EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
beds that store groundwater
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
strong sedimentary rocks
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
response to deforming force
molten liquid rock
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
places where plates move apart
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
central theory behind most geological work
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
formed by magma crystallization
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
Hints
tendency to break along planar surfaces
plates slide past each other
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
deforming force
sharp, steep ridges
clastic sediments classified by ____
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
deformation with temporary change of shape
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
rigids segments of lithosphere
large igneous bodies formed at depth
non explosive lava rich in basalt
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
zone below water table is ___
cold outer shell of earth
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
gneiss is a very _____ rock
zone above water table
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
preferred alignment of crystals
engineering term for permeability
Hints
angle of a plane below horizontal
no alignment of crystals
sediment transported along stream bed
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
foliations are planes of ___
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
most common element in crust
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
sediment transported in suspension
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
______ in mantle causes plate motions
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
fastest kind of seismic waves
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
process of loosening and moving soil
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
subduction zones are formed
very slow downslope movement
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
formed by lithification of sediments
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
upward arching fold

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