EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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______ in mantle causes plate motions
strong sedimentary rocks
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
gneiss is a very _____ rock
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
upward arching fold
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
angle of a plane below horizontal
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
zone below water table is ___
response to deforming force
formed by lithification of sediments
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
large igneous bodies formed at depth
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
deformation with temporary change of shape
beds that store groundwater
sharp, steep ridges
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
Hints
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
places where plates move apart
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
most common element in crust
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
preferred alignment of crystals
foliations are planes of ___
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
non explosive lava rich in basalt
sediment transported along stream bed
engineering term for permeability
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
central theory behind most geological work
sediment transported in suspension
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
process of loosening and moving soil
formed by magma crystallization
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
rigids segments of lithosphere
Hints
no alignment of crystals
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
tendency to break along planar surfaces
cold outer shell of earth
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
plates slide past each other
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
very slow downslope movement
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
zone above water table
deforming force
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
subduction zones are formed
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
clastic sediments classified by ____
molten liquid rock
fastest kind of seismic waves
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term