Science / EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
foliations are planes of ___
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
very slow downslope movement
deforming force
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
rigids segments of lithosphere
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
formed by magma crystallization
zone above water table
upward arching fold
fastest kind of seismic waves
process of loosening and moving soil
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
cold outer shell of earth
angle of a plane below horizontal
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
preferred alignment of crystals
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
beds that store groundwater
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
non explosive lava rich in basalt
engineering term for permeability
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
sediment transported in suspension
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
zone below water table is ___
response to deforming force
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
strong sedimentary rocks
gneiss is a very _____ rock
no alignment of crystals
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
sharp, steep ridges
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
formed by lithification of sediments
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
large igneous bodies formed at depth
deformation with temporary change of shape
molten liquid rock
places where plates move apart
______ in mantle causes plate motions
most common element in crust
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
sediment transported along stream bed
clastic sediments classified by ____
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
plates slide past each other
subduction zones are formed
central theory behind most geological work
tendency to break along planar surfaces
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)

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