EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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normal fault, hanging wall moves...
deforming force
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
plates slide past each other
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
formed by magma crystallization
molten liquid rock
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
tendency to break along planar surfaces
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
strong sedimentary rocks
response to deforming force
sediment transported along stream bed
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
sharp, steep ridges
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
fastest kind of seismic waves
preferred alignment of crystals
places where plates move apart
Hints
formed by lithification of sediments
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
zone above water table
process of loosening and moving soil
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
central theory behind most geological work
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
engineering term for permeability
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
large igneous bodies formed at depth
______ in mantle causes plate motions
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
foliations are planes of ___
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
non explosive lava rich in basalt
angle of a plane below horizontal
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
very slow downslope movement
deformation with temporary change of shape
Hints
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
sediment transported in suspension
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
upward arching fold
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
gneiss is a very _____ rock
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
subduction zones are formed
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
most common element in crust
no alignment of crystals
clastic sediments classified by ____
zone below water table is ___
beds that store groundwater
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
cold outer shell of earth
rigids segments of lithosphere

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term