EPSC 221 Review

Random Science or geology Quiz

Can you name the geology terms?

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strong sedimentary rocks
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
subduction zones are formed
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
formed by lithification of sediments
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
very slow downslope movement
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
foliations are planes of ___
tendency to break along planar surfaces
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
sediment transported along stream bed
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
deforming force
beds that store groundwater
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glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
zone below water table is ___
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
response to deforming force
process of loosening and moving soil
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
gneiss is a very _____ rock
plates slide past each other
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
angle of a plane below horizontal
fastest kind of seismic waves
most common element in crust
deformation with temporary change of shape
cold outer shell of earth
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
central theory behind most geological work
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
Hints
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
______ in mantle causes plate motions
upward arching fold
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
preferred alignment of crystals
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
clastic sediments classified by ____
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
sediment transported in suspension
zone above water table
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
large igneous bodies formed at depth
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
engineering term for permeability
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
no alignment of crystals
non explosive lava rich in basalt
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
places where plates move apart
sharp, steep ridges
molten liquid rock
rigids segments of lithosphere
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
formed by magma crystallization

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