MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research

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DefinitionVocab Word
Usually single stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
A method that seperates components by running them in lanes
Membrane bound bags containing catalase and various oxidases
A seperation method that uses charged groups attached to beads
Organelle that contains enzymes for fat oxidations and phosphorylation of ADP into ATP
The copying of DNA into mRNA strands in nucleus
Impermeable membrane bound bags of hydrolytic enzymes
An annular junction sealing the gap between two epithelial cells
A method where specimens are dried from aqueous solutions of metal salts
Pathway involving the amplification and transmission of signals
Complex cell with a nucleus and membrane bounded organelles
Membrane bound pit on surface of cell that can receieve materials
Organisms that have had so much study done on them that they are easy to use
Fusions with this enzyme are used for chromatography because it binds well to glutathione
A method that fragments proteins then measures by weight
Move things, includes dynein, kinesin and myosin
Creates contrast by interferance between light from the sample and a reference beam
Ways to improve the detection of a microscope beyond its limits
A preparation method that makes samples cold and then cracks them
 
Display of thousands of tiny spots on a glass slide each different
an example is mitochondrion, which was incorporated by an archaea billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
Formed from arrangement of microtubules during division, pulls cellular components to either side
Dictyostelium Discoideum - used to study basic cell functions
Focuses light on a specimen
A machine that spins really fast
Arabidopsis Thaliana - used to study plant biology
A cylindrical polymer of tubulin that forms cilia, flagella and mitotic spindles, provides tracks for dynein and kinesin
A method that seperates components by interactions
A PCR method that can create a mutation in the cloned DNA
Specified signals incorporated into structures of proetiens and nucleic acids that route these moelcules to right place
A sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a protein
A short cylinder of nine microtubule triplets in center of cell, creates microtubules
Complexes of protein and RNA that synthesize proteins
Usually double stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
DefinitionVocab Word
Simple bacterial organism used to study cellular hardware
A type of microscopy that uses the absorbance and emission of light
The reading of mRNA into protien structures in ribosomes
Mus musculus - used to study vertebrate functions
One of the domains of biology, incorporated a bacteria billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
'microfilaments,' tracks for myosin motors
The DNA partner of a strand of RNA
Membrane bounded compartment containing the chromosomes etc
A thin, cylindrical projection of plasma membrane supported by actin filaments
A methodology that assumes that it is possible to understand a system by breaking down and studying the parts
A circular DNA that self replicates in cytoplasm of a bacterium
A change in the DNA sequence
A method of microscopy that just shines light and captures visible light on a white background
A reaction to produce large amounts of DNA segments using restriction enzymes
Looks as if shaft of light coming at sample from an angle, produced by beam interferance
The formation of cellular components from molecules without aid of templates or enzymes
The growth, synthesis, mitosis and cytokinesis of a cell
Physical exchange of regions of genous between homologues
Attaching antibodies to beads and letting it bind with a protein and associated moelcules
A type of microscope that bombards samples with electrons that go through the sample
Flattened bags of membrane without ribosomes involved in lipid synthesis and deals with drugs and calcium
Carries information for constructing a particular protein
The creation of two sets of DNA, happens before mitosis
A vast database of genes and proteins that allows for better manipulation
Dense network of intermediate filaments inside nucleus of eukaryotic cell
Consists of nuclear DNA compacted by associated protein
Coating with metal to produce contrast
Proteins that actively transmit materials through the plasma membrane
A method where the interaction of two proteins attached to polymerase allow synthesis of a protein
Starting with a known gene and disrupting its function to observe what happens
A type of method of preparation that embeds cells in plastic and then slices it
Proteins that open selectively and facilitate passive movement across membrane
Lipid Bilayer that surrounds the cell and has protiens and transmitters
A pair of concentric membranes connected to ER, surrounds the nucleus
Uses a sharp point of laser light that sweeps across a sample
DefinitionVocab Word
Division of a cell into two diploid daughter cells
Recieve and process inputs for a variety of stimuli
A type of microscope that bombards samples with elections in a raster pattern to see the surface
Intranuclear site of ribosomal RNA synthesis and assembly
The set of all genes in an organism
C. Elegans - used to study animal functions
A detergent that dissociate components for gel electrophoresis
Large gated channels that control all traffic to the nucleus
Polypeptide chain of amino acids, many uses
Insertion of a segment of DNA into a plasmid vector
In this method, a ligand that binds a molecule is attached to a solid and purified
A protein that glows green and allows labling of cellular components
Stack of flattened membrane bags that packages and glycosylates protiens
Breaking up a cell to release molecules through physical means
The creation of secondary and tertiary structures in proteins to maximize attractions and to shield from water
Drosophila Melanogaster - used to study multicellular functions
Proteins that can couple the downhill movement of one molecular to the uphill movement of another through the plasma membrane
Small organelles formed from microtubules that extend outside the cell, provide sensory information and motion
Composed of microtubules and filaments, provides structure for the cell
A cell or group of cells that only have half the normal number of chromosomes
Web of materials outside cell that provide support and binding to other cells
Membrane vesicles that deliver ingested materials to lysosomes
A microscope that uses visible light to see
Insertion of RNA to decrease amount of protein
Seperates components based on the size of the molecules
Flattened bags of membrane with associated ribosomes that create integral proteins
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae - used to study basic cell fundtions
Transfer of proteins from gel to a sheet of nylon
Large organelle made of microtubules that primarily provides movement for cell through dynein movement
Lens that collects and recombines beams of light
A cell or group of cells that have the full complement of chromosomes
S. pombe - used to study basic cell functions
cDNA copies of expressed genes

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