EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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sediment transported along stream bed
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
subduction zones are formed
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
foliations are planes of ___
strong sedimentary rocks
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
clastic sediments classified by ____
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
formed by magma crystallization
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
large igneous bodies formed at depth
most common element in crust
upward arching fold
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
tendency to break along planar surfaces
angle of a plane below horizontal
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
no alignment of crystals
central theory behind most geological work
beds that store groundwater
gneiss is a very _____ rock
process of loosening and moving soil
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
deformation with temporary change of shape
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
rigids segments of lithosphere
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
deforming force
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
______ in mantle causes plate motions
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
response to deforming force
fastest kind of seismic waves
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
cold outer shell of earth
preferred alignment of crystals
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
zone above water table
zone below water table is ___
plates slide past each other
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
formed by lithification of sediments
non explosive lava rich in basalt
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
very slow downslope movement
sediment transported in suspension
engineering term for permeability
sharp, steep ridges
molten liquid rock
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
places where plates move apart
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term