EPSC 221 Review

Random Science or geology Quiz

Can you name the geology terms?

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zone below water table is ___
tendency to break along planar surfaces
rigids segments of lithosphere
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
beds that store groundwater
large igneous bodies formed at depth
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
preferred alignment of crystals
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
engineering term for permeability
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
response to deforming force
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
zone above water table
sediment transported in suspension
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
deforming force
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
sharp, steep ridges
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
no alignment of crystals
sediment transported along stream bed
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
gneiss is a very _____ rock
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
non explosive lava rich in basalt
plates slide past each other
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
foliations are planes of ___
subduction zones are formed
process of loosening and moving soil
strong sedimentary rocks
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
cold outer shell of earth
very slow downslope movement
upward arching fold
______ in mantle causes plate motions
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
deformation with temporary change of shape
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
molten liquid rock
places where plates move apart
most common element in crust
formed by lithification of sediments
angle of a plane below horizontal
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
clastic sediments classified by ____
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
formed by magma crystallization
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
fastest kind of seismic waves
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
central theory behind most geological work

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