EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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process of loosening and moving soil
sediment transported along stream bed
places where plates move apart
cold outer shell of earth
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
fastest kind of seismic waves
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
very slow downslope movement
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
formed by magma crystallization
zone above water table
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
______ in mantle causes plate motions
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
clastic sediments classified by ____
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
sediment transported in suspension
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
preferred alignment of crystals
zone below water table is ___
foliations are planes of ___
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
no alignment of crystals
sharp, steep ridges
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
non explosive lava rich in basalt
gneiss is a very _____ rock
formed by lithification of sediments
rigids segments of lithosphere
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
large igneous bodies formed at depth
beds that store groundwater
engineering term for permeability
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
response to deforming force
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
most common element in crust
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
deformation with temporary change of shape
plates slide past each other
angle of a plane below horizontal
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
upward arching fold
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
deforming force
central theory behind most geological work
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
tendency to break along planar surfaces
subduction zones are formed
strong sedimentary rocks
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
molten liquid rock
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere

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Created Dec 20, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:geology, review, term