Academic Citation Styles

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Can you name the styles and standards for academic citation given an example?

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* -- This style is widely used in the UK and Commonwealth countries for liberal arts publications. Uniquely, it includes the full reference in the footnote.
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Type of CitationStyleExample Citation
In-text (parenthetical)According to Sothern and Gordon (2003), “Environmental factors may contribute as much as 80% to the causes of childhood obesity” (p. 104).
Reference ListAronoff GR, Berns JS, Brier ME, et al. Drug Prescribing in Renal Failure. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: American College of Physicians; 1999:39.
Reference ListDeno, N. C.; Richey, H. G.; Liu, J. S.; Lincoln, D. N.; Turner, J. O. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1965, 87, 4533-4538.
In-text (footnote)1. Jack Hurst, “Nathan Bedford Forrest: A Biography“ (New York: Knopf, 1993), 8.
2. Ibid., 174.
Reference ListUnderwood AJ, Chapman MG. Intertidal ecosystems. In: Levin SA, editor. Encyclopedia of biodiversity. Vol. 3. San Diego: Academic Press; 2000. p. 485-499.
In-text citationMass. Gen. Laws ch. 183, § 49 (2006) or 44 U.S.C. § 1234 (2000).
In-text (footnote)*Jon W. Finson, “Nineteenth-century music: the western classical tradition“ (Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2002), p.65.
In-text (parenthetical)The effects of sleep deprivation among college students have been well documented (Cahill 42).
Reference List[3] L. Stein, “Random patterns,” in ”Computers and You,” J. S. Brake, Ed. New York: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55-70.
[4] R. U. Aslip, “Surface and leaky wave antennas,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, vol. 30, pp. 545–546, Jan. 2000.

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