EPSC 221 Review

Random Science or geology Quiz

Can you name the geology terms?

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zone below water table is ___
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
sharp, steep ridges
most common element in crust
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
tendency to break along planar surfaces
angle of a plane below horizontal
plates slide past each other
deformation with temporary change of shape
process of loosening and moving soil
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
fastest kind of seismic waves
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
cold outer shell of earth
preferred alignment of crystals
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
rigids segments of lithosphere
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
foliations are planes of ___
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
deforming force
formed by magma crystallization
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
no alignment of crystals
engineering term for permeability
large igneous bodies formed at depth
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
subduction zones are formed
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
strong sedimentary rocks
zone above water table
upward arching fold
very slow downslope movement
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
beds that store groundwater
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
sediment transported along stream bed
sediment transported in suspension
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
central theory behind most geological work
response to deforming force
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
places where plates move apart
formed by lithification of sediments
molten liquid rock
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
______ in mantle causes plate motions
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
gneiss is a very _____ rock
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
clastic sediments classified by ____
non explosive lava rich in basalt

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