EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
engineering term for permeability
angle of a plane below horizontal
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
most common element in crust
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
no alignment of crystals
cold outer shell of earth
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
process of loosening and moving soil
______ in mantle causes plate motions
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
formed by magma crystallization
strong sedimentary rocks
fastest kind of seismic waves
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
central theory behind most geological work
clastic sediments classified by ____
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
gneiss is a very _____ rock
response to deforming force
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
preferred alignment of crystals
Hints
tendency to break along planar surfaces
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
sediment transported in suspension
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
deforming force
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
rigids segments of lithosphere
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
molten liquid rock
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
zone below water table is ___
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
sharp, steep ridges
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
very slow downslope movement
Hints
plates slide past each other
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
places where plates move apart
large igneous bodies formed at depth
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
sediment transported along stream bed
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
deformation with temporary change of shape
beds that store groundwater
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
zone above water table
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
non explosive lava rich in basalt
formed by lithification of sediments
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
upward arching fold
foliations are planes of ___
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
subduction zones are formed
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term