Science / EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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gneiss is a very _____ rock
clastic sediments classified by ____
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
zone below water table is ___
very slow downslope movement
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
process of loosening and moving soil
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
cold outer shell of earth
molten liquid rock
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
fastest kind of seismic waves
rigids segments of lithosphere
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
zone above water table
sharp, steep ridges
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
tendency to break along planar surfaces
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landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
______ in mantle causes plate motions
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
subduction zones are formed
beds that store groundwater
central theory behind most geological work
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
no alignment of crystals
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
most common element in crust
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
engineering term for permeability
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
deformation with temporary change of shape
upward arching fold
foliations are planes of ___
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
places where plates move apart
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
sediment transported in suspension
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
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term for rocks transported far away form their source area
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
formed by magma crystallization
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
sediment transported along stream bed
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
preferred alignment of crystals
response to deforming force
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
large igneous bodies formed at depth
angle of a plane below horizontal
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
plates slide past each other
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
non explosive lava rich in basalt
strong sedimentary rocks
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
formed by lithification of sediments
deforming force

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