EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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cold outer shell of earth
process of loosening and moving soil
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
fastest kind of seismic waves
very slow downslope movement
zone below water table is ___
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
sharp, steep ridges
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
formed by magma crystallization
deforming force
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
tendency to break along planar surfaces
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
large igneous bodies formed at depth
zone above water table
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
plates slide past each other
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foliations are planes of ___
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
angle of a plane below horizontal
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
no alignment of crystals
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
______ in mantle causes plate motions
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
gneiss is a very _____ rock
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
preferred alignment of crystals
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
sediment transported in suspension
Hints
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
response to deforming force
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
engineering term for permeability
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
strong sedimentary rocks
clastic sediments classified by ____
subduction zones are formed
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
rigids segments of lithosphere
formed by lithification of sediments
molten liquid rock
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
sediment transported along stream bed
beds that store groundwater
places where plates move apart
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
upward arching fold
deformation with temporary change of shape
most common element in crust
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
central theory behind most geological work
non explosive lava rich in basalt

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