Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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Can you name the Infectious Disease Block 6?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
right angle hyphae
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia
Fungal infection causing baldness
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis
Diabetic mucormycosis
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
Dx stain for Cryto
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
Athletes foot
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)
candida strain resistant to azoles
Ring worm
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
Distal finger nail infection
diaper rash
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
Apical lung fungal ball
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Narrow base budding
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Bone fungal infections
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
HIV Finger nail infection
Tx for Zygomycetes
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Risk factor for yeast infection
Dose dependent Candida strain
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection