Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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Can you name the Infectious Disease Block 6?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Tx for Zygomycetes
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
Ring worm
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
Diabetic mucormycosis
HIV Finger nail infection
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
right angle hyphae
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
Bone fungal infections
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
Dx stain for Cryto
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops
candida strain resistant to azoles
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
Risk factor for yeast infection
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Fungal infection causing baldness
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
Athletes foot
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
Distal finger nail infection
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
Narrow base budding
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
Dose dependent Candida strain
Apical lung fungal ball
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
diaper rash
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection