EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
subduction zones are formed
formed by lithification of sediments
process of loosening and moving soil
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
fastest kind of seismic waves
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
angle of a plane below horizontal
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
sediment transported in suspension
zone below water table is ___
deformation with temporary change of shape
non explosive lava rich in basalt
engineering term for permeability
sharp, steep ridges
large igneous bodies formed at depth
response to deforming force
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
molten liquid rock
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
cold outer shell of earth
no alignment of crystals
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
deforming force
sediment transported along stream bed
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
rigids segments of lithosphere
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
places where plates move apart
beds that store groundwater
central theory behind most geological work
zone above water table
tendency to break along planar surfaces
gneiss is a very _____ rock
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
plates slide past each other
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
______ in mantle causes plate motions
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
upward arching fold
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
very slow downslope movement
foliations are planes of ___
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
strong sedimentary rocks
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
formed by magma crystallization
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
clastic sediments classified by ____
most common element in crust
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
preferred alignment of crystals

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term