EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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breaking down of rocks at earths surface
deformation with temporary change of shape
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
formed by magma crystallization
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
zone above water table
gneiss is a very _____ rock
sediment transported along stream bed
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
beds that store groundwater
sediment transported in suspension
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
formed by lithification of sediments
places where plates move apart
______ in mantle causes plate motions
deforming force
strong sedimentary rocks
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
fastest kind of seismic waves
very slow downslope movement
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
tendency to break along planar surfaces
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
engineering term for permeability
central theory behind most geological work
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
upward arching fold
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
large igneous bodies formed at depth
clastic sediments classified by ____
non explosive lava rich in basalt
response to deforming force
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
angle of a plane below horizontal
subduction zones are formed
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
cold outer shell of earth
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
sharp, steep ridges
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
zone below water table is ___
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
no alignment of crystals
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
most common element in crust
molten liquid rock
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
plates slide past each other
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
foliations are planes of ___
preferred alignment of crystals
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
process of loosening and moving soil
rigids segments of lithosphere
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier

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