EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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deformation with temporary change of shape
zone above water table
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
upward arching fold
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
fastest kind of seismic waves
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
plates slide past each other
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
sediment transported along stream bed
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
process of loosening and moving soil
molten liquid rock
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
places where plates move apart
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
______ in mantle causes plate motions
foliations are planes of ___
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
beds that store groundwater
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
tendency to break along planar surfaces
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
cold outer shell of earth
angle of a plane below horizontal
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
no alignment of crystals
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
subduction zones are formed
gneiss is a very _____ rock
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
most common element in crust
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
strong sedimentary rocks
response to deforming force
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
deforming force
central theory behind most geological work
preferred alignment of crystals
sharp, steep ridges
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
formed by magma crystallization
sediment transported in suspension
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
non explosive lava rich in basalt
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
zone below water table is ___
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
large igneous bodies formed at depth
formed by lithification of sediments
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
clastic sediments classified by ____
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
very slow downslope movement
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
engineering term for permeability
rigids segments of lithosphere
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other

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