MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research

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Can you name the MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research ?

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DefinitionVocab Word
Large gated channels that control all traffic to the nucleus
Division of a cell into two diploid daughter cells
Complex cell with a nucleus and membrane bounded organelles
cDNA copies of expressed genes
Pathway involving the amplification and transmission of signals
A methodology that assumes that it is possible to understand a system by breaking down and studying the parts
Transfer of proteins from gel to a sheet of nylon
The set of all genes in an organism
Focuses light on a specimen
Stack of flattened membrane bags that packages and glycosylates protiens
Insertion of RNA to decrease amount of protein
Organelle that contains enzymes for fat oxidations and phosphorylation of ADP into ATP
Uses a sharp point of laser light that sweeps across a sample
Dictyostelium Discoideum - used to study basic cell functions
Membrane bound bags containing catalase and various oxidases
A reaction to produce large amounts of DNA segments using restriction enzymes
Proteins that open selectively and facilitate passive movement across membrane
Recieve and process inputs for a variety of stimuli
A cell or group of cells that have the full complement of chromosomes
The creation of two sets of DNA, happens before mitosis
A method that seperates components by interactions
A type of microscopy that uses the absorbance and emission of light
Large organelle made of microtubules that primarily provides movement for cell through dynein movement
A protein that glows green and allows labling of cellular components
Membrane vesicles that deliver ingested materials to lysosomes
Proteins that can couple the downhill movement of one molecular to the uphill movement of another through the plasma membrane
an example is mitochondrion, which was incorporated by an archaea billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
A pair of concentric membranes connected to ER, surrounds the nucleus
Small organelles formed from microtubules that extend outside the cell, provide sensory information and motion
Formed from arrangement of microtubules during division, pulls cellular components to either side
Lens that collects and recombines beams of light
Organisms that have had so much study done on them that they are easy to use
Specified signals incorporated into structures of proetiens and nucleic acids that route these moelcules to right place
A change in the DNA sequence
C. Elegans - used to study animal functions
DefinitionVocab Word
The growth, synthesis, mitosis and cytokinesis of a cell
One of the domains of biology, incorporated a bacteria billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
Physical exchange of regions of genous between homologues
Consists of nuclear DNA compacted by associated protein
The reading of mRNA into protien structures in ribosomes
Polypeptide chain of amino acids, many uses
Membrane bounded compartment containing the chromosomes etc
Membrane bound pit on surface of cell that can receieve materials
A method where the interaction of two proteins attached to polymerase allow synthesis of a protein
S. pombe - used to study basic cell functions
A detergent that dissociate components for gel electrophoresis
Lipid Bilayer that surrounds the cell and has protiens and transmitters
Breaking up a cell to release molecules through physical means
A method that seperates components by running them in lanes
Seperates components based on the size of the molecules
Simple bacterial organism used to study cellular hardware
A seperation method that uses charged groups attached to beads
Arabidopsis Thaliana - used to study plant biology
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae - used to study basic cell fundtions
A cylindrical polymer of tubulin that forms cilia, flagella and mitotic spindles, provides tracks for dynein and kinesin
A PCR method that can create a mutation in the cloned DNA
Move things, includes dynein, kinesin and myosin
Impermeable membrane bound bags of hydrolytic enzymes
Drosophila Melanogaster - used to study multicellular functions
Complexes of protein and RNA that synthesize proteins
Mus musculus - used to study vertebrate functions
Coating with metal to produce contrast
Flattened bags of membrane without ribosomes involved in lipid synthesis and deals with drugs and calcium
A type of microscope that bombards samples with electrons that go through the sample
Web of materials outside cell that provide support and binding to other cells
A machine that spins really fast
A preparation method that makes samples cold and then cracks them
Proteins that actively transmit materials through the plasma membrane
A thin, cylindrical projection of plasma membrane supported by actin filaments
Intranuclear site of ribosomal RNA synthesis and assembly
DefinitionVocab Word
Flattened bags of membrane with associated ribosomes that create integral proteins
A type of method of preparation that embeds cells in plastic and then slices it
A cell or group of cells that only have half the normal number of chromosomes
The formation of cellular components from molecules without aid of templates or enzymes
Usually single stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
A vast database of genes and proteins that allows for better manipulation
Dense network of intermediate filaments inside nucleus of eukaryotic cell
Looks as if shaft of light coming at sample from an angle, produced by beam interferance
A method that fragments proteins then measures by weight
Attaching antibodies to beads and letting it bind with a protein and associated moelcules
Starting with a known gene and disrupting its function to observe what happens
Insertion of a segment of DNA into a plasmid vector
A microscope that uses visible light to see
The creation of secondary and tertiary structures in proteins to maximize attractions and to shield from water
The copying of DNA into mRNA strands in nucleus
Composed of microtubules and filaments, provides structure for the cell
Ways to improve the detection of a microscope beyond its limits
A type of microscope that bombards samples with elections in a raster pattern to see the surface
A circular DNA that self replicates in cytoplasm of a bacterium
A method of microscopy that just shines light and captures visible light on a white background
A method where specimens are dried from aqueous solutions of metal salts
A sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a protein
Display of thousands of tiny spots on a glass slide each different
Carries information for constructing a particular protein
A short cylinder of nine microtubule triplets in center of cell, creates microtubules
Creates contrast by interferance between light from the sample and a reference beam
In this method, a ligand that binds a molecule is attached to a solid and purified
The DNA partner of a strand of RNA
Fusions with this enzyme are used for chromatography because it binds well to glutathione
 
An annular junction sealing the gap between two epithelial cells
'microfilaments,' tracks for myosin motors
Usually double stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base

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