EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
central theory behind most geological work
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
fastest kind of seismic waves
cold outer shell of earth
rigids segments of lithosphere
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
zone above water table
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
tendency to break along planar surfaces
plates slide past each other
response to deforming force
most common element in crust
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
strong sedimentary rocks
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
molten liquid rock
angle of a plane below horizontal
______ in mantle causes plate motions
no alignment of crystals
places where plates move apart
deformation with temporary change of shape
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dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
upward arching fold
large igneous bodies formed at depth
formed by lithification of sediments
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
very slow downslope movement
zone below water table is ___
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
sharp, steep ridges
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
sediment transported along stream bed
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
clastic sediments classified by ____
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removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
sediment transported in suspension
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
preferred alignment of crystals
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
beds that store groundwater
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
non explosive lava rich in basalt
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
deforming force
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
subduction zones are formed
formed by magma crystallization
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
process of loosening and moving soil
gneiss is a very _____ rock
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
engineering term for permeability
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
foliations are planes of ___

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term