EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
preferred alignment of crystals
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
angle of a plane below horizontal
rigids segments of lithosphere
zone below water table is ___
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
gneiss is a very _____ rock
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
deformation with temporary change of shape
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
no alignment of crystals
central theory behind most geological work
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
clastic sediments classified by ____
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
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extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
molten liquid rock
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
very slow downslope movement
foliations are planes of ___
process of loosening and moving soil
fastest kind of seismic waves
sediment transported in suspension
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
beds that store groundwater
places where plates move apart
______ in mantle causes plate motions
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
sharp, steep ridges
sediment transported along stream bed
most common element in crust
non explosive lava rich in basalt
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
subduction zones are formed
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
cold outer shell of earth
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engineering term for permeability
upward arching fold
strong sedimentary rocks
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
formed by magma crystallization
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
large igneous bodies formed at depth
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
response to deforming force
deforming force
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
formed by lithification of sediments
plates slide past each other
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
tendency to break along planar surfaces
zone above water table
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term