Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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Can you name the Infectious Disease Block 6?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
Distal finger nail infection
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
HIV Finger nail infection
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
Tx for Zygomycetes
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
Dose dependent Candida strain
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
Bone fungal infections
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
Narrow base budding
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis
Fungal infection causing baldness
Athletes foot
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
Dx stain for Cryto
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
Ring worm
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Apical lung fungal ball
Diabetic mucormycosis
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
right angle hyphae
candida strain resistant to azoles
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Risk factor for yeast infection
diaper rash
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection