EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
rigids segments of lithosphere
engineering term for permeability
non explosive lava rich in basalt
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
process of loosening and moving soil
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
very slow downslope movement
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
sediment transported along stream bed
large igneous bodies formed at depth
sediment transported in suspension
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
strong sedimentary rocks
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
fastest kind of seismic waves
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
angle of a plane below horizontal
______ in mantle causes plate motions
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
molten liquid rock
gneiss is a very _____ rock
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
places where plates move apart
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
beds that store groundwater
zone below water table is ___
deforming force
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
formed by magma crystallization
subduction zones are formed
foliations are planes of ___
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
zone above water table
cold outer shell of earth
formed by lithification of sediments
response to deforming force
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
central theory behind most geological work
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
clastic sediments classified by ____
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
plates slide past each other
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
sharp, steep ridges
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
most common element in crust
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
deformation with temporary change of shape
upward arching fold
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
tendency to break along planar surfaces
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
no alignment of crystals
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
preferred alignment of crystals
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term