus (intertubercular sulcus, medial lip)
O= ischium (tuberosity, inferior medial aspect) pes anserinus & aponeurosis to share tendon with biceps femoris; I= tibia (shaft on proximal medial side) & deep fascia of leg
O= capitate, 2nd/3rd metacarpals (bases), & shaft of 3rd metacarpal; I= thumb (base, proximal phalanx on ulnar side) & extensor retinaculum of thumb (medial side)
O=fibula (head, posterior; shaft, proximal 1/3), tibia (soleal line & middle 1/3 of medial shaft), & fibrous arch between tibia/fibula; I= calcaneus (tuberosity)
O= pubis (ramus), ischium (ramus), obturator foramen (margin) & obturator membrane (medial 2/3 of outer surface) I= femur (trochanteric fossa)
O= pubis (anterior at angle where crest meets symphysis); I= femur (by aponeurosis on middle 1/3 of linea aspera on its medial lip)
O= C7 & T1-T6 vertebrae (transverse processes) & C4-C6 vertebrae (articular processes); I= occiput (between superior/inferior nuchal lines)
O= humerus (medial epicondyle by common flexor tendon); I= anterior surface of transverse carpal ligament & into palmar aponeurosis
O= ulna (shaft's oblique ridge, anterior & media surfaces of distal 1/4); I= radius (anterior surface of distal 1/4 of shaft)
O= calcaneus (superior proximal), lateral talocalcaneal lig & extensor retinaculum; I= hallux (proximal phalanx, dorsally) toes 2-4 (distal phalanx,join EDL)
O= calcaneus (tuberosity, medial process), flexor retinaculum & plantar aponeurosis; I= hallux (proximal phalanx base, medially; & medial sesamoid)
O= pubis (front of body/symphysis); I= linea laba (midway between umbilicus & pubis)
Origin & Insertion (O & I)Muscle
O= clavicle (anterior border & superior part of lateral 1/3) & scapula (acromion, lateral margin, superior surface, & spine's lower lip on posterior border); I = deltoid tuberosity
O= femur (intertrochanteric line, lower 1/2; linea aspera) & tendons of adductors longus/magnus; I= patella & tibia (tuberosity)
O=humerus (distal 1/2 of anterior shaft) & intermuscular septa (medial 1/2); I= ulna (ulnar tuberosity & coronoid process anteriorly)
O= humerus (medial epicondyle by common flexor tendon) & ulna (olecranon, medial border & shaft's upper 2/3 of posterior border); I= pisiform, hamate, 5th MET (maybe 4th MET)
O= tibia (lateral condyle, laterally) fibula (shaft's upper 3/4 medially), & interosseous membrane; I= toes 2-5 (middle phalanges dorsal base, distal phalanges by 2 lateral slips)
O= femur (linea aspera, proximal medial supracondylar line), & adductor magnus tendon; I= patella, knee capsule & tibia (tuberosity)
O= ischium (ischial spine, gluteal surface); I= femur (greater trochanter, medial surface)
O= scapula (infraspinous fossa); I= humerus (greater tubercle, middle facet)
O= ilium (anterior 2/3 of iliac crest), inguinal ligament (lateral 1/3), thoracolumbar fascia, & ribs 7-12 (costal cartilages); I= pubis (crest & pecten pubis) & linea alba
O=tibia (prox 2/3 posterior/lateral shaft), & fibula (prox 2/3 posterior/medial shaft/head); I= navicular (tuberosity), cuneiforms (all),cuboid, 2-4 METs
O= rib 1 & its cartilage (at juction) ; I= clavicle (inferior surface of middle 1/3)
O= upper thoracic vertebra (spines) & ligamentum nuchae (lower); I= mastoid process & lateral 1/2 of superior nuchal line, & posterior bars of cervical transverse processes
O= calcaneus (tuberosity, medial/lateral processes) & plantar aponeurosis; I= toe 5 (proximal phalanx base, laterally)
O= fibula (shaft's dital 2/3, laterally) & intermuscular septa; I= 5th metatarsal (tuberosity on lateral surface of base)
O= fibula (shaft, inferior 2/3 of posterior surface) & interosseous membrane; I= hallux (distal phalanx at base on plantar surface) & tendon of FDL
O= scapula (coracoid process & supraglenoid tubercle) & capsule of glenohumeral joint & glenoid labrum; I= radius (radial tuberosity on posterior surface)
O= sternum (xiphoid process) and ribs 5-7 (costal cartilages); I= pubis (tubercle on crest/pecten pubis, & pubis symphysis)
O= pisiform, FCU tendon,& pisohamate ligament; I= 5th digit (proximal phalanx, base on ulnar side) & into dorsal digital expansion of EDM
O= opposing surfaces of 2 metacarpals that bound each intermetacarpal space; I= via bifurcating tendon into the base of proximal phalanx & dorsal extensor expansion
O= ribs 5-12 (by digitations attaching to external/inferior surfaces); I= ilium (anterior 1/2 of outer lip of iliac crest) & aponeurosis to ASIS
O= sternum (manubrium) & clavicle (superior/anterior surface of medial 1/3); I= temporal bone (mastoid process) & occiput (lateral 1/2 of supererior nuchal line)
O= calcaneus (tuberosity, medial process) & plantar aponeurosis; I= toes 2-5 9by 4 tendons to middle phalanges, both sides)
O= T2-T5 vertebrae spinous processes and supraspinous ligaments; I= scapula (medial border between root of spine above and inferior angle below)
O= ilium (posterior gluteal line & crest), sacrum (dorsal), coccyx (lateral), & sacrotuberous lig; I= femur (gluteal tuberosity) & fascia lata (IT tract)
O= ischium (tuberosity, superior & lateral facets) & complex proximal tendon with biceps femoris/semitendinosus; I= tibia (tubercle on medial condyle) & oblique popliteal ligament
O= ilium (outer surface between iliac crest & posterior gluteal line) & gluteal aponeurosis; I= femur (greater trochanter, oblique ridge on lateral surface)
O=ulna (posterior surface of shaft below origin of EPL); I= index finger (extensor hood)
O= scapula (subscapular fossa); I= humerus (lesser tubercle) & capsule of glenohumeral joint
O= humerus(medial epicondyle by common flexor tendon); I= 2nd & 3rd metacarpal (base, palmar surface)
O= scapula (infraglenoid tuberosity) & humerus (posterior shaft's oblique ridge & shaft's surface down to trochlea & medial border); I= ulna (olecranon process)
O= lium (anterior 2/3 of iliac crest), thoracolumbar fascia & inguinal ligament (lateral 2/3); I= ribs 9-12 (inferior borders/cartilages by digitations)
O= cuboid (medial part of plantar surface), cuneiform (lateral) & tendon of tibialis posterior; I= hallux (sides of base of proximal phalanx)
O= sacrum, ilium (gluteal surface near PIIS), SI capsule & sacrotuberous ligament; I= femur (greater trochanter, superior border of medial aspect)
O= ulna (posterolateral surface of middle shaft) & interosseous membrane; I= thumb (base of distal phalanx, dorsal side)
O= ischium (tuberosity, superior surface); I= femur (greater trochanter, medial surface)
O= metatarsals (adjacent sides); I= toes 2-4 (proximal phalanx's base laterally except for 1st dorsal which is medially)
O= pubis (inferior ramus & body, external aspect); I= femur (along a line from lessr trochanter to proximal 1/3 of medial lip of linea apsera via aponeurosis)
O= knee capsule, femur (lateral condyle, anterior popliteal groove), acruate popliteal lig, & lateral meniscus; I= tibia (posterior triangular surface above soleal line)

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