EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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beds that store groundwater
fastest kind of seismic waves
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
rigids segments of lithosphere
clastic sediments classified by ____
foliations are planes of ___
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
central theory behind most geological work
non explosive lava rich in basalt
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
gneiss is a very _____ rock
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
molten liquid rock
upward arching fold
plates slide past each other
zone below water table is ___
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
large igneous bodies formed at depth
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
deformation with temporary change of shape
cold outer shell of earth
Hints
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
sharp, steep ridges
very slow downslope movement
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
angle of a plane below horizontal
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
formed by magma crystallization
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
formed by lithification of sediments
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
process of loosening and moving soil
subduction zones are formed
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
______ in mantle causes plate motions
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
most common element in crust
sediment transported along stream bed
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
Hints
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
no alignment of crystals
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
zone above water table
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
response to deforming force
places where plates move apart
tendency to break along planar surfaces
strong sedimentary rocks
sediment transported in suspension
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
engineering term for permeability
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
deforming force
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
preferred alignment of crystals

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term