Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Dx stain for Cryto
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)
Distal finger nail infection
Tx for Zygomycetes
Narrow base budding
Dose dependent Candida strain
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
Ring worm
Bone fungal infections
Risk factor for yeast infection
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops
right angle hyphae
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
Diabetic mucormycosis
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
candida strain resistant to azoles
Fungal infection causing baldness
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
Athletes foot
diaper rash
HIV Finger nail infection
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
Apical lung fungal ball

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection