Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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Can you name the Infectious Disease Block 6?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
diaper rash
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
Narrow base budding
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.
Apical lung fungal ball
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)
Ring worm
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
HIV Finger nail infection
Dose dependent Candida strain
right angle hyphae
candida strain resistant to azoles
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
Diabetic mucormycosis
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
Distal finger nail infection
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
Risk factor for yeast infection
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
Athletes foot
Tx for Zygomycetes
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
Dx stain for Cryto
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
Fungal infection causing baldness
Bone fungal infections
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection