EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
zone above water table
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
______ in mantle causes plate motions
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
places where plates move apart
central theory behind most geological work
deformation with temporary change of shape
formed by lithification of sediments
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
sediment transported in suspension
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
beds that store groundwater
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
deforming force
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
foliations are planes of ___
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
fastest kind of seismic waves
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
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created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
tendency to break along planar surfaces
clastic sediments classified by ____
non explosive lava rich in basalt
gneiss is a very _____ rock
strong sedimentary rocks
subduction zones are formed
very slow downslope movement
engineering term for permeability
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
cold outer shell of earth
upward arching fold
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
zone below water table is ___
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
sharp, steep ridges
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
process of loosening and moving soil
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
Hints
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
sediment transported along stream bed
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
response to deforming force
no alignment of crystals
large igneous bodies formed at depth
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
rigids segments of lithosphere
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
formed by magma crystallization
angle of a plane below horizontal
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
molten liquid rock
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
most common element in crust
preferred alignment of crystals
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
plates slide past each other
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term