EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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engineering term for permeability
rigids segments of lithosphere
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
strong sedimentary rocks
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
non explosive lava rich in basalt
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
clastic sediments classified by ____
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
tendency to break along planar surfaces
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
formed by magma crystallization
places where plates move apart
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
______ in mantle causes plate motions
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
sharp, steep ridges
large igneous bodies formed at depth
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
beds that store groundwater
preferred alignment of crystals
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
sediment transported in suspension
fastest kind of seismic waves
subduction zones are formed
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
foliations are planes of ___
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
most common element in crust
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
formed by lithification of sediments
deformation with temporary change of shape
zone above water table
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
angle of a plane below horizontal
very slow downslope movement
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
central theory behind most geological work
gneiss is a very _____ rock
no alignment of crystals
deforming force
cold outer shell of earth
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
zone below water table is ___
plates slide past each other
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
response to deforming force
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
molten liquid rock
upward arching fold
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
sediment transported along stream bed
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
process of loosening and moving soil

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