MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research

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DefinitionVocab Word
cDNA copies of expressed genes
The copying of DNA into mRNA strands in nucleus
Seperates components based on the size of the molecules
Complexes of protein and RNA that synthesize proteins
Ways to improve the detection of a microscope beyond its limits
Breaking up a cell to release molecules through physical means
A cell or group of cells that have the full complement of chromosomes
A method that fragments proteins then measures by weight
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae - used to study basic cell fundtions
Lipid Bilayer that surrounds the cell and has protiens and transmitters
Display of thousands of tiny spots on a glass slide each different
Large organelle made of microtubules that primarily provides movement for cell through dynein movement
Composed of microtubules and filaments, provides structure for the cell
Membrane bounded compartment containing the chromosomes etc
A PCR method that can create a mutation in the cloned DNA
Dictyostelium Discoideum - used to study basic cell functions
A method where specimens are dried from aqueous solutions of metal salts
Consists of nuclear DNA compacted by associated protein
Usually double stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
Attaching antibodies to beads and letting it bind with a protein and associated moelcules
Mus musculus - used to study vertebrate functions
A microscope that uses visible light to see
The creation of secondary and tertiary structures in proteins to maximize attractions and to shield from water
Stack of flattened membrane bags that packages and glycosylates protiens
A short cylinder of nine microtubule triplets in center of cell, creates microtubules
Dense network of intermediate filaments inside nucleus of eukaryotic cell
Division of a cell into two diploid daughter cells
A seperation method that uses charged groups attached to beads
Coating with metal to produce contrast
Arabidopsis Thaliana - used to study plant biology
A cylindrical polymer of tubulin that forms cilia, flagella and mitotic spindles, provides tracks for dynein and kinesin
S. pombe - used to study basic cell functions
Membrane bound pit on surface of cell that can receieve materials
Recieve and process inputs for a variety of stimuli
Organelle that contains enzymes for fat oxidations and phosphorylation of ADP into ATP
DefinitionVocab Word
A type of microscopy that uses the absorbance and emission of light
Creates contrast by interferance between light from the sample and a reference beam
Large gated channels that control all traffic to the nucleus
Fusions with this enzyme are used for chromatography because it binds well to glutathione
A methodology that assumes that it is possible to understand a system by breaking down and studying the parts
Small organelles formed from microtubules that extend outside the cell, provide sensory information and motion
A change in the DNA sequence
Transfer of proteins from gel to a sheet of nylon
Lens that collects and recombines beams of light
Insertion of RNA to decrease amount of protein
The set of all genes in an organism
Impermeable membrane bound bags of hydrolytic enzymes
A type of method of preparation that embeds cells in plastic and then slices it
The growth, synthesis, mitosis and cytokinesis of a cell
Formed from arrangement of microtubules during division, pulls cellular components to either side
Specified signals incorporated into structures of proetiens and nucleic acids that route these moelcules to right place
Intranuclear site of ribosomal RNA synthesis and assembly
An annular junction sealing the gap between two epithelial cells
an example is mitochondrion, which was incorporated by an archaea billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
A reaction to produce large amounts of DNA segments using restriction enzymes
A vast database of genes and proteins that allows for better manipulation
A method where the interaction of two proteins attached to polymerase allow synthesis of a protein
Proteins that open selectively and facilitate passive movement across membrane
Starting with a known gene and disrupting its function to observe what happens
The reading of mRNA into protien structures in ribosomes
A cell or group of cells that only have half the normal number of chromosomes
Flattened bags of membrane with associated ribosomes that create integral proteins
Web of materials outside cell that provide support and binding to other cells
A type of microscope that bombards samples with electrons that go through the sample
A method that seperates components by running them in lanes
Looks as if shaft of light coming at sample from an angle, produced by beam interferance
A protein that glows green and allows labling of cellular components
Proteins that can couple the downhill movement of one molecular to the uphill movement of another through the plasma membrane
Carries information for constructing a particular protein
The DNA partner of a strand of RNA
DefinitionVocab Word
A method of microscopy that just shines light and captures visible light on a white background
A detergent that dissociate components for gel electrophoresis
Proteins that actively transmit materials through the plasma membrane
Complex cell with a nucleus and membrane bounded organelles
Polypeptide chain of amino acids, many uses
A machine that spins really fast
A preparation method that makes samples cold and then cracks them
Organisms that have had so much study done on them that they are easy to use
A thin, cylindrical projection of plasma membrane supported by actin filaments
The formation of cellular components from molecules without aid of templates or enzymes
A type of microscope that bombards samples with elections in a raster pattern to see the surface
A method that seperates components by interactions
A sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a protein
Pathway involving the amplification and transmission of signals
Drosophila Melanogaster - used to study multicellular functions
Usually single stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
The creation of two sets of DNA, happens before mitosis
A circular DNA that self replicates in cytoplasm of a bacterium
One of the domains of biology, incorporated a bacteria billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
Insertion of a segment of DNA into a plasmid vector
C. Elegans - used to study animal functions
Flattened bags of membrane without ribosomes involved in lipid synthesis and deals with drugs and calcium
Simple bacterial organism used to study cellular hardware
Membrane bound bags containing catalase and various oxidases
Membrane vesicles that deliver ingested materials to lysosomes
 
A pair of concentric membranes connected to ER, surrounds the nucleus
'microfilaments,' tracks for myosin motors
Uses a sharp point of laser light that sweeps across a sample
Move things, includes dynein, kinesin and myosin
In this method, a ligand that binds a molecule is attached to a solid and purified
Focuses light on a specimen
Physical exchange of regions of genous between homologues

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