Construction Terms Seven

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A valley gutter almost hidden by the mitred slates or tiles adjoining it, or a similar gutter against a gable parapet or alongside a chimney stack
Masonry made of large square-cut stones, used as a facing on walls of brick or stone
A joist hanger for nailing to a girder to carry one end of a joist at right angles to it
Material to close the cavity of a cavity wall at a door or window
A vertical pipe in a tall building used to supply water to sprinklers, fire hydrants or hose reels
The most usual timber boards for flooring are 150 x 25 mm with tongue and grooved edges, giving a floor that is stronger, freer of draughts and more fire-resistant than square-edge
A screed layed on hardened concrete which has been prepared by scrabbling, washing, drying and grouting to give a good bond
A deep reinforced concrete suspended slab cast over pan forms between which the main bottom bars are laid, forming a grid of ribs
An external door faced with vertical matchboards on a simple frame usually with horrizontal ledges and diagonal braces
A tool with a helical bit for boring holes in wood and ground
A mark on a brick from having touched another in the kiln
A door hanging device for heavy swing doors with rotating parts fixed to the top and bottom rails of the door leaf which join matching parts in the floor and transom of the door fr
Patterned carpet with cut wool pilewoven into the backing
Any layer of sheet material under another material (tiles and slate are underlayed with plastic sheeting/ thatch with fire resistant boards)
A deep recess in a soffit
A pulley mortised into the side of the frame of a double-hung window. The sash chord or chain passes over the pulley to the sash weight
A timber facing covering a jamb
The front face of a step. The rise of stair risers should not exceed 220 mm. It is usually vertical in a timber stair
A window that is hung on its side
A seam in supported sheetmetal roofing, usually running from ridge to eave. It stands up vertically- no disadvantage, since water will flow parallel to it
Water in the fabric of a building, from wet trades, such as concrete work and brickwork, which needs drying out before dry trades can start
A horizontal morter joint in brickwork or blockwork, usually 10mm thick. It should be well filled during bricklaying. Both bed joints and perpends show as a face joint.
A smooth, black, heavy material which becomes liquid when heated, made from natural or distilled petroleum and similar to pitch and tar, which are made from coal
Hardware usually for doors or windows such as locks, hinges etc
Medium density fibre board - strong dense fibre board upgraded by adding resin binders so that it performs like a joinery hard wood
High quality paint containing a large percentage of drying oil
An opaque panel in a curtain wall, under a winder sill on one floor and extending down to the window head of the storey below
A leveled layer of material (e.g., cement) applied to a floor or other surface
A structure designed and constructed to resist the lateral pressure of soil when there is a desired change in ground elevation that exceeds the angle of repose of the soil
Sloping roof trim of wood, plastics, or metal, fixed in pairs along the edge of a gable to cover the roof timbers and protect them from rain
A method of building internal walls. Narrow strips of wood (laths) are nailed horizontally across wall studs, three layers of plaster are then applised to the laths, and when dry t
A metal that is durable malleable and easy to work, although it hardens quickly when worked and needs annealing. Has good electrical and thermal conductivities
Fire venting
A strip of wood nailed or glued to a door frame (on the head and both jams)
The stile of a door which carries the hinges
A waterproof skin, usually three coats of asphalt work that completely covers the outside of a basement
The ability of a building element either to prevent fire from passing into another compartment or to continue bearing load in a fully developed fire
A hinge with 2 lengthened T shaped flaps to for an H shape
A fastener across a cavity wall to hold the two leaves together
A binder used in concrete/render/mortar etc into a mass that hardens and gains strength. Generally portland cement
Either a king post or a short vertical post near the middle of a hammer-beam roof. It may have a bolster under the beam
Used for fire stops, to upgrade the side of existing timber doors by preventing flame penetration
Builing boards made for surfacing rather than for insulation ceilings and walls
Stout, galvanised steel nail, 10-65mm long with large flat head. For fixing bitumen felt/ metal roofing, plasterboard etc
The bark of the cork oak grown in mediterranean countries and north america. Mostly granulated for loose use or making tiles
A soft, malleable poor metal. lead sheets are used as architectural metals in roofing material, cladding, flashing, gutters and gutter joints, and on roof parapets
A movement joint, mainly for expansion
Sun-dried brick made of clay and straw, in common use in countries having little rainfall
A wall formed of two leaves, with a 50mm gap between. Outer wall traditionally brick with inner formed of blockwork, held by cavity ties
A type of landscaping which prominently uses hard materials like stole and metals rather than soft soil and planting

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