EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
subduction zones are formed
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
large igneous bodies formed at depth
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
beds that store groundwater
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
central theory behind most geological work
deformation with temporary change of shape
process of loosening and moving soil
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
upward arching fold
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
molten liquid rock
fastest kind of seismic waves
preferred alignment of crystals
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
tendency to break along planar surfaces
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
strong sedimentary rocks
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
plates slide past each other
angle of a plane below horizontal
non explosive lava rich in basalt
gneiss is a very _____ rock
formed by magma crystallization
clastic sediments classified by ____
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
sediment transported along stream bed
deforming force
most common element in crust
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
sediment transported in suspension
cold outer shell of earth
______ in mantle causes plate motions
zone below water table is ___
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
no alignment of crystals
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
response to deforming force
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
rigids segments of lithosphere
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
very slow downslope movement
formed by lithification of sediments
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
places where plates move apart
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
sharp, steep ridges
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
foliations are planes of ___
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
zone above water table
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
engineering term for permeability

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term