Science / EPSC 221 Review

Random Science or geology Quiz

Can you name the geology terms?

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removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
places where plates move apart
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
gneiss is a very _____ rock
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
beds that store groundwater
angle of a plane below horizontal
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
sediment transported in suspension
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
rigids segments of lithosphere
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
formed by magma crystallization
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
subduction zones are formed
plates slide past each other
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
fastest kind of seismic waves
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
upward arching fold
cold outer shell of earth
large igneous bodies formed at depth
zone below water table is ___
response to deforming force
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
zone above water table
engineering term for permeability
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
preferred alignment of crystals
sharp, steep ridges
strong sedimentary rocks
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
sediment transported along stream bed
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
most common element in crust
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
central theory behind most geological work
foliations are planes of ___
clastic sediments classified by ____
deformation with temporary change of shape
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
no alignment of crystals
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
deforming force
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
formed by lithification of sediments
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
very slow downslope movement
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
tendency to break along planar surfaces
______ in mantle causes plate motions
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
non explosive lava rich in basalt
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
process of loosening and moving soil
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
molten liquid rock
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
term for rocks transported far away form their source area

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