Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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Can you name the Infectious Disease Block 6?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
Dose dependent Candida strain
Bone fungal infections
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
Dx stain for Cryto
candida strain resistant to azoles
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
diaper rash
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Ring worm
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Risk factor for yeast infection
Narrow base budding
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
Diabetic mucormycosis
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
Distal finger nail infection
Athletes foot
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised
HIV Finger nail infection
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
Tx for Zygomycetes
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
right angle hyphae
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)
Apical lung fungal ball
Fungal infection causing baldness
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection