Construction Terms Five

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The bottom horizontal member of a roof truss or trussed rafter equal in length to the span of the roof
A rectangular block designed to be held in one hand, may be sunbaked or baked in a kiln, made from clay or adobe
A layer of dry lean concrete about 100mm thick with a trowel or spade finish. To seal the earth under the ground floor
Anything that holds fresh in-situ concrete in place until it hardens
Lightweight concretes can either be lightweight aggregate concrete, foamed concrete or autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC)
A small section to which sheet materials and roof tiles are fixed
Condensation inside the walls or insulation of a well heated building
Liquid dabs of plaster or gypsum based adhesive used to fix angle beads or similar metal trim or bedding for plasterboard
A wood screw with a conical underside and flat (or raised) top that usually ends up flush with the surface after it is driven
Lime burnt up to 22% clay, first made by Vicat around 1818, shortly before the invention of Portland cement
A fastener for heavy timbers, with a head that is rounded on top an enlarged underneath to a square section that grips the wood without turning as the nut is tightened.
Using measurement and calculation to provide fire safety in comfortable and efficient buildings
The decay of timber with a high or very high moisture content of 40-50%, or alternating wet and dry condition, caused by fungus
A truss with no central post unlike the king post truss but with two puncheons on either side of centre which can be repplaced by long steel bolts if the members act only in tensio
A roof with only one sloping plane
A wired glass with a 13mm square mesh
A sash window cased frame
A board or very short curtain along the top of a window to hide the curtian rail, blind fittings etc.
A brickwork bond in which each course is either all headers or stretchers
A fixed or movable framework, as in a window or door, in which panes of glass are set
Contractor's plant for vibration of fresh concrete
A steel reinforcement bar that projects from a construction joint to lap bars in the next section
A small tap
The temperature below which the water vapor in a volume of humid air at a given constant barometric pressure will condense into liquid water at the same rate at which it evaporates
Strong, coarse fabric, chiefly used for heavy-duty lining
When a building has reached practical completion and possesion is handed over to contractor
A technique for building walls using the raw materials of earth, chalk, lime and gravel
A handtool for smoothing or shaping the surface of wood
A hinge with an upright bar and a horizontal strap
The smooth outer protective coat of resin on glassfibre reinforced polyester with pigments that resist solar damage
A poisonous, heavy, radioactive gas emitted from granites
A toilet fitment usually made of vitreous china
The main upright carrying the strings of a timber stair or forming the inside of a circular stair
A stair with two flights between storeys, a rectangular landing and no stairwell
A low-cost pale-red brick made from Oxford clay with traces of coal that burn during firing, saving energy
The heart centre cut out during the conversion of timber and discarded. This is done with some eucalyptus hardwoods
One of several horizontal roof beams parallel to the eaves and ridge, carried on the main framing members, such as trusses or portal frames
The wall under a window, or a spandrel panel
Have the same function as SDS but needs pre-drilled 'pilot' holes
A tradesman who builds and repairs brickwork
A block made of concrete (normal or lightweight) with large holes right through it; or a hollow clay block
A traditional frame roof with common rafters joined halfway up their length by a horizontal tie beam to give more headroom than a close couple
The lowest par of a sloping roof, or the area beneath if it overhangs
Rendering the inside of a brick flue, superceeded by flue linings and flue blocks
A wire cut clay brick with any hole between the two bed faces. Have higher thermal insulation than normal bricks
A joint between the edges of boards to form a smooth wall, floor or roof surface
A ceiling usually of fully dry construction carried by the floor above it on hangers fixed to the slab soffit
An isolated footing cast directly in an excavation
A borer which burrows deeply into structural timbers, in particular the sapwood of English oak, and is therefore difficult to kill
The supporting ground underneath a building OR The part of the building which sits on the ground to carry the substructure

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