Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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Can you name the Infectious Disease Block 6?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
Distal finger nail infection
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life
Athletes foot
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Diabetic mucormycosis
Dx stain for Cryto
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
Apical lung fungal ball
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
HIV Finger nail infection
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
diaper rash
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Ring worm
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
candida strain resistant to azoles
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised
Bone fungal infections
Fungal infection causing baldness
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
Tx for Zygomycetes
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
Dose dependent Candida strain
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
right angle hyphae
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
Narrow base budding
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Risk factor for yeast infection

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection