EPSC 221 Review

Random Science or geology Quiz

Can you name the geology terms?

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point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
sharp, steep ridges
deformation with temporary change of shape
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
gneiss is a very _____ rock
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
large igneous bodies formed at depth
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
formed by magma crystallization
zone below water table is ___
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
cold outer shell of earth
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
rigids segments of lithosphere
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
molten liquid rock
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
non explosive lava rich in basalt
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light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
no alignment of crystals
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
______ in mantle causes plate motions
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
angle of a plane below horizontal
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
fastest kind of seismic waves
upward arching fold
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
central theory behind most geological work
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
plates slide past each other
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
sediment transported along stream bed
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
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preferred alignment of crystals
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
foliations are planes of ___
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
subduction zones are formed
formed by lithification of sediments
deforming force
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
zone above water table
tendency to break along planar surfaces
very slow downslope movement
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
sediment transported in suspension
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
response to deforming force
clastic sediments classified by ____
engineering term for permeability
process of loosening and moving soil
most common element in crust
beds that store groundwater
places where plates move apart
strong sedimentary rocks

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