EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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Score 0/78 Timer 15:00
Hints
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
fastest kind of seismic waves
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
deforming force
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
formed by lithification of sediments
central theory behind most geological work
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
sediment transported along stream bed
plates slide past each other
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
response to deforming force
sharp, steep ridges
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
upward arching fold
cold outer shell of earth
places where plates move apart
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
Hints
very slow downslope movement
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
subduction zones are formed
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
zone above water table
large igneous bodies formed at depth
foliations are planes of ___
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
angle of a plane below horizontal
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
zone below water table is ___
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
tendency to break along planar surfaces
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
______ in mantle causes plate motions
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
engineering term for permeability
formed by magma crystallization
most common element in crust
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
Hints
strong sedimentary rocks
deformation with temporary change of shape
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
preferred alignment of crystals
no alignment of crystals
rigids segments of lithosphere
beds that store groundwater
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
non explosive lava rich in basalt
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
sediment transported in suspension
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
process of loosening and moving soil
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
gneiss is a very _____ rock
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
molten liquid rock
clastic sediments classified by ____
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term