EPSC 221 Review

Random Science or geology Quiz

Can you name the geology terms?

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heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
gneiss is a very _____ rock
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
zone below water table is ___
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
angle of a plane below horizontal
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
large igneous bodies formed at depth
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
zone above water table
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
deforming force
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
tendency to break along planar surfaces
sharp, steep ridges
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
clastic sediments classified by ____
most common element in crust
molten liquid rock
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
engineering term for permeability
formed by magma crystallization
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
no alignment of crystals
subduction zones are formed
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
response to deforming force
upward arching fold
places where plates move apart
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
cold outer shell of earth
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
______ in mantle causes plate motions
process of loosening and moving soil
preferred alignment of crystals
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
non explosive lava rich in basalt
formed by lithification of sediments
rigids segments of lithosphere
central theory behind most geological work
sediment transported in suspension
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
very slow downslope movement
beds that store groundwater
foliations are planes of ___
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
sediment transported along stream bed
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
fastest kind of seismic waves
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
plates slide past each other
strong sedimentary rocks
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
deformation with temporary change of shape

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