EPSC 221 Review

Random Science or geology Quiz

Can you name the geology terms?

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classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
sediment transported in suspension
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
formed by magma crystallization
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
engineering term for permeability
cold outer shell of earth
very slow downslope movement
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
beds that store groundwater
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
central theory behind most geological work
gneiss is a very _____ rock
Hints
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
large igneous bodies formed at depth
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
strong sedimentary rocks
non explosive lava rich in basalt
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
response to deforming force
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
subduction zones are formed
places where plates move apart
preferred alignment of crystals
most common element in crust
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
rigids segments of lithosphere
no alignment of crystals
process of loosening and moving soil
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
foliations are planes of ___
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
sharp, steep ridges
Hints
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
deforming force
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
molten liquid rock
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
deformation with temporary change of shape
______ in mantle causes plate motions
formed by lithification of sediments
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
tendency to break along planar surfaces
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
fastest kind of seismic waves
zone above water table
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
sediment transported along stream bed
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
angle of a plane below horizontal
upward arching fold
zone below water table is ___
plates slide past each other
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
clastic sediments classified by ____

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