EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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angle of a plane below horizontal
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
subduction zones are formed
cold outer shell of earth
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
zone above water table
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
sharp, steep ridges
gneiss is a very _____ rock
response to deforming force
non explosive lava rich in basalt
large igneous bodies formed at depth
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
sediment transported in suspension
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
fastest kind of seismic waves
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
central theory behind most geological work
clastic sediments classified by ____
strong sedimentary rocks
most common element in crust
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
deforming force
upward arching fold
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
plates slide past each other
sediment transported along stream bed
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
zone below water table is ___
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
molten liquid rock
deformation with temporary change of shape
______ in mantle causes plate motions
preferred alignment of crystals
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
places where plates move apart
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
rigids segments of lithosphere
beds that store groundwater
process of loosening and moving soil
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
no alignment of crystals
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
formed by magma crystallization
very slow downslope movement
engineering term for permeability
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
tendency to break along planar surfaces
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
formed by lithification of sediments
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
foliations are planes of ___
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term