MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research

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Can you name the MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research ?

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DefinitionVocab Word
The formation of cellular components from molecules without aid of templates or enzymes
Lens that collects and recombines beams of light
Proteins that actively transmit materials through the plasma membrane
Division of a cell into two diploid daughter cells
Focuses light on a specimen
Membrane bounded compartment containing the chromosomes etc
Ways to improve the detection of a microscope beyond its limits
Physical exchange of regions of genous between homologues
The copying of DNA into mRNA strands in nucleus
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae - used to study basic cell fundtions
Lipid Bilayer that surrounds the cell and has protiens and transmitters
A PCR method that can create a mutation in the cloned DNA
A sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a protein
Impermeable membrane bound bags of hydrolytic enzymes
Starting with a known gene and disrupting its function to observe what happens
Polypeptide chain of amino acids, many uses
Formed from arrangement of microtubules during division, pulls cellular components to either side
an example is mitochondrion, which was incorporated by an archaea billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
Flattened bags of membrane without ribosomes involved in lipid synthesis and deals with drugs and calcium
Creates contrast by interferance between light from the sample and a reference beam
Carries information for constructing a particular protein
A type of method of preparation that embeds cells in plastic and then slices it
Flattened bags of membrane with associated ribosomes that create integral proteins
Dictyostelium Discoideum - used to study basic cell functions
Organisms that have had so much study done on them that they are easy to use
Breaking up a cell to release molecules through physical means
A pair of concentric membranes connected to ER, surrounds the nucleus
Fusions with this enzyme are used for chromatography because it binds well to glutathione
A protein that glows green and allows labling of cellular components
A machine that spins really fast
Usually double stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
Uses a sharp point of laser light that sweeps across a sample
Simple bacterial organism used to study cellular hardware
Pathway involving the amplification and transmission of signals
A cell or group of cells that only have half the normal number of chromosomes
DefinitionVocab Word
A method that seperates components by interactions
A detergent that dissociate components for gel electrophoresis
cDNA copies of expressed genes
The growth, synthesis, mitosis and cytokinesis of a cell
The reading of mRNA into protien structures in ribosomes
A method of microscopy that just shines light and captures visible light on a white background
A microscope that uses visible light to see
Membrane bound pit on surface of cell that can receieve materials
One of the domains of biology, incorporated a bacteria billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
S. pombe - used to study basic cell functions
Stack of flattened membrane bags that packages and glycosylates protiens
Membrane bound bags containing catalase and various oxidases
A preparation method that makes samples cold and then cracks them
Complexes of protein and RNA that synthesize proteins
Proteins that can couple the downhill movement of one molecular to the uphill movement of another through the plasma membrane
A type of microscope that bombards samples with electrons that go through the sample
Organelle that contains enzymes for fat oxidations and phosphorylation of ADP into ATP
Attaching antibodies to beads and letting it bind with a protein and associated moelcules
Proteins that open selectively and facilitate passive movement across membrane
Transfer of proteins from gel to a sheet of nylon
Insertion of a segment of DNA into a plasmid vector
Insertion of RNA to decrease amount of protein
Seperates components based on the size of the molecules
Recieve and process inputs for a variety of stimuli
Usually single stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
Looks as if shaft of light coming at sample from an angle, produced by beam interferance
A circular DNA that self replicates in cytoplasm of a bacterium
A cylindrical polymer of tubulin that forms cilia, flagella and mitotic spindles, provides tracks for dynein and kinesin
A short cylinder of nine microtubule triplets in center of cell, creates microtubules
Display of thousands of tiny spots on a glass slide each different
Arabidopsis Thaliana - used to study plant biology
Consists of nuclear DNA compacted by associated protein
A method where specimens are dried from aqueous solutions of metal salts
Web of materials outside cell that provide support and binding to other cells
DefinitionVocab Word
Mus musculus - used to study vertebrate functions
The creation of two sets of DNA, happens before mitosis
A type of microscopy that uses the absorbance and emission of light
A method where the interaction of two proteins attached to polymerase allow synthesis of a protein
A method that seperates components by running them in lanes
A reaction to produce large amounts of DNA segments using restriction enzymes
Drosophila Melanogaster - used to study multicellular functions
An annular junction sealing the gap between two epithelial cells
Move things, includes dynein, kinesin and myosin
A method that fragments proteins then measures by weight
Dense network of intermediate filaments inside nucleus of eukaryotic cell
A vast database of genes and proteins that allows for better manipulation
Small organelles formed from microtubules that extend outside the cell, provide sensory information and motion
A type of microscope that bombards samples with elections in a raster pattern to see the surface
A seperation method that uses charged groups attached to beads
Membrane vesicles that deliver ingested materials to lysosomes
The set of all genes in an organism
'microfilaments,' tracks for myosin motors
The DNA partner of a strand of RNA
Large organelle made of microtubules that primarily provides movement for cell through dynein movement
Specified signals incorporated into structures of proetiens and nucleic acids that route these moelcules to right place
Large gated channels that control all traffic to the nucleus
Coating with metal to produce contrast
Complex cell with a nucleus and membrane bounded organelles
A cell or group of cells that have the full complement of chromosomes
A methodology that assumes that it is possible to understand a system by breaking down and studying the parts
Composed of microtubules and filaments, provides structure for the cell
C. Elegans - used to study animal functions
In this method, a ligand that binds a molecule is attached to a solid and purified
A change in the DNA sequence
The creation of secondary and tertiary structures in proteins to maximize attractions and to shield from water
A thin, cylindrical projection of plasma membrane supported by actin filaments
Intranuclear site of ribosomal RNA synthesis and assembly

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