Illegal contact by moving into a still defender who was in a defensive position when the offensive player made his movement.
When an offensive player stands in the painted area(Lane) for an extended period of time without the ball hitting the rim.
Interfering with the ball when it is moving downward toward the basket or on the rim.
When the offensive team has possesion of the ball past the middle line and then maintain possesion on the opposing teams side of the middle line.
A violation in which a player moves his hand under the ball and scoops it while dribbling.
When before the snap, a defensive player illegally crosses the line of scrimmage and makes contact with an opponent or has a clear path to the quarterback.
When an attempt by an offensive player to cut block a defensive player who is already being blocked by another offensive player.
When an incomplete pass is thrown by a quarterback, who is in the pocket, towards an area of the field where there is clearly no eligible receiver, usually in a desperate attempt to avoid getting sacked.
When a defender tackles another player by grabbing the back-inside of an opponent's shoulder pads.
When someone in the middle of the line is beyond the neutral zone when a forward pass which crosses the neutral zone is thrown.
When a pitcher starts to throw to homeplate and then stops and throws to a base to pick off a runner
An infraction where a person illegally changes the course of play from what is expected. i.e. preventing runner to continue in their path or physically preventing a fielder from making an out.
An infraction where a pitcher delivers the ball to the batter without their foot on the pitching plate (rubber).
When a player is able to try to advance to first base, if it is available, even if the umpire has called three strikes because the catcher did not field the ball cleanly.
A penalty called when an offending player swings their hockey stick at an opposing player, regardless of contact, or breaks an opposing player's stick with their own.
Hitting an opponent with the stick when it is held with two hands and no part of the stick is on the ice.
When a player shoots the puck across both the center red line and the opposing team's goal line, and their team is not the first to reach the puck.
Pushing an opponent violently into the boards while the player is facing the boards.
When a pass is made to a teammate who is behind the last defender(not including the goalie) from the opposing team.
A foul in which a defensive player, instead of going after the ball, uses their body to impede another players movements
A player touches the ball with more than one body part in succession or touches it twice before another player.
A player in the server spot or the two previous server spots hits the ball when it is above the net height and it crosses the plane of the net.
When a player steps into the lane when releasing the ball towards the pins.
If a player has taken a stroke at a provisional or substitute ball, or if the player can not locate their original ball within 5 minutes of searching.
when a player has served out of turn, has served from the wrong service or standing on the wrong service court while being prepared to receive the service and it has been delivered.
When an athlete, after assuming a full and final starting position commences hisstart before receiving the report of the gun.
Penalty accessed when removing equipment from assigned pit area or speeding on pit road during pass through penalty.
Prolonged tip-to-cue-ball contact beyond that seen in normal shots.
a race in which the stronger riders are given either a greater distance to travel or a later start so as to equalize competition.
The penalty of putting a team in last place.
When the ball served touches the net, strap or band, and is otherwise good; or, after touching the net hits the opposing player.
When a player scores more than the required amount. Their score will go back to what it was when they began that turn.
When a boxer loops both hands around the outside of the opponent's shoulders, scooping back under the forearms to grasp the opponent's arms tightly against his own body.
When an offensive player uses his free hand to control the stick of an opposing player.
A batsman can be given an out when the wicketkeeper puts down his wicket while he is out of his crease and not attempting a run.
To accidentally touch a moving stone.
When an athlete's back toe leaves the ground before the heel of the front foot has touched the ground.
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