EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
strong sedimentary rocks
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
plates slide past each other
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
cold outer shell of earth
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
beds that store groundwater
clastic sediments classified by ____
deformation with temporary change of shape
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
places where plates move apart
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
deforming force
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
sediment transported in suspension
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
very slow downslope movement
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
zone above water table
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
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weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
sharp, steep ridges
upward arching fold
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
rigids segments of lithosphere
molten liquid rock
engineering term for permeability
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
zone below water table is ___
preferred alignment of crystals
angle of a plane below horizontal
______ in mantle causes plate motions
non explosive lava rich in basalt
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
subduction zones are formed
formed by magma crystallization
sediment transported along stream bed
formed by lithification of sediments
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
gneiss is a very _____ rock
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
no alignment of crystals
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dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
response to deforming force
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
foliations are planes of ___
most common element in crust
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
process of loosening and moving soil
tendency to break along planar surfaces
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
central theory behind most geological work
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
large igneous bodies formed at depth
fastest kind of seismic waves
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface

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