EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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fastest kind of seismic waves
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
foliations are planes of ___
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
preferred alignment of crystals
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
angle of a plane below horizontal
strong sedimentary rocks
beds that store groundwater
sediment transported along stream bed
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
central theory behind most geological work
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
molten liquid rock
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
cold outer shell of earth
plates slide past each other
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
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weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
deforming force
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
no alignment of crystals
sharp, steep ridges
process of loosening and moving soil
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
zone below water table is ___
very slow downslope movement
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
non explosive lava rich in basalt
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
response to deforming force
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
deformation with temporary change of shape
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
______ in mantle causes plate motions
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
formed by magma crystallization
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
large igneous bodies formed at depth
formed by lithification of sediments
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
zone above water table
Hints
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
rigids segments of lithosphere
clastic sediments classified by ____
gneiss is a very _____ rock
engineering term for permeability
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
sediment transported in suspension
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
places where plates move apart
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
most common element in crust
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
upward arching fold
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
tendency to break along planar surfaces
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
subduction zones are formed
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term