Science / MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research

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Can you name the MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research ?

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DefinitionVocab Word
A preparation method that makes samples cold and then cracks them
Looks as if shaft of light coming at sample from an angle, produced by beam interferance
A microscope that uses visible light to see
A thin, cylindrical projection of plasma membrane supported by actin filaments
Recieve and process inputs for a variety of stimuli
an example is mitochondrion, which was incorporated by an archaea billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
The DNA partner of a strand of RNA
Flattened bags of membrane without ribosomes involved in lipid synthesis and deals with drugs and calcium
One of the domains of biology, incorporated a bacteria billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
Membrane bound pit on surface of cell that can receieve materials
Drosophila Melanogaster - used to study multicellular functions
Division of a cell into two diploid daughter cells
A cell or group of cells that only have half the normal number of chromosomes
A pair of concentric membranes connected to ER, surrounds the nucleus
Large gated channels that control all traffic to the nucleus
A vast database of genes and proteins that allows for better manipulation
A method where the interaction of two proteins attached to polymerase allow synthesis of a protein
A method that fragments proteins then measures by weight
A type of microscope that bombards samples with electrons that go through the sample
Consists of nuclear DNA compacted by associated protein
Focuses light on a specimen
Dense network of intermediate filaments inside nucleus of eukaryotic cell
A circular DNA that self replicates in cytoplasm of a bacterium
Proteins that can couple the downhill movement of one molecular to the uphill movement of another through the plasma membrane
Formed from arrangement of microtubules during division, pulls cellular components to either side
Starting with a known gene and disrupting its function to observe what happens
The growth, synthesis, mitosis and cytokinesis of a cell
The formation of cellular components from molecules without aid of templates or enzymes
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae - used to study basic cell fundtions
Attaching antibodies to beads and letting it bind with a protein and associated moelcules
Impermeable membrane bound bags of hydrolytic enzymes
Proteins that actively transmit materials through the plasma membrane
A cell or group of cells that have the full complement of chromosomes
A type of microscope that bombards samples with elections in a raster pattern to see the surface
A seperation method that uses charged groups attached to beads
DefinitionVocab Word
The creation of two sets of DNA, happens before mitosis
cDNA copies of expressed genes
Flattened bags of membrane with associated ribosomes that create integral proteins
Membrane vesicles that deliver ingested materials to lysosomes
Web of materials outside cell that provide support and binding to other cells
A method where specimens are dried from aqueous solutions of metal salts
Small organelles formed from microtubules that extend outside the cell, provide sensory information and motion
Proteins that open selectively and facilitate passive movement across membrane
A method that seperates components by interactions
Organelle that contains enzymes for fat oxidations and phosphorylation of ADP into ATP
A type of method of preparation that embeds cells in plastic and then slices it
A change in the DNA sequence
A machine that spins really fast
Usually single stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
Large organelle made of microtubules that primarily provides movement for cell through dynein movement
Membrane bounded compartment containing the chromosomes etc
Creates contrast by interferance between light from the sample and a reference beam
Move things, includes dynein, kinesin and myosin
Display of thousands of tiny spots on a glass slide each different
The set of all genes in an organism
Fusions with this enzyme are used for chromatography because it binds well to glutathione
A type of microscopy that uses the absorbance and emission of light
A method of microscopy that just shines light and captures visible light on a white background
A PCR method that can create a mutation in the cloned DNA
Uses a sharp point of laser light that sweeps across a sample
Pathway involving the amplification and transmission of signals
In this method, a ligand that binds a molecule is attached to a solid and purified
Composed of microtubules and filaments, provides structure for the cell
The copying of DNA into mRNA strands in nucleus
Specified signals incorporated into structures of proetiens and nucleic acids that route these moelcules to right place
'microfilaments,' tracks for myosin motors
Dictyostelium Discoideum - used to study basic cell functions
Insertion of RNA to decrease amount of protein
Usually double stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
DefinitionVocab Word
Lens that collects and recombines beams of light
The reading of mRNA into protien structures in ribosomes
Arabidopsis Thaliana - used to study plant biology
An annular junction sealing the gap between two epithelial cells
A methodology that assumes that it is possible to understand a system by breaking down and studying the parts
Carries information for constructing a particular protein
S. pombe - used to study basic cell functions
C. Elegans - used to study animal functions
Ways to improve the detection of a microscope beyond its limits
Simple bacterial organism used to study cellular hardware
A sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a protein
The creation of secondary and tertiary structures in proteins to maximize attractions and to shield from water
Polypeptide chain of amino acids, many uses
Breaking up a cell to release molecules through physical means
Membrane bound bags containing catalase and various oxidases
Physical exchange of regions of genous between homologues
Seperates components based on the size of the molecules
A method that seperates components by running them in lanes
Coating with metal to produce contrast
Stack of flattened membrane bags that packages and glycosylates protiens
Intranuclear site of ribosomal RNA synthesis and assembly
A protein that glows green and allows labling of cellular components
A reaction to produce large amounts of DNA segments using restriction enzymes
A cylindrical polymer of tubulin that forms cilia, flagella and mitotic spindles, provides tracks for dynein and kinesin
Complex cell with a nucleus and membrane bounded organelles
Organisms that have had so much study done on them that they are easy to use
A short cylinder of nine microtubule triplets in center of cell, creates microtubules
A detergent that dissociate components for gel electrophoresis
Insertion of a segment of DNA into a plasmid vector
Mus musculus - used to study vertebrate functions
Transfer of proteins from gel to a sheet of nylon
Lipid Bilayer that surrounds the cell and has protiens and transmitters
Complexes of protein and RNA that synthesize proteins

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