EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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formed by magma crystallization
fastest kind of seismic waves
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
response to deforming force
______ in mantle causes plate motions
places where plates move apart
no alignment of crystals
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
upward arching fold
zone below water table is ___
large igneous bodies formed at depth
subduction zones are formed
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
central theory behind most geological work
deforming force
tendency to break along planar surfaces
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
formed by lithification of sediments
non explosive lava rich in basalt
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
most common element in crust
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
plates slide past each other
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
preferred alignment of crystals
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
rigids segments of lithosphere
engineering term for permeability
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
cold outer shell of earth
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
process of loosening and moving soil
zone above water table
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
gneiss is a very _____ rock
angle of a plane below horizontal
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
deformation with temporary change of shape
foliations are planes of ___
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
strong sedimentary rocks
sediment transported along stream bed
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
clastic sediments classified by ____
beds that store groundwater
sediment transported in suspension
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
molten liquid rock
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
sharp, steep ridges
very slow downslope movement

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term