EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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beds that store groundwater
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
clastic sediments classified by ____
central theory behind most geological work
preferred alignment of crystals
upward arching fold
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
angle of a plane below horizontal
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
deforming force
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
non explosive lava rich in basalt
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
molten liquid rock
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
______ in mantle causes plate motions
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
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term for rocks transported far away form their source area
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
strong sedimentary rocks
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
deformation with temporary change of shape
most common element in crust
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
gneiss is a very _____ rock
foliations are planes of ___
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
plates slide past each other
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
sediment transported along stream bed
fastest kind of seismic waves
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
rigids segments of lithosphere
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
response to deforming force
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
sharp, steep ridges
very slow downslope movement
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
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formed by magma crystallization
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
tendency to break along planar surfaces
large igneous bodies formed at depth
formed by lithification of sediments
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
zone above water table
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
places where plates move apart
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
no alignment of crystals
subduction zones are formed
sediment transported in suspension
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
zone below water table is ___
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
cold outer shell of earth
engineering term for permeability
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
process of loosening and moving soil

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term