EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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deforming force
beds that store groundwater
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
no alignment of crystals
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
plates slide past each other
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
foliations are planes of ___
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
______ in mantle causes plate motions
upward arching fold
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
zone above water table
sediment transported in suspension
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
central theory behind most geological work
cold outer shell of earth
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
formed by lithification of sediments
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
strong sedimentary rocks
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region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
clastic sediments classified by ____
response to deforming force
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
non explosive lava rich in basalt
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
zone below water table is ___
preferred alignment of crystals
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
angle of a plane below horizontal
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
deformation with temporary change of shape
molten liquid rock
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
tendency to break along planar surfaces
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
rigids segments of lithosphere
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
places where plates move apart
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
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most common element in crust
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
subduction zones are formed
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
large igneous bodies formed at depth
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
fastest kind of seismic waves
engineering term for permeability
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
process of loosening and moving soil
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
sediment transported along stream bed
gneiss is a very _____ rock
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
sharp, steep ridges
formed by magma crystallization
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
very slow downslope movement

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