Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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Can you name the Infectious Disease Block 6?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
Diabetic mucormycosis
Bone fungal infections
candida strain resistant to azoles
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
Dose dependent Candida strain
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
right angle hyphae
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
diaper rash
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Narrow base budding
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
Dx stain for Cryto
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
Tx for Zygomycetes
Fungal infection causing baldness
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
Risk factor for yeast infection
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
Apical lung fungal ball
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
HIV Finger nail infection
Athletes foot
Ring worm
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
Distal finger nail infection
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection