EXAMPLE: Typing either "bei" or "jing" would get you Beijing. Populations are district-level and date from 2000.
Pinyin spellings of cities are used and tone is completely ignored. "Syllable" is defined by the Chinese pronunciation. There are 4 cities whose names are not from Chinese; for these cities, *either* syllables from the conventional English name or the conventional Mandarin name are accepted, and both names appear in the answer with the latter in parentheses.