EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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clastic sediments classified by ____
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
angle of a plane below horizontal
non explosive lava rich in basalt
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
formed by lithification of sediments
cold outer shell of earth
zone above water table
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
zone below water table is ___
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
sediment transported in suspension
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
gneiss is a very _____ rock
preferred alignment of crystals
large igneous bodies formed at depth
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
deforming force
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
response to deforming force
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
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deformation with temporary change of shape
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
molten liquid rock
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
no alignment of crystals
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
subduction zones are formed
rigids segments of lithosphere
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
sediment transported along stream bed
strong sedimentary rocks
______ in mantle causes plate motions
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
most common element in crust
beds that store groundwater
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
fastest kind of seismic waves
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
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point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
engineering term for permeability
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
sharp, steep ridges
central theory behind most geological work
upward arching fold
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
very slow downslope movement
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
tendency to break along planar surfaces
formed by magma crystallization
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
plates slide past each other
foliations are planes of ___
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
process of loosening and moving soil
places where plates move apart

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term