EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
upward arching fold
beds that store groundwater
cold outer shell of earth
engineering term for permeability
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
process of loosening and moving soil
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
deforming force
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
clastic sediments classified by ____
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
non explosive lava rich in basalt
strong sedimentary rocks
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
tendency to break along planar surfaces
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
formed by lithification of sediments
Hints
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
no alignment of crystals
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
zone below water table is ___
sediment transported along stream bed
most common element in crust
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
fastest kind of seismic waves
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
sharp, steep ridges
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
deformation with temporary change of shape
______ in mantle causes plate motions
sediment transported in suspension
gneiss is a very _____ rock
subduction zones are formed
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
Hints
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
zone above water table
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
angle of a plane below horizontal
preferred alignment of crystals
large igneous bodies formed at depth
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
molten liquid rock
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
rigids segments of lithosphere
very slow downslope movement
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
plates slide past each other
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
formed by magma crystallization
places where plates move apart
central theory behind most geological work
response to deforming force
foliations are planes of ___

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term