MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research

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Can you name the MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research ?

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DefinitionVocab Word
Impermeable membrane bound bags of hydrolytic enzymes
Lipid Bilayer that surrounds the cell and has protiens and transmitters
Proteins that open selectively and facilitate passive movement across membrane
Attaching antibodies to beads and letting it bind with a protein and associated moelcules
The creation of secondary and tertiary structures in proteins to maximize attractions and to shield from water
A microscope that uses visible light to see
A type of microscope that bombards samples with elections in a raster pattern to see the surface
A pair of concentric membranes connected to ER, surrounds the nucleus
Membrane vesicles that deliver ingested materials to lysosomes
A methodology that assumes that it is possible to understand a system by breaking down and studying the parts
Pathway involving the amplification and transmission of signals
An annular junction sealing the gap between two epithelial cells
Lens that collects and recombines beams of light
A reaction to produce large amounts of DNA segments using restriction enzymes
One of the domains of biology, incorporated a bacteria billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
In this method, a ligand that binds a molecule is attached to a solid and purified
Membrane bounded compartment containing the chromosomes etc
Mus musculus - used to study vertebrate functions
Creates contrast by interferance between light from the sample and a reference beam
A seperation method that uses charged groups attached to beads
Drosophila Melanogaster - used to study multicellular functions
A protein that glows green and allows labling of cellular components
Division of a cell into two diploid daughter cells
Membrane bound bags containing catalase and various oxidases
A type of method of preparation that embeds cells in plastic and then slices it
Organelle that contains enzymes for fat oxidations and phosphorylation of ADP into ATP
A type of microscopy that uses the absorbance and emission of light
A method of microscopy that just shines light and captures visible light on a white background
Dense network of intermediate filaments inside nucleus of eukaryotic cell
Transfer of proteins from gel to a sheet of nylon
C. Elegans - used to study animal functions
Usually single stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
Large gated channels that control all traffic to the nucleus
The growth, synthesis, mitosis and cytokinesis of a cell
 
DefinitionVocab Word
Specified signals incorporated into structures of proetiens and nucleic acids that route these moelcules to right place
Flattened bags of membrane with associated ribosomes that create integral proteins
Ways to improve the detection of a microscope beyond its limits
A change in the DNA sequence
A short cylinder of nine microtubule triplets in center of cell, creates microtubules
an example is mitochondrion, which was incorporated by an archaea billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
The formation of cellular components from molecules without aid of templates or enzymes
Complex cell with a nucleus and membrane bounded organelles
Seperates components based on the size of the molecules
Carries information for constructing a particular protein
Large organelle made of microtubules that primarily provides movement for cell through dynein movement
S. pombe - used to study basic cell functions
The reading of mRNA into protien structures in ribosomes
The creation of two sets of DNA, happens before mitosis
cDNA copies of expressed genes
A preparation method that makes samples cold and then cracks them
A method where specimens are dried from aqueous solutions of metal salts
A circular DNA that self replicates in cytoplasm of a bacterium
Move things, includes dynein, kinesin and myosin
The copying of DNA into mRNA strands in nucleus
Insertion of RNA to decrease amount of protein
A method where the interaction of two proteins attached to polymerase allow synthesis of a protein
A cell or group of cells that only have half the normal number of chromosomes
A cell or group of cells that have the full complement of chromosomes
Flattened bags of membrane without ribosomes involved in lipid synthesis and deals with drugs and calcium
Intranuclear site of ribosomal RNA synthesis and assembly
Consists of nuclear DNA compacted by associated protein
The DNA partner of a strand of RNA
The set of all genes in an organism
A method that seperates components by running them in lanes
Recieve and process inputs for a variety of stimuli
A method that seperates components by interactions
'microfilaments,' tracks for myosin motors
Dictyostelium Discoideum - used to study basic cell functions
Stack of flattened membrane bags that packages and glycosylates protiens
DefinitionVocab Word
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae - used to study basic cell fundtions
Proteins that can couple the downhill movement of one molecular to the uphill movement of another through the plasma membrane
Physical exchange of regions of genous between homologues
Breaking up a cell to release molecules through physical means
Polypeptide chain of amino acids, many uses
A vast database of genes and proteins that allows for better manipulation
Small organelles formed from microtubules that extend outside the cell, provide sensory information and motion
A thin, cylindrical projection of plasma membrane supported by actin filaments
A sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a protein
A PCR method that can create a mutation in the cloned DNA
A method that fragments proteins then measures by weight
A machine that spins really fast
Complexes of protein and RNA that synthesize proteins
A type of microscope that bombards samples with electrons that go through the sample
Arabidopsis Thaliana - used to study plant biology
Uses a sharp point of laser light that sweeps across a sample
Web of materials outside cell that provide support and binding to other cells
Proteins that actively transmit materials through the plasma membrane
Simple bacterial organism used to study cellular hardware
Insertion of a segment of DNA into a plasmid vector
Coating with metal to produce contrast
Focuses light on a specimen
Usually double stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
Formed from arrangement of microtubules during division, pulls cellular components to either side
Membrane bound pit on surface of cell that can receieve materials
Starting with a known gene and disrupting its function to observe what happens
Fusions with this enzyme are used for chromatography because it binds well to glutathione
A detergent that dissociate components for gel electrophoresis
A cylindrical polymer of tubulin that forms cilia, flagella and mitotic spindles, provides tracks for dynein and kinesin
Looks as if shaft of light coming at sample from an angle, produced by beam interferance
Composed of microtubules and filaments, provides structure for the cell
Organisms that have had so much study done on them that they are easy to use
Display of thousands of tiny spots on a glass slide each different

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