EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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places where plates move apart
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
central theory behind most geological work
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
zone above water table
clastic sediments classified by ____
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
fastest kind of seismic waves
rigids segments of lithosphere
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
most common element in crust
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
beds that store groundwater
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
strong sedimentary rocks
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
large igneous bodies formed at depth
response to deforming force
preferred alignment of crystals
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volume of water passing a given point at a given time
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
sharp, steep ridges
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
engineering term for permeability
cold outer shell of earth
angle of a plane below horizontal
deforming force
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
very slow downslope movement
non explosive lava rich in basalt
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
upward arching fold
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
plates slide past each other
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
deformation with temporary change of shape
process of loosening and moving soil
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
foliations are planes of ___
formed by lithification of sediments
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sediment transported along stream bed
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
subduction zones are formed
no alignment of crystals
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
tendency to break along planar surfaces
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
______ in mantle causes plate motions
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
zone below water table is ___
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
gneiss is a very _____ rock
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
molten liquid rock
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
sediment transported in suspension
formed by magma crystallization

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