EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
sediment transported in suspension
zone above water table
strong sedimentary rocks
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
most common element in crust
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
beds that store groundwater
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
deforming force
sediment transported along stream bed
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
fastest kind of seismic waves
upward arching fold
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
preferred alignment of crystals
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
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process of loosening and moving soil
formed by lithification of sediments
deformation with temporary change of shape
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
very slow downslope movement
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
cold outer shell of earth
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
angle of a plane below horizontal
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
places where plates move apart
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
gneiss is a very _____ rock
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
large igneous bodies formed at depth
subduction zones are formed
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rigids segments of lithosphere
formed by magma crystallization
non explosive lava rich in basalt
______ in mantle causes plate motions
no alignment of crystals
tendency to break along planar surfaces
clastic sediments classified by ____
foliations are planes of ___
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
response to deforming force
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
zone below water table is ___
molten liquid rock
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
plates slide past each other
sharp, steep ridges
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
central theory behind most geological work
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
engineering term for permeability
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term