EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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formed by magma crystallization
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
angle of a plane below horizontal
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
zone below water table is ___
zone above water table
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
subduction zones are formed
______ in mantle causes plate motions
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
foliations are planes of ___
response to deforming force
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
central theory behind most geological work
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
strong sedimentary rocks
deforming force
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
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created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
no alignment of crystals
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
sediment transported in suspension
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
very slow downslope movement
molten liquid rock
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
clastic sediments classified by ____
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
sediment transported along stream bed
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
beds that store groundwater
preferred alignment of crystals
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
cold outer shell of earth
non explosive lava rich in basalt
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
places where plates move apart
rigids segments of lithosphere
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brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
fastest kind of seismic waves
formed by lithification of sediments
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
plates slide past each other
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
large igneous bodies formed at depth
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
most common element in crust
engineering term for permeability
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
upward arching fold
deformation with temporary change of shape
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
gneiss is a very _____ rock
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
process of loosening and moving soil
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
sharp, steep ridges
tendency to break along planar surfaces
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock

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